How Wikipedia Works/Appendix D

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Appendix D. Glossary

Wikipedia's glossary, which contains many terms not found here, can be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Glossary.

  • admin A Wikipedia administrator; administrators are users with extra technical privileges to delete and restore articles and block accounts and IP numbers
  • AfD Articles for Deletion; an open forum for discussing article deletion on a case-by-case basis
  • AGF Assume Good Faith; a guideline requesting civility and mutual trust among editors
  • ANI The Administrators' noticeboard for incidents, where Wikipedia administrators discuss and can be alerted to current problems with vandalism, edit wars, or other issues that require administrator attention
  • anon An anonymous or IP user who is not logged in when editing
  • ArbCom The Arbitration committee; a body that resolves on-site disputes
  • arbitration The top-level, formal, and lengthy dispute resolution procedure performed by the ArbCom
  • backlinks The wikilinks that link to a page, displayed by clicking What Links Here on the left-hand sidebar
  • BOLD Short for the slogan, "Be bold in updating articles," which means if you see an article that needs work, don't hesitate to improve it
  • bot An automated editing program operating on the site
  • bureaucrat An administrator with power to promote other editors to administrator status
  • COI Conflict of interest, which occurs when the editor of an article is somehow personally invested in the topic
  • Commons See Wikimedia Commons
  • contribs The list of contributions, or edits, made by an editor
  • copyvio Short for copyright violation, such as an article or image that contains copyrighted material from another source
  • CSD Criteria for speedy deletion; the policy detailing when articles may be deleted without going through a review process. See also speedy
  • disambiguation page A page that links to alternate articles with similar titles. For example, the Boston disambiguation page lists at least 20 places named Boston, as well as the rock band and WWII-era aircraft
  • dead-end page A Wikipedia page with no outbound wikilinks. See also orphan article
  • diff The display showing the differences between two versions of a wiki page
  • DRV Deletion review; the appeals system for deleted articles
  • edit Any saved change made to a wiki page
  • edit conflict A conflict that occurs when two editors try to save versions of a page at the same time
  • edit count The total number of edits made by a user's account
  • edit war An extended dispute between two or more editors over article content; during an edit war, changes to an article are reverted multiple times and no consensus emerges about the article's content
  • external link A hyperlink leading to a site outside Wikipedia
  • featured article An esteemed category of peer-reviewed Wikipedia articles; each day a different featured article is spotlighted on the main page
  • Featured Content A category of Wikipedia content including featured articles, images, lists, and portals
  • fork (verb) To split a wiki into two editing communities, with the intent to develop the existing content in different ways; (noun) the end product of such a split
  • GFDL The GNU Free Documentation License under which Wikipedia content is released
  • IAR Ignore All Rules; a traditional slogan suggesting Wikipedians should rise above formalities in unusual situations
  • internal link A hyperlink on a wiki leading to another location on the same wiki; an internal link is implemented in wikitext using special syntax rather than a URL
  • interwiki To link different wikis by extending internal link syntax; on Wikipedia, to link corresponding articles in different language versions of Wikipedia
  • lead section The introductory section of an article, which appears before the first heading
  • main namespace The main or article namespace is the namespace that articles appear in; this namespace does not have a prefix
  • Manual of Style The collection of Wikipedia writing guidelines (WP:MOS)
  • meatpuppet An account operated by someone who is acting for the benefit of another partisan editor. See also sockpuppet
  • mediation A dispute resolution procedure, where a member of the mediation committee attempts to resolve a dispute between two or more editors through formal negotiation to reach consensus (WP:M)
  • MediaWiki The open-source, free software used to run the Wikipedia sites and many others
  • Meta, Meta-Wiki The site at http://meta.wikimedia.org/, for coordinating Wikimedia Foundation projects
  • mirror site A website posting content from Wikipedia (legitimately, if GFDL conditions are fulfilled)
  • monobook The default skin or template on Wikipedia; this is how pages appear to anyone who has not logged in and changed his or her user preferences. See also skin
  • namespace A virtual container for different types of content on the wiki; namespaces are defined by different prefixes, such as talk: or Wikipedia:, which appear before page names; articles are in the main namespace
  • Notability The criteria that article topics should be notable to an outside observer, as determined through outside sources
  • NPOV Neutral Point of View; the Wikipedia policy that article content should be presented in an objective, neutral, and substantiated manner
  • orphan article An article that has no incoming wikilinks from other articles
  • OWN A shortcut for Wikipedia's policy on no ownership of articles (WP:OWN); in conversation, the term OWN may serve as a warning not to take control of an article's content
  • page history The list of edits that have been made to a wiki page, displaying in reverse chronological order and viewable from the History tab
  • permalink A link to a specific version of a Wikipedia page
  • portal A project page that collects articles, images, and facts about a particular topic
  • PROD Proposed deletion; the deletion process for article deletions expected to be uncontroversial
  • redirect (noun) A page serving solely to send a reader to an article with another title; (verb) to redirect from one page to another
  • revert To return an article to a previous version; often abbreviated as rvv or rv in edit summaries
  • RfC Request for Comment; a part of the dispute resolution procedure in which editors can discuss issues such as the conduct of other users

sandbox The sandbox is a page set aside for test edits Wikipedia:Sandbox

  • sister project A Wikipedia sister project (for example, Wiktionary) is a multilingual collection of wikis set up by the Wikimedia Foundation to pursue a generally reference-related goal
  • skin The appearance of Wikipedia pages; logged-in users can select how Wikipedia pages appear in their user preferences
  • sockpuppet A second account operated covertly by an editor with an existing account. See also meatpuppet
  • speedy A speedy page deletion by an administrator, in line with the criteria for the speedy deletion policy and criteria for speedy deletion
  • steward An administrator who can change any user's status on any Wikimedia project
  • subpage A page constructed with a forward slash (/), as in User:Abelard/Letter to Heloise; subpages are not allowed in the main article namespace
  • sysop Short for system operator; a synonym for administrator
  • Three-Revert Rule (3RR) The prohibition on reverting an article more than three times in 24 hours, except for reverting vandalism
  • transclusion To include content stored on one page within another page, for example, by adding a template to a page
  • transwiki To move an article to another wiki (usually deleting the original article)
  • user page A registered user's personal page, usually containing information about the editor and his or her interests
  • userfy To move an article into the User namespace as a subpage
  • watchlist A personal list of articles that can be maintained by any logged-in user that lists all recent edits to the articles on the list
  • wiki An online database of freely editable web pages, forming an evolving hypertext; Wikipedia is just one example of a wiki
  • wiki engine The software underlying a wiki. See also MediaWiki
  • wiki markup language The special simplified syntax for wiki page editing and formatting; also called wiki syntax
  • wikify To add appropriate internal links to existing text and to impose standard format and other house style
  • wikilawyer A pedantic, over-literal interpreter of Wikipedia policy and custom
  • wikilink A synonym for an internal link. See also internal link
  • Wikimedia Commons A project of the Wikimedia Foundation to collect free media (images and video); Wikipedia articles can contain links to files on Commons
  • Wikimedia Foundation (WMF) The nonprofit organization that has overall responsibility for running the Wikipedia sites and sister projects
  • wikitext The text of a wiki page visible when editing (as opposed to what readers see)