History of Western Theatre: 17th Century to Now/Scandinavian Post-WWII

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Among Swedish playwrights, a prominent place is accorded to Lars Norén (1944-?), among whose plays is the drama "Natten är dagens mor" (Night is mother to the day, 1982). Stig Dagerman (1923-1954) should also be remembered for his play "Den game av sanning" (The truth game, 1949).Among Norwegian playwrights, there is "Bleikeplassen" (The bleaching yard, 1953) by Tarjei Vesaas (1897-1970). Among Icelandic playwrights, there is "Sjoleioin til Baddad" (The seaway to Baghdad, 1965) by Jökull Jakobsson (1933-).

Lars Norén, 2007

"Night is mother to the day"[edit]

"Night is mother to the day". Time: . Place: Sweden.

Stig Dagerman described how deeply a son can resent his father's infidelities towards his mother. Dagerman with his wife, actress Anita Björk, 1950s

"The truth game"[edit]

"The truth game". Time: 1940s. Place: Sweden.

Knut's wife, Alma, has just died in a butcher's shop. Their son, Bengt, receives the news very badly. He accuses his father of being at least partly responsible for her death because of his frequent absences. Knut denies this, though admitting he had an adulterous relation. Knut's sisters, Alice and Frida, quarrel about who should obtain the best items among the dead woman's wardrobe. Bengt resents seeing his paternal aunts wear his mother's clothes. He tells Berit, his girl-friend, he sometimes follows his father to the cinema house, where his mistress, Gun, works as a cashier. Although unsure whether his mother knew about their adulterous relation, he accuses his father of having being indiffent towards her, on one occasion buying her a dress that did not fit. Indeed, he once heard his mother say: "It looks as if it were bought for someone else." Irritated at these accusations, Knut divulges he has evidence that his wife had her own adulterous relation. After mentioning that Gun will come to their house the next day, Bengt threatens to affront her. "I will remind myself she killed my mother," he says. In Gun's cabin, Bengt confronts his father one more time. "We must not judge others, Bengt," Knut affirms, to which he answers: "Yes, we must, we must judge crimes." Bengt wishes to speak to Gun alone, which Knut at first does not agree with, but then relents. Bengt tells Gun he would have liked to place her against the wall, except there are no more walls. Unafraid, Gun asks him whether he liked his mother. He admits that was not the case, being especially disgusted at the sight of her fat body. After she locks the cabin door, Bengt places his head on her knees. She strokes his hair. Bergit, unable to enter, is forced to turn away. Months later, she tells Bengt she knows about his relation with Gun but yet loves him still. On the anniversary of his mother's death, Bengt learns that his father and Gun have published their wedding banns. Knut gives Alma's possessions to his sisters as gifts. Although Bengt is unwilling to accept his father's watch as a gift, Gun herself ties it on his wrist.

Tarjei Vesaas described conflicts arising in a laundry when two men love the same woman

"The bleaching yard"[edit]

"The bleaching yard". Time: 1950s. Place: Rural Norway.

"The bleaching yard" text at ?

At a laundry, Jan, a forester, says to his girlfriend, Vera, a book-keeper, that the manager, Johan, is planning evil. Johan's wife, Elise, thinks that her husband is bothered by something and that Jan should talk with him. But he refuses and goes off to the woods to mark trees with his fellow workers, Stein and Amund. A laundry worker, Anna, resents the fact that Vera took Jan away from her. They suddenly notice writing on the wall across the road: "No one has ever cared for Johan Tander". "The most awful thing I have ever seen," Anna declares. Krister, a sick and retired old man, comes out to see whether anyone cares for him, a sign according to him that the end is near. Johan points out to Elise the message on the wall. Husband and wife are glum since they lost a child and cannot have another. "It's as great a shame for you as it is for me," Johan remarks about the message. He asks Vera to wipe the message out, but she refuses. "I did it," Elise confesses to her fellow worker, Marte, "to frighten him away from thinking about Vera." When Marte suggests that they wipe it off, she refuses. While rummaging through dirty laundry, Elise discovers a piece of cloth. "Doesn't it look as if it has been dragged through blood?" she asks. Krister pops back in. "I have a great wish to have a good shirt to die in," he says. Later, Marte suggests that Johan should wipe the message off, but he refuses, announcing that the man who did this will be punished today. Alone with Jan, Anna admits she loves him still. "I have never loved you more than I love you now," she says. Their talk is interrupted by Krister who asks Jan for the shirt. "You'll lose more than that," Krister announces to Johan. He also thinks Johan will die. To calm him down, Anna removes a shirt from the pile she was working on and gives it to him. She is especially worried Johan's mood. "Don't touch Jan," she pleads. While pressing the shirt against his body, Krister is now convinced that someone cares for him. Soon, Johan confronts Jan. "You have to be gotten rid of," he says to Jan. "You have ruined Vera for me." At the end of the working day, in the bleaching yard, Johan wipes the message off the wall. Elise is all the more worried. She admits to Anna that she wrote it. Anna reveals this to Johan. "She did it because she cares for me," says a relaxed Johan. Unaware of the change in Johan, Jan enters belligerently. He proposes to Stein and Amund that they duck the fellow in searing lye. As Johan walks towards the tub, he suddenly collapses. The three are bewildered when they discover him dead. "Krister is dead, too," Anna announces. When the workers inform Elise of her husband's death, she is unexpectedly calm. "I think I have come out of the darkness," she declares.

"The seaway to Baghdad"[edit]

"The seaway to Baghdad". Time: 1950s. Place: Iceland.

"The seaway to Baghdad" text at ?

Since his mother has died, Halldor must return home from sea to take care of his demented father to live at the home of an unhappy couple, Mundi and Thora. Since Eirik has been unable to support his wife, Mundi and Thora's daughter, Signy, they are forced to live in their house without paying rent for the last three months. Moreover, he is sick. Nevertheless, he has plans to improve their financial situation by sailing to Italy with a friend, buy merchandise, and return to Iceland to sell it at inflated prices. One evening, while Halldor invites Signy up to his room to show her his wares obtained during his various travels, Signy's 14-year old sister, Hilda, returns home drunk from a party. In an ill humor, Eirik requests that she go to bed, but she hangs around. Aroused, Eirik invites her to his bedroom. When Signy comes back down, she finds the two in her bed. He expects her to call for the police, but she does nothing. Nevertheless, Eirik decides to head for Italy. Hilda informs her mother that she has failed her examinations and been hired to work in a fish factory. Despite her daughter's protests, an outraged Thora promises to speak about this to the school's headmaster. Meanwhile, Halldor has found a house out west to live with his father and asks Signy to live with him. She hesitates. Eventually, she begins to accept the idea, but then he changes his mind. When Eirik arrives to say goodbye, all her pent-up anger rises to the surface. Halldor tells Eirik he will head out as a sea seaman again. "How I'd love to get a card from Baghdad!" remarks Thora. "It's a long way to Baghdad from the sea," remarks Hilda. "Who knows but one day I may drift to Baghdad?" Halldor muses.