Lesson 2 contains a dialogue of two students discussing their classes for the day.
The Han characters provided below are for reference and are consistent with the Taiwanese Minnan Recommended Hanzi Usage (台灣閩南語推薦用字) which has been promoted by the government of Taiwan. Individual usage may vary from speaker to speaker based on preference.
Note: Visit this lesson's Stroke Order subpage to see images and animations detailing how to write the following characters. Audio files of the words are linked from the POJ when available. Problems listening? See media help.
A sentence can be made into a question by having both affirmative and negative options together. To answer in the affirmative, the verb or adjective is repeated. (An affirmative adjective in this case is usually preceded by chin [真] to avoid a comparitive tone.) Responding in the negative is simply saying "not verb" or "not adjective".
S + V 不 V + O?
sī (是: to be) always uses "m̄" to negate.
Q: 伊是 毋是Tony?
I sī m̄-sī Tony?
Is he Tony?
A: 是。or 毋是。
Sī. or M̄-sī.
Yes (he is).orNo (he isn't).
S + adj.嘛?
Kin-á-jit Amy bô-êng mā?
Is Amy busy today?
I chin bô-êng. or I ū-êng.
Yes, she's busy.orNo, she's not busy.
This is a special case because the word for busy (bô-êng) literally means "to not have leisure time," whereas ū-êng literally means "to have leisure time."