Hawaiian/Lesson Three

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Introduction[edit | edit source]

"He Aha Sentences" are statements that tell what something is. For example, one could ask, "What is this?" or "What is that?" and the person spoken to would respond, "This is an apple." "That is a dog." or whatever.

This extremely simple sentence is easy to form, and very helpful. To ask the question, one says:

He aha kēia?
"He" means "A/an"
"Aha" means "What"
"kēia" means "this"

Literally: "A what, this?"

Kēiā, of course, can always be substituted for kēlā (that), or any personal pronoun.

One would respond with:

He hale kēia. He wai kēia. He kama'a kēia.
(This is a house. This is water. This is a shoe)

Literally: A house, this. Water, this. A shoe this.

Practice[edit | edit source]

Translate the following:

1 He pua kēlā?

2 I am a child.

3 He kumu ia.

4 Are you a friend?

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

There now, you see? Not that difficult at all! Now for the new vocab for this lesson.

Colors[edit | edit source]

If you have time in your busy schedule, check out this link to a song on Youtube of children learning their colors. It's a little silly, but it's a good song to get stuck in your head when learning the colors!


Hawaiian English
'ula'ula Red
Melemele Yellow
Poni Purple
Polū Blue
'Ele'ele Black
'Akala Pink
'Alani Orange
Ke'oke'o White
Ahinahina Grey
Oma'oma'o Green
Palaunu/Maku'e Brown

Animals and Family[edit | edit source]

-Nā Holoholona a me Ke 'Ohana-[edit | edit source]

English Hawaiian
Parent Ka Makua
Father Ka Makua kāne
Mother Ka Makuahine
Child Ke Keiki
Son Keiki kāne
Daughter Kaikamahine
Grandparent Kupuna
Grandfather Kupuna kāne
Grandmother Kupuna wahine
Uncle 'Anakala
Aunt 'Anake
Cousin Hoahanau
English Hawaiian
Bear Pea
Bird Manu
Cat Pōpoki
Chicken Moa
Dog Ilio
Elephant Elepani
Fish I'a
Horse Lio
Monkey Keko
Pig Pua'a
Rabbit Lāpaki
Rat 'iole
Tiger Kika
Turtle Honu

Basic animals are always good things to know, and here are some that might come in handy. These are the common words that are most used in Hawaiian. Try to visualize the animal and place the word with your mental picture. Seeing the animal helps a lot when working on memorization.

Also, there are family members here. Later, we will see them in a family tree, and it will be easier to process all the information! Don't worry, it's not that hard!... until we get to siblings! (Maybe I shouldn't have told you that) But with a little practice, the language will come naturally to you. Just wait. And begin practicing those words! Try to form sentences with words you already know using adjectives and nouns. We'll learn verbs next, and then your whole world will open up, creating new and interesting phrases and thoughts. But for now, be patient and practice with these words.

Reading Practice[edit | edit source]

Read the following story, then answer the questions to see how much you understood:

'O James ke keiki o ka 'ohana. 'O Maria ā me (and) 'o Paul nā makua o James. 'O Paul ka makuakāne. 'Olu'olu Paul. 'O Maria ka makuahine o James. 'O Robert ka 'anakala o James me kāna keiki 'o Leslie. 'O kēiā lā (today), ma'i 'o Robert. Kaumaha 'o Leslie.


1 James is the ____ of the family.

2 Leslie is James's ____. (Answer in Hawaiian)

3 _____ is the father of Leslie.

4 How is Robert feeling?

5 _____ is the mother of James.