Georgian/Word Order

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< Georgian
Jump to: navigation, search

Word order in Georgian is not very strict. One common sentence structure features the sequence subject-indirect object-direct object-verb. For example, the sentence "I am writing a letter to my mother" can be expressed as follows (the glosses use the abbreviations NOM = nominative case, DAT = dative case, PRES = present screeve):

Me dedas ts'erils vts'er.
I-NOM my mother-DAT letter-DAT write-PRES

The sentence could also occur with the constituent order subject-verb-direct object-indirect object. Since the verb encodes information about all the arguments, any of them can always be dropped (see pro-drop, null subject). It is common for pronoun arguments to be dropped.