Galician/Lesson 1/Alphabet

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The Galician alphabet has 23 letters. To that, another 4 letters used in words imported from another languages are added, as well as 6 digraphs.

Let's see a list of the 23 letters:

Letter Name of the letter IPA Pronunciation Sound compared to English Example Example translation
a a [a] a as in father amor love
b be [b] as in bee beber to drink
c ce before e and i [θ], everywhere else [k] as in thin, as in account cea, casa dinner, house
d de [d] as in dance dedo, deda finger, toe
e e [e], [ɛ] as in met peto pocket
f efe [f]
g gue [g]
h hache ('agá' before new RAG rules in 2003) soundless - home man
i i [i]
l ele [l]
m eme [m]
n ene [n]
ñ eñe [ɲ]
o o [o], [ɔ]
p pe [p]
q que [k]
r erre [ɾ], [r]
s ese [s͇]
t te [t]
u u [u]
v uve [b]
x xe [ʃ], [ks͇]
z zeta [θ]

These are the four letters used in imported words from foreign languages:

Letter Read as IPA Pronunciation
j iota
k ka
w uve duplo
y y grego