This lesson will focus on broadening your vocabulary, allowing you to say short sentences and understanding the structure of Hawaiian.
ka pua -flower
ke kula -school
ka ‘ohana -family
ka lani -heaven/sky
ke kanaka -man
ke aloha -love
ka wahine -woman
ka honua -earth
ka makua -parent
ka wai -water
ke keiki -child
ka haumana -student
hele mai -come
As you have learned in lesson 1, "Aia" is placed at the beginning of a sentence to show the subject's location (when or where).
ex) Aia ka pua ma ke kula. (location) The flower (is) at the school.
-Notice how there is no word for "to be" verbs in Hawaiian; it all depends on the position of a word in the sentence. ex) Ka pua li‘ili‘i (the little flower) is a part of a sentence, while Li‘ili‘i ka pua. (The flower is little) demonstrates a whole sentence. -Notice how "ka pua" went from the beginning to the end.
Next, let's look at, "Nani ke keiki". This means, the girl is beautiful, but literally translates to, "Beautiful the girl" because the adjective is in front. For future references, note that the adjective comes after the noun it describes.
Ke vs. Ka
In Hawaiian, there are two ways to express the definite article (the). Ka is used most of the time, before every word not starting with k, e, a, or o.
Wau or au translates as I, ‘oe means you (singular), and ‘o ia means he, she or it.
Noun announcers basically come before a noun in a sentence, announcing that it is coming. Every noun is preceded by a noun announcer, most of the time, it being "ka" or "ke". Along with ka and ke, other announcers include 'o, kēia (this), kēlā (that), ko'u (my), kou (your), and kona (his/her).
Translate into Hawaiian for practice:
|ʻŌlelo Pelekane||ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi|
|The good flower||Ka pua maika'i|
|I go.||Hele au.|
|The pretty child runs.||Holo ke keiki nani.|
|The sick parent||Ka makua ma'i|
|The woman is tired.||Mālohilohi ka wahine.|