Handbook of Management Scales/Information and communication technologies implementation

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Information and communication technologies implementation (composite reliability = 0.86)[edit]


The authors follow a two-phased approach to develop multi-item scales that measure dimensions of service orientation in the context of business-to-business e-commerce. Service orientation was conceptualized as a third-order construct comprised of five combinative service competency bundles: service climate; market focus; process management; human resource policy; and metrics and standards.

One of these five second-order dimensions, process management, consists of two first-order dimensions: information and communication technologies implementation and service processes.


The level of adoption and implementation of information and communication technologies.


  • Our company’s technology supports cross-functional communications. (0.92)
  • We use advanced technologies to reach new and underserved customers. (0.45)
  • We work with information technology systems that enable easy cross-organizational communications. (0.84)
  • Information systems are used to foster new ideas, facilitate cross-functional efforts and provide real-time information. (0.79)



The second and fourth items were dropped due to low regression weight (or lower than remaining items).

Related Scales[edit]