How Wikipedia Works/Appendix D

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

Appendix D. Glossary

Wikipedia's glossary, which contains many terms not found here, can be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Glossary.

  • admin A Wikipedia administrator; administrators are users with extra technical privileges to delete and restore articles and block accounts and IP numbers
  • AfD Articles for Deletion; an open forum for discussing article deletion on a case-by-case basis
  • AGF Assume Good Faith; a guideline requesting civility and mutual trust among editors
  • ANI The Administrators' noticeboard for incidents, where Wikipedia administrators discuss and can be alerted to current problems with vandalism, edit wars, or other issues that require administrator attention
  • anon An anonymous or IP user who is not logged in when editing
  • ArbCom The Arbitration committee; a body that resolves on-site disputes
  • arbitration The top-level, formal, and lengthy dispute resolution procedure performed by the ArbCom
  • backlinks The wikilinks that link to a page, displayed by clicking What Links Here on the left-hand sidebar
  • BOLD Short for the slogan, "Be bold in updating articles," which means if you see an article that needs work, don't hesitate to improve it
  • bot An automated editing program operating on the site
  • bureaucrat An administrator with power to promote other editors to administrator status
  • COI Conflict of interest, which occurs when the editor of an article is somehow personally invested in the topic
  • Commons See Wikimedia Commons
  • contribs The list of contributions, or edits, made by an editor
  • copyvio Short for copyright violation, such as an article or image that contains copyrighted material from another source
  • CSD Criteria for speedy deletion; the policy detailing when articles may be deleted without going through a review process. See also speedy
  • disambiguation page A page that links to alternate articles with similar titles. For example, the Boston disambiguation page lists at least 20 places named Boston, as well as the rock band and WWII-era aircraft
  • dead-end page A Wikipedia page with no outbound wikilinks. See also orphan article
  • diff The display showing the differences between two versions of a wiki page
  • DRV Deletion review; the appeals system for deleted articles
  • edit Any saved change made to a wiki page
  • edit conflict A conflict that occurs when two editors try to save versions of a page at the same time
  • edit count The total number of edits made by a user's account
  • edit war An extended dispute between two or more editors over article content; during an edit war, changes to an article are reverted multiple times and no consensus emerges about the article's content
  • external link A hyperlink leading to a site outside Wikipedia
  • featured article An esteemed category of peer-reviewed Wikipedia articles; each day a different featured article is spotlighted on the main page
  • Featured Content A category of Wikipedia content including featured articles, images, lists, and portals
  • fork (verb) To split a wiki into two editing communities, with the intent to develop the existing content in different ways; (noun) the end product of such a split
  • GFDL The GNU Free Documentation License under which Wikipedia content is released
  • IAR Ignore All Rules; a traditional slogan suggesting Wikipedians should rise above formalities in unusual situations
  • internal link A hyperlink on a wiki leading to another location on the same wiki; an internal link is implemented in wikitext using special syntax rather than a URL
  • interwiki To link different wikis by extending internal link syntax; on Wikipedia, to link corresponding articles in different language versions of Wikipedia
  • lead section The introductory section of an article, which appears before the first heading
  • main namespace The main or article namespace is the namespace that articles appear in; this namespace does not have a prefix
  • Manual of Style The collection of Wikipedia writing guidelines (WP:MOS)
  • meatpuppet An account operated by someone who is acting for the benefit of another partisan editor. See also sockpuppet
  • mediation A dispute resolution procedure, where a member of the mediation committee attempts to resolve a dispute between two or more editors through formal negotiation to reach consensus (WP:M)
  • MediaWiki The open-source, free software used to run the Wikipedia sites and many others
  • Meta, Meta-Wiki The site at http://meta.wikimedia.org/, for coordinating Wikimedia Foundation projects
  • mirror site A website posting content from Wikipedia (legitimately, if GFDL conditions are fulfilled)
  • monobook The default skin or template on Wikipedia; this is how pages appear to anyone who has not logged in and changed his or her user preferences. See also skin
  • namespace A virtual container for different types of content on the wiki; namespaces are defined by different prefixes, such as talk: or Wikipedia:, which appear before page names; articles are in the main namespace
  • Notability The criteria that article topics should be notable to an outside observer, as determined through outside sources
  • NPOV Neutral Point of View; the Wikipedia policy that article content should be presented in an objective, neutral, and substantiated manner
  • orphan article An article that has no incoming wikilinks from other articles
  • OWN A shortcut for Wikipedia's policy on no ownership of articles (WP:OWN); in conversation, the term OWN may serve as a warning not to take control of an article's content
  • page history The list of edits that have been made to a wiki page, displaying in reverse chronological order and viewable from the History tab
  • permalink A link to a specific version of a Wikipedia page
  • portal A project page that collects articles, images, and facts about a particular topic
  • PROD Proposed deletion; the deletion process for article deletions expected to be uncontroversial
  • redirect (noun) A page serving solely to send a reader to an article with another title; (verb) to redirect from one page to another
  • revert To return an article to a previous version; often abbreviated as rvv or rv in edit summaries
  • RfC Request for Comment; a part of the dispute resolution procedure in which editors can discuss issues such as the conduct of other users

sandbox The sandbox is a page set aside for test edits Wikipedia:Sandbox

  • sister project A Wikipedia sister project (for example, Wiktionary) is a multilingual collection of wikis set up by the Wikimedia Foundation to pursue a generally reference-related goal
  • skin The appearance of Wikipedia pages; logged-in users can select how Wikipedia pages appear in their user preferences
  • sockpuppet A second account operated covertly by an editor with an existing account. See also meatpuppet
  • speedy A speedy page deletion by an administrator, in line with the criteria for the speedy deletion policy and criteria for speedy deletion
  • steward An administrator who can change any user's status on any Wikimedia project
  • subpage A page constructed with a forward slash (/), as in User:Abelard/Letter to Heloise; subpages are not allowed in the main article namespace
  • sysop Short for system operator; a synonym for administrator
  • Three-Revert Rule (3RR) The prohibition on reverting an article more than three times in 24 hours, except for reverting vandalism
  • transclusion To include content stored on one page within another page, for example, by adding a template to a page
  • transwiki To move an article to another wiki (usually deleting the original article)
  • user page A registered user's personal page, usually containing information about the editor and his or her interests
  • userfy To move an article into the User namespace as a subpage
  • watchlist A personal list of articles that can be maintained by any logged-in user that lists all recent edits to the articles on the list
  • wiki An online database of freely editable web pages, forming an evolving hypertext; Wikipedia is just one example of a wiki
  • wiki engine The software underlying a wiki. See also MediaWiki
  • wiki markup language The special simplified syntax for wiki page editing and formatting; also called wiki syntax
  • wikify To add appropriate internal links to existing text and to impose standard format and other house style
  • wikilawyer A pedantic, over-literal interpreter of Wikipedia policy and custom
  • wikilink A synonym for an internal link. See also internal link
  • Wikimedia Commons A project of the Wikimedia Foundation to collect free media (images and video); Wikipedia articles can contain links to files on Commons
  • Wikimedia Foundation (WMF) The nonprofit organization that has overall responsibility for running the Wikipedia sites and sister projects
  • wikitext The text of a wiki page visible when editing (as opposed to what readers see)