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Pisum is a genus of the family Fabaceae, native to southwest Asia and northeast Africa. Pisum sativum, the field pea or garden pea, is the most commonly cultivated.

Description[edit | edit source]

Tendrilled vines with compound leaves. The flower has 5 sepals (fused), 5 petal, 10 anthers (9 are fused ,1 free) and 2 carpels(fused). The fruit is a legume (the pea).

Growing conditions[edit | edit source]

Sunny locations, soils should be rich but well-drained. Seeds are usually inoculated with a bacteria which fixes atmospheric nitrogen for the use of the plant.

Varieties[edit | edit source]

The genus contains one to five species, depending on taxonomic interpretation; the International Legume Database (ILDIS) accepts three species, one with two subspecies [1]:

Uses[edit | edit source]

Pisum sativum is commonly grown as a food crop, but all plants in this genus can be used as cover crops.

Pests and diseases[edit | edit source]

Powdery Mildew

Leaf Spot, Pod Spot

  • Ascochyta pinodes
  • Ascochyta pisi

Downy Mildew

Damping Off

White Mold

Root Rots



  • Fusarium oxysporum pisi







Bucculatrix pyrivorella, w:Cabbage Moth, Common Swift, w:Ghost Moth, Hypercompe indecisa, The Nutmeg, w:Setaceous Hebrew Character and w:Turnip Moth.

References[edit | edit source]

Christopher Brickell; et al. (1993). The American Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Gardening. DK Publishing, inc. pp. 339–340. {{cite book}}: Explicit use of et al. in: |last= (help)

  • Staff of the L. H. Bailey Hortorium (1976). Hortus Third: A Concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada. Cornell University Press. p. 879. {{cite book}}: Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  • Cranshaw, Whitney (2004). Garden Insects of North America: The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs. Princeton University Press. p. 613. {{cite book}}: Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  • Pippa Greenwood, Andrew Halstead, A.R. Chase, Daniel Gilrein (2000). American Horticultural Society Pests & Diseases: The Complete Guide to Preventing, Identifying, and Treating Plant Problems (First Edition ed.). Dorling Kindersley (DK) Publishing, inc. p. 203. {{cite book}}: |edition= has extra text (help); Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)