Gothic/Articles

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Note: this article contains Gothic characters. You may need to install a Gothic Unicode Font.

Gothic has no indefinite article ("a" or "an").

The definite article ("the") is in the Gothic Bible replaced by the demonstrative pronoun, therefore, the definite articles aren't really definite articles but demonstrative pronouns, research however shows that there are not a lot of cases in which the Greek definite article is translated in Gothic. The demonstrative pronoun has a different form for each of the four cases (nominative, accusative, genitive and dative), the three genders (feminine, masculine and neuter), and for singular and plural.

Feminine[edit]

Case Singular Plural
Nominative so
𐍃𐍉
thos
𐌸𐍉𐍃
Accusative tho
𐌸𐍉
thos
𐌸𐍉𐍃
Genitive thizos
𐌸𐌹𐌶𐍉𐍃
thizo
𐌸𐌹𐌶𐍉
Dative thizai
𐌸𐌹𐌶𐌰𐌹
thaim
𐌸𐌰𐌹𐌼

Masculine[edit]

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sa
𐍃𐌰
thai
𐌸𐌰𐌹
Accusative thana
𐌸𐌰𐌽𐌰
thans
𐌸𐌰𐌽𐍃
Genitive this
𐌸𐌹𐍃
thize
𐌸𐌹𐌶𐌴
Dative thamma
𐌸𐌰𐌼𐌼𐌰
thaim
𐌸𐌰𐌹𐌼

Neuter[edit]

Case Singular Plural
Nominative thata
𐌸𐌰𐍄𐌰
tho
𐌸𐍉
Accusative thata
𐌸𐌰𐍄𐌰
tho
𐌸𐍉
Genitive this
𐌸𐌹𐍃
thize
𐌸𐌹𐌶𐌴
Dative thamma
𐌸𐌰𐌼𐌼𐌰
thaim
𐌸𐌰𐌹𐌼