History of wireless telegraphy and broadcasting in Australia/Topical/Stations/4QG Brisbane/Notes

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4QG Brisbane - Transcriptions and notes[edit | edit source]

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Focus on Land Stations but principle applies to broadcasting also

BUSH SILENCE DOOMED. Silence has had a long innings in the Australian bush. Birdsville (South-west Queensland) residents enjoy the privileges of two hotels, two stores, a police station, and post office; but to send a telegram they would have to travel 250 miles to the nearest telegraph office. As a matter of fact, they prefer to journey 300 miles in the other direction, because that track is less atrocious (says a writer in a Sydney paper). Wireless will probably end such a state of affairs for Birdsville which seems certain to be chosen, as a Government wireless base. To make the bush truly vocal, however. the individual pioneer must turn his own hand to the latest mystic art. The main difficulty is to persuade the individual bushman that the at-tempt is worth while. He is not in the habit of straightway adopting the things he reads about. With him "going without" has become second nature. Yet the pioneer is quick to adopt new ways if once they are proved effi-cient and economical out in his own environment. Acting on this, the Australian Inland Mission is now fit-ting up a portable wireless plant, to be provided with power, if practicable by an adjustment to the engine of a motor car. Rev. J. R. Steel, B.A., who is going to Cloncurry this week, has already turned his hand to wireless. In all probability he will be selected to test the plant, for Cameoweal, which is to be one of the first Government receiv-ing stations in the interior, is in his district. If a missionary can be pro-vided with a serviceable plant in this way, he will continually be obliging isolated families, who would otherwise have to send their own members to the telegraph station anything up to 100 miles away. It would be a happy arrangement for all the denominations to equip their missionaries in this way. Practical demonstration is convincing, and their flocks would follow them as far as wireless is concerned.[1]

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Colville talks to QWI foreshadowing the future for the Queensland outback

WIRELESS TELEPHONE. BRISBANE INSTALLATION. "Provided that the authorities governing wireless matters in Australia grant private individuals permission to operate transmitting apparatus, the vast areas of Queensland out of communication with the larger towns will be well linked up by wireless telephony, the most scientific, efficient, and inexpensive means of communication ever invented," said Mr. S. V. Colville, secretary of the Queensland Wireless Institute last night. He was lecturing to members of that body upon the subject of wireless telephony. Mr. Colville. had intended to transmit his lecture from a transmitter stationed on the next floor to the lecture room but, although the receiver performed all that was required of it, the transmitter instrument refused to operate. Mr. Colville thereupon delivered his lecture direct to the audience, and claimed that his telephone had operated over a distance of 60 miles on Thursday night. He pointed out that the instrument weighed only 3 or 4lb, and said that its operation would only cost as many pounds a year. The time would soon come when farmers and squatters would have their small wireless telephone sets, the city business man would no longer be out of touch with the trend of events when he went down the Bay, and the doctor would always be available. Mr. G. F. Chilton, the officer in charge of the Pinkenba wireless station, and who presided over the meeting, confirmed Mr. Colville's statement about the instrument attaining a radius of 60 miles on Thursday night, and declared that it would not be long before the radius was 600 miles.[2]

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Emil Robert Voigt (later 2KY) commenting on nationalisation of industry by Premier Theodore

ACHIEVED IN QUEENSLAND. . . . . "Communist" states, that my definition of Socialism is correct; but that Socialism is not Communism. Well, then, since Marx, Engels, and Lenin have declared for Socialism, they become ipso facto non-Communists, according to "Communist" for they cannot subscribe to two fundamentally differing economic principles at the same time. But let us proceed: "Communist," after auditing and finding correct my definition of Socialism, states that this "has been achieved in Queensland." This is enough to make Marx and Engels turn in their graves, and Lenin weep bitter tears of envy; and just imagine Premier Theodore, at the 1921 Brisbane A.L.P. Conference, bitterly opposing the "Socialisation of Industry" objective, when, according to "Communist," Socialism already "has been achieved in Queensland!" And Theodore never knew it! "Communist" is apparently unaware of the difference between "Nationalisation" and "Socialisation." This question was threshed out in the Socialist Movement of Europe twenty years ago. Nationalisation is public ownership under Capitalism; Socialisation is public ownership under Socialism. Nationalised industry, although owned by the people, is controlled and run in the interests of the capitalist class. Socialised industry (see my definition) is controlled by, and in the interests of the community. "Communist," after asking, "what is the Socialisation of Industry," and finding no answer to the riddle, is not deterred from stating that it is not the "immediate" objective of the working class movement Who said it was? I never did. Why insert the word "immediate." The column that follows is clearly out of order. "Communist's" exposition on the "revolutionary overthrow of the bourgeois state" —- "Seizure of power" — "dictatorship of the proletariat," etc., etc., read very well but like the flowers that bloom in the spring, has nothing to do with the case. . . .[3]

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Opinion piece on future benefits of wireless for farmers in the outback

Wireless War on Isolation. Pioneering a Big Project. Linking Up the Lonely Bushlands with the City — Brighter Existence in View for the Man Outback. Farmers and settlers scattered throughout the lonely corners of the Commonwealth, little, realise how near they are to the dawn of a brighter and livelier existence than that which they experience at present. For that matter, possibly many thousands of city folk also have failed to grasp the significance of the announcements that; within a few months, there will be conducted, under the new Federal wireless regulations, wireless broadcasting entertainrnents and commercial programmes nightly to settlers in outlying and God-forsaken parts of Australia. It may be that the importance of this human achievement hasn't yet gripped popular imagination, because wireless, in the past, has frequently been regarded more as an object for experiment and amusement, rather than one of practical utility. The stimulus that these programmes are expected to give to the science will, no doubt, dispel this notion, and, judging by awakening already reported from wireless circles, Australia will shortly produce a mushroom crop of listeners-in and experimenters, every bit as keen and enthusiastic as the radio enthusiasts, whose aerial masts may be seen dotted all over England and America. No doubt in the near future, here in Queensland, as is projected in the South towards the year-end, arrangements will be made with theatrical managements to provide a high-class musical entertainment, contributed to by leading artists in Brisbane and transmitted to any home in the State within a certain given radius of Brisbane. Broadcasting, as it is termed, though, so far, sampled only by the few in this country, is not uncommon abroad — in fact, now that the novelty has worn off, it is regularly employed for the dissemination of urgent and necessary commercial intelligence to distant places previously not in direct communication with civilisation by rail, telephone, or telegraph. PROMPT STOCK REPORTS. The Southern programmes will, it is stated, in accordance with the Commonwealth's regulations, be transmitted on a specified wavelength, to which the receiving sets of listeners-in will be tuned. Transmissions will also comprise latest market and stock quotations for the benefit of primary producers, who have sent, or who are about to send, stock or produce to market. The importance of this development in the lives of the isolated settlers outback defies exaggeration. From a national standpoint — when appeals can be heard on every side to check the drift to the cities — the advantages are self-evident. WHEN DAD SITS ROUND THE LOG FIRE. If a farmer with his wife and growing family can assemble round the big log-fire after their day's toil is done, and enjoy a bright programme of musical items, followed by a brief summary of the news of the day, including general items and commercial intelligence, much of the magnetism of the city, which chiefly appeals to settlers, will have been brought right into their homes and, to some extent, at any rate, will counteract any inclination to rush to the "Big Smoke" for a mental pick-me-up. POSSIBILITIES OF WIRELESS. But the chief virtue of such service as is proposed, will not be the excellence or otherwise of the programmes provided, so much as the kick-off it will give to wireless in this country. Its importance as a prime factor in human progress need not be stressed here, for most observant people have witnessed ample evidence of its utility, not only from the standpoint of convenience, but also in saving life at sea and in other directions. Only quite recently its value as a medium in saving human life was dramatically brought home to the civilised world by the prompt manner in which news of the Japanese catastrophe was flashed across the waters, notwithstanding the interruptions to the Pacific cables in consequence of the earth's disturbance. Had it not been for the wireless reports, news of the Japanese disaster may have been withheld from the rest of the world for several days, and the sufferings of those awaiting the arrival of doctors and nurses accordirgly prolonged for that period. REAL FARMERS' FRIEND. As far as wireless as a commercial proposition is concerned, only the fringe has been touched to date in Australia. In America large numbers of farmers hundreds of miles from anywhere, have their own wireless apparatus, and they say that, thanks to the commercial intelligence broadcasted to them each night, they get their market quotations 36 hours earlier than if waiting for the newspapers to reach their homesteads — in fact, they claim it was as beneficial to him as if they had a member of the family on the stock exchange floor each day. In addition, it enabled them to effectively deal with speculators and middle men who received latest reports from their commission house each morning and motored out to the farmers in the afternoon to trade the farmers out of their products before the latter had time to ascertain the latest market fluctuations. BUY A RECEIVING SET. Settlers outback are naturally chary about embracing new inventions and discoveries until they have been tried "on the dog first," so to speak. The desirability of acquiring the necessary wireless apparatus for listening-in purposes, as soon as the various wireless firms announce that they are available, is, however, obvious. Anyone, excepting out-and-out boneheads, can manipulate a receiving set, and, as the cost does not exceed a few pounds, all who avail themselves of this latest wonder of science will later cheerfully admit that it was the wisest investment they ever made. When listeners-in become on speaking terms with wireless they may then arrange for intercommunication with other parts of the Commonwealth by wireless telephony on specified wavelengths. But this involves an incursion into greater depths of the radio realm, and will be dealt with at a future date.[4]

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1924 03[edit | edit source]

Calls for establishment of Qld broadcasting service in lead up to Malone visit

WIRELESS NEWS AND NOTES. (By "Reprah"). Broadcasting Service Coming. Now that the amateur experimenters of Queensland have brought local radio to such an advanced stage of utility, a situation has developed which calls for an up-to-date broadcasting service of our own. The stages of a radio life advances in steadiness with the amateur right from when a small boy experimenter he attempts to master the mysteries of the crystal receiver. With this accomplished he passes on to probe the depth of the complications of the valve receivers with their hundreds of variations in construction, etc. Rising to the ranks of the experienced experimenters the small boy looks for assistance in the line of good, serviceable broadcasting in order that he may have every facility available for the satisfactory operation of his set, or sets, with which he may be experimenting. Further rapid progress could not be better assured than by the establishing of a broadcasting service, and as the commercial advantages of such a service are at present easily realised, the near future should reveal some interesting development in the establishing of Queensland's first broadcasting service. . . .[5]

Report of Malone visit to Qld to encourage the establishment of Qld broadcasting draws parallel with 6WF

Wireless Matters. Arrangements in Queensland. Chief Manager's Visit. Wireless matters affecting Queensland are to receive a stimulus through the visit of Mr. J. J. Malone, chief manager of telegraphs and wireless for the Commonwealth, now in Brisbane. WHAT IS DOING? Asked the reason of his visit, Mr. Malone said it was of an investigatory character. "I want to see what is doing in wireless here," the chief manager proceeded, and to discover how we can assist in clearing away any doubts which may exist as to the Government's attitude towards wireless, and in regard to the administration of its regulations. PRIVATE ENTERPRISE. "As you know, the Commonwealth Government takes no part in wireless services, apart from the duties of regulating and inspecting them. The broadcasting business is mainly of an entertainment character. We are anxious to see some regular broadcasting business established here and in the provincial cities of Queensland. In Sydney there are two stations operating and there is one at Melbourne. There shortly will be three stations in the latter city. There also will be two at Adelaide in the very near future, and there will be one at Perth. FARMERS BROADCASTS. "The Perth station is the only one in Australia set up by farmers for their special benefit. The object is not so much of entertainment as of disseminating market quotations and weather forecasts. No doubt Queensland will not be long in following the western State's example in this respect. Already we have find inquiries from people here who are considering the matter. The expense is considerable, however, and this no doubt accounts for the delay in establishing such a service here. WHY NOT BRISBANE? At present the people of Brisbane are dependent on the Sydney stations, and they are not too successful for interstate work yet. There is no reason why Brisbane should not have its own station, and I am sure it will not be long before she has come into line with the southern metropolises in this way. The two services at Sydney have been operating regularly for three months now, but they have not yet got into their proper stride. No doubt many people are wondering why the Sydney transmissions cannot be picked up satisfactorily here. The principal reason is that there has not been a sufficiency of experimenting yet, and even the big station there is only operating with a 500 watts power, whereas they are entitled to operate to the extent of 5,000 watts. As the power is increased naturally the range is greater, and so it will become easier for listeners to hear the programme. EXPERIMENTERS AND BROADCASTERS. "About 300 licenses have been issued to amateurs in Queensland. The total number in the Commonwealth is about 6,000. None of these Queensland amateurs are paying the broadcasters any subscription for the obvious reason that there are no broadcasters to pay. When broadcasting is established here a different form of license will be issued. The broadcasters will receive a license which will involve payment of a subscription for services rendered, and experimental licenses will be issued only to those who have some definite object of experiment in view. All those amateurs who have been carrying on here and in other places for years, have done so purely for the scientific love of the work. The only kind of license held in Queensland is that of an experimenter. The broadcasting license is for purely commercial purposes, and the broadcaster is obliged to give a regular and otherwise satisfactory service, whereas the experimenter gives demonstrations on a purely voluntary and gratuitous basis. The Government is anxious to encourage the experimenter, but at the same time it must see that the broadcaster's business is not unduly interfered with; otherwise he will not be able to carry out his services satisfactorily. In order to protect the public in obtaining the right class of wireless equipment no person has a right to sell wireless apparatus unless he holds a wireless dealer's license, and displays outside his premises a sign reading, "Licensed radio dealer." "I am looking forward to meeting the commercial and experimental wireless people here," concluded Mr. Malone. "No doubt I shall be able to help them in some way. In addition to this, as chief manager of telegraphs, I am looking into telegraphic conditions here with Mr. McConachie, Deputy Postmaster-General, with a view to the extension of facilities of these services." Mr. Malone will leave here for the south on Wednesday morning.[6]

1924 04[edit | edit source]

Still no takers for the Brisbane A class licence, relay of Sydney considered

WIRELESS CONCERTS. Up to the present no serious attempt seems to have been made to bring into being a Queensland Broadcasting Company on lines similar to southern organisations, which transmit news, weather and market reports, lectures, entertainments for children, and concerts afternoon and night. It is rather an expensive matter to organise such a company, and with limited population perhaps it would not prove a profitable or even payable proposition. But the suggestion has been made that the Queensland experimenter and wireless enthusiast could be catered for by the erection of a relay station or stations in Brisbane, which would retransmit the Sydney programme so that they could be heard by the owner of the simplest and inexpensive crystal set in the metropolis, and by the owners of one or two-valve sets in the country.[7]

4AK (Experimental) / Valley Theatre granted power increase, perhaps looking for a B class licence

Broadcasting Station for Brisbane. The Valley Theatre endeavours to entertain radio amateurs in their own homes, as well as at their theatre by presenting to them every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, a radio concert of quality. News is now to hand that Station 4AK, situated in this house of entertainment has been granted permission to increase power to 250 Watts. Arrangements are in hand for the erection of a first-class radio studio to accommodate vocal artists, instrumentalists, etc. Amateur listeners-in can look forward to first-class entertainments that no doubt will be the means of furthering the interests and knowledge of our many amateur wireless students. Congratulations are extended to the management of the Valley Theatre for the success which they richly deserve. An invitation is extended to all who are interested to inspect the installation used, which is under the control of Mr. J. Milner and Mr. H. Dick.[8]

1924 05[edit | edit source]

Early report of likely decision by Gillies on establishment of Qld Government station

Radio for Farmers. State Action Likely Broadcasting Market Reports. Government action is likely in the near future in the direction of broadcasting by wireless weather and market reports in the daytime and concerts at night time, for the benefit of the man on the land. Although no official announcement has yet been made on the subject, it is believed that the Minister for Agriculture (Mr. Gillies) has had some such scheme in mind. Mr. Gillies is at present visiting Sydney, and what action he may suggest in the matter is at present not known. The possibilities of wireless for the farmer cannot be overestimated. For £12 or £20, the cost of installing a complete valve set, and, say, £5 a year for the service, the outback farmer, besides being in direct communication with the outer world, would be supplied, as soon as it was made available, with information as to what his produce fetched in the markets, and also the latest weather forecasts, whilst the concerts at night time would serve to enliven the home life of his family. To erect a broadcasting station suitable for the purpose in Brisbane would, it is believed, cost about £9,000. This, however, would not alone be used for the benefit of the farmers. The city and town dweller would also be able to be kept in close touch with the day's doings, besides having the advantage of the enjoyment to be derived from wireless musical evenings. It is suggested that the State Government should erect this broadcasting station, or in the alternative, subsidise a private company to do so. In America the idea has greatly "caught on" amongst the farmers. The Government there foster the scheme with liberal financial support.[9]

Gillies listens to 4CM at Sutton's residence then visits 4CM station

RADIO FOR FARMERS. ACTING PREMIER'S EXPERIENCE. The Acting Premier and Minister for Agriculture (Mr. Gillies), discussing today the proposal to broadcast by wireless to residents of the rural districts market and weather reports by day and concerts by night, said that on Thursday night he had a very interesting and pleasant experience at a demonstration at the home of Mr. Sutton, chief engineer, Deputy Postmaster General's Department. He was accompanied by Mrs. Gillies and members of the Council of Agriculture. In the evening Mr. Gillies paid a visit to Dr. McDowall's station at Preston House, where he delivered a short message through the transmitter to those assembled at Mr. Sutton's residence at New Farm. Mr. Gillies also heard musical items broadcasted from Dr. McDowall's station as well as from Farmers', Ltd., broadcasting service in Sydney. The wireless station at Pinkenba was also plainly heard at work. "On Saturday," added Mr. Gillies, "I received a letter from the Amateur Wireless Association at Ipswich, saying that, sitting 15 feet from the receiving set, members distinctly heard my speech."[10]

1924 06[edit | edit source]

PMGD holds back application forms for experimental licences in lead up to open sets

OUR WIRELESS CIRCLE. HOW LONG? Experimental Licenses. There have been a large number of applications to the radio inspector in Brisbane for experimental licence forms. The usual reply is "One will be sent to you as soon as a supply arrives," but the supply is still lacking. The Wireless Institute, receiving a number of complaints on this matter, decided to take a hand, so the secretary was instructed to apply for a supply of forms but he met with no success. The reason again given was that there were not any available. Now the question is: "Why are they not available? Who is responsible for the hold up?" It is safe to say that we would not have to apply as many times for an income tax form. It is now nearly twelve months since the broadcasting regulations were framed, and in so far as Brisbane is concerned nothing has been done with regard to organised broadcasting; yet it is almost impossible to get a licence to listen to one's own radio club transmission. If the powers that be are nervous as to where the revenue would come from, when a broadcasting company started in Brisbane, should they allow too many experimental licenses, they could easily overcome this fear, by the issue of a provisional broadcasting license — at the cost of 10s. the actual payment to a broadcasting company of a fee, say of £2 2s per annum to commence from the day of commencement of operations of the company. It should be remembered by the P.M.G. and the broadcasting companies that when the English amateurs could not get what they desired there arose a very large number of pirates. The Australian does not want to become a pirate. He is willing and ready to pay for what he receives. In that case why not send along a large supply of these forms and let all who wish take part in this fascinating and useful exercise?[11]

1924 07[edit | edit source]

Ink barely dry on Regulations 1924 when announcement made of interested applicant for Brisbane Class A

Broadcasting Station. A Brisbane Proposal. Details of Regulations. It is understood that negotiations are proceeding for the early establishment of an "A" class wireless broadcasting station in Brisbane, and that an interesting announcement will be made to experimenters and listeners-in during the next few days. The equipment of such a station has now been made possible by the provisions of the new regulations. Further details of the new regulations controlling broadcasting show that one A class broadcasting station will be authorised in Queensland. This station will obtain revenue from receiving licence fees. There is no limitation on the number of class B stations which will not receive revenue from license fees which will be collected by the Postal Department. The broadcasting license fee in Brisbane during 1924-25 will be 35s., but in 1925-26 it will be reduced to 30s. Experimental Iicenses will be issued in cases where the department is satisfied that the applicant possesses sufficient knowledge to undertake scientific research and investigation. The fee for the license in Brisbane will be 20s. There will be no stipulations prohibiting the reception of broadcasting programmes or the design of receiving equipment.[12]

Speculation as to southern group seeking Brisbane A class licence

RADIO TOPICS. Broadcasting Stations. Brisbane Wants One. By "LOUDSPEAKER" Written for "The Telegraph." The announcement in the "Telegraph" last Wednesday that it was understood negotiations were proceeding for the erection of a broadcasting station in Brisbane caused a great deal of interest in Queensland wireless circles and speculation was rife as to who was behind the move. Two or three well known Brisbane transmitters were questioned, but they could supply no information of a concrete nature. It is now understood that the prime movers In the scheme are firms whose operations in wireless broadcasting have not yet been extended to Queensland. With the present number of experimenters in Queensland the increased license fees would bring in a revenue of nearly £1,000 a year, but an announcement of the establishment of a broadcasting station at an early date would probably have effect of nearly doubling the number of listeners-in. As one A class broadcasting station would take the greater part of the license fees collected there would appear to be good reason for the careful consideration which southern firms are said to be giving to the question of the installation of a station in Brisbane. A company commencing operations with an A class station would have a monopoly in Southern Queensland for five years from the date of the granting of the license. The Postmaster-General would have the right to order the inclusion of items of general interest or utility which he considered necessary in the broadcasting programme, and the company could accept advertising matter for transmission at reasonable rates. That would be a source of additional revenue to the company.[13]

J. C. Price announces his intention to seek B Class licence and notes Queensland Government expected to be awarded the A Class

RADIO TOPICS. Broadcasting Proposals. Queensland Activities. By "LOUDSPEAKER" Written for "The Telegraph" During his visit to Sydney Mr. J. C. Price inspected Farmer's 2FC broadcasting studio and transmitting station at Willoughby. . . . While in Melbourne, Mr. Price accertained that the erection of a new 5 kilowatts "A" class broadcasting station was proceeding, and it would be ready for operation in about two months' time. BRISBANE STATION? Mr. Price found that in Melbourne official circles there was a belief that the Queensland Government would take out the one and only "A" class broadcasting license made available in Queensland under the new regulations. He says he intends to establish a "B" class station if he succeeds in the negotiations which he is at present conducting.[14]

1924 08[edit | edit source]

Further reflection of the Qld Government being awarded the A Class licence for Brisbane

ODD NOTES. In the South it is generally considered that the new broadcasting regulations will create a virtual monopoly in favour of Amalgamated Wireless, the broadcasting group in which J. C. Williamson Pty., Ltd., is actively interested. In New South Wales and Victoria the Williamson interests, it is claimed, will have the big end of the stick. It is satisfactory to know that there is a possibility of an A class broadcasting station being established in Brisbane in the near future, even though it may be under the not always desirable control of the State.[15]

Queensland Government still not officially declaring its position and southern group also exploring

RADIO TOPICS. . . . By "LOUDSPEAKER" Written for "The Telegraph." . . . BROADCASTING STATION. So far the State Government has made no definite announcement of its intentions in regard to the proposed establishment of a State A class broadcasting station. Presumably the question is still receiving serious consideration, by the Minister for Agriculture (Mr. W. N. Gillies), who has displayed great interest in wireless since its value and usefulness was brought very prominently under his notice by demonstrations from 4CM, in which the Minister himself took an active part, on two or three occasions. There is a possibility however, that if the Government does not soon make a definite move in the direction of securing the one and only A class license allotted to southern Queensland by the federal authorities, southern firms will make a bold bid for it. It is learned on good authority that during the past week three gentlemen who are said to be prominently associated with a Sydney and Victorian broadcasting company, have been in Brisbane making careful inquiries, with a view to the early establishment of a station here should they be able to secure the license. It is all very good news for the amateur and experimenter, because it seems to indicate they will not now have long to wait before being placed on the same footing as their more fortunate New South Wales and Victorian fellow experimenters in the matter of broadcast reception. There is going to be a great boon in wireless here in the very near future, and the traders and broadcasting company which get in on the ground floor will reap a rich harvest from the large sales and the increased license fees paid by new enthusiasts.[16]

Queensland Government finally and formally declares its position

Broadcasting. A State Station. A class A wireless broadcasting station is to be established by the State Government. The Premier (Mr. Theodore) announced yesterday that formal application had been made to the Commonwealth for the necessary license. This would be the only A class station in Queensland. It was intended to broadcast news of the day, meteorological and market reports, and concert programme's.[17]

Further detail, clarifies application made but no licence issued by Federal Government

STATE WIRELESS. APPLICATION TO FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. The Queensland Government has definitely decided to secure the control of a class A wireless station for the purpose of broadcasting to listeners-in in the rural districts weather and market reports by day, and entertainments by night. The station would be placed in Brisbane. It was ascertained from the Premier yesterday that the Government had decided to apply to the Commonwealth authorities for a class A broadcasting station — the only one of that class that the Federal wireless regulations would permit to be established in Queensland. So far, however, said Mr. Theodore, the Commonwealth authorities had not notified their acceptance of the application. In the meantime the Queensland Government was making inquiries respecting the equipment, installation, and operating of such a station. The general object of the Government was to have the control of this station. The compilation of the programmes of broadcasting had yet to be done. Mr. Theodore added that adequate arrangements would be made for the broadcasting of news, of meteorological and market reports, and of entertainment programmes to the men on the land, and others who cared to listen-in, but, so far, only preliminary inquiries had been made.[18]

1924 09[edit | edit source]

The Telegraph points out that the success of 4QG will depend on the quality of its staff

Radio Topics. . . . By "LOUDSPEAKER." Written for the "Telegraph." If experimenters do not tune in local stations they should not jump to the conclusion that their sets are not working properly. It has frequently happened that stations did not work on the nights they were scheduled to do so by the morning papers, and this has caused a great deal of inconvenience to those searching for the carrier waves. Operators of transmitting stations should see that correct information is given to experimenters. How 4CM is missed! One could be always sure of tuning in that popular station on Sunday nights. But there would appear to be good times ahead for the Queensland amateur. As stated in the Telegraph last week, the State Government seems assured of the rights of the "A" class broadcasting station and the preliminary arrangements for its establishment in Brisbane are already being made with a view to the commencement of operations at an early date after the license has been secured from the Commonwealth Government. There is reason to believe that the authorities intend providing an excellent service, one that will be both educative and entertaining, and one that will be helpful to the man living outback. The success of the station, however, will depend on the skill of the staff, and the Government, no doubt, will secure the services of fully qualified wireless engineers and operators.[19]

Telegraph's perceptive journalist Loudspeaker notes the State Government not fully aware of all the costs of the service and that Governments financial position not sound, also mentions the possibility of a low power service at an early date

RADIO TOPICS. That "A" Class Station Is Government Serious? By "LOUDSPEAKER" Written for "The Telegraph" With the coming of summer with its natural electrical disturbances in the ether static interference is becoming increasingly troublesome to Brisbane experimenters, and already it is difficult to receive Sydney broadcasting on some nights with any degree of efficiency. This makes the absence of any serious local broadcasting a source of dissatisfaction to all owners of sets who are desirous of entertaining their friends at wireless evenings, and causes a desire for some definite move in the direction of the establishment of a station here, whether it be of the "A," or "B" class type. It is nightly becoming more apparent that the best of the Australian stations are not conducted on the best possible wavelength, and in many quarters there is a strong feeling that the wavelength of 2FC should be reduced below 600 metres. It is certain that static interference on the present long wave of that station is becoming very serious, from the viewpoint of Brisbane and Southern Queensland listeners. There is less interference with the reception of 2BL, which station is working on a much lower wavelength than 2FC. "Loudspeaker" is not too optimistic in regard to, the early establishment of an "A" class station by the State Government. As is generally known, the Government is right up against it financially, and £20,000, the cost of a station, is a lot of money to spend just at the present time, with no immediate prospects of a return on the capital outlay., It is understood that despite all the publicity given to Ministerial announcements on the subject the proposal has not yet got past the inquiry stage. It would seem that the Government made initial inquiries as to the possibility of securing the license before even the advice of experts had been obtained or the probable cost of the station had been ascertained. It is doubtful whether a single member of the Government even knows the meaning of the term "static interference." It is understood that the Minister, who is taking the greatest interest in the proposal (Mr. W. N. Gillies), has been approached, and offered an existing broadcasting plant, either on sale or on lease, with which operations on a comparatively small scale and short range radius could be commenced almost immediately. The plant would only permit of the inauguration of a service equivalent to that of a "B" class station, because it would not have the power and radius of an "A" class station called for by the new regulations. It is suggested that the State Government might be able to induce the Commonwealth Government to amend the regulations so far as their application to Queensland is concerned by permitting the operation of a single "B" class station at first on an "A" class basis so far as revenue is concerned. As is now known to most experimenters, the controllers of an "A" class station would be entitled to receive 30s. of the 35s. collected in the southern division of Queensland as a licenses fee, whereas the controllers of a "B" class station would receive no revenue at all from licenses fees collected. It is further suggested that such an arrangement would promote a keener interest in wireless in Queensland, and whereas sufficient revenue could not now be collected, to make an "A" class station payable, the position 12 months after the inauguration and successful operation of a "B" class station would be such as to permit of the expenditure necessary to equip the larger powered and more efficient station. If the expected increased interest were not realised, the Government would lose little or nothing by its venture on a small scale. All these things are put forward by the proposers of the small station, but they seem to overlook the fact that the main reason given by the Minister for Agriculture for the Government's proposed embarkation into the wireless broadcasting business is to provide the men on the land and the country dwellers generally with better and improved means of social entertainment, and the facilities to speedily ascertain the latest and authoritative market, financial, and other reports necessary to their success and general well being, and to prevent, if possible, the undesirable drift to the big centres of population. Now a B class station would have a very limited effective range, and it is doubtful whether the Government would embark on a broadcasting scheme that would almost entirely cater for the city dweller, whose sources of news and entertainment are at hand without the need of calling into use his wireless receiving set. It will probably be found that if the State Government cannot see its way clear to finance the installation, erection, and control of an A class station, with which to reach the country people, it will not have anything to do with wireless broadcasting at all, and the way will be clear for a private company to make the venture. As "Loudspeaker" has pointed out before, the solution of the problem in this land of vast spaces and small populations seems to lie in the direction of the operation of stations relaying programmes and news sent out on a very low wave length by a central broadcasting plant, situated in Sydney or Melbourne. Even in America, where almost every other person is a radio enthusiast, the question confronting broadcasters, radio manufacturers, dealers, and millions of listeners-in, is "who is to pay for broadcasting?" And the question has not yet been answered satisfactorily to all interests.[20]

1924 10[edit | edit source]

The announcement of 4QG stimulates demand for wireless components

RADIO TOPICS. Brisbane Activities. Broadcasting Proposals. By "LISTENER" Written for "The Telegraph" It is understood that efforts are now being made to interest an entertainment house proprietary in wireless broadcasting with a view to the early establishment in Brisbane of a B class station, using limited power, and having a radius of not more than about 100 miles. This class of station would not, of course, derive any revenue from an apportionment of license fees paid to the Post and Telegraphs Department. That form of revenue is reserved for A class stations, which must comply with certain requirements in regard to power used and class of programme broadcasted. Therefore, the only revenue or return from a B class station would be in respect of fees received from advertisements broadcasted, value of the advertising to the company interested in the station, or subsidy from retailers of wireless apparatus. The promoters of a B class station no doubt would point out that with the inauguration of broadcasting in Brisbane there would be a heavy demand for simple and inexpensive receiving sets with which to bring entertainment into the home, and before very long thousands would be in use every evening. Wireless broadcasting opens up a wide and valuable field for the advertiser, and use of it will be made on a very extensive scale in the near future. . . . ODD NOTES. . . . The Government's proposal to establish an A class broadcasting station has undoubtedly stimulated interest, and therefore trade. The demand now exceeds the suppty of available components, and some lines are being booked to arrive from England and America. In the south there is also a shortage of supplies of many lines.[21]

1924 11[edit | edit source]

Government still silent of the establishment of an A class station

RADIO TOPICS. Broadcasting Position. . . . By "LISTENER" Written for "The Telegraph." From the broadcasting or wireless telephony point of view there is very little being done in Queensland at the present time. Old experimenters have become tired of listening-in to potted music, and static has prevented the successful reception of Sydney and long-distance telephony stations. New experimenters are not growing in numbers as quickly as would have been the case had there been a broadcasting company operating here, and the wonder of it is that the Brisbane traders have not hitherto made arrangements with an existing station to transmit a programme of concert items twice a week, either from a studio or by land line from the music halls and theatres. Nothing further can be learned of the intentions of the Government in regard to the establishment of an A class station. Preliminary announcements were made with a great flourish of trumpets, but since inquiries were made as to the cost of the undertaking, Ministers have maintained an oyster-like silence on the subject. Efforts to interest financial and theatrical business in a B class station also seem to have been fruitless and the prospects of a broadcasting station for Brisbane now seem very remote indeed. The next move seems to rest with the people, who are directly interested in the development of wireless in Queensland, and they comprise the experimenters and amateurs generally and the men who have invested capital in the selling side of the business. Some co-operative move is needed to provide regular programmes each week. But with the decline in broadcasting the way is clear for some real experimental work in long distance Morse reception. Successful efforts in reaching out for stations thousands of miles away should provide amateurs with greater cause for gratification than the reception of telephony stations situated but a few hundred miles south. Summer time is not radio telephony time in Australia, and until the winter months with their clear night air come round again, amateurs, in endeavouring to successfully tune in Sydney and Melbourne stations for the entertainment of their friends, will continue to strive after the impossible.[22]

The Age highlights Qld as a wireless desert

WIRELESS. There is no doubt that almost all of the striking advances in the wireless science in Australasia have been achieved by amateur experimenters, and from the recent amazing developments in amateur international communication it would appear that this state of affairs is to continue. From the very inception of commercial wireless in Australia progress has been hampered by continual mismanagement and bungling from all sides, whereas experimental work, during the last three or four years at any rate, has been clearly one steady march forward. . . . In Queensland, to complete our review, broadcasting is still unknown, and except for an occasional gramophone record played at one of the few experimental stations, or occasional snatches of music from other States, heard through the atmospherics, the Queenslanders might just as well be living in the 16th century as far as broadcasting is concerned. It is well known that Australia was initiated into commercial broadcasting at least three years after successful service had been established in England and America, but our present condition serves to emphasise the fact, evidently not yet appreciated, that we cannot hope to cover the three years of lost time in one stride,[23]

Letter to the editor bemoans Qld's slow response to broadcasting and suggests a lower power service to expedite

BROADCASTING SERVICE. (To the Editor.) Sir.— Is Queensland to be the last State to have a broadcasting station? A glance at the daily papers reveals transmission in Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth, Auckland, Dunedin, and sometimes an American one. The nearest of these is over 600 miles away, and frequently they were all heard during the winter months by several experiments in Queensland. But the summer months are different. The different conditions make it difficult and costly to get even Sydney, and so great many wireless people are greatly disheartened. There are several amateur transmitters here, but they are limited to 10 watts output and are very rarely featured in the press announcements. And again, the New South Wales men on the land have the privilege to listening to weather, market, and sports reports daily; our's must await the slowly moving mails, any many times storms are upon them without warning. Some little time ago a movement was afoot for the State Government to erect a class"B" station in Brisbane, but the idea seems to have been lost. It is a pity, for a great deal of good would result directly to the whole people. Government, farmers, experimenters, traders, and the general public. Perhaps in the rush of business incidental to the closing hours of the session Mr. Gillies has laid aside the scheme for a time, but he would earn the gratitude of a great number of people if he would operate even a medium powered service. In the meantime Queensland is allowing all the other States except Tasmania to lead her In the matter of "Wireless Service." Will Queensland be the absolute last? Yours, etc., COSMIC.[24]

Qld Government announces that tenders called for 4QG, traders make arrangements with 4CM for interim programmes, Trocadero announces intention to establish a Brisbane B Class station

Radio in Brisbane. Broadcasting Proposals. "A" and "B" Class Stations. Another move in the direction of the inauguration of wireless telephony broadcasting in Brisbane was made last night when several traders and amateurs met at the T. and G. Building to discuss ways and means. It was announced at the meeting by Mr. Herbert, of the Trocadero, that he intended to establish and have a B class station in operation before Christmas. Mr. Read, of the Read Press, explained that he had called the conference because he with other wireless amateurs felt that something definite should be done, as early as possible to establish broadcasting in Brisbane. At the present time things were dead in Brisbane. There was a suggestion that the wireless traders of the city should co-operatively arrange for the operation of an existing station for two or three nights a week during the summer time, and until such times as conditions would permit of the successful reception of Sydney broadcasting. In this connection, 4CM station (Preston House), had been mentioned as one with which arrangements might be made. INFLUENCE OF STATIC. Mr. J. C. Price (Wireless House) said he thought they could not do better than make some arrangement with 4CM, if it were possible. The modulation of 4CM was excellent. He thought it would be to the advantage of the traders to make such a move. During wireless exhibition week, when demonstrations were given in Brisbane the trade received some impetus. Boys began to go in for crystal sets. But since then hardly a boy was to be seen about the traders' shops. It was mostly adults who were purchasing components. What was wanted was the transmission of local broadcasting during the summer months, because the interference from static was exceptionally bad, and would not permit of Sydney being brought in with any satisfactory measure of success, except on rare occasions. He had never known static to be so bad as it was this summer. It was the small traders in the south who had pioneered the way for broadcasting. They had started 2BL Sydney and made a success of it. He understood that station was now on the same footing as Farmers (2FC). Mr. Read said that it was now almost impossible to receive Sydney successfully with three valves. A local station was needed. Incidentally, Mr. Read mentioned that it was intended to publish a wireless magazine in Brisbane. Mr. Price referred to the fact that each of the other capitals now had A class stations and several B class licenses had been granted recently for New South Wales. But so far Queensland had done nothing. Mr. Tom Elliott (operator of 4CM) suggested that an arrangement might be entered into whereby the traders would each contribute a sufficient amount of money weekly towards the cost of broadcasting from Preston House. The maximum number of nights a week he could give to the service would be three. He proposed to arrange to transmit concerts from the music halls and theatres by means of land lines, and perhaps a church service and band concert on Sunday nights. He could have the station operating within seven days should the traders come to an agreement among themselves to open it. He would operate on a low wave length, and therefore the interference from static would not be as great as if 4CM's old wave length of 800 metres were being used. Most of the traders present expressed their approval of an agreement being entered into with 4CM, but as a number of houses were not represented, a committee consisting of Messrs. J. H. Chandler, J. C. Price, C. L. McLaughlin, T. L. Read, and S. I. Knipe was appointed to interview the others and ascertain if they were agreeable to what had been proposed. A DEFINITE STATEMENT. At this stage, Mr. Herbert of the Trocadero arrived, and in reply to questions announced that he had made definite arrangements to establish a "B" class broadcasting station which would, he expected, be operating before Christmas. He had taken steps to secure a license and an expert would be coming up from Sydney to instal the machine. He proposed to transmit dance music programmes six nights a week with vocal and instrumental items interspersed. If possible he might make arrangements with the council to also transmit on Sunday nights. In reply to further questions, Mr. Herbert said he would be agreeable to the broadcasting of orchestral music from the Trocadero by 4CM, pending the completion of his station, if the traders decided to go on with their proposal. One of the traders said that it might have been good policy on the part of Mr. Herbert to have obtained the co-operation of the traders in the inauguration of his "B" class station. Mr. Herbert replied that it was still open to the traders to come in with him. It was open to them to take shares in the project. After further discussion, Mr. Herbert consented to allow his name to be added to the committee which will meet at the Trocadero on Sunday night. STATE "A" CLASS STATION. There was another development yesterday in connection with the State Government's "A" class station proposal. It was ascertained that tenders had been invited, and two had been received for the erection of a five kilowatt station. It is expected that the tenders will be considered when the Premier returns from Sydney, where he recently inspected existing stations and the works of the Amalgamated Wireless Company, which, it is understood, is one of the two tenderers. It is now generally thought that the Government will have nothing to do with a "B" class station, and that if it cannot see its way to erect an "A" class station it will not enter into the wireless business at all. The main object of the Government is to provide a service which will be accessible to the men out back and the rural district schools, and this service the "B" class station would not provide. Furthermore, the Government would receive no revenue from a "B" class station in respect of the license fees paid to the Federal Government.[25]

Tenders called for 4QG

STATE BROADCASTING. Weather and Market Reports. The Premier (Mr. Theodore) when asked this morning in reference to the State wireless installation said that investigations were still going on. The Government had invited tenders for wireless broadcasting apparatus, and the Under-Secretary (Mr. T. A. Ferry) had these in hand. The object will be for the broadcasting to the rural districts of weather and market, reports by day, and for amusement at night.[26]

1924 12[edit | edit source]

Cabinet decides to appoint a manager for 4QG

Manager. The Cabinet has decided to appoint a manager of the class A wireless broadcasting station, which the Government will establish at an early date in or near Brisbane, to broadcast to the country market and weather reports by day, and concert programmes by night. The appointment will be made shortly.[27]

Gillies as acting Premier announces appointment of John William Robinson as manager of 4QG

State Wireless. Manager Appointed. Mr. Gillies's Announcement. The Acting Premier (Mr. Gillies) stated this afternoon that it was the intention of the Government to appoint Mr. J. W. Robinson, assistant wireless manager of Farmer's, Ltd., in Sydney, as manager of the Queensland Government class A radio station. Recently tenders were received by the Government for the erection and installation of this wireless broadcasting plant, and these would be reviewed by Mr. Robinson upon his arrival in Brisbane. Mr. Robinson would also advise on the site of both the station and the studio.[28]

As previous

MANAGER FOR BRISBANE. BRISBANE, December 11. The scheme for the establishment of a Government Class A wireless broadcasting station, in the metropolitan area, has been advanced a further step. A manager has been selected. The Acting Premier (Mr. Gillies) said today that it was the intention of the Government to appoint Mr. J. W. Robinson, at present assistant wireless manager at Farmers' in Sydney, as manager of the Queensland Government Class A Radio Station, which would short!y be established in Brisbane. Recently tenders were called for by the Government for the erection of the station, and the installation of the plant. Two were received. These would be reviewed by Mr. Robinson, who also would advise the Government respecting the choice of sites for the station, and necessary studio.[29]

As previous but with further details of context and specific duties

State Broadcasting. Appointment of Manager. Acting Premier's Comment. The Acting Premier (Mr. W. N. Gillies), referring today to the announcement in yesterday's "Telegraph" that Mr. J. W. Robinson, assistant manager of Farmer's Wireless, Sydney, had been appointed manager of the proposed State radio station, said it would be remembered that the A grade wireless license provided for Queensland in the Commonwealth Government regulations had been applied for and secured by the State Government, which had decided to establish a high class broadcasting service for the people of Queensland. Mr. Gillies mentioned that tenders have already been received for the installation of the necessary apparatus, masts, aerials, &c., but it was deemed advisable before finally accepting a tender that an expert should be appointed to advise and also to select a site for both the station and the studio. It was also desirable to determine the wave length required for broadcasting in this State. Mr. Ferry, of the Chief Secretary's Department, had given the matter his attention and had collected a lot of valuable information on this interesting subject. Mr. Robinson's appointment was for three years, and he was expected to take up his duties immediately after the holidays. After the tender was accepted, it would take some considerable time to erect the plant and to put into commission. Personally he was pleased that the Queensland Government had decided to make this most wonderful discovery of the age a State owned service and thus secure to the whole community, so far as was in their power, the benefits of this hew branch of science. "None of the other States had taken this step, but, in his opinion, it was only right that a discovery with such tremendous possibilities should be a public utility.[30]

As previous, SMH perspective of its former employee

WIRELESS EXPERT. Mr. J. W. Robinson, who has been appointed manager of the broadcasting station, which the Queensland Government intends to erect in Brisbane, is well known in wireless circles. He was for some years a member of the "Herald" staff, and during that time contributed many articles on radio work. Prior to the establishment of broadcasting in Australia he took an active interest in wireless from the experimental side, and in 1922 was appointed Honorary Radio Inspector by the Federal Government. When Farmer and Company, Limited, inaugurated a broadcasting service in Sydney Mr. Robinson resigned from the "Herald," and joined the staff of Station 2FC. He expects to leave for Brisbane during the first week of the New Year.[31]

The prospect of 4QG heightens interest in broadcasting in Brisbane

RADIO TOPICS. Brisbane Broadcasting. Inexpensive Crystal Sets. By "LISTENER" Written for "The Telegraph." Owners and prospective owners, of crystal receiving sets are coming into their own in Brisbane. For many months past good entertainment has been enjoyed by thousands of crystal set owners in Sydney and Melbourne because of the existence of permanent stations which broadcast programmes during the day and night. But the Brisbane youth or man who adopted wireless as a hobby necessarily had to purchase comparatively expensive valve sets if any worthwhile results were to be obtained. The absence of a broadcasting station eliminated the inexpensive crystal set from the methods of reception so far as Brisbane was concerned. And so a very large number of youths with limited pocket money and men with very moderate means found that despite their inclinations wireless as a hobby was too expensive for them. For the time being they had to content themselves with listening-in on some other enthusiast's set, reading the various wireless periodicals, and looking in the wireless dealers' windows. The proud owner of a valve set did not always receive the satisfaction which at the outset of his experimental reception work he believed would come from listening-in to Sydney and Melbourne stations. When the winter months with their nights of clear and frost air had gone, and the warmer months had brought their thunderstorms and air all charged with natural electricity, the valve set owner found that a nuisance called "static" had come to interfere with the successful reception of 2BL and 2FC. There were frequent crashes in the telephone receivers, or in the loud speaker, that obliterated the voice and music, and took all the pleasure out of listening-in to broadcasting from distant stations. The need of a local station began to be badly felt because static, unless extremely bad, does not interfere to a very great extent with the reception of nearby broadcasters, "Listener," in "The Telegraph" notes under this heading, expressed surprise that the radio dealers of Brisbane had not moved in the direction of taking over an existing plant and using it on two or three nights a week. The Sydney traders' movement that ended in the establishment of the now popular 2BL was cited as an instance of successful endeavour. "Listener's" idea caught on, and subsequently some of the Brisbane traders were brought together by Mr. Read (of the Read Press), himself an enthusiastic radio experimenter. As an outcome of that meeting arrangements were entered into with 4CM for the transmission of programmes three nights a week — Wednesday, Saturday, and Sunday. There have now been two transmissions, and another will be given from Preston House tonight between the hours of 8 and 10 o'clock. Excellent results have so far been obtained on crystal sets, because 4CM is transmitting with plenty of volume. For local reception, crystal rectifiers are much better than valve rectifiers, because the latter create a certain amount of noise of their own. Crystal sets are therefore clearer receivers. Greater volume can be obtained with the assistance of valve amplifiers if it is desired to use loud speakers. With 4CM in the air once or twice a week, the Brisbane radio enthusiast is now being well catered for. The reopening of 4CM has had the desired effect in stimulating trade, and has given genuine pleasure to experimenters, who look forward to still better programmes than those already provided from Preston House. The plans for the future, as outlined in "The Telegraph" last Saturday, have created great interest. The plans give promise of good things for listeners-in both on crystal and valve sets. The man or youth who is prepared to spend four or five pounds may now enjoy one of the most fascinating hobbies ever known to the world. Much pleasure may be got out of making your own set. That is a fairly simple thing to do, provided one obtains a text book on the subject from one of the booksellers or wireless dealers. There are many publications on wireless which describe in detail how to build receiving sets. These books may be bought for a shilling or two. It must be remembered, however, that before any listening in may be done, it is necessary to go to the post office and take out a license costing 35s. for the first year and 30s. for the second year. PROPOSED STATE STATION. The State Government has taken another interesting step in the direction of establishing an "A" class broadcasting station in Brisbane by the notification of its intention to appoint a Sydney gentleman to the position of manager of this the latest State enterprise. The manager will be called upon to offer the Government quite a lot of expert advice on the subject, and there are those who still think that when Messrs. Theodore and Co. have been told all there is to be told about the project there may be a long delay before the station is erected. If at all.[32]

1925[edit | edit source]

1925 01[edit | edit source]
1925 01 01[edit | edit source]

JWR to arrive in Brisbane shortly

STATE RADIO STATION. Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of the State radio station, will arrive from Sydney on Monday night to establish the class A station in Brisbane for the Queensland Government. Until recently he was assistant manager of Farmers' wireless establishment in Sydney.[33]

JWR departs Sydney

THE STATE WIRELESS SCHEME. Mr J. W. Robinson, who has been appointed manager of the proposed Queensland Goveminent wireless broadcasting station, left Sydney yesterday afternoon for Brisbane by the express.[34]

JWR arrives in Brisbane

STATE RADIO STATION. ARRIVAL OF MANAGER. Mr. J. W. Robinson, who has been appointed manager of the State wireless broadcasting station, which is about to be erected in Brisbane, arrived from Sydney last night. Prior to his present appointment Mr. Robinson was assistant manager, of Farmer's 2FC station, Sydney. It will be Mr. Robinson's first duty to advse, the Government on all matters of detail in reference to the station, and also select the most suitable site for its establishment. The location of the studio will be another matter which he will deal with. In all probability the studio will be established in the city and the station in the suburbs. In an interview, Mr. Robinson said that the A grade service which the Government intended to provide under the terms of their license which the Federal authorities had granted, would include a news service, market, and weather reports, vocal and instrumental entertainments, and educational lectures, &c. "It is going to be a wonderful thing for Queensland," Mr Robinson said.[35]

As previous, a little more detail

STATE RADIO STATION. Manager Robinson Arrives in Brisbane. COMPREHENSIVE SERVICE. Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of the State Radio Station, arrived from Sydney last night. He said in an interview that licences for an A grade station had been issued by the Federal Government, of which Queensland had one, that taken out by the Government; New South Wales had two, Victoria two, and Western Australia, South Australia, and Tasmania one each. These were high-powered broadcasting stations. It was the intention of the Queensland Government to erect a station, for which he was to select a suitable site immediately. Studios would then be erected, and the scheme made operative as expeditiously as possible. The A grade service was very comprehensive, and included, a news service, market, and weather reports, vocal, and instrumental entertainments, and educational lectures, etc. Mr. Robinson was assistant manager of Farmer's 2FC station, in Sydney, which, he said, had a well-organised service, telephone lines running from the station to the theatres and the Sydney Conservatorium, and also to the churches. He thought that the church services which had been broadcast in the South had made the greatest appeal.[36]

As previous, makes clear that JWR gave a lecture on broadcasting on the evening of his arrival, also that he had been working for the State Government in Sydney prior

WIRELESS IN QUEENSLAND. A definite move towards giving effect to the proposal of the State Government to institute a wireless broadcasting service throughout Queensland was taken some time ago, when Mr. J. W. Robinson, a well-known man in Southern wireless circles, was appointed manager of the State seivice. Mr. Robinson, who has been carrying out work in his new capacity in Sydney since his appointment, arrived in Brisbane by the mail train last night to take up his office here. During the course of an interesting talk on broadcasting last night, Mr. Robinson said that licenses for an A grade station had been issued by the Federal Government, of which Queensland had one, that taken out by the Government; New South Wales had two, Victoria two, and West Australia, South Australia, and Tasmania one each. These were high-powered broadcasting stations. It was the intention of the Queensland Government to erect a station, for which he was to select a suitable site immediately. Studios would then be erected, and the scheme made operative as expeditiously as possible. The A grade service, said Mr. Roblinson, was very comprehensive, and included a news service, market and weather reports, vocal and instrumental entertainments, and educational lectures, etc., Mr. Robinson was in Sydney assistant manager of Farmer's 2FC station, which, he said, had a well-organised service, telephone lines running from the station to the theatres and the Sydney Conservatorium, and also to the churches. He thought that the church services which had been broadcast in the South had made the greatest appeal. Speaking of the State scheme, Mr. Robinson was very enthusiastic, and stated that until experienced it was impossible to gauge the immense field covered by broadcasting. "It is going to be a very wonderful thing for Queensland,'" he said.[37]

As previous, different detail

WIRELESS ERA. QUEENSLAND'S STATION. MANAGER's VIEWS. Mr. J. W. Robinson, who has been appointed manager of the State Wireless Service, arrived in Brisbane by the mail train last evening. The Queensland Government have taken out the only A grade license allotted to Queensland by the Federal Government, and Mr. Robinson will take charge of this station. Mr. Robinson will inspect suitable sites for the station, and will report to the Government on these. When the station is built it will be the only high power station in Queensland, and commercial intelligence, as well as concert programmes, will be broadcasted. Mr. Robinson was assistant manager of 2FC (Farmers') broadcasting station, Sydney, prior to appointment to his present position. Discussing the possibilities of broadcasting, Mr. Robinson said that it had attained a high standard in the south, where not only concerts, commercial news and general news were broadcasted, but church services were sent through the air. School children were also given lessons by wireless, and this, in Mr. Robinson's opinion, was a great thing. It meant that children in the backblocks were able to hear addresses and participate in lessons given to the more fortunate who happened to reside in the city. "In fact, it means," said Mr. Robinson, "that the whole of the outlying centres will be linked up with the commercial centres or with the centre of what one might call civilisation." Mr. Robinson said that the receiving of wireless had been reduced to simplicity itself, and there was no reason why the farmer should not share in the advantage it offered. The only necessary thing was to obtain a set, then a license, and this was quite easy to secure.[38]

As previous, with further detail of Brisbane radio scene

RADIO TOPICS. State "A" Class Station. "Very Wonderful Thing." By "LISTENER" Written for "The Telegraph" The arrival in Brisbane of Mr. J. W. Robinson, who has been appointed manager of the "A" class broadcasting station which the State Government is about to erect in the metropolis, is an indication that the Government is serious in its intentions. There can be no doubt that, as Mr. Robinson says, "wireless broadcasting is going to be a very wonderful thing for Queensland. During the past few weeks the city people, and those who live within a radius of two or three hundred miles of Brisbane, have, from the programmes transmitted by 4CM (Preston House), tasted the delights of real radio broadcasting. It has whetted their appetites for a more regular service on organised lines such as that enjoyed by Victoria and New South Wales owners of listening-in sets. That is what the Government has in view in establishing an "A" class station. The service will include a news service, market and weather reports, vocal and instrumental entertainments and educational lectures. And not only will the city people be able to avail themselves of that service, but the power used will, it is expected, be sufficient to enable the station to make its programmes heard as far back as the far-flung borders of this vast State. From statements made by the Premier and Minister for Agriculture it would seem that the Government is not so much concerned with providing a service for city people as it is with reaching the man on the land, to whom the weather and market reports are of great value if they are received promptly, as only wireless can ensure in a land of vast spaces and infrequent mail services. If the culture of the city can be taken to the man in the backblocks by means of wireless, it is going to be of inestimable value to the State. When the A class station is erected there is no reason why the people of Winton, of Cloncurry, of Charleville, and of other places far removed from the capital should not enjoy the musical recitals of the best of the visiting and local artists, listen-in to the entertainments held at his Majesty's and other theatres, hear the speeches and lectures of leading men, and become possessed to the latest Australian and world's news as soon as the more favourably situated city and suburban dweller. Wireless opens up enormous possibilities for this State in the service of the people both commercially and socially. If an "A" class broadcasting station does nothing more than make country people more contented with their lot, and puts a break on the drift to the city, it will have justified its establishment in Queensland.[39]

JWR recommends State Government Insurance Building as site for the big station

State Wireless. Site for Studios. Manager's Recommendation. The manager of the State Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) has just completed the inspection of a number of sites, with a view to establishing a State wireless station. He stated this afternoon that the places inspected included the Executive Building, the Domain, Bowen Park, the old Fire Brigade Station Building, in Edward street, and the State Government Insurance Building, in George street. He had recommended a site on top of the latter building for the studios, control room, and station. It was a splendid site, nice and high up, and with any amount of space.[40]

4CM excels itself with concert broadcasts, inter alia, filling the gap as a defacto B class until 4QG commences

WIRELESS. BY "LOUD SPEAKER" Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of the new State Radio Service, has expressed his opinion that radio in Queensland has a great future, and within a few months we should be in as good a position as any other State in the Commonwealth so far as a radio broadcast service is concerned. Mr. Robinson has been associated with Farmer's Ltd. ever since that firm's station, 2FC, opened. . . . Local Broadcasting. After having taken many weeks to really organise its services the amateur station 4CM has achieved its object of broadcasting theatrical and dance hall music to the amateur experimenters and listeners-in of Brisbane. Readers will remember that the traders and several of our local enthusiasts came to satisfactory arrangements with Dr. Val McDowall for the loan of 4CM for a period in order to operate that station to fill the vacancy of a commercial broadcast station in Brisbane. Quite elaborate preparation for broadcasting — nothing but the best — has been made in the city, and last weekend 4CM gave out absolutely the best programme it has submitted to date. The studio is situated at the Shulz showrooms, in the T. and G. Buildings, from where a landline gives the apparatus in Preston House its broadcast matter. From this studio on Sunday evening a fine programme of vocal and instrumental items was rendered by the Diggers' Company. Great credit is due to Mr. L. Read, chairman of the committee of control, for his keen interest and great activity in the interests of local enthusiasts. In addition, Mr. Read is due for credit as a musical director at the studio. By special arrangements it was possible for 4CM to broadcast both the Tivoli Theatre Orchestra, St. Stephens' Cathedral Choir, and the Jazz Orchestra of Trocadero Dansant on Saturday evening. So it is easily seen that over the weekend Brisbane enjoyed its first real and best radio concerts. Those possessing radio sets were, indeed, treated well to have such a fine selection broadcasted to them. In comparison with the programmes given by Southern companies to their enthusiasts, Brisbane is now losing nothing, for the programmes given on Saturday and Sunday evenings were equal to any submitted by Farmers, Ltd (2FC) and Broadcasters, Ltd (2BL) of Sydney. Those artists to whom thanks are due include:— Mr. L. Read, who sang "Shipmates o' Mine," and "The Floral Dance," Mr. Jack Willis for his steel guitar items; Miss G. Norman, vocal items; Miss Wynne Macoboy, Mrs. Crossley, Miss Iza Crossley, Moya Crossley, Messrs. Jock Thompson, Laurie, Kennedy Allen, Purdie, and Master Brian Lawrence. The latter is a very enthusiastic wireless amateur himself. His small aerial can be seen erected on the Cremorne roof from the bridge. St. Stephen's Cathedral Choir sang from the Tivoli. The Tivoli Orchestra rendered the "Poet and Peasant," and "In a Monastery Garden." Brisbane enthusiasts should at present be more than pleased with their prospects of true entertainment in the future, for in addition to having received proof of the capabilities of Queensland broadcasting, there follows the arrival in Brisbane of Mr. J. W. Robinson, the newly-appointed State service manager. Mr. Robinson will immediately undertake the duties of establishing the A class station in Queensland for the Government. Mr. Robinson assures us that there will be nothing lacking either in enthusiasm or material in making our station absolutely efficient and worthy of the State.[41]

Further detail on site selection considerations by JWR

STATE RADIO. Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of the State Radio Service, said yesterday afternoon that he had examined certain likely sites for the studio's control room and station, including the State Government Insurance Building in George-street, the Domain, the old fire brigade station in Edward-street, the Executive Building, and Bowen Park. He had recommended the State Government Insurance Building, which, he said, was a capital site, nice and high up, and with ample space. It was essential that the studios should be in the heart of the city, The studio's control room and station would be in juxtaposition to each other. The Domain was a central site but it was low-lying, and would cost a great deal of money to erect steel towers there. It is expected that the recommendation will be accepted. Mr. Robinson, who was assistant manager of Farmers' wireless establishment, is an ex-pressman, and was actively connected with the Australian Journalists' Association.[42]

As previous, further detail

IDEAL SITE. STATE WIRELESS INSURANCE BUILDING. The newly appointed manager of the State radio service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) is now located in an office in the Chief Secretary's Department. Mr. Robinson is a former Sydney pressman, though at the time of his appointment to Queensland he was assistant manager of Farmers Ltd., wireless establishment in Sydney. Mr. Robinson said yesterday that he had inspected several sites for the station, including the executive building, the Domain, the old fire brigade building in Edward-street, Bowen Park, and the State Government Insurance building in George-street. Mr. Robinson said that it was essential that studios should be in the heart of the city, and in Brisbane the station, control room, and studios would be close together. He had recommended to the Premier (Mr. E. G. Theodore) that the State Government Insurance building should be the site of the new station. It was admirably adapted for the purpose as it was high and there was ample room. Mr. Robinson explained that the Domain was too low lying for a site, and it would cost a considerable sum of money to erect steel towers, which would be unnecessary on the State Insurance buildings. It is expected the recommendation will be accepted.[43]

JWR comments on burglar's intercepting messages from police patrol cars

CHASING BURGLARS. Police Patrol Wireless Cars. EXPERT'S VIEWS. During the weekend the Sydney police found a motor-car containing a wireless set and a kit of burglar's tools. They are of the opinion that the wireless set was being used by burglars to intercept messages passing from police headquarters, to the police patrol cars, which are fitted with wireless. Questioned concerning police patrol wireless cars, Mr. J. W. Robinson (manager of the State radio service) said today that in Sydney and Melbourne there was a police patrol car fitted with wireless. The Sydney car had a portable wireless, and when it was patrolling the streets news of crime which reached headquarters was transmitted to the sending station, which, in turn, picked up the car and delivered the message. On numerous occasions, the early receipt or information by the police patrol car had been! of great advantage to the police. In one case in Melbourne five police got to the scene of a shooting case, four miles away, within seven minutes. Mr. Robinson was of the opinion that a police car, fitted with wireless, had proved an effective method of combating crime, and he thought it would be a valuable adjunct to police work in Queensland. It would be quite an easy matter for a burglar in a motor car fitted with wireless to intercept a police message, he said, but when the message was in code or cypher it was a different matter.[44]

JWR interview

STATE RADIO. Definite Steps For immediate Operation. MANAGER'S STATEMENT. Mr. J. W. Robinson (manager of the State radio service) said today:— During the past few days some definite steps have been taken towards the immediate establishment of a broadcasting service on a large scale in Queensland. Practically the whole of the most important matters in connection with the construction of a high power station have now been finalised, and during the next few days actual constructional work should be commenced. As is generally known, the State Government has secured the only "A" grade licence allotted under the wireless regulations to this State, and intends to carry out a broadcasting service in a manner similar to that in which such services are carried out in other parts of Australia. "The selection of a suitable site for the establishment of studios and a station is also necessary, and a wave length on which all transmission from the station will be effected must be decided on. Decisions regarding all these matters have been made during the past week. The Government has accepted the tender of Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia), Ltd., for the supply of a modern 5K.W. broadcasting transmitting set, and also for the supply of the necessary aerial and earth materials, sound collecting equipment, microphones, control panels, and general receiving equipment. "The roof the State Insurance Building at the corner of George and Elizabeth streets, has been selected as the most suitable for the establishment of the station and studios. It has been decided to ask the Federal authorities to allot a wavelength of 425 metres to the Queensland Government. VALUE OF SERVICE. "The actual service rendered by the Queensland Broadcasting Station should be invaluable to the community. From the studios at regular intervals, late news items, stock exchange information, up-to-the-minute market reports, fashion topic for women, afternoon tea music, sporting information, high-class instrumental and vocal music, discussions on topics of public interest, and many other features will be flashed throughout Australia. "The advantages which such a service will confer on the State, and the manner in which the broadcasting station will serve the whole.community, are many. It is expected that the station will be ready for transmission, and a very comprehensive service organised with very little delay.[45]

As previous, more fully reported

State Radio On a Large Scale. Studio in George Street. During the past few days some definite steps have been taken towards the immediate establishment of a broadcasting service on a large scale in Queensland. The manager of the State Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) stated this morning that practically the whole of the most important matters in connection with the construction of a high powered station had now been finalised, and during the next few days actual constructional work should be commenced. As was generally known, the State Government had secured the only A grade license allotted under the wireless regulations to this State, and intended to carry out a broadcasting service in a manner similar to that in which such services were carried out in other parts of Australia. In order to establish such a service it was necessary to construct a high-powered telephony station, modern broadcasting studios, and to organise up-to-date services whereby news of the day, market reports, sporting information, &c., might be transmitted at regular hours daily, to say nothing of course of the high class musical entertainments which will also be broadcast. SELECTION OF SITE. The selection of a suitable site for the establishment of these studios and station was also necessary, and a wave length on which all transmission from the station would be effected must be decided on. Decisions regarding all these matters had been made during the past week. The Government had accepted the tender of Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd. for the supply of a modern 5KW broadcasting transmitting set, and also for the supply of the necessary aerial and earth materials, sound collecting equipment, microphones, control panels, and general receiving equipment. The roof of the State Government Insurance building, at the corner of George and Elizabeth streets, Brisbane, had been selected as the most suitable for the establishment of the station and studios, and the necessary details for the drawing of plans and the compiling of specifications for these buildings had been handed to the Public Works Department. It had been decided to ask the Federal authorities to allot a wave length of 425 metres to the Queensland Government. THE APPARATUS. The 5 K.W. broadcasting transmitting set which will be installed, is of the most modern type, is manufactured in Australia, and should enable constant communication to be maintained for a distance of 500 miles by day, and 1,000 miles by night. The apparatus comprising the main control and amplifying panels is of the type used in most of the leading stations in the world, and will enable very delicate control of the station to be maintained by the operator, thus ensuring perfect transmission of all items. The handling of a full choir or full brass band will be quite as delicate as the handling of a single solo item. The equipment will also include portable units which will enable collections of musical items, speeches, &c., from outside points to be made. STATION AND STUDIOS. The studios which will be erected on the roof of the Queensland Insurance building will embody every modern idea, and will be constructed in such a manner as to enable perfect reproduction of speech and music to be effected. They will be built so as to be sound proof, will be draped in a scientific manner, and will be specially ventilated. They will comprise two transmitting rooms, one being larger than the other, and will both open from a main reception room. In other parts of Australia the stations have been placed at some distance from the studios, but the gathering of all the buildings, including offices, studios, reception rooms, control room, and station under one roof, should result in a more efficient service being maintained at a lower cost. SERVICE. "The actual service rendered by the Queensland broadcasting station should be invaluable to the community," declares Mr. Robinson. "From the studios at regular intervals, late news items, stock exchange information, up-to-the-minute market reports, fashion topic for women, afternoon tea music, sporting information, high-class instrumental and vocal music, discussions on topics of public interest, and many other features will be flashed with the speed of light throughout the length and breadth of Australia. "The advantages which such a service will confer on the State and the manner in which the broadcasting station will serve the whole community are almost too numerous to mention. "It is expected that the station will be ready for transmission and a very comprehensive service organised with very little delay."[46]

1925 01 15[edit | edit source]

JWR clarifies aspects of wavelength announced, also mentions request for callsign of 4GC (possible typo)

STATION 4QG. STATE RADIO SERVICE. THE WAVE LENGTH. Referring yesterday to the wave length which it has been decided to use for transmissions from the State radio station, the manager of the Queensland radio service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) said that he wished to make it clear to those interested that the 425 metres referred to was not yet definitely approved. "As far as the Queensland Government is concerned," he said, "the decision is definite enough. The allotting of a wave length is however, a matter for the Federal authorities who issue the broadcasting license. They are in control of the issue of wave lengths and are responsible for their allotment in such a manner as to prevent the possibility of interference between stations. The Queensland Government has asked that the Federal authorities allot a wave length between 375 to 395 or between 405 and 425 to the state radio station. The latter wave length is favoured, but if reference to the wave charts shows that it is too close to that of another station a few metres difference will perhaps be necessary. This difference will not, however, mean anything to those who are now desirous of building or purchasing receiving sets." Mr. Robinson added that it might interest wireless enthusiasts to know that the Federal Wireless Department had been asked to allot the call sign 4QC to the Queensland Government Broadcasting Station.[47]

AWA announces that 4QG transmitter a clone of 2FC, 3LO and 6WF (though all these were longwave at the time)

BROADCASTING STATION FOR QUEENSLAND. It is announced by Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Limited, that arrangements have been completed with the Queensland Government for the erection of a 5 k.w. "Class A" broadcasting station at Brisbane. Work will be commenced at an early date, and it is anticipated that the station will be in operation for the coming winter. In many respects it will be a replica of the three broadcasting stations — 2FC (Sydney), 3LO (Melbourne), and 6WF (Perth), already constructed by the company. The whole of the transmitting apparatus will be manufactured at the Radio-Electric works of the Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Limited, Sydney.[48]

JWR provides detail of design of studios

BROADCASTING. State Radio Service. DESIGN OF STUDIOS. Mr. J. W. Robinson (manager of the State Radio service) said today that the studios which had been designed for use in connection with the broadcasting service being established by the Government were to be of the most modern design, and in them would be incorporated a number of new ideas. They would be situated on the roof of the Queensland State Insurance building, and would open up from a main reception room. Two studios would be used, one large, and the other smaller. In the large one musical items, such as choirs, orchestral selections, band concerts, etc., would be rendered, while the smaller one would be reserved for solo items, pianola music, and the transmission of speeches and lectures. The use of two studios would obviate delay in the programmes, the studio manager arranging artists in one studio while an item was proceeding in another, and then quickly changing over. In the construction of these studios, care was being taken to evade external sound, and the walls and floors would be draped and padded so as to reduce echo effects. "In other broadcasting studios artificial light in used, but in those attached to 4QG, natural lighting will be provided, special sound proof windows being fitted," added Mr. Robinson. "The main control room for the station will be placed so that the operator on duty may obtain a clear view of both studios without moving from the main control panel. Sound proof windows will be fitted in the studios, and from these the operator will watch the artists while transmission is being effected. The control room will be constructed so that no sound whatever from the studios will reach it. A small wireless set will be fitted in it, and thus the operator will listen to wireless when actual concerts are being broadcast. It is necessary for such a system to be employed, so as to allow the control of the station to be maintained by hearing the concerts under the same conditions in which they are heard in any private home."[49]

Brisbane listeners wanting more information about proposed programming, JWR spends time with Read

RADIO TOPICS. The State Station. News of the Amateurs. By '"LISTENER" Written for "The Telegraph." The announcements made during the last few days by the manager of the State radio station (Mr. Robinson) must have given pleasure to the several thousand enthusiasts who are now to be found scattered all over Queensland. It is interesting to know that the new station will, in many respects, be a replica of the three broadcasting stations in Sydney, Melbourne, and Perth, 2FC, 3LO, and 6WF respectively, because if that be so there should be little cause for complaint regarding the quality of the transmissions from a mechanical point of view. But there will be little cause for satisfaction with the excellence of the station itself if the programmes are badly arranged, and are of inferior quality. Having been a member of the staff of 2FC, Mr. Robinson no doubt will endeavour to avoid the mistakes that have been made in the southern capitals, and, profiting by his experience, will give the Queensland public something worth listening to. It is not desirable that the State station should broadcast potted music; we have had too much of that already in Queensland. Beyond a broad outline of the intended service, Mr. Robinson has not yet made known his intentions with regard to programmes, and a statement on that phase of the undertaking would be welcomed by amateurs. It would also promote a greater interest in the State station, and perhaps lead to a growing increase in the number of applications for receiving licenses with increased revenue to the station. Nobody is going to expend money in the purchase of a set when all that is known is that the station will transmit music, news, and market reports day and night. That is all the public have been told, so far. The allotment of a waye length of 425 metres will be welcomed by amateurs generally, as being a most satisfactory one for Queensland conditions. All will hope that 4QG will be heard on the air very soon. It is also pleasing to know that the whole of the transmitting apparatus for the State station will be manufactured at the radio-electric works of Amalgamated Wireless (Australia) Limited, Sydney. PRAISE FOR 4CM. In a special interview with "Listeners," for "Radio Topics," the manager of the State Radio Station (Mr. Robinson) said that, taking everything into consideration, 4CM station was doing very well. The results achieved with the apparatus available spoke volumes for the enthusiasm of those associated with the operation of the station and those who listened-in. He only hoped that the same enthusiasm would be shown when the State station commenced operations. Efficiency was undoubtedly being obtained with the apparatus which was being used at 4CM. . . . The manager of the State Radio Station (Mr. Robinson) was one of the guests at a wireless and musical evening held at the Home of Mr. L. Read (president of the Brisbane Broadcasters) last Friday. Mr. Robinson was delighted to have the opportunity of hearing the voice of the announcer of 2FC (Sydney) because he is a personal friend of his.[50]

JWR claims 4QG will be the highest powered in the world (but likely this due to the odd way in which Australia measured power at the time)

Broadcasting. The Queensland Station. Highest Powered in World. When completed, the Queensland wireless broadcasting station will be the highest powered telephony station in the world. The manner in which the State Government intends to proceed with the establishing of broadcasting in Queensland, was referred to this morning by the manager of the Queensland Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson). In discussing the new station which is to be commenced shortly in Brisbane, he said that some idea of its size would perhaps be conveyed if he pointed out that when complete, there would not be any other telephony station in the world of a higher power. In England and America, high powered stations were being used, but in no case did the power of any one of them amount to even three-fifths of that to be used in the Queensland station. Furthermore, the experience gained in other broadcasting stations and studios would be made use of in Brisbane, and it was quite safe to say that Station 4QG, when completed, would be the most modern, the most up-to-date, and most efficient station in the whole of Australia.[51]

JWR predicts a wireless boom in the coming weeks

Broadcasting. A Wonderful Invention. What It Means to Queensland. "It is questionable," said the manager of the State Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) this afternoon, "whether during recent years any branch of science has produced a movement which has appealed so strongly to all sections of the community as that of wireless. In the older parts of the world, wireless during recent years has made amazing strides, and in addition to the magic spark being used for the purpose of commercial communication, the practical use of wireless telephony, for the broadcasting of programmes of speech and music has become exceedingly popular, and has gained a rapid hold on the people of the world. Parts of Australia have already witnessed a radio boom and now in Queensland an extraordinary amount of interest is being centred in wireless broadcasting. "Announcements made recently regarding the inauguration of a high-class broadcasting service by the State Government have served to stimulate this interest, and many people who know nothing, or next to nothing of the actual science of wireless are finding that those commercially interested in the broadcasting movement are now able to supply them with machines and apparatus which will enable them to participate in the pleasure of "listening in" without any close study of the phenomena of wireless. In spite of all that has been said regarding the broadcasting movement, a certain amount of misunderstanding exists. To many people the mention of wireless in any shape or form suggests some difficult subject which cannot be understood without months or even years of close study. While this may apply to the actual science of wireless itself, so much valuable work has been done by those who have made a life long study of the subject that the benefits to be gained from wireless in all its forms are now available to those who possess no technical knowledge. The latest type of receivers have been constructed by experts in such a mariner as to embody perfection of technical detail with absolute simplicity of operation, and even a child may handle a broadcasting receiver and fill the whole house with speech and music. "As is generally known, broadcasting refers to the transmission of speech and music by means of wireless telephony, the matter radiated being intended not for any one particular person, but for all who own sets and desire to 'listen in.' In wireless telephony speech and music transmitted are carried by electromagnetic waves which are created at a sending station, and which travel with the speed of light in all directions. These waves vary in length according to the station from which they are radiated, so that quite a number of stations may transmit at the same time, but the receiver will only respond to those to which it is "tuned". This tuning is quite a simple matter in the case of expertly constructed receivers, and means merely the turning of a knob or dial. The installation of receivers is quite a simple matter. "It is expected that during the next two or three months a high powered station will be erected in Brisbane by the State Government, and from this station at regular hours each day and at night late news services, stock exchange information, weather information, sporting news, afternoon tea music, and high class musical entertainments will be broadcast. A special system of lines connected with various theatres in the city and suburbs will enable collections of outside music to be made, to be brought to the station, and to be transmitted. Bed time stories for the children will also be a feature of the programme. It is not difficult to imagine just what sort of an appeal such a service will make to the imagination of the public. The dweller in the more distant part of the State will doubtless feel the benefit of the broadcasting service to a greater degree than his more fortunate city cousin, but even in districts near to the sending station, the transmission of high-class programmes of speech and music each night should do much towards providing home entertainment. "It does not seem unsafe to assume that within the next few weeks, Brisbane, in common with other States of Australia will witness a wireless boom."[52]

JRW expounds on the role of the station

State Broadcasting Station. It is safe to definitely state that during the history of the world no branch of science and no marvel of man's making has done more to break down distance and to eliminate isolation than that of wireless telegraphy and telephony," said Mr. J. W. Robinson (manager of the State radio service) yesterday afternoon. The inventions perfected during the early portion of the present century, and which resulted in communication being established between vessels at sea and the shore focussed a vast amount of attention on wireless, and during recent years the perfecting of a system by means of which it is possible to transmit speech and music through countless miles of space, has given the movement the impetus it deserves. Although most great inventions are the result of years of work on the part of a mere handful of experimenters, they almost invariably react to the benefit of the multitude, and in no instance is this fact so clearly pronounced as in connection with wireless. So rapidly have the latest developments been commercialised that already the lives of millions of persons have been brightened by means of wireless entertainments. Australian citizens have been as advantageously placed as those in other parts of the world, in this respect, and are now having the pleasures of modern civilisation carried direct into their homes. Farmers, squatters, and all other dwellers in remote rural districts find their present isolation entirely eliminated and are able to keep in direct touch with the life of the large cities for the greater portion of every 24 hours. So much has been said lately regarding wireless telephony and the broadcasting movement, that a certain amount of confusion and doubt exists in the minds of many regarding just what has been and will be done. The position is, however, a very clear and simple one when regarded from the point of view of the person wishing to avail himself of the opportunities offered by broadcasting. As is generally known, it is possible to transmit speech and music through the ether by means of wireless telephony. If a sending station is erected and from it such items are transmitted, they are carried with the speed of light in all directions on electromagnetic waves. If, therefore, a receiving station is erected within range of the sending station, the music and speech transmitted may be received and clearly heard. It matters not how many receiving stations are erected, all can secure the music, the volume not being diminished as the number of receivers increases. If a station is erected one transmission is effected, the action is termed "broadcasting." From this simple explanation, it will be clearly realised that in such a system of regular transmissions lie boundless possibilities for the entertainment of large numbers of people, particularly the dwellers in the more remote parts of the country. Such a system is to be used in Brisbane within a short space of time. The State Government is now building a high power wireless station, and special programmes are being organised. These will include morning and evening news services, cable services, market reports, stock exchange quotations, weather forecasts, sporting information, lectures, special information for the man on the land, and last, but by no means least, high-class musical entertainments. Broadcasting on these lines should strongly develop in (Start Photo Caption) MR. J. W. ROBINSON. (End Photo Caption) Queensland, but it is only by studying the interests of the public that such can be the case. Mr. W. Robinson said: "The main aim of the station, when it is established, will be to give service to the community. No efforts will be spared to obtain and broadcast all information, which will be of great.use to the public, and the musical programmes which will be transmitted will be of a high-class nature. A high standard throughout will be maintained. Those responsible for the operation of a broadcasting station carry on their shoulders a great responsibility to the public. When it is remembered that the matter spoken, sung, or played in a broadcasting studio is carried into the homes of thousands and thousands of people, it will easily be seen that it is quite essential that great care be maintained. A high moral standard, and a good tone, must be insisted on, and it will be the aim of the Brisbane station, while catering for the wants of the public, to also keep this high class standard of working strictly in mind."[53]

JRW at conference promoting placement of receivers in schools for educational purposes

WIRELESS IN SCHOOLS. USE BY DEPARTMENT. An important proposal, associated with the decision of the Government to broadcast from the State radio station market and other news by day and concert programmes at night to the country, was discussed at a conference held yesterday. The members of the conference comprised the Minister for Education (Mr. F. T. Brennan), the Under-Secretary for Education (Mr. B. J. McKenna), the director of the Queensland Producers' Association (Mr. L. R. Macgregor), and the manager of the State Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson). The question discussed was that receiving sets should be established at schools in country districts, and be placed in charge of a competent person. By this means at allotted hours of the day instructional items issued by the Education Department, could be broadcasted for the benefit of the children, and even general news received for the settlers. It was made plain that any such scheme would be so arranged as not to interfere with the general routine of school work. The proposal will come before Cabinet on Tuesday next.[54]

1925 02[edit | edit source]
1925 02 01[edit | edit source]

Another brief bio of JWR with new titbits (the AWA aspects previously announced)

BROADCASTING. The State Station. READY BY WINTER. It is announced by Amalgamated Wireless Limited that arrangements have been completed with the Queensland Government for the erection of a 5KW "Class A" broadcasting station at Brisbane. Work will be commenced at an early date, and it is anticipated that the station will be in operation for the coming winter. In many respects, it will be a replica of the three broadcasting stations — 2FC Sydney, 3LO Melbourne, and 6WF Perth — already constructed by the company. The whole of the transmitting apparatus is being manufactured at the radio-electric works in Sydney. Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of the State Radio Service, greets visitors with a pair of keen Australian eyes behind big American horn-rimmed glasses. But this is the only Americanism about him. He is a hustler, but hustling is just as much an attribute of the Australian character as of the American. A former Sydney Pressman, he has lost none of his interest in affairs, which means all human activities. He gained his wireless training while on the "Sydney Morning Herald," attending the Marconi school after his day's work was done. He also made a special study of telephony. Back in 1915, when he was just being initiated into the mysteries of wireless, the then very youthful Robinson joined up with the A.I.F., and found himself some months later with thousands of other Aussies at Tel-el-Kebir in Egypt. One day a call came for 25 men for immediate active service. Hundreds "hopped out," including "Robbie," and with visions of a great run across the ocean to France in a fast destroyer, the little party left the camp in high glee. A tedious ride in a slow railway train, a 10 miles march, and that night found the noble band of 25 in the first line of defence on the canal! And this was their address for many months. It was no picnic, but it showed that young Robinson was not a chap to stand still, even though he had to drop three stripes to get on the move. Small wonder, then, that he should make his mark in the wireless world, and be the first manager of the State Radio Service in Queensland.[55]

JRW promotes a wireless future, with great benefits for city-dwellers and country folk

BROADCASTING. The manager of the State Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) looks forward to a "wireless" boom. Broadcasting undoubtedly has caught the popular fancy. In Britain a powerful and well-conducted organisation controls this service, and is evidently intent on making the most of it. One of the writers of a book which was recently reviewed in "The Telegraph," spoke of the difficulties in the way of satisfying all tastes in regard to programmes. and he also allowed his imagination to play on the future of broadcasting. Now we agree that in regard to the programmes it is difficult to suit all tastes. But the varied tastes must be satisfied if they are in any degree worthy of being satisfied. The main advantage of broadcasting, however, is that persons in distant places may enjoy in some respects the advantages of the dwellers in large cities. Broadcasting is going to be of great advantage, for instance, to us in Australia, especially to those of us who live in the country districts. Sometimes it is alleged that the drift from the country to the city is caused in part by the lack of advantages and pleasures in the country. We are told to make country life more attractive. By means of wireless and broadcasting many advantages of the city can be brought to the country. There is great opportunity for "broadcasting" in Queensland because of the sparseness of our population. In that way the new science — for so it may be called — may be of great use to the State.[56]

Further promotional work by JWR, tempered as over marketing by the Telegraph journalist

RADIO TOPICS. Boosting 4QG Station. By "LISTENER" Written for "The Telegraph." The manager of the State Radio Station to be (Mr. Robinson) is making good use of the opportunities that come his way for thoroughly boosting the Government's latest enterprise. He is reported to have said that 4QG will be the most powerful broadcasting station in the world, that its studios will be better than anything in Australia, and as good as anything in the world; but he has not yet told us that the programmes will be the best in the world. It all savours of American publicity methods. And the Yanks do not always deliver the goods. However, Mr. Robinson is full of optimism, good intentions, and enthusiasm, and if all the "goods" mentioned in his publicity matter are not delivered, one feels sure it will not be for want of effort on his part. At the same time the people of the State would show discretion by hesitating to install expensive sets for purely entertainment purposes until something more definite is known about the programmes and general service to be given by the new station. The genuine experimenter or person who has come under the magic influence of the science will, of course, continue to purchase components, build his own set, and listen-in for that which is near and far. To him broadcasting is only of secondary importance. The reception of an American station on a homemade low loss set of the latest type is a far greater achievement for a genuine experimenter than the reception of local broadcasting. But the new Government station will undoubtedly add another wave to the enthusiasm which is sweeping over Queensland, and those who start as mere listeners-in will later join the ranks of the experimenters who daily probe still further into the mysteries that still surround the science of wireless. Mr. Robinson has emphasised that the benefits to be gained from wireless in all its forms are now available to those who possess no technical knowledge of the subject. He says the latest type of receivers have been constructed by experts in such a manner as to embody perfection of technical details with absolute simplicity of operation, and even a child may handle a broadcasting receiver and fill the whole house with speech and music. Wireless experimenters, of course, know that is rather a broad and sweeping statement, and they would deny that the manufacturers of sets are now so making them that Intelligence and Knowledge as factors in their successful operation, have been entirely eliminated. Yet it must be admitted that some of the manufactured sets are simple of operation when a few general principles have been learned. But the best results out of a set can only be obtained by the person who has a good knowledge of the subject, both theoretical and practical. Wireless has its two schools of thought — the one patriarchal, mysterious; the other progressive, communicative. There are makers and distributors of wireless apparatus who place persistent emphasis upon the intricacy of their special devices, and the secrecy of their distinctive processes. It is characteristic of these people that they do not trust the average member of the public to make more than the most elementary routine adjustment in a wireless set. Substantial changes or additions cannot be undertaken without returning the set to the maker or distributor. Fortunately, however, there is another and more optimistic school of thought in the wireless industry. There are those who, while yielding nothing to their competitors in their desire for profit, yet deliberately attempt to construct their business upon the basis of an intelligent community of interest. These people are as anxious to explain difficulties as are their opposites to deepen mysteries. With such sets and some elementary knowledge of the science of wireless will the people of this State be best equipped to enjoy the State Radio station when it is established.[57]

JWR announces allocation of callsign and frequency for 4QG by PMGD, low wavelength being a departure for A class longwave (AWA would have not been happy with this)

4QG. The Call Sign. State Wireless. 4QG will be the call sign of the Queensland wireless broadcasting station. The manager of the State Radio Station (J. W. Robinson) stated this morning that the Federal Government had definitely granted the Queensland Government a license for the establishment of an A class wireless brondcasting station. The call sign of the station would be 4QG, and it would have a wave length of 385 metres, whilst the power would be 5,000 watts. It is stated that a low wave length for a high powered station is a new departure for Australia.[58]

As previous but Daily Standard makes clear that the licence has been issued for a period of 5 years only

STATE WIRELESS. Commonwealth Grants Licence. Mr. J. W. Robinson (manager of the State Radio Service) said today that the negotiations between the Federal and Queensland Governments concerning the issue of the A class broadcasting licence to the State Government had been completed, and the licence granted. The sign of the station would be 4QG, the power 5000 watts, the wave length 385 metres, and the period of the licence five years, terminating on January 29, 1930. A low-wave length for a high-powered station is a new departure in Australia.[59]

JWR off to Sydney "on business" (likely meet AWA to sort out construction of a low wave transmitter)

STATE WIRELESS. MANAGER GOING SOUTH. THE FINAL TOUCHES. The manager of the State Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) will leave Brisbane for Sydney on Thursday on business connected with the installation of a State broadcasting station in Brisbane. He stated this morning that the arrangements he intended to make in the south would put the final touches to his scheme of construction.[60]

JWR reported as stating that the 4QG aerial would be of the umbrella type (but this did not eventuate, probably due to roof architecture and/or better technical advice received

RADIO TOPICS. Written for "The Telegraph." By "LISTENER" . . . The aerial to be erected for 4QG, the State station, will be of the umbrella type. Mr. Robinson (State manager) tomorrow leaves for Sydney, where he will conduct certain business in connection with the equipment of the station.[61]

A promotional piece on the future of wireless generally morphs into a full plan for 4QG programming

MARVEL OF THE AGE. Advantages of Wireless. Too Great to Ignore. PEER INTO THE FUTURE. "It is safe to say that within a very short space of time the man who does not possess a wireless set will be placed at a distinct disadvantage in regard to the rest of his fellow men. Wireless is certainly the marvel of the age, and those who ignore it will more quickly realise its advantages than those who make use of it." The above statement was made yesterday by the manager of the Queensland State Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson), when asked by a representative of "The Daily Standard" to express his views regarding the future of wireless generally, and in particular, the broadcasting movement. "The man who can accurately foretell just what even the very near future will bring forth as far as wireless is concerned," Mr. Robinson said, "would, indeed, be very wise. Each day brings forward some new marvel, and who can say just what the world will witness during the next two or three years? It is not so very long ago that a prophecy was made to the effect that it would one day be possible to transmit the human voice by wireless from Australia to England or vice versa. "At the time it was regarded more in the light of a dream than as a serious attempt to describe future possibilities. Today, however, the human voice has been transmitted from England to Australia, and also from Australia to England, and what is more important still, this huge distance has been spanned with the use of very very low power. "It seems almost fantastic to say that in a few years Australians may speak to friends and business relations in England merely by lifting the telephone receivers from the hooks in their homes or offices, and asking for a number on the other side of the world. Yet so marvellous have been the wireless developments of the past (Start Photo Caption) Mr. J. W. ROBINSON. (End Photo Caption) two or three years that it is almost safe to assume that such will be the case in the future." Field of Broadcasting. "As far as broadcasting is concerned," Mr. Robinson continued, "Australia has already felt the benefit of the application of this most modern branch of wireless communication, and it will not be long before Queensland residents are placed just as advantageously as dwellers in the other States. "Broadcasting appeals strongly to the imagination of even the city or the suburban dweller, but its strongest appeal is undoubtedly made to the man in the country districts. We are at all times doing our utmost to urge men to go on the land and yet we are faced with the fact that conditions do not make it altogether tasteful for quite a number of people to spend their lives in distant country centres. Broadcasting should do much towards assisting country settlement because it goes a long way towards relieving isolation. "Just consider for a moment the happy position in which the country dweller, who has installed a wireless set in his home, will find himself when the Government broadcasting station is operating in Brisbane. While seated at his lunch the whole of the morning's market reports will be read to him. Stock exchange quotations will be given, and late news items will be carried with the speed of light, direct to his table. During the afternoon his womenfolk will be entertained by wireless music and by lectures useful to the ladles. His children while at school will receive portions of their education by wireless, and thus the voices of many great educationalists, who could not possibly visit all country centres will be heard in many outback schools. Bedtime Tales for Kiddies. "During the early part of the evening, the kiddies will be entertained by music and bedtime stories, and it is safe to definitely state that this portion of the day's programme will make just as vigorous an appeal to the youth of Queensland as it has already made to the youth of other portions of Australia. When the 'kiddies' have at last been moved off to bed, the older members of the family will congregate around the receiver, and latest market reports, late cables, local news items, sporting results, and other information will occupy the space of about half an hour. A short pause will then take place, and afterwards a high-class musical entertainment, broadcast direct from the heart of the commercial and social centre of the State, will 'do its bit' towards making the evening more enjoyable. Special Reports. "When interesting sports are being held special arrangements will be made to broadcast the results, and thus the country dwellers will receive news of those events just as quickly as those who live in the cities. Special weather information will be supplied from official sources, and this will be broadcast for the benefit of the man on the land. Sermons in the Home. "Several churches in the Brisbane area are now being linked up to the Government station, and those who, owing to their being compelled to live in lonely centres, are unable to attend divine service, will sit around loud speakers in their own homes and hear the voices of great preachers, the singing of large congregations, and the pealing of organs. "The matters to which I have referred," continued Mr. Robinson, "are not fantastic dreams. They are accomplished facts in other parts of Australia, and, within the space of another two or three months, they will have become accomplished facts in Queensland."[62]

JWR arrives in Sydney for business meetings

PERSONAL. . . . Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of the Queensland State radio service, came to Sydney yesterday on technical business in connection with the Queensland station.[63]

1925 02 15[edit | edit source]

JWR provides a statement to his former employer the SMH while in Sydney "on official business" (clearly mainly AWA)

WIRELESS. GOVERNMENT SCHEME. LAUNCHED IN QUEENSLAND. The manner in which wireless services are being organised in Queensland by the State Government was mentioned yesterday by Mr. J. W. Robinson, general manager of the Queensland Radio Service, who is at present in Sydney on official business. Mr. Robinson pointed out that in Queensland, the Government had taken out the only "A" grade broadcasting license for the State, and was erecting a modern high-power broadcasting station and studios. The roof of the State Insurance building, Brisbane, a high and modern structure, was being used as a site for the station, and offices, studios, control rooms, operating rooms, laboratories, and a small workshop were all being grouped under the one roof of this building. High-class services were being organised, and the use of already existing Government offices and institutions was being made for the supplying of information. Mr. Robinson stated that the station was being erected by Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia), Limited, and would be handed over to the Government, and controlled by the Queensland radio service's own engineers. It was expected that it would be in operation during the winter months. The call sign would be 4.Q.G., and the power 5000 watts. Transmission would be effected on a wave length of 385 metres.[64]

Read Press commences publication of Qld Radio News in anticipation of a wireless boom in the lead up to 4QG commencing transmission

"QUEENSLAND RADIO NEWS." We have received from the proprietors, the Read Press, Ltd., Vol. 1, No. 1, of the "Queensland Radio News" the first wireless magazine to be published in the State, and the official organ of the Queensland Division of the Wireless Institute of Australia and the Radio Society of Queensland. The "Radio News" is an attractive little publication, of excellent "make up," and full of interesting information for the wireless enthusiast. Articles of value to beginners are included in the magazine, which will be published monthly. The contents of the initial issue include an interview with Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of the State Government Broadcasting station, 4Q.G., on "What Broadcasting Should Bring Forth in Queensland."[65]

The QRN article by JRW on the proposed 4QG service; Review of QRN itself; Funding for funding of 4CM broadcasts falls off; Complaints about Brisbane licence fees despite no A class station in operation

RADIO TOPICS. 4QG's Proposed Service. An Ambitious Programme. Written for "The Telegraph" By "LISTENER" In the first issue of the "Queensland Radio News," Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of the Queensland Government station, 4QG, outlines the scope of the service which it is proposed to provide from the station when it commences operations. He says:— "At midday news items will be broadcast, and will be received by the man in the country districts, many, many hours before his newspapers reach him. Weather forecasts and Stock Exchange information will also be conveyed to him, and lastly, but by no means least, the morning's market reports will be transmitted. Just pause and think what the last sentence means. The man on the land will, while seated at his midday meal, switch on his set and hear just what price his produce has been sold at in Roma street that morning. Surely the receipt of such accurate and speedy information will be well worth the license fee alone. "During the afternoon musical programmes will be transmitted, and the members of the fairer sex may find afternoon tea much sweeter and much more refreshing if taken to the tune of wireless music. Late afternoon news will follow and later market information. "But perhaps one of the most interesting of all sessions will be the kiddies' hour. Just before the little one's bedtime arrives wonderful stories will be broadcast from the station, nursery rhymes, will be sung and played, and the juvenile members of the family will be wished off to bed with a cheery 'goodnight' from 'the Sandman.' This session in other parts of Australia has proved a decided success, and I am sure that in Queensland it will be just as popular. "At night, high-class musical entertainments will be broadcast, the programmes ranging from grand opera nights to comedy and jazz entertainments. "Every Sunday night some church service will be transmitted, and those whose homes in the country prevent them from attending divine service, or more particularly still those who are unfortunately laid aside with sickness, will have the singing and sermons carried direct into their own homes. "The man on the land will be catered for by the transmission of the market reports to which I have already referred, but in addition to this, special arrangements will be made with the Council of Agriculture whereby much valuable information will be broadcast at certain regular hours. Arrangements may also be completed for the education of children in country districts per medium of the Government station. The proposed service is an ambitious one for Queensland; and all will hope that it will be established on the lines outlined by Mr. Robinson. One of the difficulties, but not insurmountable, will be that of obtaining the necessary artists to contribute the entertaining programmes, without which no service would be complete. "THE RADIO NEWS." "The Queensland Radio News," the first number of which has just been issued, and is obtainable at all dealers gratis, is a valuable addition to the Australian magazines which are devoted to the wireless art. The publishers recognised that a wireless magazine was needed which would cater for the Queensland amateurs, one that would contain interesting information for all in this State who have been attracted by the mysteries of the modern method of communication and entertainment over short and long distances. The first number contains an interesting article by Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of 4QG, entitled, "What Broadcasting Should Bring Forth in Queensland." "Aerial" contributes a chapter on "The Theory of Radio Communication," Mr. Arthur E. Dillon, secretary of the radio engineers, tells how to locate faults, there is an interesting description of experimental station 4AZ (Frank Sharpe, Clayfield), the doings of the clubs are chronicled, and there are many personal pars about Brisbane amateurs. The magazine is well produced, edited, and printed, and should command a ready sale among the amateurs. A LOCAL LULL. Locally, there are signs of a lull in broadcasting activities. There are rumours that 4CM is to discontinue operations because the Broadcasting Committee has not sufficient funds to keep it going. During the several weeks the station has been operating, many excellent programmes have been prepared, and transmitted, and it would be worse than a pity if the station were closed down before the State station is opened. But a lot of money is required even to operate such a comparatively small station and no funds are obtainable from the license fees which Queensland amateurs are paying without receiving an A class service in return. It is now six months since the new regulations providing for increased license fees were introduced. Queensland was done an injustice in being made to pay the same fees as other States where A class stations existed.[66]

1925 03[edit | edit source]

JWR states that 4QG would be ready in 3 months, could start quickly with a low power set but that would be unwise - best laid plans . . .

State Radio Station. Ready in Three Months Organisation Completed. "A large amount of valuable organisation work has been completed, and a number of definite decisions have been made regarding the types of auxiliary apparatus to be used in connection with the State radio service," said the manager of the State radio station (Mr. J. W. Robinson) this morning. Mr. Robinson said it was expected that the actual work of erecting the studio on the top of the State Insurance Building would be entered upon within the next few days. He thought it would be about three months, that was towards the end of May or the beginning of June, before the station would be in operation. It would be an easy matter to start operations with a temporary studio and a low power set, but that would be an unwise step, as the service would be inferior, and the public correspondingly dissatisfied. It would be far better to defer the commencement for a few months and start off efficiently on a full power basis and with a regular service.[67]

Questions asked as to apparent delay in establishment of 4QG; Large volume of cheap imported sets and components arrive in Brisbane ahead of the anticipated wireless boom

RADIO TOPICS. The State Station Why the Delay? Written for "The Telegraph." By "LISTENER." There seems to be some delay in the commencement of the erection of the studios and operating rooms on top of the State Insurance Building, which central site has been selected for the State "A" class broadcasting station (4QG) by the manager, Mr. J. Robinson. It is understood that the plans were prepared some weeks ago and responsibility for the delay presumably rests with the State Works Department. When questioned last week as to whether the manager's expectations of having the station working within three months would be realised, the Premier (Mr. W. N. Gillies) said it would depend on the progress made by the Works Department after the building operations are commenced. However, it would seem that as the work is to be done under the day labour system, which is regarded by some people as being notoriously slow, several months will probably elapse before the studio and operating rooms are ready for the installation of the plant. It is understood that the Amalgamated Wireless Company of Australia, who were the successful tenderers for the wireless plant and equipment, have all the apparatus ready for delivery from their Sydney works. The installation of wireless apparatus in the State schools was another phase of 4QG's proposed activities, a question which was said to be receiving the very earnest consideration of Mr. F. T. Brennan during the time he was Minister for Education. Last week when the subject was mentioned to the new Minister (Mr. T. Wilson) he, however, stated that it had not yet come under his notice. The Minister, no doubt, will go into the matter in the near future; but it is interesting to read in the English cablegrams that unfavourable reports had been made in London on the experiment of allowing the use of sets in schools during school hours, and that permission to use the apparatus has been confined to the last half-hour on Fridays. In the absence of details there is nothing to serve as a guide to the reasons for arriving at such a decision. . . . . In anticipation of a boom in radio during the coming winter and subsequent to the establishment of the State Station, Brisbane radio dealers are importing large quantities of apparatus. The ready made set now occupies a prominent position in their shops, and many of them are exceedingly neat in design and construction. Whether they are effective receivers is, of course, quite another thing. Quite a large percentage of these receivers, one is pleased to note, are of Australian manufacture. Intending purchasers would do well to be careful about the sets they buy, and, most things being equal, give preference to the Australian, set which has been built to suit local broadcasting conditions. Generally speaking, the components sold in the Brisbane stores are of the very best quality, but for the amateur whose limited spending money does not permit of the purchase of the best type of apparatus, inferior quality lines are available at some stores. Japan seems to be entering into the market for the cheaper grades of apparatus, and ships which have recently arrived in Brisbane from the East have brought a few large packages of wireless goods for disposal here. However, it should be always observed by intending experimenters and listeners that if the very best results in long distance and broadcasting reception are desired the very best of apparatus is required. The best is cheapest in the end.[68]

Qld Radio News has another feature on 4QG; State Works Dept states that construction is proceeding; Unfair licence fees; Radio boom creates new business and new sections within Department stores in Brisbane

RADIO TOPICS. By "LISTENER." Written for "The Telegraph." . . . . The second number of the "Queensland Radio News,", which is now obtainable gratis front any of the radio dealers, contains 48 pages, which are crammed with interesting articles. There are further particulars of 4QG, "Australia's most modern station," which among its many special features will have several new studio devices installed; . . . . THE STATE STATION. The announcement last week that the State Works Department would make an early commencement with the erection of the studio and operating rooms for station 4Q3 (sic, 4QG), and that the work would probably be completed in time for the installation of the apparatus during the latter end of July removed any doubts as to the intention of the Government to go on with the scheme. Listeners may now look forward to hearing the station in August or September, by which time the license fee will have been reduced from 35s. to 30s., a reduction which will prove very acceptable. In the matter of the license fee, Queensland amateurs have received most unfair treatment from the Commonwealth Government since last July, in being asked to pay a broadcast listener's fee of 35s. for an "A" class broadcasting service that does not exist. THE RADIO BOOM The prospective radio boom has not only induced new retail firms to establish themselves in the radio business here in Brisbane, but it has also led to several of the big department stores engaging in the business. There was never a better assortment of' good quality lines at reasonably low prices available in Brisbane that there is at the present time. Large parcels of accessories have been ordered to arrive in Brisbane within the next few weeks and there is going to be keen competition in all lines except those for which the prices are fixed by the proprietary firms. These lines must always be the same price at all retail houses.[69]

1925 04[edit | edit source]

Wireless pirates fined, further raids predicted once 4QG starts; Another Brisbane B class rumour

RADIO TOPICS. By LISTENER. Written for "The Telegraph." . . . Two wireless pirates were heavily fined in Melbourne recently. The first defendant who admitted having a four-valve set was fined £5, with £2 2s. costs. For having been in possesslon of a crystal get with an indoor aerial, the second defendant was fined £2, with £2 2s. costs. No doubt there will be a big raid on Brisbane's "pirates" when the State "A" class broadcasting station commences operations. . . . . It is understood that a "B" class broadcasting station license has been applied for by a Brisbane company, and that an announcement of the commencement of operations will be made shortly. It is known that the promoters have been looking round the city for a suitable site for the transmitting station, a site which would ensure freedom from traffic noises. The studio will probably be located in the centre of the city.[70]

Expectation rises in the leadup to 4QG commencement; foreshadows changes at VIB to eliminate interference to 4QG

WIRELESS. BY "LOUD SPEAKER" The Queensland Government Radio Service Station, 4QG, is to be well in the air by the end of June, and I am certain many Queensland enthusiasts will agree with me when I say that a good thing is worth waiting for. Of course, we are all anxious to get the most we can of everything at the one time, and we are a fearfully impatient crowd of chaps, we "radio-bugs," but after all is said and done we are not so very hard to please, and as a rule we are quite happy when we achieve our desires. Imagine ourselves sitting in a theatre where a play is to be introduced. We wait for the curtain to rise, and get tired of our own over-eagerness to see all at once all that is good, for we know what a pleasure is in store for us. So we are the same over-eager crowd waiting for 4QG. We are not used to anything so good as what 4QG promises to be, hence our impatience. A visit to the scene of activities of the preparation and construction of the new station will convince one that Mr. J. W. Robinson and his staff, are working at high pressure to make 4QG a station of utmost efficiency, and one to be proud of — not an experiment. . . . I have it on good author-ity that may be Pinkenba will not be a source of worry to 4Q.G. listeners-in.[71]

Statement that preliminary work has commenced on 4QG but several months before commencement; Inquiry service to be extablished by 4QG

RADIO TOPICS. Written for "The Telegraph." By "LISTENER." . . . 4QG STATION. Preliminary work for the establishment of the State wireless station on top of the State Insurance building, has now been commenced, but it is expected that several months will elapse before the station is heard on the air. It has been announced that an inquiry bureau will be conducted as part of the activities. The bureau will be located on the same building, and from it will be obtainable information regarding the station's broadcasting service. It will also sell sets to those who wish to join the army of listeners-in.[72]

WIAQ plans musical broadcasts over their upgraded station 4AE prior to the advent of 4QG

WIRELESS NOTES AND NEWS. BY "ANODE." . . . WIRELESS INSTITUTE OF AUSTRALIA (QUEENSLAND DIVISION). It is anticipated that a short transmission will be given from the institute station 4AE on Tuesday evening next. The wavelength will be in the vicinity of 250 metres. Considerable experimenting has been done with the transmitting set, which has been entirely built by members, and as a result the output has been increased nearly four times that of the old aerial, and the energy input is almost the same. This means that the set is now working more efficiently than before. It is hoped to have a studio established at an early date, in order to give a few musical transmissions until the advent of 4QG. There are many crystal and single valve owners who miss the melodious voice of 4CM, and, as most enthusiasts are compelled to start with one valve, the interest in the science will be stimulated by these transmissions.[73]

4SP arrives in Brisbane from Melbourne? to commence as Chief Engineer 4QG

STATE RADIO. CHIEF ENGINEER. Mr. F. W. Stevens, who has been appointed chief engineer of the State Radio Station, has arrived in Brisbane and taken up duty. Mr. Stevens commenced his wireless career in the Postmaster-General's Department, and during the war served on transports. He then had tropical service at coastal radio stations, and was afterwards attached to the meteorological station at Willis Island, off the North Queensland coast. He was one of the pioneers of broadcasting in Australia, being first connected with 2FC at Farmer's, Sydney, as assistant engineer, and afterwards joined 3LO Melbourne, at which station he was when he received the Queensland appointment.[74]

As previous, different bio

STATE RADIO. NEW ENGINEER. Mr. F. W. Stevens, who has been appointed chief engineer of the State radio station, has arrived in Brisbane and taken up duty. Mr. Stevens commenced his wireless career in the Postmaster-General's Department, and during the war served on transports. He then had tropical service at coastal radio stations, and was afterwards attached to the meteorological station at Willis Island, off the North Queensland coast. He was one of the pioneers of broadcasting in Australia being first connected with 2FC at Farmers, Sydney, as assistant engineer, and afterwards joined 3LO Melbourne, at which station he was when he received the Queensland appointment. (Start Photo Caption) MR. F. W. STEVENS. (End Photo Caption)[75]

RADIO TOPICS. Written for "The Telegraph." By "LISTENER." . . . A visitor to Melbourne recently, one who knows nothing about wireless, was surprised when entering the city by train to see poles of all descriptions sticking up from almost every house. "What on earth are all those poles for?" he questioned, to be informed that Melbourne had got the wireless craze very bad, and that almost every person one met was an enthusiast. Hundreds of pounds are being spent weekly in Melbourne for sets and components. That is what radio dealers anticipate will happen in Queensland when 4QG commences operations, an act which the pessimistically inclined are of opinion will not take place for many months, so slow do the preliminary arrangements seem to be progressing.[76]

4SP as best man in marriage of JWR to Florence Burch

ITEMS ABOUT PEOPLE. . . . The marriage of Mr. J. W. Robinson (manager of the State Radio Station) to Miss Florence Burch, of St. Kilda, Melbourne, was quietly celebrated at St. Peter's Church of England, West End, this morning. The bride was given away by the secretary to the Premier (Mr. L. H. Pike), and the best man was Mr. F. W. Stevens (chief engineer, State Radio Station). Mr. Robinson was lately a journalist.[77]

Anticipation builds for commencement of 4QG

WIRELESS. BY "LOUD SPEAKER" Once more enthusiasts in Queensland are about to settle down to an enjoyable season of radio experimenting, transmitting, and listening-in. The winter months are upon us, and with their presence we can almost fully bid goodbye to that great annoyance static. With conditions mostly in favor of good experiments in transmission and reception some interesting and most valuable work should be carried out by our enthusiasts. A few suggestions should not go amiss at this time to the leading experimental bodies and experimenters in general. What about a relay test from Brisbane to one of the most northern towns in Queensland? It could easily be arranged by some club committee. Many amateurs have stated that they find that between Brisbane and Toowoomba, there is an objectionable screening; now with the increase of radio activity in the two cities I should think it would afford considerable pleasure to a party of experimenters to carry out a test of this peculiar instance and report on it to say some leading radio club. This winter should be a good one in the Queensland radio field, for we will have the stimulant of 4QG. This should make everyone in the radio sphere of our State happy.. It is remarkable how many radio sets are in use throughout the State, especially so when it is remembered that for so many years we have been without a really efficient broadcasting station. Amateurs will agree that a man who has once made radio his hobby will never wish for anything better as such. The man who does not know a radio set is missing much pleasure. My advice to the non-owner enthusiast is — buy a set, or the parts, and get to and prepare for Queensland's best radio winter to date.[78]

Another brief bio of 4SP with further titbits

PERSONAL and Anecdotal. . . . Mr. F. W. Stevens, who has been appointed chief engineer of the Queensland radio station, is a young man who has had a big experience in wireless. In 1921 he came into prominence by volunteering, with two others, to man the Willis Island meteorological and wireless station which was established the previous year by Captain J. K. Davis, the Australian Director of Navigation. Mr. Stevens and his companions spent six months on Willis Island, which is about 20 acres in extent. Mr. Stevens set out to earn his living in the Postmaster-General's department in Victoria, and when the clarion call to war was sounded he was accepted for service with the Naval Transport Corps. After several exciting voyages he was transferred to the Royal Australian Naval Radio Service, and was sent to Samarai (New Guinea), where he remained till the armistice. When the radio service was transferred to the Postmaster-General's Department, Mr. Stevens returned to Melbourne, where he was attached to the coastal radio stations. He joined Farmer's broadcasting service, when that station commenced operations, and when station 3LO was opened he was transferred to Melbourne to take charge of the technical operations.[79]

1925 05[edit | edit source]

Daily Standard offers congratulations to JWR on his marriage

WIRELESS. BY "LOUD SPEAKER" . . . Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager State radio service, has seen fit to undertake the responsibility of controlling more than a huge wireless station, and we all wish him best of success and happiness in his future life. To Mrs. Robinson, also, we extend our best wishes.[80]

3LO conducts preliminary tests on mediumwave preparing for permanent shift from longwave, but JWR/4QG decided months earlier that mediumwave was the best solution for 4QG

3LO ON 400 METRES. PRELIMINARY TEST MADE. Transmission Tonight. A preliminary test in transmission on a wave length of about 415 metres was made from 3LO on Wednesday night a few minutes before midnight. The tests were continued throughout the night, and they are being held to gain data to be used in constructing the high-powered Brisbane broadcasting station and in reducing the wave length of 3LO to its new wave of 371 metres. Arrangements have been made by Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Limited to mensure the strength of the signals in Sydney, and careful notes on the operation of the transmitter in Melbourne are being kept by the engineers engaged on the tests. Much secrecy is being observed in the work, but it is understood that the test last night was not entirely satisfactory, mishaps having occurred both at the transmitting station at Braybrook and at the receiving station in Sydney. Amateurs in Melbourne who heard the test, report that the strength of the signals from Braybrook was disappointing, but it is believed that the power used was much below normal, and the energy radiated from the aerial was not being fully employed. Improvement would be a matter of relatively simple adjustment. The major part of the test was carried out by means of the Morse code, the station being operated under the experimental call 3ME. Though the first tests have been interrupted by accident, no anxiety is felt that the service will not be greatly improved when permanent shortwave apparatus is installed at Braybrook. Arrangements were made for further tests, to be held early this morning, and they will be repeated late tonight and early tomorrow morning. Amateurs desiring to hear the transmission will have no difficulty in "tuning-in" the station, as it is operating on a wave length just below that of 3AR. No information is yet available to indicate when the permanent change in wave length will be made at 3LO.[81]

JRW visits Maryborough prior to expected receiver tests there in June

STATE RADIO. TESTS AT MARYBOROUGH. The manager of the State Radio Station (Mr. J. W. Robinson) will leave Brisbane to-morrow for Mary-borough, where he will make arrange-ments for wireless reception in country areas, from the State station which is now in course of erection in Brisbane. The tests will be made in June next with Sydney.[82]

As previous

STATE WIRELESS. MANAGER'S TOUR. COMING TO MARYBOROUGH. BRISBANE, Tuesday. The manager of the State radio service, Mr. J. W. Robinson, will leave for Maryborough tomorrow night, and will make preliminary arrangements in connection with the reception in the country of wireless messages and concerts broadcast from the State station, now in the course of erection.[83]

JRW to meet with Maryborough experimenters

STATE WIRELESS. As the result of the statement published in yesterday's issue, that Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of the State Wireless Broadcasting Station, was to visit Maryborough today in connection with the linking of this city with the metropolitan station. Mr. Robt. Watson yesterday got in touch with fellow enthusiasts and arranged with them to hold a meeting tonight to meet Mr. Robinson. Mr. Watson yesterday communicated with Mr. Robinson by wire, and that gentleman, in a reply, expressed a desire to meet Maryborough experimenters. The Mayor (Alderman C. H. Adam) will preside at tonight's meeting to be held in the Council Chambers at 8 o'clock. All citizens interested are cordially invited to be present.[84]

Debate between Wooloowin and South Brisbane Radio Clubs on topic should 4QG be controlled by Sate or Business

CONTROL OF RADIO STATION. STATE OR PRIVATE COMPANY? "That this meeting is of the opinion that the interests of Queensland listeners-in would be better served if station 4QG is controlled by a board of business men instead of by the State Government," will be the subject of a debate between the Wooloowin and South Brisbane Radio Clubs on June 4. Wooloowin will speak in the affirmative and South Brisbane in the negative. Mr. W. Finney (ex-Radio Inspector for Queensland) has been asked to adjudicate.[85]

Licensed Brisbane B class not yet transmitting

WIRELESS. BY LOUD SPEAKER . . . . Radio Manufacturers, Ltd., have not yet commenced transmitting, and are, we understand, waiting for their large set to be completed.[86]

JWR reverts to promotion mode in the face of a possible competitor in 4MB Brisbane

State Radio. Broadcasting Arrangements. An Elaborate Service. The manager of the Queensland radio service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) referred yesterday to the arrangements which have been made by the Queensland radio service in connection with the establishment of broadcasting on a large scale in Brisbane. "Work in connection with the Government broadcasting station 4QG," he stated, "is now in full swing, and the station buildings which are being erected on the roof of the State Insurance Buildings, at the corner of George and Elizabeth streets, are now assuming definite shape. It is not yet possible to state just when they will be completed, but the work is being treated as urgent, and is being rushed accordingly. Mr. Robinson detailed just exactly what arrangements have been made in regard to the organisation of the broadcasting service, and just what class of programmes it is hoped to transmit from station 4QG. "I would like to point out first and foremost," he said, "that the Government station is being erected purely for the purpose of serving the whole community. The State Government of Queensland is erecting the Government broadcasting station here, because it wishes to place the benefits of this modern form of education and amusement within the reach of every citizen. The operations of station 4QG will be controlled in a manner which will result in the whole community being served. The station is the people's property, and will be used to serve the people's interests. SERVICE ARRANGEMENTS. "Some splendid service arrangements," Mr. Robinson continued, "have been made, and when a start is made to broadcast, Queensland should have a service which, right from the commencement, will be just as good, if not better, than the services given by stations which have already been running for nearly two years. If I outline the manner in which the station will work, perhaps the public will gain some idea of just what a tremendous advantage the Government station will confer on them. From one o'clock to half past one every day from Mondays to Fridays, morning news services, morning market reports, weather information, morning stock exchange information and morning cable news will be broadcast. This in itself, will prove of tremendous value, especially to country residents. The farmer will, while seated at his own lunch table, be able to hear by wireless the actual market reports relating to that very morning's sales in Roma street. Special arrangements are being made between the Queensland Radio Service and the Council ot Agriculture for the supply of this information. The farmers own market representatives on the council will collect the market information, and will actually speak by wireless to the farmers themselves each day. In short, the farmers' own representative will, each midday, chat to the farmers themselves regarding the state of the markets in Brisbane. Every afternoon between three and four o'clock it is hoped that a musical programme will be provided. The lady folk will, therefore be able to entertain their friends with a musical programme at afternoon tea time. Special talks to the ladles will be a feature of this session. BEDTIME STORY SESSION. But, what will, perhaps, be the most popular feature of the day will be the children's bedtime story session which will be held from half past six to seven o'clock every night. During this session the "sandman" will entertain the little ones, and if the experiences of broadcasting stations in other parts of the world are repeated in Queensland, a tremendous interest should be sustained in this particular period of transmission. At the conclusion of the bedtime story session, the farmers' own representative will again visit the station and will give a review of the day's markets for the benefit of those who did not happen to listen in at lunchtime, and will also give later market reports. Late news and cable services will also be provided as well as any late sporting results. CONCERTS AND LECTURES. At the commencement of operations, the night session will occupy from 8 o'clock to 10 o'clock, and during its progress it is hoped to provide high-class musical entertainments. In order that all tastes may be catered for, various nights will be set apart for various forms of entertainment. Thus, on certain nights jazz programmes will be given, on other nights light popular programmes, on others classical programmes, and so on. Lectures on interesting subjects by prominent authorities will also be a feature of the transmissions from the station. The various Government departments, which number among their staffs experts in various directions will co-operate with the Queensland Radio Service, and will provide interesting lectures for the public. In addition to the items provided in this manner in the studios attached to the station, quite a number of special lines have been connected to outside points. A number of churches in the Brisbane area will be linked up with the station. Collecting panels will be placed in these churches, and it is intended that the whole of the services will be broadcast. The Queensland Radio Service has secured the sole rights of the broadcasting of the Brisbane Municipal Concert Band from Wickham Park, Arrangements are now in progress to broadcast the orchestra at the Tivoli Theatre and other houses of amusement in the city. PARLIAMENT BY WIRELESS. Parliament House is being linked up with the station, and on certain occasions it is hoped to broadcast debates and functions. It is intended to place a broadcasting line in the Premier's own office, so that in the event of any announcement on a matter of public interest being necessary, the Premier will be able to speak direct to the people of Queensland. The Tourist Bureau will co-operate with the Queensland Radio Service, and the benefits of Queensland as a place for settlement, and also as a holiday resort should be advertised throughout the length and breadth of Australia. The Brisbane Stock Exchange has now completed arrangements with the Queensland Radio Service for the supply of quotations and sales, and this information will also be given by wireless. Special attention has been given to the provision of weather forecasts, and some splendid arrangements which should result in the farmers being supplied with accurate, speedy and reliable weather information during two or three periods each day have been completed. CATERING FOR MOTORISTS. Motorists will also be specially catered for and arrangements have been made to broadcast on every Friday evening a special road bulletin provided by the Royal Automobile Club of Queensland. This will be done in an endeavour to use wireless as a means for making the weekends more pleasant. The Returned Sailors' and Soldiers' Club is also being linked up with the station, and any functions in commemoration of the A.I.F. will be broadcast. "These," Mr. Robinson added, "are only some of the many features which will be included in the broadcasting programmes. The cost of a license works out to less than 1¼d. per day, and surely the securing of such a services for such a sum is a model in cheapness." TESTS OF RECEIVERS AT MARYBOROUGH AND TOOWOOMBA. The State Government has arranged to hold a series of tests of wireless sets suitable for the reception of broadcast programmes in Queensland. These will be held at Toowoomba on June 16, 17, and 18, and at Maryborough on June 23, 24, and 25. The Court Houses in both these towns will be used for the tests, and reception from Sydney stations will be carried out. The object of the Government in arranging these tests is to ascertain just which types of receivers will give most satisfaction. During the past two or three months numerous offers for the supply of wireless sets to the Government either for retrading purposes or for installation in Government institutions, have been made by various dealers and manufacturers. The Maryborough and Toowoomba tests have been arranged so that all traders desirous of offering sets for sale to the Government may have an opportunity of demonstrating the capabilities of the receivers which they wish to sell to the officers of the Queensland Radio Service. The Government is providing aerial accommodation, and is also providing "A" batteries at both Maryborough and Toowoomba. The manager of the Queensland Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) stated this morning that any person desirous of offering for sale to the Government receivers and who is also desirous of demonstrating the capabilities of those receivers should communicate with him on or before Monday, June 15, and should state as near as possible exactly how many types of receivers they desire to submit.[87]

4SP commences duties with 4QG

Mr. F. W. Stevens, who has been appointed chief engineer of the Queensland State radio station has entered upon his duties in Brisbane. He commenced his wireless career in the Postmaster-General's Department, and during the war served on transports. Then he had tropical service at coastal radio stations, and afterwards was attached to the meteorological station at Willis Island, off the North Queensland coast. He was a pioneer of broadcasting in Australia, being first connected with 2FC in Sydney, as assistant engineer. Afterwards he joined 3LO, Melbourne.[88]

1925 06[edit | edit source]

Report of Debate on subject of control of 4QG between two radio clubs

INTERCLUB DEBATE. CONTROL OF STATION 4QG. A very interesting time was spent on Thursday night at the Guild Hall, Wooloowin, when the interclub debate between the Wooloowin Radio Club and the South Brisbane Radio Club took place. Various metropolitan clubs were represented, and there was a good general attendance. Mr. Kington welcomed the visitors on behalf of the Wooloowin Club, and Mr. A. G. Meyers responded on behalf of the South Brisbane Club. The subject of the debate was "Should station 4QG be controlled by a business men's committee rather than be run as a State department?" The following speakers spoke in the affirmative for the Wooloowin Club. Messrs. H. Kington, C. J. Grant, and H. A. Jiear. In the negative for the South Brisbane Club were Messrs. F. Thompson, W. L. Barnes, and A. G. Meyers. Mr. W. Finney acted as adjudicator, and gave his decision in favour of the negative side. A hearty vote of thanks was given to Mr. Finney for his services. The next meeting of the Wooloowin Club will take place on Thursday next, when Mr. J. P. Love will lecture on A batteries. All interested are invited to attend at the club room in Lissen Grove, Wooloowin.[89]

State Government to establish a B class station at Rockhampton

WIRELESS. BY LOUD SPEAKER . . . The Queensland Government is establishing a "B" class station at Rockhampton. This will have a wavelength of 323 metres, and ½ k.w. power, and will be used as a relay station.[90]

Report on receiver tests in Toowoomba by JWR and FWS

WIRELESS RECEIVERS. TESTS IN TOOWOOMBA. Queensland Radio Service. INTERVIEW WITH MANAGER. At the present time the Queensland Radio Service, which the Government Department created to control broadcasting in Queensland, is conducting tests of wireless receivers in Toowoomba. The General Manager, Mr. J. W. Robinson, is in charge and is accompanied by Mr. F. W. Stevens, chief engineer. When questioned regarding the tests Mr. Robinson said that they were in no way connected with the actual establishment of the broadcasting station itself but were connected with the selection of receivers suitable for use in listening to programmes from the Government station. "The position is very simple," he said." "The Government may in the near future require certain supplies of wireless receiving sets Quite a number of traders have offered to supply these sets to the Government. Before any actual purchases are made, however, it has been considered better to hold a test, and the present tests are the ones to which I refer. All traders have been invited to submit sets, and quite a number have availed themselves of the opportunity. These dealers are being asked to demonstrate the capability of their sets and so furnish myself and the officers of my department with some idea of the capabilities of the sets which the traders are offering for sale to the Government." The traders, who have submitted sets to be tested are:— Western Electric Co., Amalgamated Wireless Ltd., Queensland Pastoral Supplies, J. B. Chandler and Co., Norman Bell and Co., Ltd., David Jones Ltd., Wireless House, Brisbane, Home Radio Service, Amico Ltd., Continental Radio, Laurence and Hansen, Trackson Bros., United Distributors, C. G. O'Brien, and Colville Moore, Sydney. Mr. Robinson stated he had been deluged for inquiries for sets from enthusiasts all over Queensland, but before he could recommend any he must be satisfied what the sets could do. After the tests had been carried out he would be able to speak with authority regarding their capabilities. Of course an inquirer could buy either through the Queensland Radio Service or direct from the traders. He would sell sets for the traders and the commission received would go to increase the general efficiency of the service. Thus the people using the sets would reap the benefits. The Government's policy was not to make a profit and any surplus would be devoted to improving the service. In connection with the Brisbane station a Radio Information Bureau is to be established and any inquiries regarding wireless will be dealt with by this office. This should prove a great boon, particularly to amateurs. It was pointed out that local enthusiasts had sometimes experienced interference, it was thought, from the sea. Mr. Robinson said that this was probably the Pinkenba Station, known as VIB, which works traffic to ships and which at the present time, is operating with an old apparatus called the "old spark system of radio." This would cause interference. The Pinkenba station, he added, is to be fitted with the modern incontinuous wave system of signalling and that will eliminate all interference. Any listener therefore, to the Government broadcasting station will not be subjected to interference. When asked to give an outline of the work which is being done by his department, Mr. Robinson furnished some interesting details in connection with the construction of the modern high power wireless telephony station, which is now proceeding in Brisbane. He said: "The State Government of Queensland has taken over the only A grade broadcasting license for this State and is now proceeding with the establishment of a most modern permanent, and reliable broadcasting service. A large 5 kilowatt broadcasting station is now being erected in Brisbane and from it, at regular hours daily, news services, complete and reliable market reports, weather information, and last but not by no means least, high class musical entertainments will be transmitted by wireless telephony. "The State Insurance Building at the corner of George and Elizabeth streets has been selected as the site for the station and the whole of its large roof is being utilised for the erection of the necessary buildings. These are now well under course of construction and should be completed at an early date. They comprise administrative offices, a large reception room, two specially built and fitted studios, a large instrument room, laboratories, and an electrical workshop. The whole of the transmitting equipment was manufactured in Sydney and is now ready for installation as soon as the station buildings have reached a stage when it will be possible to house the gear. When the apparatus is fitted and assembled a commencement will be made with broadcasting operations. The whole station has been carefully designed and planned out, all the apparatus is of the most modern type, and when a commencement is made, Queensland should be able to boast that it owns the most complete and up-to-date broadcasting station in Australia. "Perhaps if I tell you just what hours the station will operate and just what sort of matter will be broadcast," continued Mr. Robinson, "a better idea of the value of broadcasting to the residents of Queensland may be gained. From Mondays to Fridays the station will work from one o'clock to half-past one each day and during this half hour, morning news, cable information, morning market reports, morning stock exchange advice, and weather informa-[91]

3LO commences permanent transmissions on mediumwave

HERE AND THERE. It is announced officially by the Broadcasting Co. of Australia that 3LO (Melbourne) will commence transmitting its programmes on the new 371 metres wave length on July 1.[92]

Announcement of decision to establish a temporary station for 4QG

STATE RADIO. DELAYS IN ERECTION. GOVERNMENT'S DECISION. The delays which have occurred in the construction of the State radio premises on the roof of the Government Insurance Building have led to a decision by the Government to establish immediately a temporary broadcasting station on a power of 500 watts, and to provide a broadcasting service on such power until the big station is ready to commence operations, probably in December next. The Premier (Mr. Gillies) said yesterday that considerable delay had been occasioned in connection with the building of the Government broadcasting station. The State Government was establishing wireless broadcasting in Queensland on a large, thorough, and modern scale. Had it been decided to erect an inferior station the work doubtless would have been completed long before now, but the thoroughness with which the Government was undertaking the erection of 4QG has resulted in certain delays being caused. It was not likely that the main station would be ready until December next. To prevent disappointment to many hundreds of wireless enthusiasts throughout Queensland the Government now had decided to establish a temporary station on a power of 500 watts and to proceed immediately with a broadcasting service from that station. This service though temporary, would be of high standard. It should serve the needs of the people for another three or four months and when the main station was ready it would be transferred across to it and the full service would be carried on. BY END OF JULY. It was ascertained from the manager of the Queensland Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) that work in connection with the establishment of the temporary service would be proceeded with immediately, and an endeavour would be made to have the temporary station in operation before the end of July. A large room on the second floor of the Executive Buildings would be used as a studio and transmission probably would be effected from a station erected in the court yard of the Executive Buildings. The wave length would be 385 metres, and the call sign would be that of the Queensland Government 4QG. The temporary station should serve a radius of about 250 miles to 300 miles in the day time and 300 miles to 400 miles at night time. It probably would work on three nights from 8 o'clock to 10 o'clock but afterwards a nightly service would be provided. The programmes will consist of studio items, collections from outside points including church services and band concerts from Wickham Park. BUILDERS' LABOURERS' STRIKE. The strike of builders' labourers on the State Radio Service buildings remains unsettled. The matter now has been referred by the union to the Building Trades Group and the Trades Hall Disputes Committee for negotiation with the Minister for Public Works (Mr. Kirwan) for a settlement. The Disputes Committee will meet Mr Kirwan today.[93]

1925 07[edit | edit source]

Another report of decision to establish the low power station, licensing A/B issues

RADIO TOPICS. CONDUCTED BY "LISTENER." EARLY BROADCASTING A PLEASING ANNOUNCEMENT. The announcement by the Premier of Queensland on Monday that a temporary broadcasting station, working on a power of 500 watts, will be immediately equipped to provide programmes until such time as the big station on the roof of the State Insurance building is completed seems to indicate that permission has been obtained from the Postmaster-General to work a station of the "B" class type. It also confirmed the opinion held by most amateurs that the "A" class station could not be completed and equipped to permit of a service being established before at least the end of this year. In view of the fact that the wireless telegraphy regulations provide that in Queensland the licensee of a class "A" station shall operate it with a power of not less than 5,000 watts, and that when the license is issued the licensee must give an undertaking to commence a reliable broadcasting service within six months, or such extended time not exceeding six months as the Postmaster-General may decide, it is believed that the State Government, after placing the full facts of the position before the Commonwealth authorities, asked for an extension of time, and suggested that a temporary license to operate a "B" class station should be issued. Both requests seem to have been granted, with the result that work on the "A" class Station will proceed (when the workmen, who are now on strike, decide to pick up their tools again), and in the meantime a broadcasting service, will be instituted on low power. The wireless regulations do not provide for the payment of any revenue from license fees to a "B" class station, or station operating under 5,000 watts, and therefore it is doubtful if the State Government will receive any monetary return for the service it proposes to provide during the five months during which, it is anticipated, the temporary station will be operating. This, of course, is not a matter with which the amateur is concerned, excepting that it suggests the possibility of a small and low-quality broadcasting service in the absence of self-earning revenue by the station with which to meet the expense of engaging artists, operating costs, and copyright fees which is an additional item lately tacked on to the overhead charges as a result of a High Court judgement. But Mr. J. W. Robinson (manager of the Queensland Radio Service) may be expected to provide the best service he possibly can with the amount of money placed at his disposal. He has already outlined the nature of the service which he proposes to institute when the "A" class station is established, and it is indeed a most ambitious and comprehensive one. He will, no doubt, endeavour to provide bright and attractive programmes from 4QG at the very outset of its operations, and the power to be used will enable the station to be heard with ease over a radius of about 300 to 400 miles at night time.[94]

Progress report of establishment of temporary station, 500 W transmitter tested by AWA in Sydney

Broadcasting. The State Service Work at Temporary Station. The manager of the Queensland Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) referred this morning to the work in connection with the establishing of a temporary station in Brisbane. "The arrangements which were put in hand some few days ago," he said, "are progressing very satisfactorily. A large room on the second floor of the Executive Building, in George Street, has been secured for use as a studio, and has been furnished and draped accordingly. The whole of the sound amplifying equipment has arrived and has been fitted, and the necessary microphones have come to hand. Two large masts, which will be erected on the roof of the Executive Building, have been made, and will be placed in position during the next few days. Between them the aerial wires will be suspended. A temporary building has been erected in the courtyard of the building, and the electric power lines have been connected to it. In this structure the transmitter will be housed. The transmitting set, which is of a power of half a kilowatt, was tested out in Sydney yesterday, and was found quite satisfactory. Arrangements have been made to ship it to Brlsbane by Saturday's steamer, and a start will be made to install it immediately it is delivered to the station. This work should occupy about eight or 10 days. Unless something unforeseen happens the service should be in operation before the end of the month." "The State Government," Mr. Robinson continued, "was granted its broadcasting license at the end of January last, and will therefore be acting strictly within the time limits provided by the regulations if the station commences operations by the end of the present month. The temporary station will provide an A grade service, and the Postmaster-General has signified his approval of the Government's A grade service being commenced on a power of 500 watts. Similar action has been taken in the cases of other holders of A grade broadcasting licenses. In referring to the power of the station, Mr. Robinson stated that listeners in and around Brisbane would doubtless find that the strength of the speech and music received from the station on 500 watts will be almost as great as will be the case when the big station on the State insurance building is finished, and a start is made with transmission on 5,000 watts. "It does not follow," he said, "that because the power of the temporary station is 500 watts its signal strength will only be as one tenth of a 5,000 watt station. The increased power will certainly give a somewhat stronger signal strength, but not to the same extent that it will give increased range. Of course listeners some two or three hundred miles from Brisbane will doubtless notice a big increase in signal strength when an increase is made in power, but city and suburban wireless enthusiasts will doubtless find the 500 watt station quite loud enough to suit their requirements." "The call sign of the station," Mr. Robinson added, "will be 4QG and its wave length will be 385 metres."[95]

Emil Robert Voigt of the future 2KY commends the Qld Government for its action, though sees its objects as limited, discusses plans for 2KY network

CALL FOR UNITED ACTION. LABOR'S WIRELESS POLICY. A LEAD WANTED. (BY E. R. VOIGT.) IN the midst of a series of rapid and important wireless developments, both within the Trade Union centres and within the State Labor Governments — developments that in the near future are destined vitally to affect the welfare and organisation of the working-class — the Labor Movement of Australia stands uncertainly with no wireless policy to guide it, or to co-ordinate its activities. In Queensland, the State Labor Government is proceeding with the construction of a 5000-watt broadcasting station, which will monopolise "A" class broadcasting throughout Queensland. In conjunction with this broadcasting station, it is understood that the Queensland Labor Government contemplates the establishment of wireless reception facilities in various departments of governmental activity. So far as can be gathered, the plans of the Queensland Government are not very comprehensive. Its broadcasting station will in the main be devoted to the provision of public entertainment, much the same as Farmer's and Broadcasters, in Sydney. Publicity Engine But although its plans may at the present time be somewhat vague, and not very far-reaching, there is no doubt whatever that with the phenomenally rapid development of wireless broadcasting and reception, the Queensland State Radio Service will in a very short time be extended to all departments of Governmental activity, and will cover every important section of the State. When this happens, the Government will have at its disposal a great engine of publicity. Each Cabinet Minister will have comfortably installed at his elbow a means of lightning communication and publicity. We may feel no qualms while this immense power is in the hands of a Labor Government, but when at the turn of an election this power falls into the hands of the enemies of the workers the gravity of the situation can hardly be over-estimated. In Hands of Trust The Queensland Labor Government is to be commended for its action. It is noted, however, with some misgiving, that, unlike the Sydney Labor Broadcasting Station, the construction of the Queensland Government Station is in the hands of the Wireless Trust, with all the conditions and restrictions which the Trust attaches thereto. In New South Wales, wireless development within the Labor Movement is taking place along lines better calculated to stabilise the power of wireless publicity and communication in the hands of the workers. N.S.W.'s Second Line The first step has been taken by the Trade Unions, and already a high-power broadcasting station is under course of construction that will provide a centre of industrial and political activity within the State, and will be a most valuable second line of defence should the Parliamentary see-saw again place Nationalism in office. Although neither the framework nor the details of a wireless plan of the N.S.W. Labor Government are known (a striking commentary of the unpreparedness of the Movement in regard to wireless development) it is safe to assume that these plans will be much more comprehensive and much more far-reaching than those of the Queensland Government. In the first place, the high-power broadcasting station projected by the N.S.W. Labor Government will not be an "A" class station, and consequently, unlike the Queensland station, it will not be forced to provide music, jazz and other entertainments for the people. The N.S.W. station will be devoted to serious business, and it is expected that its development and ramifications will extend far beyond those of the orthodox "entertaining" broadcasting stations. Chain of Sub-Stations The establishment in New South Wales of a high-power Labor Broadcasting Station, as well as an equally powerful State Government Broadcasting Station, each of which must inevitably be linked up in the near future with a chain of substations, spreading throughout the State, will undoubtedly give great impetus to the already rapidly-developing use of wireless receivers among the masses. Wireless distributing and manufacturing concerns already know this, and are preparing for it. It is up to the Labor Movement of N.S.W. to know it, and to prepare for it also. No Common Plan And in face of all these developments, destined in the very near future to become the crux of working-class industrial and political activity; in the face also of the mass of restrictions with which the opponents of Labor seek to obstruct the development of wireless in the service of working-class organisation, the Labor Movement of Australia has no wireless policy to guide it. Our Trade Union centres can establish their wireless stations without conforming to any common plan. The stations, when erected, may be efficient or inefficient. We may fall into the hands of the Trust, or out of it. The price we pay may be reasonable or unreasonable. Our wireless service may or may not technically correspond with those developing in other State Trade Union centres. We are bereft of any common plan to guide us. As a preliminary step, there should be a conference between representatives of the State A.L.P., the Parliamentary Caucus, the Trade Unions, and the sponsors of the Trades Hall Broadcasting Station for the purpose of outlining a provisional policy of Labor wireless development.[96]

Radio Telegraphists' Institute responds to statement by Voigt that the construction of the station is in the hands of the "Wireless Trust"

RADIO CONTROL. Sir,— Re a statement by Mr. E. R. Voigt, "that the construction of the Queensland Government station is in the hands of the Wireless Trust, etc." Mr. Voigt and the public should know that the construction of the Queensland station is in the hands of Amalgamated Wireless (Aust.), Ltd. This company is controlled by the Federal Government, who hold the controlling number of shares, and, further, their directors are a majority upon the board of directors. The Queensland Government, in common with the proposed Labor broadcasting station, will be under exactly the same restrictions, i.e., they will pay royalty upon all patents used in the course of construction or operation, as is done in any other business, but in all probability there will be a little saving in this direction, as the Government-controlled Australian company will, wherever possible, put in equipment designed by Australian engineers. Any information required by the great Labor Movement with regard to wireless will be supplied gratuitously by the Radio Telegraphists' Institute of Australasia from professional wireless men of proved standing and ability in the Industry, and the Labor Movement will be wise to gets its information from this source,— Yours, etc., S. TOOMBS, General Secretary Radio Telegraphists' Institute. 79 Pitt Street[97]

Further details of the temporary station, 25 landlines to Brisbane venues including the Premier's office

BROADCASTING. Queensland Station. SPECIAL SERVICE FOR THE PREMIER. The Queensland Government State Broadcasting Service will commence broadcasting services on a wave length of 385 metres in about three weeks. This will be from a temporary station, employing a power of only 500 watts, pending the completion, in about three months, of the permanent station, which will be equipped with the latest broadcast transmitting apparatus, and will employ a power of at least 5 kilowatts. The new plant is being constructed In Sydney by the Amalgamated Wireless Company. The call number of the new Queensland broadcasting station, and also the temporary one, will be 4QG. The temporary station will have an afternoon session from 1 o'clock to 1.30 o'clock, and the evening session will be from 8 o'clock to 10 o'clock. Mr. J. W. Robinson, the manager of the Queensland Government Radio Service, stated yesterday that the new Government station would be situate in the centre of Brisbane, on the roof ot the State Insurance offices - a building of seven stories, with a flat roof. An addition was being made to the building specially for the radio service. Approximately 25 outside halls and churches will be linked up with special lines to enable various services, functions, and entertainments to be broadcasted, the State Parliament being included. A special line was also being installed in the office of the Premier, so that in the event of his having any public statement to make, it would be broadcasted without his moving away from his own table. Prior to the commencement of all sessions a high toned buzzer will be switched-in near the microphone, and its note will be transmitted for three minutes. The transmitter and control apparatus will not be touched during the transmission of this signal, and the buzzer's position in regard to the microphone will not be altered. The signal given will, therefore, be of absolutely constant intensity, and should enable all listeners accurately to adjust their sets.[98]

Wireless retailers install roof-top aerials to allow demonstrations of 4QG reception; brief peep at temporary station

BRISBANE NOTES. With a view to demonstrating sets when 4QG is on the air, most of the retail houses in Brisbane have now erected aerials over their premises. McWhirters', in the Valley, have one of the best in the city. . . . A peep behind the scenes at the Executive Buildings, shows that the work of installing the apparatus for 4QG's temporary station is well advanced. Poles have been erected over the courtyard and, the cage aerial is complete and ready for erection. The transmitting room on the floor of the courtyard and the apparatus installed, and the studio with its drapings is ready.[99]

4QG claims a record time for station establishment

Wireless. ACHIEVEMENT IN QUEENSLAND. What is claimed to be a world’s record in the erection and installation of an A class wireless broadcasting station is the achievement by the Queensland Government radio service staff. On June 29 the manager, Mr. J. Robinson, was instructed to proceed with a temporary station, and on July 27 broadcasting from the station will begin. The previous record for a station of practically similar power was six weeks, for a station in South Africa. The station will be officialy opened by the Premier (Mr. Gillies) on the night of July 27, at 8 o’clock. After a speech by Mr. Gillies there will be up till 10 o'clock a musical program. On the following day the opening of the State Parliament, including the Governor’s speech, will be broadcast.[100]

4AE broadcasts to cease with the advent of 4QG

WIRELESS INSTITUTE OF AUSTRALIA, QUEENSLAND DIVISION. The transmissions which have been given with general consistence for a considerable number of years have now ceased. The broadcast of an entertainment by the West End Salvation Army Band on Tuesday was the final attempt at providing an evening's pleasure or profit for the many who are not in a position to procure a more expensive set, and some who are. When one considers that the great amount of time and effort that has been put into the construction and working of a station such as 4AE has been done voluntarily, without anticipation of reward, one cannot but express appreciation. That it has been done consistently for years in the face of many difficulties proves that the members of the institute have an interest in the science beyond the ordinary. On account of the lowering of 3LO's wave length to 371 metres, it was necessary, in order to obviate interference to alter the WL of 4AE. This was raised to approximately 400 metres, and kept well clear of 3LO. With the advent of 4QG the activites of the division will become entirely experimental. The allotted amateur band is 150 to 250 metres, but application is being made for certain bands for experimental work as low as 2 metres. The call sign also will be altered to 4WI to secure uniformity with the divisions in other States.[101]

Manager of Igranic spells out the challenges awaiting 4QG and provides advice to new listeners

Mr. P. H. Pettyfer, the special representative of the Igranic Electric Company, Ltd., of London and Bedford, manufacturers of the world famous Igranic radio parts, who is spending a week or two in Brisbane, interviewed by a "Daily Standard" representative, said: "Having had the opportunity of studying the trend of events in Britain and the United States, I am tremendously impressed with the potentialities of broadcasting in Australia, and particularly in this magnificent State of Queensland. There can be no question that the forthcoming inauguration of the State broadcasting service will be of prime importance to the development of the country, and a boon to settlers in the outback districts, providing, as it no doubt will, a complete, efficient, and up-to-date service of market reports, news, entertainment, and items of educational and social value at present out of reach of the resident in the back blocks, and at the same time give many thousands of the population an opportunity of learning some thing of the science of radio — a science so fascinating that it has gripped the imagination of every civilised country in the world. "But you will have your difficulties to contend with in the pioneer work of getting a broadcasting service firmly and efficiently established. Not the least of these difficulties will be the discovery of suitable talent to provide the programmes. It is fairly well established that the successful concert artist has not always the right kind of voice for radio transmission, and whilst he or she may be in the foremost rank on the concert stage it is often found that pecularities in pitch or temperament may render the individual's voice unsuitable for the microphone. Then, again, it will be very difficult to provide programmes that will meet with the approval of every listener-in, and he would be an exceedingly able judge who could say at the outset which type of programme will suit the majority. It can only be determined by trial and constructive criticism from the public for whose benefit the service is provided, and it should not take long to determine what items are received in the greater favor, and are most suitable for the conditions of the country. The producers will require the latest market reports to enable them to judge when is the best time to forward their produce to the markets, the investor will demand closing prices on 'change, the sports loving man will look forward to getting the latest results from his re- (Start Photo Caption) Mr. P. H. PETTYFER, Of the lgranic works, at present visiting Brisbane. (End Photo Caption) ceiving set, and we must not forget jazz music, for the flappers, and some entertainment for the kiddies. And the music loving owners of receivers will look, for their niche in the scheme of things, so that altogether you see the lot of the State Radio manager will not be an enviable one at the start. However, I am sure Mr. Robinson, the manager of the State station, will survive the trials and tribulations of the pioneer. Initially, too, there will doubtless be complaints of fading from some of the far flung outposts, albeit fading is just as likely to occur within 25 miles of the broadcasting station as it is over a thousand miles away. This magnificent climate will also be a source of some little trouble to the radio enthusiast as static interference is generally more insistent in tropical and sub-tropical climates than it is in the colder climate, of the old country. CAN OVERCOME DIFFICULTIES. "With a little determination and goodwill all those little difficulties can be overcome and an undertaking that is not fraught with problems is not worth taking on. Doubtless, as the service grows, it will be found desirable and necessary to establish a chain of stations throughout the State, so that everybody will have the opportunity of listening without going to the expense of purchasing costly long distance receivers, but until this time arrives there are many excellent sets available at moderate prices capable of giving good reproduction at 1000 miles or more. BUY THE BEST SETS. "I would like you to tell your readers not to be influenced too much by the price of radio goods, whether they be purchasing a complete receiver or are buying parts to construct a set for themselves. What I mean to convey is that a little extra outlay at the beginning in purchasing high quality sets and parts will be more than repaid by the achievements of pleasing results. A "cheap article is generally the dearest in the long run, and the vast amount of entertainment and amusement to be got out of radio will be enhanced by the satisfaction given by quality goods. The cheap and nasty variety seldom last long, and rarely, if ever, give good results with the inevitable consequence that one gets exasperated to the point of throwing the rubbish away, and going to the double expenditure of getting good parts, whereas the first outlay could have been avoided."[102]

Several photos of 4QG staff and performers for the station opening

SOME OF THE ARTISTS AND OFFICIALS FOR QUEENSLAND'S FIRST BROADCASTING CONCERT. (Photo Captions) MR. J. W. ROBINSON, Manager of the Queensland Radio Service. MR. F. W. STEVENS, Chief Engineer. MISS CLARICE COX (Contralto). MR. NORMAN A. COOLING, Bass, also announcer at 4QG. MISS RUTH PORTRATE (Soprano).[103]

Comprehensive report by the Telegraph of the opening of 4QG, also description of station

State Broadcasting. 4QG Station Opened. The Premier's Speech. The last link in the chain of wireless broadcasting stations throughout Australia was established last night when station 4QG, owned and operated by the Queensland Government, commenced an "A" class service. Broadcasting stations are now operating in all the capital cities of the Commonwealth. Through hundreds of miles of space the transmitting instruments last night flung the words, "Hello, hello, station 4QG, Brisbane, Queensland radio service. Standby for tune-in signal." Then for a period of three minutes the high note of a buzzer came in through the receiving instruments and listeners were thus enabled to adjust their tuning units so as to enjoy the broadcasted programme at the maximum efficiency of their sets. A small group of guests assembled in a room at the Executive Buildings sat round a six-valve self-contained receiving instrument. A few rooms away — at the studio of the station — the Premier of Queensland (Mr. W. N. Gillies) stood before a microphone, speaking the official opening words. Guests unversed in the wireless method of communication marvelled at the thought of sound being conveyed from one part of the building to another without any physical connection between the sending and receiving instruments. But their astonishment grew when they learned that the Premier's message was travelling to the far-flung borders of the State at the rate of 186,000 miles a second, to be caught up on a piece of wire stretched between two gum trees on some lonely farm, or to find its way into the home of a citizen in Cairns or Camooweal. Three weeks ago 4QG was not. Today it is. A record has been established in Australia, if not in the world, in the erection of a broadcasting station, and the institution of a service in the shortest possible time. In an incredible short space of time a temporary service has been given to the people of this State, a service that promises to be more varied, entertaining, informative, and educational, than any other service in Australia. Following the Government's decision to establish a temporary station pending the completion of the big station on top of the State Insurance Building, the necessary apparatus was ordered from Amalgamated Wireless Company, Limited, of Sydney. Early in the month fears were entertained that the public would again be disappointed because of the fact that the transmitting gear had been placed on the steamer Kanowna for shipment to Brisbane, and the ship had been hung up in Sydney, because of trouble with the seamen. But successful efforts to have the plant removed from the ship were made, and it was placed in a special truck, attached to a passenger train, and sent off with all despatch to Brisbane. The actual time taken in the erection of the gear was about two weeks, and the manager of the station (Mr. J. W. Robinson) is quite proud of the achievement. STATION DESCRIBED. The temporary studio of 4QG is on the third floor of the Executive Building. Its walls are draped with heavy curtains for acoustic purposes, its floors are covered with thick mats to eliminate the noise of walking. It is equipped with a Stecke Duo Art pianola and an Aeolian Vocalion. There are easy chairs for waiting artists. On one side of the room is the control panel in front of which the engineer stands with telephones glued to ears, listening to the quality of the tones coming from the microphone, and effecting the necessary adjustments from time to time. As the notes come through the microphone they are amplified at the control panel and passed on to the transmitting instruments in a cabin on the floor of the square. There are three units to the transmitting apparatus — the rectifying, oscillating, and modulating units. Each performs an important function. Each is a beautiful piece of work, and is the product of Australian artisanship. Power for the transmitter is obtained from the city supply, a rotary converter being used at the station to obtain the right voltage. The aerial is what is called a T squirrel type. It is what is known as a 500 watt station, half of what the big station will be when it is put into operation. But the power is sufficient to carry the programmes to every part of Queensland. However, to pick them up in distant places would necessitate the use of a powerful multi-valve receiving set. In Brisbane the programmes may be enjoyed by those using simple and inexpensive crystal sets, which may be bought for three or four pounds. Last night's initial transmission, having regard for all the circumstances, was considered to be fairly satisfactory, but it was admitted that improvements could, and would, be effected. The most objectionable feature was the loud hum of the converter, which on some receivers could be heard right above the voice of the announcer, Mr. N. A. Cooling, who promises to become a good announcer when he has spoken before the microphone a little bit more. Several adjustments will be made today to secure better transmission. At the outset of the programme it was announced that the management had hoped to broadcast some selections from the Tivoli Operatic Orchestra, but the necessary arrangements had not been completed in time. During the next few days, however, it was hoped to broadcast the orchestra. Contributors to the first programme included the Misses Clarice Cox, Ruth Portrate, Mr. Norman A. Cooling, Mr. Arthur Sharman, and Mr. Scott MacCallum. Selections were also given on the Aeolian Vocalian and the Steck duo art pianola. PREMIER'S SPEECH. The Premier, in opening the station, said it was very pleasing to him to be able to announce to the public that the Queensland wireless broadcasting station was now officially opened, and that from that night onwards the station would be operating in the interests of the public. Its programme, he said, would be so varied that it would provide opportunities for listening to educational addresses, musical and vocal entertainments, religious services, and business and weather reports, and information. "The launching of the broadcasting movement in Queensland should eventually help to bring about a new era for the man on the land," said the Premier, "for it will tend to remove that isolation which is at present felt by those residing in the outposts of our great State. "It is important that so modern a discovery as wireless broadcasting should not be confined to any section of the people; it should be controlled and administered in such a way as to ensure its remaining the property of the people, and always at the service of the people. I am glad to say that Queensland has set an example to the rest of Australia in this respect, and we have reason to be proud of the fact that this is the first broadcasting station of its kind to be owned and controlled by any Government. The Queensland State Government considered that wireless should be owned by the people and operated solely for the people's benefit and not for the purpose of commercial gain. It considered that wireless was so potential a force for good that it decided it would be against all the ethics of right government to permit of its operation and functioning for the purpose of private profit making. The Queensland Government therefore, gave immediate effect to its beliefs in this direction by securing the only A Grade License allotted to Queensland under the Federal broadcasting regulations, and it is this service which is now about to be established. Certain unavoidable delays have occurred, but when it was found that a considerable time would elapse before the large station could be completed, my Government decided to erect a temporary station. This it has done in a remarkably short space of time. No effort has been omitted to ensure the service being a successful one, but it is hoped that the public will not be ungenerous if, in the initial operations, unexpected difficulties arise in what, after all, is an institution which, in some respects is only just emerging from the experimental stage. These difficulties are more pronounced in the northern parts of Australia than in the south; it is hoped, however, that the difficulties will be overcome with experience. Much pioneering work has yet to be done, and great advances in the science of wireless broadcasting will certainly be made within in the next few years. LICENSES NECESSARY. "I should like to point out that every person who listens in is by Commonwealth law compelled to take out a license. These licenses may be secured at any post office in much the same manner as a postal note is secured at the present time, merely by the filling in of a form and the handing over of the necessary fee. It is obviously unfair for any person to attempt to evade payment, for the State Government has decided that all revenue received by the State as its share of license fees shall be paid into a fund for the improvement of the service. The man who takes out a license will, therefore, know that he is helping to build up his own programme. PLEASURES OF RADIO. In officially declaring open the Queensland Government broadcasting station, I trust that many happy hours of enjoyment will be given to the children of this sunny land, and that the public as a whole, especially those in the far away spaces of our territory, will, through the medium of this institution, be brought into closer contact with many of the educational and other influences that will tend towards the uplifting and the prosperity of the State." PREMIER'S NERVOUSNESS. The Premier commenced his speech before the microphone in a nervous, jerky manner, and spoke much too quickly at first, but when he had settled down properly the words were delivered more slowly and deliberately; and were better heard at the receiving end. It was a strange experience for Mr. Gillies to be speaking to an unseen audience of some hundreds of people whose plaudits he could not hear. The staff at 4QG consists of Messrs. J. W. Robinson (manager), F. W. Stevens (chief engineer), L. L. Sheil, and Miss M. E. Macfarlane. GUESTS AT OPENING. The guests at the official opening included the Premier and Mrs. Gillies, Mr. Justice Brennan and Mrs. Brennan, the Under Secretary, Chief Secretary's Department (Mr. T. A. Ferry), and Mrs. Ferry, Mr. L. H. Pike (secretary to the Premier), W. Franklin (private secretary to the Premier), Mr. E. H. Bourne (chief engineer Queensland Post and Telegraphs Department), Mr. Robert Joyce and Mrs. Joyce, Mrs. J. W. Robinson and Mrs. F. W. Stevens. (Start Photo Caption) The oscillator panel, which generates the wireless waves. The tuning apparatus is shown mounted on the top of the panels.(End Photo Caption) (Start Photo Caption)The modulator panel. Its function is to impinge the electric currents from the microphone on the wireless waves.(End Photo Caption)[104]

Brisbane Courier surveys reception of the opening of 4QG and states disappointing quality; brief description of station

WHAT LISTENERS-IN HEARD. The preliminary apology last evening by 4QG — the State A class temporary broadcasting station — that the work of preparing the station had had to be hurried, and asking for forbearance — paved the way for a disappointment to wireless listeners-in. The "Courier" made special arrangements to test the reception at three different portions of Brisbane. One of the listeners-in was "Anode," who conducts the "Courier" wireless columns. In each instance the verdict was the same — hum of the generator too obtrusive, and microphone distortion of the human voices (giving them a very hoarse sound) so pronounced as to partly spoil the Premier's speech, and completely spoil the singing with the exception of that of Mr. Norman A. Cooling, whose numbers were sung after a 10-minute interval (from 9.1 to 9.11), when there was a slight improvement in the microphone transmission. The instrumental music was fair to good. "Fading" was experienced twice — once very pronounced — and on one occasion the tuning was too broad; indeed, throughout the evening it was not so fine as when tests were made on Sunday. At one time on Sunday afternoon the modulation was remarkably good, with a noticeable absence of the hum of the generator. The announcer's voice was not nearly so clear last night as on the preceding evening, when testing was in progress, and when the modulation was satisfactory. No doubt, with the experience of last night as a guide, the necessary improvements will be effected. STATION DESCRIBED. The offices and studio of the Queensland Radio Service are situated on the second floor of the Executive Building. One of the large departmental rooms is being utilised as a studio. The room is draped with heavy curtains, and has heavy carpets on the floor to deaden any extraneous noises. The amplifying panel is situated in the studio, and it is controlled by the chief engineer (Mr. F. W. Stevens), who listens in and regulates the music, speech, &c., passing through the microphone to the amplifying panel. The studio is connected by 'phone to the transmitting room, situated in the courtyard, where Mr. S. M. Newman is in charge for the time being. He also listens-in, through the wave meter, to the item being broadcast, and thus checks the modulation. The three cage-like structures, which form the chief part of the transmitting apparatus, consist of a rectifying unit, an oscillating unit, and a modulating unit. The power is obtained through a rotary converter from the electric light mains, the 440 volt direct current being converted to 240 volts alternating current. The 12½ voltage required for the filaments of the transmitting valves is secured through a step-down transformer, whilst the 2500 voltage high tension is supplied through a stepup transformer. The whole of the apparatus, with the exception of some of the valves, has been manufactured in Australia by Amalgamated Wireless (A'asia), Ltd. The aerial system, mounted between two poles on the top of the building, is of the squirrel cage T type. The station will broadcast concerts nightly, as mentioned previously in the "Courier."[105]

Final session of parliament commences and is broadcast by 4QG, Mr. Theodore now in opposition

STATE PARLIAMENT. FINAL SESSION. THE GOVERNOR'S SPEECH. FORTHCOMING LEGISLATION. SIXTEEN AMENDING BILLS. BRISBANE, July 28. The third session of the 23rd Parliament of Queensland was opened by the Governor, Sir Matthew Nathan, with the usual ceremony in brilliant sunshine today. The Chamber of the Legislative Assembly, in which the ceremony took place, never held a larger gathering than assembled there today. An absolutely new feature was the appearance of a wireless broadcasting apparatus on the table, and the Governor's Speech was distributed throughout the State to possessors of listening in apparatus. The whole of the members of the Cabinet were present. Mr. Moore, the Leader of the Opposition, was in his place, and was well supported by his Party. The members of the "Rump" Party — Messrs. Taylor (Leader), W. Barnes, G. Barnes, and Kelso — sat on the Government cross benches. The ex-Premier, Mr. Theodore, who arrived just before starting time, wedged himself in between Messrs. Taylor and W. Barnes, much to the amusement of other Parliamentarians. . . .[106]

A late and error-full report in the Hobart Mercury of the temporary station but which spells out the reason for the delays with Big 4QG - strikes; AWA modifies a transmitter for service at temporary 4QG

Radio Notes. (Notes by "Anode.") . . . QUEENSLAND BROADCASTING STATION. Our Queensland Radio correspondent says that the Government has decided to erect a temporary broadcasting station in George-street, Brisbane, as it has been found impossible to get the main station ready until December owing to strikes. This, again, will only be possible if no more strikes take place; there have been three already. The temporary station should be heard, in Hobart on a good night, as it will use a power of ½ kilowatt. The Amalgamated Wireless Co.'s engineers have modified a Heising modulated set for this purpose, and hope that it will be in operation before the beginning of next month. It will be necessary to carry out a large number of tests before the station can be in full working trim, as hasty transmission is generally a failure. Hobart people had a taste of this when 7ZL first opened up, but now that they have got into the running of things they are logged there quite well on occasion. The call of the new station will be 4QG, and he will use a wave of 385 metres. Only three days in the week will there be transmission — Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Sundays — from 8 till 10 p.m., eastern Australian time. The station is to be managed by Mr. F, W. Robertson (sic), who was assistant manager at 2FC recently, and the post of chief engineer is to be taken by Mr. Stevens, of 3LO. The main station is going ahead slowly. The Brisbane listeners are troubled with a roar in the same way as are the Launceston people.[107]

1925 08[edit | edit source]

4QG publishing monthly general programme summaries and weekly detailed summaries

ADVANCE PROGRAMME. The State radio station (4QG) has issued its first monthly bulletin, containing details of the week's programme. From now on a general outline of the broadcasting programmes will be published at the end of each month, and a detailed bulletin each week. Following are the general programmes for the next fortnight:— WEEK ENDING AUGUST 8. Sunday.— Church service broadcast direct from the Albert-street Methodist Church, preacher Rev. Dr. G. E. Rowe. Monday.— Tivoli Operatic Orchestra, studio concert, featuring Miss Ruth Portrate (soprano), Mr. G. McGrath (banjoist). Miss Audrey Iliff (contralto), studio instrumentalists, Mr. Norman A. Cooling (baritone), Mr. Scott MacCallum (violinist), Mr. A. Sharman (pianist). Tuesday.— Popular concert, Mr. J. B. Cloiree (baritone), station 4QG trio, Mr. G. Williamson (tenor), lecturette ("Photography"), Miss Maye Hughes. Wednesday.— Queensland radio news night; Popular concert, organised by the editor, "Queensland Radio News," and arranged by Mr. Erich John and Mr. L. Read, featuring numerous popular Brisbane vocalists, quartettes, and special instrumental items. Thursday.— Palings' recital: The third of the 1925 series of recitals organised by W. H. Palings and Co., Ltd., will (by arrangement) be broadcast direct from the Albert Hall, Brisbane. Friday.— Popular concert: Miss Naida Conrad (soprano), Tivoli Operatic Orchestra. Lecturette, "Brisbane as a Tourist Centre," by Mr. T, G. Troedson (director Government Intelligence and Tourist Bureau. Saturday.— Aeolian Night: A special programme arranged by the Aeolian Co., and including lecturettes on music specially interpreted, Steck Duo Art Pianola excerpts, leading vocalist and instrumentalists assisting. . . . .[108]

JWR admits that 4QG temporary transmissions had room for improvement, requests forbearance while systems properly tuned

"Room for Improvement" STATION MANAGER'S ADMISSION. "We candidly admit that our transmissions have not been of the best and that there is a big room for improvement," said Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of 4QG, when the letter was referred to him this morning by "Listener" of the "Telegraph's" Wednesday radio column. . "All we say is: Give us a chance to get the temporary station in proper working order. No doubt it would have been good policy on our part to have waited for a month before commencing operations so that thorough tests could have been carried out with the instruments, which are of the very best and modern type made by Amalgamated Wireless Ltd. But the people were clamouring for the inauguration of a service without any delay, and we decided to commence broadcasting on the announced date, although some of the instruments had only arrived in Brisbane three days previously, and the tests had been hurriedly carried out. But I would point out to those who are not already conversant with the fact through reading the wireless periodicals that in the inauguration of broadcasting stations in all the other capitals, and in England and America, there have always been initial difficulties to overcome, and it has taken weeks, and sometimes months, to perfect the transmissions. In the case of 2FC (Sydney) it took about six weeks after the station commenced operations to thoroughly adjust the transmitting apparatus and to give listeners a satisfactory service. In the case of 3LO (Melbourne) it took about two and a half months. Recently when the station changed its wave length there was a period during which letters poured in to the press in criticism of the transmissions. During the whole of this week we have been effecting improvements, but we are now satisfied that fully 50 per cent of the trouble which some amateurs are inclined to attribute to faulty modulation, &c., is due to the temporary studio which we are using at the Executive Buildings. A certain amount of drapings were used for the initial transmissions, but we now intend to introduce further drapings to eliminate the echoing effects in the microphone. Referring to the statement that the tuning of the station was broad, Mr. Robinson said most of the reports seemed to indicate that the tuning of 4QG was exceptionally fine and sharp, and where interference with another station was experienced it was the fault of the receiver. All amateurs did not possess a knowledge of receiving circuits, and did not know the difference between a circuit in which the aerial was directly coupled to the grid, and a coupled circuit. But there was a big difference between the two in the matter of selectivity, and ever since his arrival in Brisbane he had emphasised the advisability of amateurs using coupled circuits whereby they could tune out unwanted stations. Mr. Robinson demonstrated a wavemeter which is used at 4QG, whereby the wave length of the transmitter is accurately set to 385 meters, and sharp tuning is ensured. Mr. Robinson added that he did not think it fair for people to rush into print with letters of criticism of the station until those in charge had been given at least two or three weeks to adjust the apparatus, and to see what they could do. Efforts in the direction of improving the station and in an endeavour to eliminate the hum from the motor generator were being made from day to day. Many encouraging reports had been received from listeners, and Friday night's transmission after improvements had been made that day, was said by some to have been very good, the programme from the Tivoli orchestra coming through with distinct clearness.[109]

Emil Robert Voigt of future 2KY in Brisbane to make enquiries about 4QG

WIRELESS INQUIRIES. VOIGT IN BRISBANE. BRISBANE, Tuesday. Mr. E. R. Voigt, Private Secretary to Mr. A. C. Willis, M.L.C., arrived in Brisbane by the mail train last evening to make inquiries regarding the Queensland Government's wireless broadcasting station. Another Sydney visitor is Mr. Cecil Murphy, M.L.A., who, accompanied by his bride of a few days, arrived in Brisbane on a holiday visit to Mrs. Murphy's sister.[110]

Emil Robert Voigt returns to Sydney

MR. VOIGT RETURNS. BRISBANE. Wednesday. Mr. E. R. Voigt, Private Secretary to Mr. A. C. Willis, M.L.C., leaves by the mail train tomorrow for Sydney. While in Brisbane, Mr. Voigt has acquired much useful information and made a most favorable impression in industrial circles. Among other matters, he has been investigating Queensland's State wireless project.[111]

JWR quick to promote Qld matters

QUEENSLAND-MADE VIOLIN. FROM LOCAL WOOD. Music played on a violin made locally from Queensland woods was an attraction at the Forestry display at the Exhibition on Wednesday. The violin was made by Constable A. Ronlund, of Sandgate, and the wood used was Queensland blush coondoo (sideroxylon), inlaid with Queensland ebony. The coondoo trees, which were obtained from the Cooran tableland, were specially selected and felled by the maker, and the timber was cut from the trees and seasoned by him. The instrument has a full clear tone, and the music was favourably commented on. The value of the wood for violin making is amply demonstrated by the music produced. Arrangements have been made with the manager of the State Government radio service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) to have music from this Queensland produced violin broadcasted from the State Government wireless station at an early date.[112]

Limited reception in Sydney of 4QG points to some significant reduction in potential output power from temporary 4QG

WIRELESS. (BY ALAN BURROWS.) . . . NOTES AND NEWS. There are few reports to hand yet of receptions from Queensland's new broadcasting station, 4GQ (sic), and many have wondered why this is so, as 3LO, Melbourne, can be picked up so readily. It should be remembered, however, that in addition to the slight difference in distance, 4GQ (sic) is using only as yet, a power of 500 watts, in comparison with 3LO's 5000. And although further removed from Broadcaster's wave length than 3LO, there is still interference from this station to be reckoned with when listening for 4GQ (sic), whose wave length is 385 metres.[113]

The "Daily Standard" with its take on the 4QG censorship

LONDON CAPITALIST PRESS ALARMED. "URGENT NEED FOR STRICT CONTROL OF NEWS." (AUSTRALIAN CABLE SERVICE). London, Thursday. The London "Daily Mail" says that there is no foundation for the mischievous message broadcasted by the Queensland Government's Brisbane station, that the British Government has resolved to resort to arms for the purpose of upholding financial interests in the Orient, and that all available warships and troops are mobilising," "This shows clearly," says the "Mail," "what a danger wireless could become in the hands of thoughtless and unscrupulous people. We are not aware how the fantastic rumor arose or, who was responsible for broadcasting the message, which is nonsensical on the face thereof, but it is obvious that such inadvertences are capable of starting panics, and doing immense harm. The Brisbane incident shows urgent need for keeping strict control of broadcasted news. There is small chance of false news being broadcasted in England, where the recognised newsagencies supply news similar to that supplied by the newspapers which insist on accuracy. Inasmuch as the wireless telephone has now almost a worldwide range all countries should come into line to avoid appalling possibilities of trouble from inaccurate news." (This matter is dealt with in both the leading article, and a special, appearing on page 10 of this issue.)[114]

The "Daily Standard" was not impressed with 4QG's kowtow to the Federal Government, but, then their licence to publish was not as risk as was that of ̩QG's licence to transmit

"ANTI-BRITISH PROPAGANDA," THE State Radio Service yesterday made an explanation to listeners-in, which amounted to an apology for having, on the previous day, broadcast portion of a message dealing with the situation in China, culled from "The Daily Standard" news service. The views expressed in the message, it was explained, were "not the views of the Queensland Radio Service." The political agents of capitalism have also taken the matter up, and on the false premises that "anti-capitalist" is synonymous with "anti-British," they are flogging their joss with a will. It should be pointed out that originally the Queensland Radio Service approached "The Dally Standard" with a request that its news service should be made available for daily broadcasting purposes. This was readily agreed to and at midday each day news proofs are forwarded to the station. On Wednesday, amongst the items sent was one from a special Eastern correspondent dealing with political events in China. This was broadcast and now it transpires that, as it does not conform to the views of the Queensland Radio Service an explanation is due to listeners-in. It is important to note here that the Queensland Radio Service (owned and controlled by a Labor Government) has views on international politics, and if anything gets through that does not conform to its views — without any question as to fact or otherwise — the people of Queensland are due an apologetic explanation. If among the news broadcasted in future a message gets through indicating that some leading citizen has said nasty words to a policeman, we may expect the Queensland Radio Service to subsequently explain that such conduct does not meet its views on etiquette. It would appear, however, that on the plea that the particular message referred to was "anti-British," the station was forced by somebody to make its "explanation." It is easy to divine who the somebody is. The question as it appears to us is whether this item, as a piece of news, was untrue in substance and in fact. Now, if the Queensland Radio Service is going to have views of inter-national politics, we invite it to make a survey of the most authoritative newspapers in the world, and if it has any knowledge of the workings of imperialism it will learn that our correspondent simply stated, as a result of his own observation on the spot, what has been, for months past, stated by correspondents of papers with the international standing of the "Manchester Guardian," on the capitalist side, and the London "Daily Herald," on the Labor side. The "Manchester Guardian" of June 19, 1925, said:— For a century the Powers have been interested in China mainly as a place in which different nations competed in predatory violence or intrigue. Our correspondent amplified that making special reference to Britain's part — and we have yet to learn that Britain is not one of the Powers. The Pekin correspondent of the same paper wrote:— "Thirty thousand students and workers paraded past the Legation quarters on Monday shouting denunciations of the British and Japanese and flying innumerable banners. Most of the denunciations were reserved for the British, who were also the target for many of the banners, one of which tried to depict the scene at the Amritsar shootings. The Queensland Radio Service would probably find, especially if it consulted the "Courier" and Colonel Cameron and Mr. Bruce — that a message of that kind was anti-British and refuse to broadcast, or, if it slipped through one day, would apologise the next. But the "Manchester Guardian," commenting on the scenes, stated:— "In an outbreak of this kind the immediate cause may be simple, but when violence has begun all the pent-up passions of history and race, which may or may not be connected with that cause, burnt into flame. In a world where the confusion caused by foreign intrigue and the anomalous privileges enjoyed by great Powers interested primarily in their own aims is complicated by civil war a single incident may act a match to a great body of passion. The black type is ours, but the lines emphasise the warning contained in the message received by us from our own correspondent. In using the word "Britain," after having carefully named the Conservative Government of that country, it must be clear to all that our correspondent was referring to British exploiters and their political agents, backed by a Government that openly encourages the "diplomatic" mamoeuvres being made for the imperialist parcelling of China. There is no antagonism or hostility to the British people, but there is to the exploiters who are making an industrial hell or china. The people of Queensland are entitled to know what is likely to be the outcome of this ex-ploitation. They are entitled to be warned against the probability of a tremendous conflagration in the East. They should know the truth, despite the political views of the Queensland Radio Service. Our correspondent said that Britain had larger interests in China than any of the other Powers, and again in this case "Britain" plainly meant Bri-tish capitalists. That statement is cor-roborated by a correspondent of the London "Daily Herald," who stated: Forty-six per cent of China's cot-ton spindles are owned by British, American, Japanese, French, and Italian capitalists. Thirty-five per cent are entirely British-owned. British capitalists control 40 per cent of Chinese foreign trade and ship-ping, and 25 per cent of Chinese railways. And here — again from the London press — is the dark side of the picture and the cause of the warning issued by our correspondent:— "Out of 83,000 workers in the Shanghai mills, 13,000 are under 14 years of age. Many of these are under eight years of age. The recognised hours of labor are day and night shifts of 12 hours' duration for seven days a week. The wages of cotton and silk adult workers vary from 9d to 1s 6d per day; those of children from 3d to 1s 2d per day. Railwaymen, engineers, carpenters, and blacksmiths receive from 10s to 25s per week." The people of Queensland may be too young to know those things, but when the Chinese revolt against these conditions, and their revolt gets "out of hand," the people of Queensland may be asked to lay down their lives to maintain the exploiting grip of predatory British capitalists upon the Chinese people. The "Standard's" news service is of immense value to the people in this regard. It avoids the carefully-censored and prepared capitalist propaganda emanating from China, and if the truth is to be suppressed in the interests of capitalism, or because it may conflict with the opinions of the Queensland Radio Service, the sooner the people of this country know about it the better. The "Standard's" value as a newspaper, particularly in regard to Eastern affairs — and these are the centre of world attention to-day — is unequalled in Australia. Its touch with China and Japan is untainted by capitalist interference. The instructions to our correspondents are to tell the truth and shame the devil, the devil in this case being the Powers that are facing one another in the scramble for China. We leave it to our readers to judge for themselves if an apology or an "explanation" is necessary from us for this great work for humanity in which we are engaged.[115]

This report is largely tongue-in-cheek, but for 4QG, deadly serious. JWR learns within the first month of transmission by 4QG that censorship is the price to be paid for the portion received of listener licence fees 4QG narrowly avoids losing its licence and JWR's personal friendship with James Joseph Malone is put to a test

WIRELESS CENSORSHIP. Sensational Escape of Truth. On Eternal Ether Waves. Capitalist Scramble in China. Disclosed to an Amazed Universe. "GROSSLY IMPROPER," SAYS MR. BRUCE. A dreadful thing has happened. The fact that events in China are steadily moving towards a world war, that will probably develop into a race war, thanks to reckless manoeuvres of foreign big business, has been broadcast by wireless. After desperate efforts have been made, by Government official of Powers protecting foreign vested interests in China, to prevent the truth about the sordid capitalist scramble for China's wealth becoming known to the workers of the world, the blessed thing has got out. Not only has it got into the press, per medium of a special correspondent of "The Daily Standard," but it has been flung forth recklessly on the ether waves, for the whole universe to hear. Think of the sensation that has been created, for instance, on the planet Mars, by the announcement that "the Conservative Government which controls the destinies of the British nation is determined on playing a lone hand in the Orient"! Confusion along the Milky Way is sure to become worse confounded by Jack Armitage's report that "every available ship of war and all troops are rapidly beingmobilised, and that a demand has been made that British financial interests must be protected regardless of what the newly-created Chinese Customs Commission shall decree." Along Einstein's now famous bent straight line the news has gone forth that "Britain has larger interests in China than any of the other Powers, and that evidently she is determined to push them at all costs." The result will be that every nation along that endless route through and round the boundless spaces, from here back to here, will be up in arms against the British race. Worst of all, the horrible truth about the merciless exploitation and bludgeoning of the unfortunate Chinese will go on wandering around the Universe for all eternity. Nothing can stop it now — not even the Bruce-Page Deportation Act. It is sure to get back to the Chinese themselves. Then goodness knows what will happen! All this because 4QG, the Queensland Radio Service, owned and controlled by a terrible Labor Government, inadvertently passed on to listeners-in at 1 p.m. on Wednesday last, the fact that the shameless Labor paper, "The Daily Standard," had received a despatch from a tactless special correspondent in China, giving news that had been most assiduously suppressed in Hongkong and Shanghai. Something will have to be done. The thing is grossly improper, and steps will have to be taken. Mr. Bruce says so. Anyway, the Brisbane "Courier" and Colonel Cameron demand that this sort of thing shall cease. The idea of "Standard" news being disseminated by.wireless, anyway! And now you know why 4QG yesterday had to apologise three times to listeners-in from here to the star Canopus, and beyond, and consider itself lucky that It did not have to advertise the apology in the "Courier" at 10s an inch or thereabouts. How It Happened. In accordance with a regular practice adopted since the State radio service has been broadcasting the "Standard" just before 1 p.m. on Wednesday supplied a number of proofs containing news to 4QG for broadcasting as the officials thought fit. Among these proofs was one containing an exclusive despatch appearing in that day's "Standard" by Mr. J. A. Armitage, one of our special correspondents in the East, and from this proof the announcer of 4QG quite innocently read to his 5000 listeners the following intensely interesting and informative passage:— "The Conservative Government which controls the destinies of the British nation is determined on playing a lone hand in the Orient. The Washington Treaty has really never been put into effect by any of the signatories, but Britain's present attitude, if persisted in, will have the effect of entirely nullifying it. Britain has larger interests in China than any of the other Powers, and evidently she is determined to push them at all costs. It is now evident that the British Government has decided to resort to arms in an attempt to uphold her financial interests. Every available ship of war and all troops are rapidly being mobilised, and a demand has been made that British financial Interests must be protected regardless of what the newly-created Customs Commission shall decree. "In plain words, Britain imagines she is strong enough to call a showdown. This would compel the other Powers to take sides. The array would probably be Britain, France, Italy, and some minor Powers arrayed against China, Russia, and possibly Germany. As I have pointed out in another article, Japan and the United States are uncertain factors, the only thing that seems sure is that they will take opposite sides in the conflict which is undoubtedly being precipitated by Great Britain. The coming war in the Orient will be a real world war. Asia has the largest part of the world's natural wealth, and not a nation will stand out. Whatever the original lineup, it must eventually develop into a race war." Those "Standard" readers who have been following the articles of our Far Eastern correspondent during the last two or three years know that not only is this of first-class interest to all Australians, but it is utterly consistent with the disclosures which have been made in previous articles, regarding foreign capitalist manoeuvres in China, and the racial hatred and rebellion that they are breeding. Of course Australian supporters of this unbridled capitalism do not like the facts to be explained. It is bad enough that the Labor press should publish despatches which capitalist papers would not touch, but when the fact that the Labor press does publish such real news and is broadcast by wireless it is time for the agents of Big Business to sit up and take notice. Tory Wrath. Thus we find the "Courier" (which incidentally, has not been invited to have its news broadcast by the State wireless), on Thursday morning snorting in true "Courier" style about amazing "anti-British propaganda," the source of which it pretended not to know. And so, too, we found Colonel Cameron, a capitalist party man, in the Federal Parliament, raising the matter, and asking if the Federal Government had power to censor broadcast matter, and, if so, would steps be taken to prevent "that sort of thing." The Prime Minister (Mr. Bruce) replied he had no knowledge that the matter referred to had been broadcast, but, if such was the case, it was very improper. Steps would be taken to prevent statements of that character being disseminated by means of wireless from any station in Australia. Broadcasting companies were only permitted to carry on under licence from the Postmaster-General, who had power to censor any undesirable matter. Mr. Bruce subsequently stated advices were received from the Brisbane broadcasting station that a mistake had been made in sending out the matter complained of, which was founded on extracts from a local newspaper. In subsequent programmes an intimation had been made that the statements to which attention had been called did not represent the views of the conductors of the broadcasting station. Further investigations, Mr. Bruce added; were being made to trace the origin of the statements and the manner in which they appeared in the local newspaper. It was possible that they were part of a letter not distinguished as such in broadcasting. 4QG Apologises. Meanwhile, it appears, there was a flutter in high places in Brisbane, and in consequence the following remarkable "explanation" was broadcast at all sessions of 4QG (owned and controlled by the Queensland Labor Government) yesterday:— "During our midday session yesterday when broadcasting the News Service as supplied by "The Daily Standard" a statement which was received by "The Daily Standard" from a correspondent in China, and which dealt with China's internal troubles and the correspondent's views of Britain's attitude towards them, was broadcast. We wish to take this opportunity to point out that the statement in question was not intended in any way whatever to convey to listeners the views of the Queensland Radio Service. Our station was transmitting and our News Service arrived late from "The Daily Standard" office. In order to prevent our staff having to close down while we carefully sorted the news and thus keep listeners waiting, our midday News Service was hastily handled. This resulted in the statement to which we have referred escaping the rigid censorship which we impost on news. The particular statement which was broadcast was the view of some newspaper correspondent in China with whom we are not acquainted, and to whose views we do not subscribe. We have felt it our duty to make this explanation lest the impression be created that the views expressed in the statement were those of ours." The "Standard's" comments on this will be found in our leading article today.[116]

1925 09[edit | edit source]

4SP stakes his claim to being the youngest chief engineer of a radio station in Australia

Youngest chief engineer. A couple of weeks ago we published a short article on Mr. E. G. Beard, Chief Engineer, United Distributors Ltd., and claiming that at 28 years of age Mr. Beard was the youngest man in the Commonwealth to hold down such a responsible position. We quite overlooked the fact that Mr. F. W. Stevens, Chief Engineer of the Queensland Radio Service is only 27 years of age. Perhaps if we substitute the words “one of the youngest,” etc., in our remark on Mr. Beard, justice will be done.[117]

4SP gives effect to Australia's first broadcast of a Catholic church service

SPECIAL SERVICE. ST. STEPHEN'S CATHEDRAL. For the first time in Australia church services from a Roman Catholic church were broadcast yesterday, Station 4QG, Brisbane (Queensland Government Radio Service), having the distinction of effecting the transmission. Some time ago, by courtesy of Archbishop Duhig, Station 4QG was linked by land lines with St. Stephen's cathedral, and arrangements were made for the installation of portable transmitting apparatus in the church. It was decided to select yesterday's services for broadcasting, and special arrangements were made to ensure good transmission. During last week some careful tests were carried out by the chief engineer, of 4QG (Mr. F. W. Stevens), and suitable positions for the placing of microphones were selected. Ordinarily only one microphone is used, but yesterday two microphones were placed in the church, one in the pulpit and the other in the choir. An operator was placed in the organ loft, and from his position there controlled both instruments, switching on first one and the other in order to ensure an even service. The morning service comprised a Pontifical High Mass, the sermon being preached by Archbishop Duhig, and was broadcast successfully. The evening service was also transmitted clearly, the sermon being preached by Rev. W. J. Lockington. Referring to the transmission last night, the manager of 4QG (Mr. J. W. Robinson) said that the broadcasting was a big success, and had excited a good deal of interest. The singing of the choirs was faithfully reproduced, as also were the sermons during both morning and evening services. The evening service on Tuesday next, he added, would also be broadcast by 4QG.[118]

Public Works annual report estimates cost of big 4QG at £8500

BRISBANE BROADCASTING. According to the annual report of the Department of Public Works, which was presented in the Legislative Assembly yesterday, the estimated cost of the Brisbane Broadcasting Station (4QG) is £8500. This is being erected on the roof of the State Insurance Building at comer of George and Elizabeth sheets. The accommodation consists of a vestibule or entrance hall, from which are entered the offices for the staff. A large reception-room with cloakroom, two studios 26ft by 17ft. and 18ft. by 14ft. respectively, behind the studios, is the station or operating room, containing electrical apparatus for broadcasting. There is also a laboratory and workshop. The building will be ventilated mechanically, and provision is being made to heat the air during the winter months. The walls are being constructed of reinforced concrete, and special effort is being made to sound-proof the studios.[119]

Appointments of Bardin and MacCullum

STATE RADIO APPOINTMENTS. The Executive Council yesterday approved of the appointment of Mr. Harold Scott MacCallum as the musi-cal director, of the Queensland Radio Service. Mr. W. F. Bardin, of Townsville, has been appointed as-sistant engineer of the radio ser-vice.[120]

1925 10[edit | edit source]

JWR reports on the delays and progress with big 4QG

STATE RADIO STATION. Since the resumption of the construction of the Queensland Government Radio Station, including the studio, on the Insurance Building nearly two months ago, good progress has been made, but so far no definite forecast of the date on which the big station will be in operation has been officially ventured. However, it will not be this year, but it may be in January next. Questioned yesterday respecting the construction of the station, the manager of the State Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) said that very good progress had been made recently, and that only one more section of concreting remained to be done and the walls would be completed. He understood that all the roofing timber was ready, and would be placed in position soon. The building of the steel towers was commenced some time ago, and most of the solid work of their foundations, reaching to two or three floors below was finished. He was ready to instal the mechanism so soon as the roof was over the station part of the structure, and he thought a start with the installation of the high-power transmitter would be entered upon before the end of' the year. He hoped from the start to transmit today programmes from the perminent station, commencing at midday. The building is being constructed by the Department of Public Works.[121]

JWR learns more of the limitations of the A class licence; Censorship; Portable wireless

SPEECHES BARRED. A BROADCAST VETO. The action of the Commonwealth authorities in prohibiting the broadcasting, through the State station, of Labour propaganda in the form of the speeches made at the opening of the Labour campaign on Thursday night, appears to have caused concern in State Government circles. The manager of the Queensland Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) has made available the whole of the facts in connection with the position. "A few days ago," he said, "the organiser of the Labour Party approached me and asked if it would be possible to broadcast the three most important speeches delivered in the Elite Theatre on the night when the Labour campaign was opened, The matter of the broadcasting was, however, of a political nature, and I referred the whole question to the Premier (Mr. Gillies). The Premier, in a memorandum forwarded to me on Wednesday, said that he approved of the broadcasting, but strictly instructed me to afford similar facilities to all political parties, and he added that he desired me to comply with the Federal regulations. I, therefore, proceeded with the installation of portable transmitting apparatus, and at 3 o'clock on Thursday afternoon was advised by the chief engineer that everything was in good order for the broadcasting. I arrived at the station at 7.30, and was advised by the Radio Inspector, Brisbane, that a telegram had been received from the Chief Manager, Wireless and Telegraphs, stating that the Federal authorities could not grant permission to broadcast the speeches. After communicating with the Premier I cancelled the arrangements and proceeded with the broadcasting of a concert from the studio." Later it was found that the line over which the speeches were to have been broadcast had been cut. The Premier has instructed Mr. Robinson to report to the Commonwealth authorities the fact that the wires were cut, with a view of ascertaining who was responsible for the act.[122]

Commencement of 4QG impacts growth of photography sales, inter alia

HERE AND THERE. An illustration of the hold radio is taking upon the public is shown in a story Brisbane listeners-in are still laughing over. A gentleman went into a store the other day to buy a pair of shoes. As the shop assistant bent over to lace them, he asked, "How will you have the shoes laced, sir; in series or in parallel?" As a hobby photography has suffered a severe setback by the arrival of radio in Queensland. One or two Brisbane firms had the foresight to see that trade in photographic goods would be menaced by the demand for radio parts, and they added radio departments to their stores. These departments are now returning good business. Radio is now the world's most fascinating hobby, and millions of young and old have adopted it as their own. Inquiries by "Listener" show that the diminution in the strength of 4QG during the last few nights is due to a mechanical fault which is being rectified. How many have wondered if it was their sets that were at fault? Last Sunday was a big day at 4QG. The band contests in the afternoon were carried via land line from the Botanical Gardens and broadcast to an audience which must have numbered 6,000 or 7,000 listeners. It was a delightful programme, and the management of the station is to be commended on the enterprise displayed. The evening church service and the concert were also good. There has been a good demand for broadcasting licenses of late, and it Is understood the number of licensed listeners in Queensland is now over 5,000. Brisbane dealers report an ever increasing demand for components. The majority of Brisbane's new listeners-in have built their own instruments. But how some of them squeal! The Prime Minister's fine speech at the Exhibition Hall on Monday night was broadcasted all over Southern Queensland by station 4QG. No doubt the speech of the Leader of the Opposition (Mr. Charlton) will also be sent out upon the air.[123]

In response to many listener requests to see the 4QG studios, 4QG sets up a studio in the Albert Hall and conducts a nights broadcasting there

BROADCASTING. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 16 MIDDAY SESSION. 12.55 p.m. — Tune-in signal. 1 p.m. — Market reports, Stock Exchange, weather information, news service. Close down. NIGHT SESSION. Tonight's programme will be transmitted from the Albert Hall. The management of station 4QG has organised and arranged a demonstration of how broadcasting is effected. The stage of the Albert Hall will be set as a studio, and the microphones and control panels will be in view. The artists and staff will be seen in action by the audience, which will be accommodated in the body of the hall. Those present will therefore be provided with a double attraction. They will witness the actual broadcasting, and will also hear the concert. The night's programme will be relayed from the Albert Hall and broadcast by 4QG. 7.55 p.m. — Tune-in signal. 8 p.m. — Introductory lecturette, "Broadcasting — how it is effected." Station 4QG instrumental quartette, descriptive fantasia, "Gipsy Life" (Charles Le Thiere); Mr. Scott Mac-Callum (violin), Mrs. Hilda Woolmer (piano), Mr. H. C. Marshall (flute), Miss Mabel Warren ('cello); tenor solo, "Marcheta" (Scherzinger), Slgnor Corti; violin solo. "Caprice Viennois" (Kreisler), Mr. H. Scott MacCallum; contralto solo, "Mighty Like a Rose" (Nevin), Miss Irene Elphinstone, pianoforte solo, "Concert Etude in D Flat" (Liszt), Mr. Arthur Sharman; mezzo soprano solo, "My Ain Folk" (Lemmon), Miss Mary Robertson; station 4QG instrumental quartette, "Three Valses Piquantes" (Peel); contralto solo, "When My Ships Come Sailing Home" (Dorel), Miss Vera Parker); station 4QG instrumental quartette (a) "Admiration" (Jackson), (b) "A Japanese Sunset" (Deppen); station 4QG instrumental quartette (a) "Badinage" - (Victor Herbert), (b) "Pizzicati" from the ballet "Sylvia" (Dellbes); tenor solo, "At Dawning" (Dadman), Signor Corti; (Dellbes); tenor solo, "At Dawning" (Dadman), Signor Corti; violin solo, "Serenade" from "Less Millions D'Arlequin" (Drigo-Auer), Mr. H. Scott MacCallum; contralto solo, "Christina's Lament" ( Dvorak), Miss Irene Elphinstone; station 4QG Instrumental Quartette, "Two Hungarian Dances" (Brahms); soprano solo, "Less than the Dust" (Woodforde-Finden), Miss Mary Robertson; contralto solo, "Angels Guard Thee" (Goddard), Miss Vera Parker (with violin obligato by Mr. H. Scott MacCallum); station 4QG Instrumental Quartette, march, "Military Spirit" (Van Blon); news service. Close down. TONIGHT's DEMONSTRATION. A novel wireless demonstration will be provided at the Albert Hall tonight by the management of Station 4QG (Queensland Radio Service). The stage of the hall will be set as a studio, and a concert will be provided on it, and will be broadcast. The microphones and control panels will be placed on the stage, and the artists, announcer, and operators will be seen at work by those in the body of the hall. Since broadcasting commenced in Brisbane some two or three months ago, the management of 4QG has received numerous requests from persons desirous of visiting the studios during transmission hours. It has been impossible to accede to those requests, for the reason that it would be impossible to transmit a programme if the studios were open to the public. In order to cater for the people who have made these requests, tonight's demonstration has been arranged. The audience will be accommodated in the body of the hall, and will be provided with a double attraction. They will witness the work necessary in connection with the broadcasting of the concert, and will also hear the programme. A small admission charge will be made to cover expenses[124]

Radio Manufacturers (licensee 4MB cmcl) sponsors a stunt of "broadcasting" music from a plane over Brisbane

AEROPLANE CONCERT. BROADCAST FROM THE AIR RADIO FIRM'S ENTERPRISE. A unique wifeless concert was provided the Brisbane public yesterday afternoon. An aeroplane demonstrated the wonderful possibilities of wireless. In order to stimulate public interest in wireless, a spectacular aerial "stunt" was promoted by Radio Manufacturers, Ltd., of Queen Street, Brisbane. Captain Tracey, accompanied by Mr. Glanmore Jones, manager of the firm, and Mr. J. W. Robinson, of the State Radio Station 4QG., were in the 'plane, which circled over the Domain shortly after 4 o'clock. When "The Telegraph" representative arrived at the aerodrome shortly before 3 o'clock, Captain Tracey and his assistants were busy fixing the "aerial" to the aeroplane. Though the start was fixed for 3 p.m. and the wireless concert for 3.30 p.m., a delay occurred, and it was not until just before 4 o'clock that Mr. Robinson had picked up 4QG, transmitting the Tivoli Theatre orchestra music, which was heard quite distinctly about 100 feet away. While the engine of the plane was being "warmed up" about 4 p.m., the jazz music of the Tivoli was clearly heard. Mr. Robinson expressed himself as greatly pleased with the success of the experiment undertaken by Radio Manufactures Limited. While over Victoria Bridge Captain Tracey shut off his engine, glided downward towards the Domain, so that those in the vicinity could hear the music. Several persons who were in the Domain reported having heard the music that was broadcast. Leaflets were subsequently distributed about over the city about 5 o'clock, from the air, and the boy or girl finding a leaflet signed by Mr. Glanmore Jones before October 19 will be presented with a crystal set with all accessories.[125]

Report of the demonstration of 4QG studio at Albert Hall

RADIO TOPICS. CONDUCTED BY "LISTENER". 4QG'S DEMONSTRATION LISTENERS MEET ARTISTS. The demonstration of broadcasting under conditions similar to those at the studio of 4QG, which was given in the Albert Hall last Friday night proved of great interest to a very large audience. Mr. Robinson (manager of 4QG) first of all delivered a most informative lecturette on the fundamental principles of wireless broadcasting. Delivered as it was in simple language, even the person with but an elementary knowledge of wireless was made to understand how the sound waves shaking the diaphram of the microphone are converted into perfect electrical counterfeits of the original sounds, and are then passed through a magnifier, and on to transmitting instruments. It was pleasing to listeners to be able to meet many of 4QG's artists in the flesh. The announcer (Mr. N. Cooling) whose 4QG Brisbain, the Queensland Radio Service, has become very familiar to all Queenslanders who obtain their entertainment from the air, was accorded a very fine reception, and there was applause for others whom listeners were glad to see and welcome. It was an opportunity to show appreciation of the efforts of 4QG's artists which listeners were glad to take. A very fine programme was given, and this was carried over a land line to 4QG's temporary station at the Executive Buildings, from which it was broadcasted to thousands of listeners-in. Altogether a most enjoyable evening was spent by all, and listeners came away from the Albert Hall possessing a very fair idea of what is happening every night in the broadcasting studio of 4QG, and the transmitting station.[126]

1925 11[edit | edit source]

2KY officially commences, makes much of the benefits of a B class licence due to the lesser restrictions on broadcast items

FIRST LABOR WIRELESS STATION OPENED. ALL AUSTRALIAN ACHIEVEMENT. THE BEGINNING OF A NEW ERA IN PROCESS. BROADCASTING THE TRUTH. "I HAVE MUCH PLEASURE in asking the Vice-President of the Executive Council, Mr. A. C. Willis, to set in motion 2KY, the first broadcasting wireless station controlled throughout the world by organised Labor." THIS WAS THE ANNOUNCEMENT made by Mr. J. Beasley, President of the Trades and Labor Council, on the occasion of the official opening ceremony of the Trades Hall Wireless Broadcasting Station at the Sydney Trades Hall on Saturday evening. THE ORGANISING STAFF had worked with the will that only whole-souled enthusiasts can apply, and so satisfied were they that all anxiety as to the installation being a complete success was allayed, and the results fully justified their confidence in the result. So great was the crowd which assembled that the accommodation in the large room set apart on three floors as well as in the corridors, where loud speakers were installed, was taxed to accommodate the listeners. When KY tuned up, and the first announcement was made, the great building resounded with cheers in recognition of the wonderful accomplishment effected. A slight burring sound somewhat smothered the first sounds emitted, but this was only momentary, and for the succeeding two hours the voices were clearly and distinctly heard, and the sentiments expressed found a responsive echo in the minds of the legions of listeners who were privileged to be associated with this unique wireless triumph. Everyone Smiles. Many hundreds passed through the transmitting theatre, and were surprised at the completeness of the delicate mechanism, and the absence of any confusion. The engineer, Mr. Baird (sic), was beaming with smiles from the initial tuning in, and his satisfaction was shared by Mr. E. R. Voigt, the organiser of 2KY; Mr. Gilbert Sinclair, secretary to the wireless committee, and all those associated with the most modern means of communication known to science. Right to Work. Mr. A. C. Willis gave the initial address, which was broadcasted, in which he stated:— It is with a particular pleasure that I have accepted this pleasant duty, for it associates two great factors each of which will react on the other, and together will have a profound effect upon the development of the human race. These two factors are Labor and Radio. "The great Labor movement is, and must continue to be the main avenue through which society is evolving towards the co-operative Commonwealth, where the whole resources of the nation will be devoted to the welfare of the whole community instead of to the individual profit of the few, and where every man and woman born into this world shall have the elementary right to work and to live. "In the accomplishment of its great task, Labor must of necessity take advantage of every important social development. Without question, the greatest, the most rapid, and the most potentially powerful development of this age of miracles is radio. Within two short years radio has made a deeper impression on the social life of Australia than any other invention, within such a short period in its history. Radio is fast annihilating distance. It is playing an important part in welding together the social life not only of the Commonwealth of Australia, but of the whole world. Every day and every night Australian amateurs are conversing with radio friends in America, Britain, Europe and elsewhere. Beneath this close contact racial barriers are bound sooner or later to disappear. It is difficult indeed to overestimate the great part radio is destined to play in breaking down those racial enmities fostered for their own purposes by the makers of wars, and in placing the peoples of the world upon a peaceful footing one with another. Final Stages. "In spite of the fact that radio in Australia is hampered and restricted in its development by a Nationalist Federal Government, acting, we believe, in concert with big vested monopolies, the Labor movement of New South Wales, by its far-sighted and vigorous action in establishing this splendid high-power broadcasting station in Sydney, has broadened the horizon for the listeners-in of this and other States of the Commonwealth, and has opened out new possibilities in the use of radio broadcasting, which will be watched with interest by the great Labor movements in every civilised country. "Since the Trades Unions of New South Wales have clearly indicated through the establishment of 2KY their keen interest and appreciation of the social and organisational advantages of radio, it is but natural that the Labor Government of the State should be thinking and working along similar lines. "It is already public knowledge that the Government of New South Wales has for some time had under consideration the establishment of a high-power Central Government Station in Sydney, and the erection in provincial and country centres throughout the State of a series of relay broadcasting stations. "This plan is now in its final stages, and the radio listening-in public may with confidence look forward in the near future to a chain of State broadcasting stations that will not only facilitate the business of the State, and the operation of its industries but that will do much to transform the whole social life of the community. "The State Broadcasting Service will have a particular effect upon the life of the community in the country areas. The advent of labor-saving machinery, and particularly the facilities for social life and entertainment afforded by the great cities, has resulted in an exodus from the land to the cities. All Australian. "This steady stream from country to town has become a problem which affects the well-being of both town and country and which is engaging the attention of the Governments of most highly industrialised countries. Unemployment has become such a settled factor in the life of all towns and industrialized centres that the migration from country to town only serves to intensify the unemployment situation." Mr. Willis also referred to the effect radio broadcasting would have on the primary industries, which no country could afford to neglect, and as a consequence a better understanding would arise between the workers on the land and in the cities. Expressing his appreciation of the technical ability and efficiency of those Australian engineers who had undertaken the construction, Mr. Willis said, "I do think there has ever been constructed in the Commonwealth a broadcasting station which is so largely all-Australian, and the people of Australia can justly take pride in this achievement." Congratulations he extended to Mr. Gilbert Sinclair, Mr. Beard, chief engineer of United Distributors, and Mr. E. R. Voigt, in whose brain the idea of a Labor broadcasting station first germinated. Mr. J. Beasley, president of the Trades and Labor Council, in his message, said Labor now has two great engines of propaganda in having established their own newspaper, and now having their own wireless station. These stages marked one of the most advanced steps taken by any Labor body right throughout the world. The Labor Council are most anxious to add to the social comforts of workers' home, he added. News Service Mr. E. R. Voigt, in his message, traced the origin of wireless discovery to the present installation. Dealing with this, he said: "I may say the Trades Union Movement of New South Wales is not content to regard radio in that very restricted light. We intend to use radio in the fullest possible way within the four corners of the law. And we intend to use all our power to secure a widening of the present drastic regulations, to free radio in Australia from its fetters, and to secure its many social advantages to the greatest possible number of the people. "2KY will make no effort to compete with the existing "A" class stations, in the provision of music and entertainment. The music and entertainment provided by the Labor station will only be incidental to its main programme. That main programme will concern itself with every vital question that may affect the community generally, or the organised workers in particular." "2KY will co-operate with the 'Labor Daily.' It will supply a daily news service that for the first time will place the workers' side of any great question before that unorganised section of the community which in the ordinary course must frame its view and opinions from the matter and comment that is served up to it daily by a powerful Press — a Press that is hostile to the workers on every important issue. 2KY will show the other side of the picture. "During the coming week and forward until election day, 2KY will send forth each evening a statement on matters of public interest from those of its leaders who are carrying on the fight in the Federal election campaign. "Not many days ago, the wireless authorities prohibited the Premier of Queensland from broadcasting a political pronouncement over the Queensland State Radio Station. So low down in the scale of human degradation is politics considered by some of those who are now asking for our votes that the pronouncement of the highest statesman was considered unfit to rank with the jazz, betting, and veiled advertising stunts which are broadcast day after day, without let or hindrance from all the 'A' class broad-casting stations in the Commonwealth. Debates in Air. "But 2KY is not an 'A' class station (which just means that it takes no part in the plunder abstracted annually from the unfortunate listeners-in) and is therefore not subject to just the same restrictions. We shall give news, make pronouncements, and arrange debates upon any matters which may affect the welfare of the body politic. No doubt this will be regarded as pure Bolshevism. "During the present election campaign, we shall invite the most prominent representatives of the Nationalist Party to meet us in debate on the air. In the past Labor always has been, and still is, at an overwhelming disadvantage in its lack of Press, compared with its opponents, for the expression of its views. A New Era. Mr. T. S. Gurr, General Manager, "Labor Daily," said their daily newspaper in conjunction with this installation of wireless was the beginning of a new era for the Labor movement. Thought, especially combined thought, was the greatest factor in the progress of humanity. What was desired earnestly was what would be achieved. Messrs. J. S. Garden (sec., Trades and Labor Council), Rudolph (Manager, United Radio Distributors), A. Teece (Acting Sec., Miners' Union), Hastie (Trades Hall Association), and representatives of all the industrial sections also delivered congratulatory and informative messages.[127]

A. C. Willis responds to suggestions by Bruce that 2KY wishes to participate in A class revenue

LABOR'S BROADCASTING. REPLY TO MR. BRUCE. Mr. A. C. Willis yesterday replied to the Prime Minister's criticism of his remarks at the opening of the Trades Hall wireless station. "Mr. Bruce is in error," said Mr. Willis. "I have never claimed, nor have those who are conducting the new Labor broadcasting station, that 2KY desires any share in the heavy license fees imposed upon the unfortunate listening-in public. "I join issue, however, with Mr. Bruce when he infers that 2KY is not as much entitled to such a share as any of the monopolist stations. 2KY is not designed to be used solely for political purposes. And when it comes to politics, the existing monopolist stations do not restrict themselves to one statement by each of the three party leaders during the life of Parliament. "On the contrary, each 'A' class station, with the sole exception of the Queensland State station, broadcasts daily a regular stream of political propaganda in the guise of news, directed against the Labor Party and the trade unions. "The fact is that the political aspect of 2KY is not the reason why the Labor station is denied any revenue from the license fees. The real reason is because the Nationalist Government has permitted monopolies in a public service. If 2KY copied the jazz, betting, and entertainment, item for item, of the 'A' class stations, Mr. Bruce would still refuse to allocate any revenue from the wireless licenses. "The difference between 2KY and the 'A' class stations is that the former conducts its political propaganda frankly and openly, while the latter conduct theirs in the form of 'news.' "[128]

Malone and Robinson push for unlicensed listeners to take out licences prior to commencement of prosecutions; traders push for a wavelength change for 4QG to enable reception of close interstate stations with cheaper receivers

Wireless "Pirates." Prevalence in Brisbane Action to be Taken. It is believed there are at least three to four thousand wireless broadcasting listeners in Queensland who have not yet paid their annual license fees. The Commonwealth Postal Department, which is responsible for the administration of radio matters, and the collection of license fees, and the Queensland State Radio Service (4QG), which depends upon the receipt of a certain proportion of the fees paid for the maintenance of its services, both regard this studied non-payment of fees by an increasingly large number of listeners-in, in a very serious light indeed. Action is therefore to be taken immediately to protect the interests of the Queensland broadcasting station by preventing, in large measure the pirating of programmes by unlicensed users of sets. But before Summons Court proceedings are instituted, an appeal is to be made to the sporting instincts of the delinquent listeners. By means of circulars and Press notices their attention will be drawn to the necessity of license fees being paid if the present service is to be maintained and improved. An appeal to their British sense of fairness will be made; they will be reminded that it is unreasonable to expect a few to provide the means by which all are afforded the opportunity of enjoying the nightly broadcasted programmes from 4QG. Since the commencement of broadcasting from the temporary station in the Executive Building, new licenses have been issued at the rate of about 100 per month, but at the present time the total number of license holders in the whole of the State falls far short of 2,000. The 100 new licenses does not tally with the number of new sets, or the quantity of components for the home manufacture of sets, which are being sold each month by Brisbane and southern dealers to listeners in this State. Hundreds of aerials of all makes and designs may be counted in any one suburb of Brisbane. This open defiance of the Commonwealth wireless regulations relating to the taking out of licenses is inviting a visit from one of the State radio inspectors and an appearance in the Summons Court. If heed is not taken of the appeal which is to be issued, the authorities say they will necessarily have to make an example of a few "pirates." When Mr. J. Malone, chief manager of Telegraphs and Wireless for the Commonwealth, was in Brisbane this week, he received a deputation representative of the wireless trading firms of this State. They discussed with him the desirability or otherwise of an alteration of the wave lengths of 4QG (Brisbane), 2BL (Sydney), and 3LO (Melbourne), and three are within a few metres of one another. It was pointed out that even under the present low power conditions worked by 4QG, it was difficult, except on the super selective sets, to tune out 4QG when it was desired to bring in 2BL and 3LO. Mr. Malone promised to give consideration to the problem, but he pointed out that with the establishment of more high powered stations, say at Toowoomba, Rockhampton, and Townsville in Queensland, which was a possibility within the next five years, it was either a question of sharper tuning on both sending and transmitting sets, or contentment by listeners with the local station. Distance would, of course, always lend enchantment to reception, but under equal conditions the best results from a quality point of view would always be obtained from the nearest broadcasting station. The local stations could only expand and make their programmes more attractive by receiving the loyal support of local wireless amateurs and listeners. Members of the trade referred to the quality of the programmes transmitted from 4QG, but it was pointed out by Mr. J. W. Robinson that an improvement could only be made when an increased revenue was received from license fees. This statement led to a discussion on the subject, and the decision to launch an offensive against unlicensed listeners, first by propaganda, and secondly by law court proceeding if the first were unsuccessful.[129]

JWR announces the broadcast of a march of bands through Brisbane city streets

MARCH HEARD BY RADIO. A UNIQUE TRANSMISSION. Thousands heard the march of the bands through the streets of the city last night by radio. In Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria, listeners saw through the mind's eye the torchlight procession, the crowds that lined the route, the amusing incidents, the colour or it all. 4QG wireless broadcasting station provided the means to see arid hear. It was a unique experience for many of the new radio enthusiasts. The skirl of the kiltie's pipes and the martial music of the brass bands could be heard approaching from the distance — now faintly heard, but growing louder as the point where the microphone was installed was approached. Then the music came in with full force as the instrumentalists blew their double F notes right under the microphone and the tramp of marching feet could be plainly heard. The music grew fainter and fainter as the bands increased their distance until finally nothing of their playing but the dimly heard rattle of the drum came to the ears of the interested listeners, and finally none but the street noises came through the air. A running descriptive account of the march was given by Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of 4QG.[130]

Big 4QG to be ready in January 1926; 4SP acts as manager 4QG during absence of JWR

State Radio. The Permanent Station To be Ready in January. It is expected that the new permanent station of the Queensland Radio Service, now under construction on the roof of the State Insurance Building in George Street, will be ready for broadcasting in January. The manager of the service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) will leave Brisbane tomorrow for Sydney, where he will inspect, under test conditions, the five-kilowatt transmitter, which is to be installed in the new station. He will also make arrangements for the shipment of the mechanism to Brisbane within the next two or three weeks. Mr. Robinson will be away from Brisbane for about a week. Mr. F. W. Stevens, (chief engineer) will act as manager during his absence.[131]

1925 12[edit | edit source]

4SP, as acting manager 4QG, oversights broadcast of the "Kookaburra" song by Ethel Osborn

BIRD SONG BY WIRELESS. "THE KOOKABURRA" Numerous were the inquiries received yesterday by the acting manager of 4QG (Mr. F. W. Stevens) regarding, the mysterious musical item to be broadcast at 8.45 last night. So close was the secret kept, however, that the staff of 4QG were not aware of the arrangement until the last moment. It was intended as a surprise even for them. Miss Ethel Osborn's first wireless appearance took place in Sydney, some two years ago. 4QG's manager, (Mr. J. W. Robinson), at present in Sydney in connection with big 4QG, and the chief engineer, and at the moment acting manager (Mr. F. W. Stevens) were both associated with this first appearance by wireless of Queensland's noted singer. Last night Miss Osborn rendered with great success her beautiful "Kookaburra" song. She also sang "The Pipes of Pan" from "The Arcadians." Both her numbers transmitted clearly, and were much enjoyed by listeners.[132]

As previous, more detail

BIRD SONG BY WIRELESS. Numerous were the inquiries received yesterday by the acting manager of 4QG (Mr. F. W. Stevens) regarding the mysterious musical item to be broadcast at 8.45 p.m. last night. So closely was the secret kept, however, that even the staff of 4QG were not aware of the arrangement until the last moment. It was intended as a surprise, and it was a most pleasant one for the thousands of listeners-in. Even when Mr. Giles, on behalf of the Austral Choir, proceeded to give a neat radio lecturette on Queensland's "songbird," Miss Ethel Osborn — her career and her prospects — few realised that he was about to introduce the brilliant singer herself. Miss Ethel Osborn's first wireless appearance took place in Sydney some two years ago. It is interesting to note that 4QG's manager (Mr. J. W. Robinson), who is at present in Sydney in connection with big 4QG, and the chief engineer, and the acting manager (Mr. F. W. Stevens) were both associated with this first appearance by wireless of Queensland's wonder singer. Listener's comments poured into 4QG last night after Miss Osborn rendered so wonderfully her beautiful "Kookaburra" song. The reproduction of both her numbers was splendid and most assuredly satisfied the high state of expectancy into which 4QG's listeners had worked themselves.[133]

JWR in Sydney to inspect the new AWA 5 kW transmitter

WIRELESS. (BY ALAN BURROWS.) . . . Mr. J. W. Robinson, manager of the Queensland Radio Service — more popularly known as 4QG — has been visiting Sydney for an inspection of the 5-kilowatt transmitter now in course of construction by Amalgamated Wireless (Aust.), Ltd. This transmitter will shortly be installed at 4QG, in place of the 500-watt outfit which the station is now using. Sydney listeners should then find this station as easily received as 3LO is at present, or has been until more recently.[134]

4QG aerial towers start to take shape; wireless dealers warned to ensure their stocks are adequate

THE NEW STATION. Gradually the towers take shape, and day by day one can see further additions to the wonderful masts now in the course of erection on the State Insurance building for the State radio station. It struck me that their position, when erected to full height, will be a landmark for miles around. There is no doubt that as they near completion the effect of the community will be evident in increased wireless sales. It, therefore behoves all radio dealers and manufacturers to look to their stocks and see that their reply to inquiries is not, "Sorry we have none in stock just now — expecting them shortly."[135]

After such a long delay for big 4QG, almost a "Proof of Life" photograph (Wasn't the transmitter completed early 1925, maybe the original placed elsewhere?)

News in Pictures — The Daily Mail Photographic Page. . . . (Start Photo Caption) HIGH POWER BROADCASTING.— This new 5 K.W. broadcasting station transmitter is in course of manufacture at the radio-electric works of Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd. It will be installed at an early date at 4QG, Queensland Government radio station. (End Photo Caption)[136]

Review of 1925 and forecast for 1926, much involving 4QG

RADIO TOPICS. CONDUCTED BY "LISTENER." A Retrospect. PROGRESS DURING 1925. The year which is now drawing to a close saw considerable progress made in radio in Queensland; the new year promises still greater progress. . . . But the main feature of the year was the inauguration of broadcasting in this State, something to which enthusiasts had looked forward to for many months before it became an accomplished fact, although 4CM had broadcasted many enjoyable programmes, from time to time. 4QG, owned and worked by the Queensland Government, commenced operations from a temporary station in August. Difficulties were at first experienced, but these were soon overcome, and for a little over four months the station has provided varied programmes, which have proved generally acceptable. The local broadcasting has created considerable interest in radio, and thousands of new listeners have been created by its activities. Now what of the new year? Bigger and better things are expected when 4QG's new and permanent station, now being erected on top of the State Insurance Building, is completed. The manager of the station (Mr. J. W. Robinson) has promised the introduction of broadcasting on a larger scale than the service at present provided, and he has promised to instal the most modern of high-power transmitting sets, a set which will probably be heard all over the world." He has further said that "from the station at various hours of the day and night high-class musical entertainments, educational Items, news items, sporting information, and commercial and weather intelligence will be broadcast. During the afternoon musical programmes will be transmitted and the members of the fairer sex may find afternoon tea much sweeter and much more refreshing of taken to the tune of wireless music." It would therefore, seem that if the management has its way the new high-powered station will be one of the best, if not the best in the Australian States, all of which now have broadcasting stations.[137]

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1926 01[edit | edit source]
1926 01 01[edit | edit source]

JWR expounds on ease of reception once big 4QG commences; problems with temporary 4QG

HERE AND THERE. 4QG'S NEW STATION. Mr. Robinson (manager of 4QG) says that whatever disabilities listeners-in may experience under present conditions, it should be difficult to find ground for complaint when the new station is opened. A new feature of the permanent station will be a special session for farmers. The station will have an effective radius of 1,000 miles, but it will be audible over a much greater distance by listeners who are skilful in tuning in, land who possess multi-valve sets. Mr. Robinson is hopeful that the number of licenses in Queensland will be increased from approximately 4,000 to 10,000 within a comparatively short time after the new station is established. NEW LICENSES. The appeal made by the manager of station 4QG a few weeks ago to all listeners asking them to take out licenses immediately, had a very good effect The list of licensees has been added to by some hundreds, and it should soon be possible to provide that better service promised by the management when more revenue was forthcoming. Of the 27s. 6d. collected by the Postal Department station 4QG receives 25s., and assuming that there are now approximately 4,000 licensees in Queensland, the revenue of the station is now £5,000 a year from that source alone. In addition, the station receives revenue from advertisements which are broadcasted. BRISBANE PIRATES. There must still be some hundreds of unlicensed listeners in Brisbane. Every week new listeners raise their aerials on high, and instal sets, mostly of the crystal type, with which excellent results are obtainable from 4QG. The practice among many seems to be to first instal a set, see if it will work, and then if one is sufficiently interested in listening-in go and take out a license at the post office. Others instal sets and steal the programmes; and they will continue to do so until effective action is taken to make them receive the programmes honestly. . . . . 4QG STRIKES TROUBLE. On both Sunday and Monday nights there were breakdowns at station 4QG. It is understood that the cause was due to faults which developed in the generator, which is only of a makeshift character. The temporary cessations of local broadcasting started amateurs searching for southern stations, and in consequence there was a very loud chorus of squeals and howls from sets in which regeneration was being used for amplification purposes. There is going to be some great fun this coming winter when the new listeners begin reaching out for distant stations on regenerative sets. It was regrettable that there should have been breakdowns because of the work upon which amateurs are immediately thrown in an endeavour to ascertain whether their own sets are at fault.[138]

Comprehensive progress report on the installation of big 4QG

BROADCASTING. STATION 4QG, BRISBANE. TREMENDOUS UNDERTAKING. Only a visit to the roof of the State Insurance Building can convey some idea of the magnitude of the work which is proceeding in connection with the construction of the new Radio Station 4QG. The whole of the large area of roof has been taken up with the buildings, and the two steel towers which are now visible from almost every part of the Brisbane district occupy two of the corners. When completed, station 4QG will become the headquarters of the Queensland Radio Service, the department which holds and administers the only "A" grade broadcasting licence which is allotted to this State under the Federal wireless regulations. On the roof of the State Insurance Building, administrative offices, artists' reception rooms, studios, laboratories, workshops, and the main instrument room have been constructed, and the whole undertaking is now rapidly nearing completion. The rear portion of the building, which comprises the workshops and the large instrument room, has been completed, and work is now proceeding in connection with the installation of the high-power transmitting apparatus which arrived from Sydney some few days ago. When completed station 4QG should be the most modern in the Southern Hemisphere. THE BUILDING. Viewed from the street level the buildings which have been.erected do not seem very large, but on stepping from the elevator which conveys a visitor to the roof, one is first struck with the magnitude of the structure. The building itself is of concrete, and from the lift a small entrance hall leads to the main vestibule situated right at the front of the building. From this vestibule entrance is effected to the various offices in which the staff is accommodated. A doorway from the centre of the vestibule leads to the main reception hall of the station. This hall is the finest room in the building, and is built in the form of a double cross. It is 56ft long by 56ft wide, and is capped by a large dome held in position by pillars. The reception hall is now in an unfinished state, but a gang of men are hard at work on it, and the big dome, which will add greatly to the appearance of the hall, in now in the hands of the plasterers. From the main inception hall two studios, one larger than the other, open off, and it is in these that the various items of speech and music which are to be broadcast will be said, sung, or played. The construction of the studios is elaborate. In broadcasting it is necessary to exclude external sound, and also to prevent internal sounds from echoing. Care has been taken to exclude external sound by the building of double concrete walls with an air space between them. The floors are packed with sawdust, and ceilings are similarly packed. Each studio has double sound-proof doors. MECHANICS SECTION. Close to the studios a hall leads off to the station proper. From one side of this hall the workshops, laboratories, and motor rooms are entered, and on the other side of it entrance is gained to the main instrument room. In this room the transmitting gear is being assembled. The instrument room is now complete, and is therefore free from the attentions of constructional hands, but is a scene of great activity in connection with the apparatus. The gear arrived from Sydney in more than 100 cases, and the whole installation is in more than 3000 separate parts. Naturally, the complete assembly of the plant is a matter of more than one or two days' work. The aerial is being constructed, and when ready will, doubtless, be erected on the towers in order to be out of the way. An elaborate earth screen is being arranged at the station, and small masts which will support it are being erected on the roof. CONSTRUCTIONAL DIFFICULTIES. The constructional work in connection with the station has been slow, but when the many difficulties which have had to be faced are remembered this fact is not surprising. All the gear has had to be hauled from the ground level, and lack of space prevented a crane being erected. A small hoist used in connection with a temporary scaffolding had to be employed. When the huge quantities of sand, coke, timber, and other material necessary for the work are taken into consideration, it will be seen that the task has been by no means a small one. THE TOWERS. The construction of the towers was also a difficult matter and almost as much work was necessary below them as appears on top. Foundations had to be prepared, and it was necessary to go through to the sixth floor of the building in order to anchor the bases. This meant drilling through concrete, locating steel girders and bolting foundations on to them. The task has been accomplished in so thorough a manner that the visitor to the building finds it very hard to trace any signs of the work below the surface of the roof. SUBSIDIARY WORK. In addition to the main constructional work much subsidiary work has had to be done. Special power lines have had to be connected to the building, taken up the lift well, and led into the station, special telephone cables prepared, and special plumbing connections made in connection with the sanitary system. WIRELESS ENTHUSIASTS. The men employed on the station are extraordinarily enthusiastic and are proud of the work. It is the foreman's main regret that.the building is "too far out of the way for everyone to see it." Many of the men are owners of wireless sets and are enthusiastic listeners to the temporary 4QG now in operation. They regard big 4QG as work which is going to give them pleasure in the evenings, and are all equally keen about their own share in its construction. It is understood that when the station has been completed facilities will be made for its inspection by members of the public at certain hours, and a visit to it will be quite well worth the time of anyone interested in radio.[139]

Photos of the towers of big 4QG

STATE BROADCASTING. (Start Photo Caption) The aerial towers for 4QG's new wireless station, on the top of the State Insurance Building, have been completed. The picture shows two workmen putting the finishing touches to the work over 200 feet above the street level. (End Photo Caption) (Start Photo Caption) Part or the eastern side of the State Insurance Building, showing the two towers. (End Photo Caption)[140]

4SP gives a lecture on the Willis Island Coastal station over 4QG (all staff in multi-disciplinary roles)

BROADCASTING. TUESDAY, JANUARY 12. . . . NIGHT SESSION. 8 p.m.— Tune-in to the Tivoli Theatre. 8.5 p.m.— From the studio: Soprano solo, "Magdalene at Michael's Gate" (Lehmann), Miss Mabel Malouf; cornet solo, Caprico "Zelda" (Code), Mr. J. W. Burgomeister; contralto solo, "When My Ships Come Sailing Home" (Dorel), Miss Vera Parker; instrumental number, "Dainty Daffodils" (Mills), the Studio Quartette; Aeolian selection, soprano solos, (a) "The Robin's Song" (White-Perkins), (b) "Lo, Here the Gentle Lark" (Shakespeare-Bishop), Miss Evelyn Scotney; radioveu, "I'm Gonna Bring a Watermelon," by "The Sparklers"; lecturette, "Station C.G.I," by Mr. F. W. Stevens, chief engineer of the Queensland radio service;[141]

Journalist points out that all stations are subject to breakdowns; VIB no longer a source of interference to broadcasts

Here and There. BREAKDOWNS AT STATIONS. All broadcasting stations have their occasional breakdowns. The same week as trouble was being experienced at 4QG, there were several breakdowns at 3LO (Melbourne). The result was that many sets were pulled to pieces in an endeavour to find a fault. The owners of the sets never thought that the station was at fault. The trouble at 3LO was caused by the master oscillator refusing to oscillate. In the system employed at 3LO, radio frequency oscillations are generated by a comparatively low powered oscillator which may be modulated more easily than a high power oscillator. The oscillations are then amplified by means of a radio frequency amplifier. This means that the wave length of the station will not vary, unless the wave length of the oscillator varies. If this system were not used, the wave length would alter every time the aerial moved. VIB (BRISBANE RADIO). It is rumoured that station VIB (Brisbane Radio) may be shifted from Pinkenba to another site in the near future. Since a valve transmitter was installed broadcast listeners in Brisbane have been free of the interruption which VIB was wont to cause in the old days of spark transmission. How one used to curse VIB when its raucous noise would obliterate the programmes broadcasted by station 4CM, and other experimental stations which kept us entertained and interested until 4QG got going. Station VIB has accomplished a great deal of splendid work since its establishment some years ago, but it modestly refrains from talking about its performances in transmission and reception. A perusal of the log book during the wartime period would make interesting reading.[142]

1926 01 15[edit | edit source]

Further progress report on the construction of big 4QG

State Broadcasting. No Afternoon Sessions. Assembling New Plant. It is learned that the afternoon transmission from 4QG State wireless broadcasting station will be discontinued as from the end of this week, but the 1 o'clock daily transmissions of market reports will be continued as usual. This action has been necessitated by the amount ot work entailed in the assembling of the high power plant at the new station on top of the State Insurance Building. The manager (Mr. Robinson) and his engineers find that they are unable to devote time to the afternoon transmissions and complete the installation of the new machinery within reasonable time. One has only to visit the transmitting room at 4QG's new station to realise that the assembling staff has a tremendously large amount of work to accomplish before the apparatus will be ready for operation. The engineers are working night and day sorting out the various parts in readiness for putting them together. At the commencement they had some thing like 3,500 separate pieces to deal with. After the instruments were thoroughly tested in Sydney they were completely dismantled. They came to Brisbane in over 80 cases. In their assembled state they could not have been put into the building. It is the intention of the management, when the new station is opened to provide afternoon sessions every day, children's sessions, and farmers' sessions every evening, and the usual night sessions. No announcement can be made at the present moment as to the date of the opening.[143]

Another detailed progress report on Big 4QG by Telegraph journalist

RADIO TOPICS. CONDUCTED BY "LISTENER" STATION 4QG. A TOUR OF INSPECTION. What impresses the visitor to the new wireless station for 4QG, on top of the State Insurance Building, is the magnitude of the work, the thoroughness with which it is being done, and the indications that the studio, when finished, will provide facilities in keeping with the requirements of a most modern broadcasting station, and at the same time be of architectural beauty. "Listener" was afforded the privilege of looking over the station last weekend, the manager of 4QG, Mr. Robinson, accompanying him. After an inspection of what has been done, one does not doubt the assertion that the studio buildings will be the best in Australia. The plant will certainly be as modern and as powerful as any other plant in Australia, and whether the service shall be better or not than the services provided in the south will depend, of course, on the amount of revenue placed at the disposal of the management of 4QG. Just at this stage it may be opportune to remind unlicensed llsteners-in that it is up to them to assist in the effort to improve the programmes by paying their moderately low-priced license fee at the post office, thus placing more revenue in the coffers of 4QG, permitting the engagement of more and better artists. When you look at the wireless station premises on top of the seven storied State Insurance building from the street level, they do not impress you at all. "They don't seem up to much" the man in the street would remark. But take the elevator to the roof / dodge the plasterers at work, and you find that the studio buildings are so large that they take up almost all the roof space. You walk into an entrance hall whence, when the station is in operation, you will gain admittance to the manager's room, inquiry room, and other staff rooms. A doorway from the centre of the vestibule leads to the main reception room which is built in the form of a double cross, and will be a most ornate room when finished. It is 56 feet long by 56 feet wide, and is capped by a large plaster formed dome held in position by pillars. To the right of the reception room, where artists and friends will wait their call from the studio manager, is a large studio, which will be used for band, choir, and orchestral items. In the centre is a smaller studio for use by soloists and small parties. Immediately behind the studio is the instrument room, where the engineers and their assistants are at present assembling the plant. On the gardens side of the building are situate the workrooms of the engineers, storage rooms, and the ventilating machinery room. Giant fans will send fresh air pouring into all the rooms through apertures in the walls; giant fans will suck the impure air out through the ceiling of the rooms. Over all towers the giant steel masts from which a double squirrel cage L type aerial will be swung. Brisbane will awake one of these mornings to see the aerial stretched from tower to tower, 200 feet above the pavement. It may be up in a few days. Just when the station will be opened one is unable to announce at the present moment, but it is understood that the management will not wait until the buildings have been entirely completed to commence operations, but will quietly change over from the temporary station one weekend, and just carry on, the service still being announced as a temporary one pending everything working smoothly. In the history of all new broadcasting stations there has always been an initial period of difficulties. All the southern stations struck trouble at first. The management of 4QG, however, hope to have the pleasure of obtaining smooth-working transmissions from the outset. In the manufacture of the plant by Amalgamated Wireless, Ltd., of Sydney, many improvements were effected to the instruments in the light of experience gained from the working of 3LO, 5CL, and 2FC, and thorough tests were conducted before the plant was dismantled for despatch to Brisbane.[144]

Confirmation of discontinuation of afternoon sessions from temporary 4QG; some politically incorrect statements about the need for simple to control sets for the womenfolk

HERE AND THERE. 4QG SESSIONS. As announced in "The Telegraph" last Monday, the afternoon sessions at 4QG are to be discontinued, so that the engineers of the station may devote more time to the assembling of the new plant. It is understood that when the new station is opened, the sessions will be as follows: 1 to 1.5 p.m., market and weather reports for farmers; 3 to 4 p.m., afternoon session for women, musical items, home and fashion talks; 6 to 6.30 p.m., children's session; 7 to 7.30, session for the farmers and men outback; 8 to 10 p.m., evening session, Mondays to Fridays inclusive; 8 to 10.30 p.m., Saturdays; morning, afternoon, and evening sessions, Sundays. With the assistance of the listening-in public, the management hope to make 4QG the best broadcasting station in Australia. SIMPLE SETS. The coming of afternoon sessions for the women folk emphasises the need for the greater manufacture of receivers with not more than one or two controls. If the womenfolk are to obtain the enjoyment which radio can give, sets must be simplified; and the tendency is in that direction. The amateur who wished to impress everybody with the multiplicity of controls on his set is passing, and in his place has come the man who desires to enjoy broadcasting programmes with little more effort than that required in winding and releasing the brake on a talking machine. Amateurs are finding that there is no fun in turning dial after dial in an effort to tune in programmes, the greater portion of which one is losing during the process. There is an over growing demand for sets which will bring in the programmes with the manipulation of one dial, and one or two enterprising Australian firms are following the lead given by many American manufacturers, and are offering the public sets of that description.[145]

Aerial for Big 4QG installed on the new masts

HERE AND THERE. 4QG's NEW AERIAL. The aerial system at 4QG's new station was erected by the staff at the weekend, and it now stands out prominently on the Brisbane skyline. It is an L type squirrel cage type aerial, the horizontal wires being approximately 110 feet long between masts. Good progress was made during the week in the erection of the transmitting apparatus, and the artisans carried the building another stage towards completion. As announced exclusively by "The Telegraph" last week the afternoon sessions were temporarily suspended as from Monday to enable the staff to devote more time to the work at the new station. Yesterday being a holiday at the markets there was no midday transmission, but an enjoyable programme was transmitted last night.[146]

Another allegation of 4QG being used for propaganda purposes but this one clearly vexatious

"Biassed Reports" State Wireless Lectures. Primary Producer Complains. Another allegation that the State Wireless Station is being used for propaganda purposes was made today. During a conference of primary producers, Mr. F. M. Ruskin, of Zillmere, brought up the question of the Council of Agriculture's lecturettes being broadcast from 4QG. He declared that these lecturettes were biassed reports, and he considered that an opportunity should be given the primary producer to put his side of the question. He recalled that a recent lecture stated that Queensland led the world in the distribution of fruit from the grower to the consumer. "I am sure that there are growers here who have received no help at all from the Committee of Direction," he said. "The producer has no opportunity to protect himself from statements that are made by way of propaganda.[147]

JWR responds to the above allegation

"Not for Propaganda" State Radio Service. Director Denies Charges. "Station 4QG Brisbane is not being used for propaganda purposes," declared the Director of the Queensland Radio Service (Mr. J. W. Robinson) this morning, replying to an allegation by Mr. F. M. Ruskin, of Zillmere, which was published in "The Telegraph" on Friday. "The fact that some lectures, during the course of which certain views were expressed, were transmitted," said Mr. Robinson, "does not signify that the station is an instrument of propaganda any more than the reporting of those lectures, were they given in public, would signify that the newspaper publishing them in its columns was being used for propaganda purposes. "It would be just as reasonable to say that the station is being used for religious propaganda because church services are broadcast by it. Mr. Ruskin considers that an opportunity should be given certain producers to put their views forward. Neither Mr. Ruskin nor any other producer has yet approached me and asked for such an opportunity. Had he done so and been denied it there would perhaps have been cause for complaint. It is not my duty to either oppose or agree with a lecture. I have to cater for the public and if I consider a lecture to be well prepared and likely to interest a fair percentage of listeners, then I am ready to include it on the programme."[148]

1926 02[edit | edit source]
1926 02 01[edit | edit source]

Ithaca Orchestral Society to provide part of the programme for the official opening of Big 4QG

ITHACA ORCHESTRA. APPEAL FOR ASSISTANCE. A meeting of the committee of the Ithaca Orchestral Society was held on January 29, at the secretary's residence, Mr. F. C. Eade presiding in the absence of the president. A scheme to place the society on a subscribing basis was discussed. The secretary reported that he had written to over 150 likely subscribers, but that the response to date had not been very encouraging. The committee desires to point out that in addition to the pleasure subscribers and patrons of the society will have in listening to their own orchestra, they will also have the added pleasure of knowing that they are assisting a very worthy object. To those who are interested in the progress of the orchestra, the committtee appeals for their financial assistance in the aim not only to get the best, but to give the best. The players have entered the 1926 season enthusiastically, and under the baton of their very able conductor (Mr. A. Kaeser). are confident of achieving success. The committee desires to thank those who in the past year have so willingly and generously assisted their object, and appeals to others interested to show their interest in a practical manner. It is also announced that the orchestra will render a short programme in connection with the opening of the new Queensland wireless station (4QG), which event will take place shortly. The members of the committee present included Messrs. F. C. Eade, H. Sykes, A. Watts, W. G. Sercombe, and L. Dahl. The society practises every Tuesday evening from 7.45 o'clock in Christ Church Hall, Milton, and the conductor invites intending members to came along and interview him on any practice night.[149]

A knowledgeable Brisbane Courier reader correctly asserts that Big 4QG aerial is directional away from intended audience and a Marconi "T" aerial is preferred, JWR responds subsequently

4QG's AERIAL. "Queenslander" writes: About twelve months ago the construction was commenced of a broadcasting station on the roof of the State Insurance Office the object being to serve the public of Queensland with broadcasting (I repeat, "to serve the public of Queensland"). Naturally, as time went on an aerial was erected and completed with the same object — to serve the public of Queensland. (I repeat, to serve the public of Queensland.") This aerial, which was recently completed is of the inverted "L" type with the lead-in at the southeast end of the horizontal aerial. It is generally understood that an aerial has greater radiation (to use nontechnical terms) from the end at which the lead-in is taken. In support of this I will quote, finally, Ward's Pocket Dictionary: Directive Aerial: A bent aerial gives greatest radiation in plane of aerial but in opposite direction to which open or free end points." Secondly, Elmer E. Bucher, in Practical Wireless Telegraphy," states it has been definitely proven by Marconi that a horizontal aerial in which the length of the flat top largely exceeds the height will radiate more strongly in the direction opposite to the free end." Thirdly, I will quote from the "Boy's Wireless Book," which states: "The inverted 'L' aerial is directional in the direction opposite to that in which the disconnected end points." I quote these lo show the matter of directional aerial is not overlooked in practically any text book or wireless book. I therefore cannot understand why the management and technical staff of station 4QG have placed their lead-in at the end which is in no way directional to Queensland. In fact, it would appear that they are catering for New Zealand. I therefore suggest, if an inverted "L" type aerial is to be used, that it at least be made directional for Queensland, so that the Queensland listeners may derive full benefit from their own broadcasting station; in fact, in view of the construction of aerial masts, the writer is of the opinion that a "T" aerial will give more satisfactory radiation, and suggests that at least this be tried.[150]

4QG receives very limited funding from licence fees due to low number of licences taken out and the failure to meet power conditions for an A class station

HERE AND THERE. 4QG'S NEW STATION. Progress was made last month with the work of installing the new plant at 4QG, and it is expected that tests will soon be commenced. LICENSE FEES. 4QG only received £1,785 from license fees during the past 18 months, but the number of new licenses taken out recently should enable the Post and Telegraph Department to hand over a more substantial cheque when the next distribution takes place. During the same period other stations received amounts as follow: 2FC (Sydney), £53,530 7s. 9d.; 2BL (Sydney), £22,941 11s. 8d.; 3LO (Melbourne) £31,078 2s. 4d.; 3AR (Melbourne) £13,422 2s. 2d.; 5CL (Adelaide), £8,408 18s.; 6WF (Perth ), £7,673. The total amount received in license fees during the period was £179,717 18s. 5d., of which amount Victoria con-tributed £61,881 8s. 10d.[151]

A Daily Standard journalist subtly raising similar questions about the 4QG aerial

Many so-called wireless experts are commencing to weigh up their "fors" and "againsts" of the prospects of the opening of new 4QG as a first-class station. It is really interesting to hear some of the ideas expressed by people who have developed wireless learning over the last few months. When a new station gets to work it is nearly always found that it cannot get through properly in certain directions, or to certain areas. Exactly what makes reception bad in certain areas from a given station no one yet quite knows, that there are certain well-recognised factors such as screening by high hills, particularly if, they contain metallic ores. Probably the design of the transmitting aerial has more effect