Corn Gluten Meal
|Corn Gluten Meal|
|Application:||Granular dust, generaly applied with drop or broadcast spreaders|
|Action:||Inhibits root formation|
|Ecological hazards:||very low risk|
Corn Gluten Meal (often simply called CGM) is a byproduct of corn (maize) processing that has historically been used as an animal feed, but was discovered to have pre-emergent herbicidal effects in 1985, by Dr. Nick Christians, during a turf grass experiment being conducted by Iowa State University.
Uses[edit | edit source]
Target plants include primarily small-seeded annual and perennial herbs. It is most frequently used in lawns, but may be applied to gardens and fields as well.
The corn gluten meal breaks down over time as an organic nitrogen source (NPK value of 10-0-0).
Action[edit | edit source]
Proteins in CGM inhibit root formation on newly germinated seeds, killing the plant. Applications must be timed so that the CGM is present and effective as seeds are germinating.
Application[edit | edit source]
Applied using a spreader or even by hand (the material is pretty much harmless if not inhaled, and in fact is edible but not particularly palatable).
On lawns, CGM is applied in early spring (usually timed phenologically by the blooming of Crocus or Forsythia), and again in the autumn. If the lawn is overseeded, CGM should either be applied at least 6 weeks before sowing, or 2 weeks afterwards.
Precautions[edit | edit source]
Very safe to use, non-toxic. Should not be applied to areas where it's likely to wash directly into watersheds (it is a nitrogen source), but otherwise ecologically safe.
Resistance[edit | edit source]
Large-seeded weeds seem unaffected.
Species affected[edit | edit source]
- Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti)
- Quackgrass (Agropyron repens)
- Creeping bentgrass (Agrostis palustris)
- Redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus)
- Common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album)
- Orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata)
- Smooth crabgrass (Digitaria ischaemum)
- Large crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis)
- Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgali)
- Quackgrass (Elytrigia repens)
- Wooly cupgrass (Eriochloa villosa)
- Catchweed, Bedstraw, Goosegrass (Galium aparine)
- Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)
- Black medic (Medicago lupulina)
- Annual bluegrass (Poa annua)
- Buckhorn Plantain (Plantago lanceolata)
- Purslane (Portulaca oleracea)
- Curly dock (Rumex crispus)
- Giant foxtail (Setaria faberi)
- Yellow foxtail (Setaria lutescens)
- Green foxtail (Setaria viridis)
- Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum)
- Shattercane (Sorghum bicolor)
- Dandelions (Taraxacum spp.)
References[edit | edit source]
- "Turf:Corn Gluten Meal". http://wihort.uwex.edu/turf/CornGluten.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-09.
- "Corn Gluten Meal Research Page". http://www.gluten.iastate.edu/daily.html. Retrieved 2006-12-09.
- "EPA Federal Register". http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-PEST/1996/March/Day-06/pr-577.html. Retrieved 2006-12-09.
- "EPA Fact Sheet". http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/biopesticides/ingredients/factsheets/factsheet_100137.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-09.
- "CNRS abstract (greenhouse tests)". http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=3684372. Retrieved 2006-12-09.
- "CNRS abstract (field tests)". http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=2705946. Retrieved 2006-12-09.