- Note: this article contains Gothic characters. You may need to install a Gothic Unicode Font.
What kind of verb is smart?
When you look up a verb in a Gothic dictionary, you will be told
- whether it is strong or weak
- which class it is in. There are seven classes of strong verbs (1 to 7, or I to VII) and four classes of weak verbs.
Strong verbs are marked with sv or abl.V.. Weak verbs are marked with wv or sw.V.. For example, look at the entries for skreitan (a strong verb) and skritnan (a weak verb) in this modern dictionary and this facsimile of a 1910 dictionary.
Things which are the same for both strong and weak verbs
The present tense goes as follows:
the two of us say.
the two of you say.
you all say.
|(use the plural)||eis qiþand,|
How strong verbs behave
The infinitive of strong verbs always ends in -an. For example:
How weak verbs behave
wisan, 𐍅𐌹𐍃𐌰𐌽, to be
the two of us are.
the two of you are.
you all are.
|(use the plural)||eis sind,|
the two of us were.
the two of you were.
you all were.
|(use the plural)||eis wesun,|