Flora of New York/Rhamnales, Urticales

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Rosaceae 2: Rosoideae
Flora of New York: Rhamnales, Urticales
Juglandales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Rhamnales[edit]

The Rhamnales contain several small trees and shrubs that are particularly invasive in many parts of New York. These include the autumn olive, Russian olive, common buckthorn, and glossy buckthorn.

Family Rhamnaceae[edit]

The Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family)...[F 1]

Subfamily Ziziphoideae[edit]

Tribe Pomaderreae[edit]
Rhamnaceae – subfam. Ziziphoideae – tribe Pomaderreae
Ceanothus New Jersey tea N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (=) Ceanothus intermedius  
New Jersey tea,
Indian tea,
Wild snowball,
Redroot,
Snowbrush,
Soapbloom,
Mountainsweet
Native,
Secure
Ceanothus americanus 2.jpg
Ceanothus americanus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
FS CS
NEW 


Images
Jersey tea,
Inland New Jersey tea,
Prairie redroot,
Grub root
Native,
Endangered
Ceanothus herbaceus (8932989532) 4x3.jpg
Ceanothus herbaceus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
CS
NEW 


Images

Subfamily Rhamnoideae[edit]

Tribe Rhamneae[edit]
Rhamnaceae – subfam. Rhamnoideae – tribe Rhamneae
Rhamnus Buckthorn N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L’Hér.

1789. Rhamnus alnifolius  L’Hér.
1915. Apetlorhamnus alnifolia  Nieuwl.
Alder-leaved buckthorn,
American alder buckthorn
Native,
Likely secure
Rhamnus alnifolia 5473175.jpg
Rhamnus alnifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

Images
 L.

1753. Rhamnus catharticus  L.
Common buckthorn,
European buckthorn,
Épine noire,
Nerprun purgatif
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 80%
Rhamnus cathartica 5456160.jpg
Rhamnus cathartica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-2[1] NE-1[2]
WW
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
Images
 Pall.

1776. Rhamnus dauuricus  Pall.
Dahurian buckthorn Introduced from
 Asia
NYFA-0
NRCS-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS

Images
 Decne.

1857. Rhamnus utilis  Decne.
Chinese buckthorn Introduced from
 Asia
NYFA-0
NRCS-X0

ARS 

Images
Frangula Glossy buckthorn N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Mill.

1753. Rhamnus frangula  L.
1768. Frangula alnus  Mill.
Glossy buckthorn,
Glossy false buckthorn,
Smooth buckthorn,
Alder buckthorn
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%
Frangula alnus 2006-07-25.jpg
Frangula alnus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-2[1] NE-1[2]
WW
NEW 


Images
  1. a b Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. a b Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Elaeagnaceae[edit]

The Elaeagnaceae (oleaster family)...[F 2]

Elaeagnaceae
Shepherdia Buffalo berry N.Y. Status Images Distribution
Canada buffalo-berry,
Russet buffaloberry
Native,
Likely secure
Shepherdia canadensis (7996245315).jpg
Shepherdia canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN
NEW 


Images
Silver buffalo-berry,
Silver buffaloberry
Introduced
SilverBuffaloberry-SK..jpg
Shepherdia argentea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X



Images
ElaeagnusHill Silver-berry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Thunb.

1784. Elaeagnus umbellata  Thunb.
1784. Elaeagnus crispa  Thunb.
1836. Elaeagnus parvifolia  Wall. ex Royle
1909. E. umbellata var. parvifolia C.K.Schneid.
Autumn olive,
Autumn elaeagnus,
Spreading oleaster,
Oléastre à ombelles,
Chalef en ombelles
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 94%
Elaeagnus umbellata6.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-2[1] NE-1[2]
NEW Can
ARS 

Images
 L.

1753. Elaeagnus angustifolia  L.
1767. Elaeagnus orientalis  L.
1808. Elaeagnus hortensis  M.Bieb.
1857. Elaeagnus moorcroftii  Wall.
1887. E. angustifolia var. orientalis Kuntze
Russian olive,
Russian elaeagnus,
Silver-berry,
Oleaster,
Trebizond-date,
Olivier de Bohême
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 68%
Elaeagnus angustifolia fleurs et feuilles.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-5[3] NE-1[2]
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

Images
 Thunb.

1784. Elaeagnus multiflora  Thunb.
1859. Elaeagnus longipes  A.Gray
Cherry silverberry,
Cherry elaeagnus,
Goumi
Introduced
Elaeagnus multiflora1.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0
IPA
Can
ARS ITIS

Images
 Thunb.

1784. Elaeagnus pungens  Thunb.
1869. Elaeagnus simonii  Carrière
1949. E. pungens var. simonii Rehder
Thorny-olive,
Thorny elaeagnus,
Spiny oleaster
Introduced from
 China & Japan,
No NY reports
Eleagnuspungens.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
NRCS-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS

Images
 Bernh. ex Rydb.

1814. Elaeagnus argentea  Pursh nom. illeg.
1917. Elaeagnus commutata  Bernh. ex Rydb.
1955. Elaeagnus veteris-castelli  Lepage
Silverberry,
American silverberry,
Wolf-willow,
Chalef argenté,
Chalef changeant
Introduced,
N. America native,
No NY reports
Elaeagnus commutatus (7978706278).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
NRCS-NN
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
Images
  1. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. a b Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  3. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Order Urticales[edit]

Family Ulmaceae[edit]

The Ulmaceae (elm family)...[F 3]

Ulmaceae
Ulmus Elm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

 (=) Ulmus floridana Chapm. 
American elm Native,
Secure
Ulmus americana (5101983801).jpg
Ulmus americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 Muhl.

 (=) Ulmus fulva Michx. 
Slippery elm Native,
Secure
Ulmus rubra flowers.jpg
Ulmus rubra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 Sarg.
Rock elm Native,
Threatened
Rock Elm, Leaves and Bark.jpg
Ulmus thomasii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
NRCS-NN



Images
Siberian elm Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%
Ulmus pumila (5107823814).jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-5[1]



Images
 Huds.
Wych elm,
Scotch elm,
Broad-leaved elm
Introduced
Dağ karaağacı-yaprak.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Smooth-leaved elm,
English elm,
English cork elm
Introduced
World Champion English elm.JPG
NYFA-X



Images
 Jacq.

1798. Ulmus parvifolia  Jacq.
1914. Ulmus sieboldii  Daveau
Lacebark elm,
Chinese elm
Introduced from
 Asia,
No specimens
Ulmus parvifolia 'Dynasty' - J. C. Raulston Arboretum - DSC06180.JPG
NYFA-0
NRCS-XX
NEW Can
ARS 

Images
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Family Celtidaceae[edit]

The Celtidaceae (hackberry family) was formerly included under Ulmaceae (above), but is now more likely to be included under Cannabaceae (below), or on its own as is done here, at least for now.[F 4]

Celtidaceae
Celtis Hackberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
American hackberry,
Common hackberry,
Northern hackberry,
Beaverwood,
Nettletree
Native,
Likely secure
CeltisOccidentalisLeaf.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-N?
NEW 


Images

Family Cannabaceae[edit]

The Cannabaceae (hemp family)...[F 5]

Cannabaceae
Humulus Hops N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Common hop,
Hops
Native,
Secure
Hopfen1.jpg
NYFA-5
NE5[1]



Images
 Siebold & Zucc.
Japanese hops,
Japanese hop
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 74%
Humulus Japonicus 14OCT2007.jpg

NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NE4[2]
NEW 


Images
Cannabis Hemp N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Cannabis sativa  L.
1785. Cannabis indica  Lam.
1924. Cannabis ruderalis  Janisch.
1976. C. sativa ssp. indica E.Small & Cronquist
Hemp,
Marijuana,
Pot
Introduced from
 central Asia
Cannabis sativa2.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
  1. Category 5 Plants - native invasives - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  2. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Moraceae[edit]

The Moraceae (mulberry or fig family)...[F 6]

Tribe Moreae[edit]

Moraceae – tribe Moreae
Morus Mulberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Red mulberry Native,
Secure
Morus rubra NRCS-2.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 L. (1753)

 (=) Morus tatarica 
Russian mulberry,
Silkworm mulberry,
White mulberry
Introduced
Morus alba fruits.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Broussonetia Mulberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) L'Hér. ex Vent.

 (=) Morus papyrifera L. 
 (=) Papyrius papyriferus (L.) Kuntze 
Paper mulberry Introduced
Broussonetia papyrifera - Botanischer Garten Freiburg - DSC06385.jpg
Broussonetia papyrifera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Fatoua Crabweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Thunb.) Nakai (1827)

 (=) Urtica villosa Thunb. 
Hairy crabweed,
Mulberry-weed
Introduced
Fatoua villosa 2007.07.15 14.37.23-p7150082.jpg

NRCS-XX



Images

Tribe Maclureae[edit]

Moraceae – tribe Maclureae
Maclura Maclura N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Raf.) C.K.Schneid. (1906)
Osage-orange,
Hedge-apple,
Bow-wood
Introduced,
N. America native
Maclura pomifera 003.JPG
NYFA-X

ARS ITIS

Images

Tribe Ficeae[edit]

Moraceae – tribe Ficeae
Ficus Fig N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)
Common fig,
Edible fig
Introduced,
Impersistent
Ficus carica jpg.JPG
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-XX



Images

Family Urticaceae[edit]

The Urticaceae (nettle family)...[F 7]

Subfamily Urticoideae[edit]

Tribe Urticeae[edit]
Urticaceae – subfam. Urticoideae – tribe Urticeae
Laportea Wood nettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Weddell
Canadian woodnettle,
Woodnettle
Native,
Secure
Gardenology.org-IMG 1442 bbg09.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN


FNA
Images
Urtica Nettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
ssp. gracilis
American stinging nettle Native,
Secure
Urtica dioica (Blüten).jpg




Images
ssp. dioica
European stinging nettle Introduced
Kopiva.JPG




Images
 Pursh
Weak nettle,
Red nettle,
Heart-leaved nettle
Introduced,
US South native
Urtica chamaedryoides BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-N0



Images
 L.
Dog nettle Introduced
Urtica urens 0.0 R.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Tribe Lecantheae[edit]
Urticaceae – subfam. Urticoideae – tribe Lecantheae
Pilea Clearweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Lunell) Rydb.
Clearweed,
Lesser clearweed,
Springs clearweed
Native,
Secure
Pilea pumila BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 (L.) A. Gray
Clearweed,
Canadian clearweed,
Coolwort,
Richweed
Native,
Secure
Pilea pumila01.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Pilea fontana × pumila
Hybrid clearweed Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1?



Images


Tribe Boehmerieae[edit]
Urticaceae – subfam. Urticoideae – tribe Boehmerieae
Boehmeria False nettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Sw.
Bog hemp,
False nettle,
Smallspike false nettle
Native,
Secure
Boehmeria cylindrica NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngBoehmeria cylindrica BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Tribe Parietarieae[edit]
Urticaceae – subfam. Urticoideae – tribe Parietarieae
Parietaria Pellitory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Pennsylvania pellitory Native,
Secure
Parietaria pensylvanica NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 L.

 (=) Parietaria diffusa 
Spreading pellitory Introduced,
Impersistent
Parietaria judaica 001.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images

References[edit]

  1. Rhamnaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Elaeagnaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  3. Ulmaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  4. Celtidaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  5. Cannabaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  6. Moraceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  7. Urticaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.