Irish/Reference/Pronouns

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lessons

Unit One: 1 | 2

Unit Two: 1 2 3 4 5 6

Unit Three: Lesson Index

Spelling and Pronunciation - Grammar

Commonly Confused Words - Common phrases

History - Similar English words -

Irish Studies portal at Wikiversity


Table of Pronouns[edit]

Below is a table of the forms of Irish pronouns:

Pronoun Nominative Accusative/
Copula
Emphatic
Nominative
Emphatic
Accusative/Copula
Possessive
1st Sing.
("I/me")
mise mo
2nd Sing.
("you")
thú tusa thusa do
3rd Sing. Masc.
("he/it")
é seisean eisean
3rd Sing. Fem.
("she/it")
í
1st. Pl.
("we/us")
2nd. Pl.
("y'all")
3rd. Pl.
("they/them")

Explanatory Notes[edit]

General[edit]

Irish personal pronouns work much the same way as they do in English, with a few exceptions:

  • Irish has no neutral pronoun equivalent to the English "it"; use the pronoun appropriate to the gender of the noun instead
  • Unlike most dialects of English, Irish makes a distinction between the second person singular and second person plural
  • Irish has a separate emphatic form used in certain situations