High School Chemistry/Hydrocarbons

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hydrocarbons are compounds that contains only carbon and hydrogen,differ due to proportion and ratio of carbon and hydrogen present in the compound, and also the carbon to carbon bond present in the hydrocarbon.Hydrocarbon is classified into three

  1. Saturated Hydrocarbons
  2. Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
  3. Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Saturated Hydrocarbons[edit | edit source]

Saturated Hydrocarbons contain carbon-carbon and carbon-hydrogen single bonds.Saturated hydrocarbons are in two forms:

  1. Acyclic Saturated Hydrocarbon
  2. Cyclic Saturated Hydrocarbon.

Acyclic Saturated Hydrocarbons[edit | edit source]

They are open-chain hydrocarbon(i.e they are straight chain hydrocarbon). They have linear structure.

Cyclic Hydrocarbon[edit | edit source]

They are chain hydrocarbon.They have a ring-like structure.

Unsaturated Hydrocarbon[edit | edit source]

Unsaturated hydrocarbons contain carbon-carbon multiple bonds (double bonds, triple bonds or both).

Aromatic Hydrocarbon[edit | edit source]

Aromatic hydrocarbons are a special type of cyclic compounds.