Handbook of Management Scales/Service standards

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Service standards (composite reliability = 0.84)[edit]


The authors follow a two-phased approach to develop multi-item scales that measure dimensions of service orientation in the context of business-to-business e-commerce. Service orientation was conceptualized as a third-order construct comprised of five combinative service competency bundles: service climate; market focus; process management; human resource policy; and metrics and standards.

One of these five second-order dimensions, metrics and standards, consists of two first-order dimensions: measurement system and service standards.


The extent to which a company has established service standards.


  • Our company has established service standards based on researched customer needs. (0.79)
  • Service standards are visible to both employees and customers. (0.85)
  • We have established service standards based on external benchmarks of competitor performance. (0.83)



The first item was dropped due to low regression weight (or lower than remaining items).

Related Scales[edit]