Geometry/Neutral Geometry/Axioms of Betweenness

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Axioms of Betweenness[edit | edit source]

Betweenness Axiom 1[edit | edit source]

If A*B*C, then A,B, and C are three distinct points all lying on the same line, and C*B*A.

Explanation[edit | edit source]

Betweenness Axiom 2[edit | edit source]

Given any two distinct points B and D, there exist points A,C, and E lying on line BD (needs format with LaTex) such that A*B*D, B*C*D, and B*D*E.

Explanation[edit | edit source]

suppose that in a certain metric gemetry the following distance relationship hold: AB= 2 AD=BD=CD=3 BC=4 AC=6

Betweenness Axiom 3[edit | edit source]

If A, B, and C are three distinct points lying on the same line, then one and only one of the points is between the other two.

Explanation[edit | edit source]

Betweenness Axiom 4[edit | edit source]

For every line l and for any three points A, B, and C not lying on l:

  • (i) If A and B are on the same side of l and if B and C are on the same side of l, then A and C are on the same side of l.
  • (ii) If A and B are on opposite sides of l and if B and C are on opposite sides of l, then A and C are on the same side of l.

Corollary[edit | edit source]

  • (iii) If A and B are on opposite sides of l and if B and C are on the same side of l, then A and C are on opposite sides of l.

Explanation[edit | edit source]