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The "Scrap your boilerplate" approach, "described" in [1], is a way to allow your data structures to be traversed by so-called "generic" functions: that is, functions that abstract over the specific data constructors being created or modified, while allowing for the addition of cases for specific types.

For instance if you want to serialize all the structures in your code, but you want to write only one serialization function that operates over any instance of the Data.Data.Data class (which can be derived with -XDeriveDataTypeable).

Serialization Example[edit | edit source]

The goal is to convert all our data into a format below:

data Tag = Con String | Val String

Comparing Haskell ASTs[edit | edit source]

The haskell-src-exts package parses Haskell into a quite complicated syntax tree. Let's say we want to check if two source files that are nearly identical are equivalent.

To start:

import System.Environment
import Language.Haskell.Exts

main = do
   -- parse the filenames given by the first two command line arguments,
   -- proper error handling is left as an exercise
   [ParseOk moduleA, ParseOk moduleB] <- mapM parseFile . take 2 =<< getArgs

   putStrLn $ if moduleA == moduleB
        then "Your modules are equal"
        else "Your modules differ"

From a bit of testing, it will be apparent that identical files with different names will not be equal to (==). However, to correct the fact, without resorting to lots of boilerplate, we can use generic programming:

TODO[edit | edit source]

describe using Data.Generics.Twins.gzip*? to write a function to find where there are differences?

Or use it to write a variant of geq that ignores the specific cases that are unimportant (the SrcLoc elements) (i.e. syb doesn't allow generic extension... contrast it with other libraries?).

Or just explain this hack (which worked well enough) to run before (==), or geq::

everyWhere (mkT $ \ _ -> SrcLoc "" 0 0) :: Data a => a -> a

Or can we develop this into writing something better than sim_mira (for hs code), found here: http://dickgrune.com/Programs/similarity_tester/