Flora of New York/Poaceae 4

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Poaceae 3
Flora of New York — Poaceae 4: Poeae
Commelinales, Zingiberales, Ceratophyllales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The Poaceae tribe Poeae

Subtribe Torreyochloinae[edit]

Genus Torreyochloa[edit]

Torreyochloa (false mannagrass) has been treated as a section of Puccinellia (alkali grass).

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Torreyochloinae — Torreyochloa
Torreyochloa False manna grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Torr.) G.L.Church
var. fernaldii (Hitchc.) Dore

1906. Glyceria pallida var. fernaldii
1917. Glyceria fernaldii
(Hitchc.) H.St.John
1949. T. fernaldii (Hitchc.) G.L.Church
1964. T. pallida var. fernaldii
1966. Puccinellia fernaldii
(Hitchc.) E.G.Voss
Fernald's false mannagrass
Glycérie de Fernald
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Torreyochloa pallida var fernaldii (as Glyceria fernaldii) HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
(Torr.) G. L. Church
var. pallida

1819. Windsoria pallida Torr.
1829. Uralepis pallida (Torr.) Kunth
1836. Glyceria pallida (Torr.) Trin.
1891. Panicularia pallida
(Torr.) Kuntze
1949. T. pallida (Torr.) G.L.Church
1952. Puccinellia pallida
(Torr.) R.T.Clausen
Pale false mannagrass,
Pale mannagrass
Glycérie pâle
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Secure

OBL
Torreyochloa pallida var pallida (as Glyceria pallida) HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subtribe Aveninae[edit]

Aveninae J.Presl in C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1:246. Jan–Jun 1830

Genus Sphenopholis[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Sphenopholis
SphenopholisScribn. Wedge scale N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Rydb.) Rydb.

1909. Sphenopholis intermedia Rydb
Slender wedge grass,
Slender wedgescale
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Secure
Sphenopholis intermedia HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
(Biehler) Scribn. (1906)

Shiny wedge grass,
Shiny wedgescale
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure
Sphenopholis nitida (as Eatonia pennsylvanica) LS-1897.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
(Michx.) Scribn. (1906)

Prairie wedgegrass,
Prairie wedgescale
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Sphenopholis obtusata NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
(L.) Hitchc.

    Avena pennsylvanica
    Trisetum pensylvanicum
1915. S. pennsylvanica (L.) Hitchc.
Swamp wedgescale N.Y. native,
Endangered
Sphenopholis pensylvanica HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Sphenopholis (excluded taxa) Wedge scale N.Y. Status Images Distribution X

Sphenopholis obtusata ×
Sphenopholis pensylvanica

    
    
    
N.Y. native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Sphenopholis intermedia × nitida

Sphenopholis intermedia ×
Sphenopholis nitida

    
    
    
N.Y. native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

Genus Trisetum[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Trisetum
Trisetum Oat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) K.Richt.

Narrow false oats,
Spike trisetum
N.Y. native,
Secure
Trisetum spicatum (3938672427).jpg
Trisetum spicatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(L.) P.Beauv.

1753. Avena flavescens
1805. Trisetum pratense Pers.
1812. Trisetum flavescens (L.) P.Beauv.
1816. Trisetaria flavescens (L.) Baumg.
Yellow oatgrass,
Yellow oat grass,
Golden oat grass
Avoine dorée,
Avoine jaunâtre
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent
Trisetum flavescens CB003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Genus Graphephorum[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Graphephorum
Graphephorum False oat N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Michx.) Desv. (1810)
False melic,
Purple false oat,
Trisèe fausse-mélique
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Graphephorum melicoides BB-1913.png
Graphephorum melicoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp

Genus Koeleria[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Koeleria
Koeleria June grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Ledeb.) Schult.

1753. Aira cristata L.
1812. Aira macrantha Ledeb.
1824. K. macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult.
 auct. K. cristatanon Pers. (i)
 auct. K. pyramidata
non (Lam.) P. Beauv.
Junegrass,
Prairie Junegrass
Introduced,
N. America native
Koeleria macrantha (3880455984).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Koeleria (excluded taxa) June grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(Lam.) P. Beauv.

1791. Poa pyramidata Lam.
1812. K. pyramidata (Lam.) P. Beauv.
    
Misapplied to
  American Junegrass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N.Y. excluded
Koeleria pyramidata 010608a.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

ARS 




Images, wsp

Genus Arrhenatherum[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Arrhenatherum
Arrhenatherum Oat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) P.Beauv. ex J.Presl & C.Presl
ssp. elatius

Tall oatgrass Introduced
20150515Arrhenatherum elatius3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
Arrhenatherum (excluded taxa) Oat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(L.) P.Beauv. ex J.Presl & C.Presl
ssp. bulbosum
(Willd.) Schübl. & G.Martens

1799. Avena bulbosa Willd.
1825. Arrh. elatius var. bulbosum
1834. Arrh. elatius ssp. bulbosum
Tall oatgrass Introduced,
No specimens
Arrhenatherum elatius ssp elatius HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Genus Avena[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Avena
Avena Oat N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

Avena hybrida
Wild oat Introduced
Avena fatua0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Avena byzantinaAvena fatua var. sativa
Common oat,
Cultivated oat
Introduced
Avena sativa black oat, zwarte haver (1).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

Genus Rostraria[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Rostraria
Rostraria Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Tzvelev

Festuca cristataKoeleria gerardiiKoeleria phleoides
Mediterranean hairgrass Introduced,
Impersistent
Rostraria cristata plant3 (7405573374).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Subtribe Phalaridinae[edit]

Genus Anthoxanthum[edit]

Anthoxanthum is known variously as sweetgrass, vernalgrass, vanillagrass, or holygrass. The merging of the genus Hierochloe into Anthoxanthum by Schouten and Veldkamp (1985) may be cause for confusion between the native Anthoxanthum nitens (formerly Hierochloe odorata) and the Eurasian Anthoxanthum odoratum. These are two distinct species, and A. nitens appears never to have been considered a sub-taxon of A. odoratum.

Anthoxanthum subg. Hierochloe[edit]

The grasses of Anthoxanthum subg. Hierochloe are generally known as sweetgrass. Because A. hirtum and A. nitens were previously included together under Hierochloe odorata, the county-level distribution shown here for these two species is likely incorrect. The A. hirtum map is based on the BONAP map, while the A. nitens is based on the NYFA map as of 10-Nov-2016.

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Phalaridinae — Anthoxanthum — subg. Hierochloe
Anthoxanthumsubg. Hierochloe Sweet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
(Schrank) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp

1789. Savastana hirta Schrank
1830. Hierochloe arctica J.Presl
1900. H. hirta (Schrank) Borbas
1930. H. odorata var. annulata
1971. H. hirta ssp. arctica
1973. H. odorata ssp. hirta
1976. H. odorata ssp. arctica
1979. H. hirta var. annulata
1985. Anthoxanthum hirtum
(Schrank) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp
1996. A. hirtum ssp. arcticum
[1]
Hairy sweetgrass,
Hairy sweet grass,
Northern sweetgrass,
Northern sweet grass
Hiérochloé hérissée
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 2,
Unranked

Perennial,
Graminoid
Anthoxanthum hirtum 3920004431.jpg
Anthoxanthum hirtum nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
(Weber) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp
ssp. nitens

1753. Holcus odoratus L.
1787. Poa nitens Weber
1806. Ho. borealis Schrad. (i)
1812. Hierochloe odorata (L.) P.Beauv.
1817. Hi. borealis
(Schrad.) Roem. & Schult. (i)
1898. Savastana nashii E.P.Bicknell
1914. Hi. nashii (E.P.Bicknell) Kaczmarek
1915. Torresia odorata (L.) Hitchc.
1921. T. nashii (E.P.Bicknell) House
1985. Anthoxanthum nitens
(Weber) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp
Vanilla sweet grass,
Vanilla sweetgrass,
Common sweetgrass,
Vanilla grass,
Holy grass,
Manna grass,
Seneca grass
Hiérochloé odorante,
Hiérochloé odorant,
Avoine odorante,
Foin d'odeur,
Herbe sainte,
Houlque boréale
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid
475 Hierochloe odorata.jpg
Anthoxanthum nitens ssp nitens nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
NWGTrop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
(Bigelow) Veldkamp
ssp. monticola

1816. Holcus monticola Bigelow
1817. Dimesia monticola (Bigelow) Raf.
1954. Hierochloe orthantha T.J.Sørensen
1962. Hi. alpina var. orthantha
1964. Hi. monticola
(Bigelow) Á.Löve & D.Löve (i)
1971. Hi. alpina ssp. orthantha
1985. Anthoxanthum monticola
(Bigelow) Veldkamp
1996. A. monticola ssp. orthanthum
2012. A. monticola ssp. monticola
Alpine sweetgrass
Hiérochloé des montagnes
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]
Hierochloe alpina (Sw. ex Willd.) Roem. & Schult. - HIAL3.jpg
Anthoxanthum monticola ssp monticola nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. When separated into subspecies, A. hirtum ssp. arcticum is the only North American native of the species. The New York Flora Atlas (2016) treats all A. hirtum subspecies as one variable taxon, baed on Allred and Barkworth (2007).
  2. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2016. Online Conservation Guide for Anthoxanthum monticola ssp. monticola. Endangered, S1/GNL.

Anthoxanthum subg. Anthoxanthum[edit]

The Old-World Anthoxanthum species found in New York often go by the name vernal grass and appear to be more widespread in the state than the native sweetgrass.

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Phalaridinae — Anthoxanthum — subg. Anthoxanthum
Anthoxanthumsubg. Anthoxanthum Vernal grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Anthoxanthum odoratum L.
1823. A. villosum Dumort.
1873. A. odoratum var. villosum
1880. Xanthonanthos odoratum
(L.) St.-Lag.
Sweet vernal grass,
Sweet vernalgrass,
Large sweet grass,
Large sweet vernalgrass,
Scented vernal grass
Flouve odorante,
Foin d'odeur
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Graminoid
Starr 080813-9734 Anthoxanthum odoratum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
NWGTrop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Lag.
var. aristatum (Boiss.) Pérez Lara

1842. Anthoxanthum aristatum Boiss.
1848. A. puelii Lecoq & Lamotte
1854. A. odoratum var. puelii
1854. A. odoratum var. aristatum
1886. A. ovatum var. aristatum
Vernal grass,
Annual vernalgrass,
Small sweet vernal grass
Flouve aristée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Not Naturalized

Annual,
Graminoid
AnthoxanthumAristatum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
NWGTrop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Genus Phalaris[edit]

Although the New York Flora Atlas only lists Phalaris arundinacea var. picta as a synonym of Phalaris arundinacea, the Catalogue of New World Grasses (2003) lists both P. arundinacea var. arundinacea and P. arundinacea var picta as valid taxa.[1] Because the ornamental var. picta is readily identifiable by its striped leaves, it's doubtful that it has naturalized in New York without being reported. However, it is believed that hardy European races of var. arundinacea have been introduced at various times since early European settlement and have probably hybridized with American races. So, the Phalaris arundinacea species may be considered invasive in New York.[2]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Phalaridinae — Phalaris
Phalaris Canary grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
var. arundinacea

1753. Phalaris arundinacea L.
1969. Phalaroides arundinacea
Rauschert
Reed canary grass
Alpiste roseau
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 0,
Secure,
NYIS: 78%[3],
CP-3[4],
Invasive[5][2]

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid,
Sun
Phalaris arundinacea 2005.06.19 11.31.26-p6190063.jpg
Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
 L.
var. picta L.

1753. P. arundinacea var. picta L.
1852. Phalaris picta (L.) Sloboda
1969. Phalaroides arundinacea
ssp. japonica
Ornamental canary grass,
Ribbon grass,
Gardener's gaiters
Alpiste ruban,
Ruban de la vierge
Introduced,
Potentially invasive

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid,
Sun
Phalaris arundinacea 'Picta' 1.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Phalaris canariensis L.
1794. Phalaris ovata Moench
1796. Phalaris avicularis Salisb.
Annual canary grass,
Common canary grass,
Seed canary grass,
Birdseed grass
Introduced from
 Europe,
 Canary Isands

Annual,
Graminoid
Phalaris canariensis CampoCalatrava.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Subtribe Brizinae[edit]

Genus Briza[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Brizinae — Briza
Briza Quaking grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

Big quakinggrass,
Large quaking grass
Introduced
Briza maxima .jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Perennial quaking grass Introduced
Zittergras Briza media 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp
 L.

Little quakinggrass Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Briza minor3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Subtribe Agrostidinae[edit]

Genus Agrostis[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Agrostidinae — Agrostis
Agrostis Bentgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
(Walter) Tuck.

    A. altissima (Walter) Tuck.
    A. perennans (Walter) Tuck.
    
Autumn bent,
Upland bent,
Upland bentgrass
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 4,
Secure
Agrostis perennans HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Willd.

A. geminata
Northern tickle grass,
Rough bentgrass
N.Y. native,
Secure
Agrostis scabra HC-1950-mod.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 (Walter)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. (1888)

    A. antecedens E.P.Bicknell
    A. hiemalis orth. var.
    Cornucopiae hyemalis Walter
Southern hairgrass,
Southern ticklegrass,
Winter bentgrass
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Agrostis hyemalis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Trin. (1836)

A. borealis Hartm. (1843)
Northern bent,
Northern bentgrass,
Arctic bentgrass
Agrostide de Mertens
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Threatened
Agrostis mertensii HC-1905.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

 auct. A. albanon L.
    A. maritima Lam.
    A. palustris Huds.
Creeping bent,
Creeping bentgrass
Introduced,
N. America native,
Nativity in question
Agrostis stolonifera HC-1935.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X5
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

    A. canina var. varians
Velvet bent,
Velvet bentgrass
Agrostide des chiens
Introduced,
N. America native
Agrostis canina Habitus 2010-4-02 SierraMadrona.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NW
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

1753. A. capillaris L.
1794. A. tenuis Sibth.
1796. A. vulgaris With.
    A. stricta
    A. sylvatica
Rhode Island bent,
Rhode Island bentgrass,
Colonial bent,
Colonial bentgrass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Agrostis tenuis Habitus 2011-6-25 SierraMadrona.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp

 auct. Agrostis albanon L.
    Agrostis nigra
    A. stolonifera ssp. gigantea
    A. stolonifera var. major
Redtop,
Red-top,
Black bentgrass
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 68%[1]
Agrostis gigantea.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
Agrostis (excluded taxa) Bentgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Schreb.

1771. Agrostis vinealis Schreb.
    
    
Brown bentgrass Introduced from
 Alaska,
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
N.Y. excluded
Agrostis vinealis seeds.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-00






Images, wsp

Agrostis mertensii ×
Agrostis scabra

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 northern bent &
 northern tickle-grass
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

Agrostis canina ×
Agrostis capillaris

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 velvet bent &
 Rhode Island bent
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

Agrostis gigantea ×
Agrostis stolonifera

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 red-top &
 creeping bent
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

Agrostis capillaris ×
Agrostis gigantea

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 Rhode Island bent &
 red-top
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

Genus Ammophila[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Agrostidinae — Ammophila
Ammophila Beachgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Fernald
ssp. breviligulata

American beachgrass N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure
Ammophila breviligulata Leland June.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Fernald
ssp. champlainensis

Lake Champlain beachgrass,
Champlain beachgrass
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Endangered,
Excluded,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Ammophila breviligulata, Pancake Bay 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Genus Calamagrostis[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Agrostidinae — Calamagrostis
Calamagrostis Reedgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. canadensis

    
    
    
Canada bluejoint grass,
Bluejoint,
Blue-joint reedgrass
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure
Calamagrostis canadensis 2-jgreenlee (5097814544).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. langsdorfii

    
    
    
Bluejoint N.Y. native,
Endangered
Calamagrostis canadensis var. langsdorffii (as C. canadensis scabra) HC-1950.png
Calamagrostis canadensis var langsdorfii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1?
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Note: [1]
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. macouniana

    
    
    
Macoun's reedgrass N.Y. native,
Unranked
Calamagrostis canadensis var. macouniana (as C. macouniana) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-N
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Torr.) Eaton

    C. cinnoides W.P.C.Barton (i)
1823. Arundo coarctata Torr.
1829. C. coarctata (Torr.) Eaton
Arctic reedgrass,
Nuttall's reedgrass
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Calamagrostis coarctata (as C. cinnoides) HC-1935.png
Nymap.svg


ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
A.Gray

    
    
    
Pickering's reedgrass,
Pickering's reed bent-grass
N.Y. native,
Rare
Calamagrostis pickeringii HC-1950.png
Calamagrostis pickeringii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
(Timm) Koeler
ssp. inexpansa

    Calamagrostis hyperborea
    Calamagrostis inexpansa
    Calamagrostis lacustris
Northern reedgrass N.Y. native,
Threatened
Calamagrostis stricta 01.jpg
Calamagrostis stricta ssp inexpansa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Timm) Koeler
ssp. stricta

    Calamagrostis neglecta
    
    
Slim-stemmed small-reedgrass N.Y. native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]
Calamagrostis stricta and Carex utriculata (6168429172).jpg
Calamagrostis stricta ssp stricta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1






Images, wsp
 A.Gray
ssp. porteri

    
    
    
Porter's reedgrass N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[3]
Calamagrostis porteri BB-1913.png
Calamagrostis porteri ssp porteri NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

    
    
    
Wood reed grass N.Y. native,
Endangered,
Endemic to NY,
NYNHP: 1[4]
Calamagrostis perplexa BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
(L.) Roth
var. georgica

    C. arenicola
1852. C. epigeios var. georgica (L.) Roth
    C. epigeios ssp. glomerata
Feathertop,
Chee reedgrass
Introduced,
Common
Calamagrostis epigejos detail.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Note: [5]
(L.) Roth
var. epigeios

    
    
    
Feathertop,
Chee reedgrass
Introduced,
Very rare
Calamagrostis-epigejos-02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS




Images, wsp

Genus Polypogon[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Agrostidinae — Polypogon
Polypogon Rabbitsfoot grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Kunth (1816)

Ditch beard grass,
Ditch rabbitsfoot grass,
Ditch polypogon
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
Starr 050407-6312 Polypogon interruptus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(L.) Desf.

1753. Alopecurus monspeliensis L.
1798. P. monspeliensis (L.) Desf.
Annual rabbit's-foot grass,
Annual beard grass,
Rabbit's-foot polypogon
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalization unknown
Polypogon monspeliensis (1).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subtribe Coleanthinae[edit]

Genus Puccinellia[edit]

The Puccinellia (alkali grass) species are similar in appearance to the wetland genera Glyceria and Torreyochloa, however, alkali grass is adaptable to saline areas.

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Coleanthinae — Puccinellia
PuccinelliaParl. Alkali grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Jacq.) Parl.

    
    
    
European alkaligrass,
Weeping alkaligrass
Introduced
Puccinellia distans blatt.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-MX
NEW 





Images, wsp
(Torr.) E.P. Bicknell

    
    
    
Saltmarsh alkaligrass,
Salt marsh alkaligrass,
Salt marsh goosegrass
Introduced

OBL
Puccinellia fasciculata (as Glyceria borreri) Flora Batava v16.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
(With.) Fernald & Weath.

    
    
    
Stiff alkaligrass,
British alkaligrass,
Goosegrass
Introduced

Annual,
Graminoid
Poa procumbens — Flora Batava — Volume v5.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-
USDA-X






Images, wsp
Puccinellia (excluded taxa) Alkali grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(J. Presl) Fernald & Weath.

    
    
    
Nootka alkaligrass N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
(Schult.) Hitchc.

    
    
    
Nuttall's alkaligrass N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Puccinellianuttalliana.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS




Images, wsp
Scribn. & Merr.

    P. alaskana Scribn. & Merr.
    P. langeana ssp. alaskana
    P. paupercula var. alaskana
    P. tenella ssp. alaskana
    
Alaska goose grass,
Tundra alkaligrass
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid
Die wissenschaftlichen Ergebnisse der Vega-Expedition (1883) (20764465610).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Seaside alkaligrass,
Seaside speargrass
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Billeder af nordens flora (1917) (20184650489).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-MX
NEW 





Images, wsp

Genus Sclerochloa[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Coleanthinae — Sclerochloa
Sclerochloa Hard grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) P.Beauv.

1753. Cynosurus durus L.
1812. Sclerochloa dura (L.) P.Beauv.
    
Fairground grass,
Common hardgrass,
Hard meadowgrass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Wool mill waif,
GMW[1]
Sclerochloa dura (3733566393).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XN
NEW-0Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. Grass Manual on the Web and USDA-NRCS seem to contradict about the North American nativity of Sclerochloa dura.

Subtribe Airinae[edit]

Genus Avenella[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Airinae — Avenella
Avenella Hairgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Drejer

1753. Aira flexuosa L.
1836. Deschampsia flexuosa (L.) Trin.
1838. Avenella flexuosa (L.) Drejer
1852. D. flexuosa var. montana
1866. Lerchenfeldia flexuosa (L.) Schur
Common hair grass,
Wavy hair grass,
Crinkled hair grass
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Deschampsia-flexuosa-01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Genus Deschampsia[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Airinae — Deschampsia
DeschampsiaP.Beauv. Hairgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
V.N.Vassil.

1940. Deschampsia anadyrensis
V.N.Vassil.
[1]
 auct. D. cespitosa ssp. glauca
 auct. D. cespitosa var. glauca
 auct. D. glaucanon Hartm. (1820)
Glaucous hair grass N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Likely secure
Deschampsia cespitosa.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(L.) P.Beauv.

1753. Aira cespitosa L.
1796. Agrostis caespitosa (L.) Salisb.
1812. D. caespitosa (L.) P.Beauv.
Tufted hairgrass,
Small-flowered ticklegrass,
Tussock grass
Deschampsie cespiteuse,
Canche cespiteuse,
Canche gazonnante
N.Y. native,
Introduced

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid
Deschampsia cespitosa ligula.jpeg
Deschampsia cespitosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NM
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(Trin.) Munro

1830. Aira danthonioides Trin.
1830. D. calycina J. Presl
1857. D. danthonioides (Trin.) Munro
Annual hairgrass Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent

FACW

Annual,
Graminoid
Deschampsia danthonioides NRCS-1.png
Deschampsia danthonioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. Contrary to some other sources, New York Flora Atlas treats Deschampsia cespitosa as a fully introduced species in North America, and the misapplied D. glauca (=) D. cespitosa var. glauca (=) D. cespitosa ssp. glauca as a native species Deschampsia anadyrensi V.N. Vassil. (1940). See Tzvelev, Elven, and Murray in Annotated Checklist of the Panarctic Flora (PAF)

Genus Vahlodea[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Airinae — Vahlodea
Vahlodea Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Wahlenb.) Fr. ex Hartm.

1812. Aira atropurpurea Wahlenb.
1822. Avena atropurpurea (Wahlenb.) Link
1826. Holcus atropurpurea
(Wahlenb.) Wahlenb.
1843. Vahlodea atropurpurea
(Wahlenb.) Fr. ex Hartm.
1844. Deschampsia atropurpurea
(Wahlenb.) Scheele
1937. Vahlodea latifolia (Hook.) Hultén
Mountain hair grass,
Mountain hairgrass
Deschampsie pourpre
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated,
Impersistent

FACW,
Graminoid
Vahlodea atropurpurea — Matt Lavin 001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Genus Aira[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Airinae — Aira
Aira Hairgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
var. caryophyllea

1753. Aira caryophyllea L.
1780. Avena caryophyllea (L.) Weber
1796. Agrostis caryophyllea (L.) Salisb.
1866. Fussia caryophyllea (L.) Schur
1913. Aspris caryophyllea (L.) Nash
Silver hairgrass,
Silvery hairgrass,
Common silver hairgrass
Canche caryophyllée,
Aira caryophyllé
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
GMW
Aira caryophyllea caryophyllea BB-1913.png
Aira caryophyllea var caryophyllea nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
var. capillaris
(Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Bluff & Fingerh.

1798. Aira capillaris Savi
1823. Avena capillaris Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
1836. Aira caryophyllea var. capillaris
Bluff & Fingerh.
1853. Aira elegantissima Schur
 auct. Aira elegans
Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Delicate hairgrass,
Annual silver hairgrass
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
No specimens,
GMW
Aira elegans drawing.png
Aira caryophyllea var capillaris nymap.svg

USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

Aspris praecox (L.) Nash
Early hairgrass,
Yellow hairgrass,
Spike hairgrass,
Early silver hairgrass,
Small hairgrass
Introduced
Vroege haver aar (Aira preacox spike) (1).jpg
Aira praecox NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can





Images, wsp

Genus Corynephorus[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Airinae — Corynephorus
Corynephorus Clubawn grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Beauv.

Gray clubawn grass,
Gray hairgrass
Introduced
Silbergras5.jpg
Corynephorus canescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XN






Images, wsp

Genus Holcus[edit]

The genus Holcus (velvet grass or soft grass)

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Airinae — Holcus
Holcus Velvet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Holcus lanatus L.
1787. Aira holcus-lanata Vill.
1802. Avena lanata (L.) Koeler
1817. Holcus argenteus
C. Agardh ex Roem. & Schult.
1912. Notholcus lanatus
(L.) Nash ex Hitchc.
1916. Ginannia lanata (L.) F.T.Hubb.
Common velvetgrass,
Fog grass
Holoque laineuse
Introduced from
 Europe,
 western Asia,
 northern Africa

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
20150514Holcus lanatus1.jpg
Holcus lanatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1759. Holcus mollis L.
1771. Aira mollis (L.) Schreb.
1787. Aira holcus-mollis Vill.
1802. Avena mollis (L.) Koeler (i)
1901. Ginannia mollis (L.) Bubani
1915. Notholcus mollis (L.) Hitchc.
Creeping soft grass,
Creeping velvet grass
Houlque molle
Introduced from
 Europe,
 western Asia,
 northern Africa

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Holcus.mollis5.-.lindsey.jpg
Holcus mollis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp

Subtribe Cynosurinae[edit]

Genus Cynosurus[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Cynosurinae
Cynosurus Dogstail grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

Crested dog's tail,
Crested dogtail grass
Crêtelle à crêtes
Introduced
Cynosurus cristatus (kamgras aren).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Bristly dogtail grass,
Rough dog's tail
Introduced,
Impersistent
Cynosurus echinatus flowerhead4 (7100863735).jpg
Cynosurus echinatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subtribe Dactylidinae[edit]

Genus Dactylis[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Dactylidinae — Dactylis
Dactylis Orchard grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Dactylis glomerata L.
1771. Bromus glomeratus (L.) Scop.
1785. Festuca glomerata (L.) All.
1817. Limnetis glomerata (L.) Eaton
1828. D. glomerata var. detonsa
1838. D. glomerata var. ciliata
1906. D. glomerata ssp. lobata
1911. D. glomerata ssp. aschersoniana
Orchard grass,
Orchardgrass,
Cock's foot,
Cock's foot grass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Starr 080301-3103 Dactylis glomerata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subtribe Loliinae[edit]

Genus Festuca[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Loliinae — Festuca
Festuca Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9

Festuca obtusa
Nodding fescue N.Y. native,
Secure
Festuca subverticillata NRCS-2.jpg
Festuca subverticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
var. saximontana

Mountain fescue,
Sheep fescue,
Rocky Mountain fescue
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Festuca saximontana var saximontana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Pourr.

    Festuca capillata Lam.
    Festuca ovina ssp. tenuifolia
    Festuca ovina var. capillata
    Festuca tenuifolia Sibth.
    
Hair fescue,
Fineleaf sheep fescue,
Fine-leaved sheep fescue
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 60%[2]
Festuca filiformis - Botanical Garden, University of Frankfurt - DSC02594.JPG
Festuca filiformis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp

F. rubra var. heterophylla
Various-leaved fescue Introduced
Festuca heterophylla - Botanical Garden, University of Frankfurt - DSC02592.JPG
Festuca heterophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. rubra

    Festuca prolifera (Piper) Fernald
Red fescue,
Prolific fescue
Introduced
Festuca rubra grass.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. commutata Gaudin

1786. Festuca nigrescens Lam.
1788. Festuca heteromalla Pourr.
1799. Festuca fallax Thuill.
1828. F. rubra ssp. commutata
1881. F. rubra var. fallax
1882. F. rubra ssp. fallax
Chewing's fescue,
Varioushair fescue
Introduced
Festuca rubra Enfoque 2009-4-23 DehesaBoyalPuertollano.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
(Hack.) Krajina (1930)

    F. ovina var. duriuscula
    F. ovina var. duriuscula
    F. ovina ssp. longifolia (i)
1977. F. brevipila R.Tracey
Fétuque dressée,
Fétuque à feuilles scabres,
Hard fescue,
Sheep Fescue
Introduced,
Naturalized
Festuca trachyphylla NRCS-1.png
Festuca trachyphylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Festuca (excluded taxa) Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Schult. & Schult.f.

1823. Festuca brevifolia R.Br.non Muhl.
1827. F. brachyphylla Schult. & Schult.f.
1871. F. ovina var. brevifolia
1906. F. ovina var. brachyphylla
Alpine fescue,
Rock fescue
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Festuca brachyphylla bergsvingel IMG 6940 longyearbyen.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp

F. ovina var. hispidula
Sheep fescue Introduced,
Synonym
Sheep fescue.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Genus Vulpia[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Loliinae — Vulpia
Vulpia Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Walter) Rydb.
var. glauca (Nutt.) Fernald

    Festuca gracilenta
    Festuca octoflora var. glauca
    Festuca tenella
    Vulpia octoflora var. tenella
Sixweeks fescue,
Slender 8-flowered fescue
N.Y. native,
Secure
Vulpia octoflora (3990319536).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 (L.) Gray

    Bromus dertonensis
    Festuca bromoides
    Festuca dertonensis
1822. Vulpia bromoides (L.) Gray
    Vulpia dertonensis
Brome fescue,
Brome six-weeks grass
Introduced,
Impersistent
Vulpia bromoides (as Festuca bromoides) FC-1906.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 (L.) C.C.Gmel.

    Festuca megalura
    Festuca myuros
1805. Vulpia myuros (L.) C.C.Gmel.
    Vulpia megalura
Annual fescue,
Rat's-tail six-weeks grass
Introduced
Vulpia Beaune 006.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp

Genus Lolium[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Loliinae — Lolium
Lolium Rye grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Lam.

Italian ryegrass,
Ivraie multiflore,
Ray-grass d'Italie
Introduced,
GMW
Lolium multiflorum flowers.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Ivraie vivace,
Perennial ryegrass,
Ray-grass anglais
Introduced,
GMW
Lolium perenne flowers, engels raaigras bloeiend aartje.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Boiss. & Hohen. ex Boiss. (1854)

Lolium dorei B. Boivin
Ivraie de Perse,
Persian darnel,
Persian ryegrass
Introduced,
Impersistent,
GMW
Lolium persicum.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. temulentum

Darnel,
Darnel ryegrass,
Ivraie enivrante
Introduced,
GMW
Lolium temulentum 001.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Genus Schedonorus[edit]

Because the Festuca subgenus Schedonorus seems to be more similar to Lolium than to the rest of Festuca, some sources now treat it as its own genus while others now treat it as a subgenus of Lolium.[1]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Loliinae — Schedonorus
Schedonorus Rye grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Huds.) P.Beauv.

 auct. Festuca elatiornon L. (1753)
1762. Festuca pratensis Huds.
1812. Schedonorus pratensis
(Huds.) P.Beauv.
1993. Lolium pratense (Huds.) Darbysh.
Tall rye grass,
Meadow rye grass,
Meadow fescue
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

FACU
Festuca pratensis (7902319560).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(Schreb.) Dumort

1753. Festuca elatior L. nom. rej.
1771. Poa phoenix Scop.
1771. Festuca arundinacea Schreb.
1789. Bromus arundinaceus
(Schreb.) Roth
1857. Festuca elatior var. arundinacea
1867. Festuca elatior ssp. arundinacea
1824. Schedonorus arundinaceus
(Schreb.) Dumort
1993. Lolium arundinaceum Darbysh.
1998. S. phoenix (Scop.) Holub
Tall rye grass,
Alta fescue,
Tall fescue,
Coarse fescue,
Kentucky fescue,
Reed fescue
Fétuque élevée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 65%[2]

FACU
Festuca arundinacea, Rietzwenkgras pluim.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 (L.) Holub

1753. Bromus giganteus L.
1787. Festuca gigantea (L.) Vill.
1993. Lolium giganteum (L.) Darbysh.
1998. Schedonorus giganteus (L.) Holub
Giant rye grass,
Giant fescue
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
Festuca gigantea4.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xu
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Note: GMW
  1. Stephen J. Darbyshire (1993). "Realignment of Festuca subg. Schedonorus with the genus Lolium (Poaceae)". Novon (Missouri Botanical Garden Press) 3 (3): 239–243. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3391460. 
    Stephen J. Darbyshire. "Schedonorus treatment". Grass Manual on the Web (updated 2009). http://herbarium.usu.edu/webmanual/info2.asp?name=Schedonorus&type=treatment. 
    "Schedonorus P. Beauv.". Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). 2010. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=781282#. Retrieved 27 February 2013. "Current Standing: accepted" 
    "Schedonorus P. Beauv.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). USDA-ARS. 13 August 2009. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?17593. Retrieved 27 February 2013. "Probable synonym of: Festuca L. … placed by some in Lolium L." 
    "Lolium giganteum (L.) Darbysh.". Catalogue of New World Grasses. Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden.. http://www.tropicos.org/Name/25558279?projectid=10. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentSchedonorus arundinaceus: Moderate (65).

Subtribe Parapholiinae[edit]

Genus Catapodium[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Parapholiinae — Catapodium
Catapodium Fern grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) C.E. Hubbard ex Dony (1953)
ssp. rigidum

Desmazeria rigidaScleropoa rigida
Ferngrass Introduced,
Impersistent
Catapodium rigidum HC-1950.png
Catapodium rigidum ssp rigidum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp

Subtribe Sesleriinae[edit]

Genus Mibora[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Sesleriinae — Mibora
Mibora Sand grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 (L.) Desv.

    
    
    
Early sandgrass,
Early sand grass
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Waif,
GMW

Perennial,
Graminoid
Mibora minima plant.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subtribe Alopecurinae[edit]

According to Soreng et. al. (2014)[f 1] Alopecurinae should be included in Poinae.

Genus Alopecurus[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Alopecurinae — Alopecurus
Alopecurus Foxtail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Sobol.
var. aequalis

1799. Alopecurus aequalis Sobol.
1803. Alopecurus aristulatus Michx.
1823. Alopecurus geniculatus var. aristulatus
1925. Alopecurus aequalis ssp. aequalis
1925. Alopecurus aequalis var. aequalis
1925. Alopecurus aequalis var. natans
Shortawn foxtail,
Short-awn foxtail,
Short-awned foxtail,
Short foxtail,
Little meadow foxtail,
Water foxtail
Vulpin à courtes arêtes
N.Y. native,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Alopecurus aequalis.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
 Walter

    
    
    
Tufted foxtail,
Carolina foxtail,
Carolina meadow foxtail
Introduced,
N. America native,
Weed

Annual,
Graminoid
Alopecurus carolinianus (7461953456).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Meadow foxtail,
Water foxtail,
Floating foxtail,
Marsh foxtail,
Marsh meadow-foxtail,
Knee-joint foxtail
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Weed

FACW-OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Geknikte vossenstaart tongetje (Alopecurus geniculatus ligula).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Huds.

    
    
    
Slender meadow-foxtail
Vulpin des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

Annual,
Graminoid
A myosuroides Claviceps purpurea.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Meadow foxtail,
Field meadow-foxtail
Vulpin des prés
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

Perennial,
Graminoid
20140419Alopecurus pratensis7.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp

Genus Beckmannia[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Alopecurinae — Beckmannia
Beckmannia Sloughgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Steud.) Fernald

American sloughgrass Introduced,
N. America native
Beckmannia syzigachne (7450532622).jpg
Nymap.svg


ITIS




Images, wsp

Genus Phleum[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Alopecurinae — Phleum
Phleum Timothy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.
ssp. pratense

1753. Phleum pratense L.
1778. P. pratense var. nodosum
1821. P. nodosum var. pratense
1824. P. pratense ssp. nodosum
1854. P. intermedium Jord.
1859. P. parnassicum Boiss. (i)
Common timothy
Meadow timothy
Timothy
Meadow cat's-tail

Fléole des près
Introduced

FACU
Phleum pratense 001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

Sand timothy Introduced,
Impersistent
Phleum arenarium.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Huds. (1762)

Phleum asperum (Retz.) Jacq.
British timothy Introduced,
Impersistent
Phleum paniculatum ARS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm

ARS 




Images, wsp

Subtribe Miliinae[edit]

Genus Milium[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Miliinae — Milium
Milium Millet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. cisatlanticum Fernald

1950. M. effusum var. cisatlanticum
2010. M. effusum ssp. cisatlanticum
    
American milletgrass,
Tall millet-grass
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Milium.effusum.-.lindsey.jpg
Milium effusum var cisatlanticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Milium (excluded taxa) Millet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
L.
var. effusum

1753. Milium effusum L.
1783. Agrostis effusa (L.) Lam.
1794. Miliarium effusa (L.) Moench.
1796. Melica effusa (L.) Salisb.
1808. Decandolia effusa (L.) Bastard
Millet grass,
Wood millet
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Milium effusum.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-

ARS 
NWG



Images, wsp

Subtribe Poinae[edit]

Genus Poa[edit]

The system used here for Poa (bluegrass) organization is based on Lynn J. Gillespie and Robert J. Soreng (2005) "A Phylogenetic Analysis of the Bluegrass Genus Poa Based on cpDNA restriction site data." Systematic Botany Vol. 30, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 2005), pp. 84-105 Published by: American Society of Plant Taxonomists.

The subgenera names use here are those proposed in: Gillespie, Lynn J.; Archambault, Annie; and Soreng, Robert J. (2007) "Phylogeny of Poa (Poaceae) Based on trnT–trnF Sequence Data: Major Clades and Basal Relationships," Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany: Vol. 23: Iss. 1, Article 33.

Poa subg. Arctopoa[edit]

Poa subg. Arctopoa (Grisebach) Probatova, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 34. 1971.

Subg. Arctopoa is here considered equivalent of the ArcSyl clade, made up of subg. Arctopa sections Arctopa and Aphydris, and previous subg. Poa sect. Sylvestris: ( Arctopoa + Sylvestres ). It is considered to be the basal clade of the genus Poa.

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa — subg. Arctopoa
Poasubg. Arctopoasect. Sylvestres Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 A.Gray

1856. Poa alsodes A.Gray
Grove bluegrass N.Y. native,
Secure
Poa alsodes HC-1950.png
Poa alsodes NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


Trop.



Images, wsp
Fernald & Wiegand
ssp. languida
(A.S. Hitchc.) A. Haines

    
    Poa debilis Torr.
    Poa saltuensis ssp. languida
Weak bluegrass,
Woodland bluegrass,
Oldpasture bluegrass
N.Y. native,
Secure
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Fernald & Wiegand
ssp. saltuensis

Common weak bluegrass,
Drooping bluegrass,
Oldpasture bluegrass
N.Y. native,
Secure
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 A.Gray

1848. Poa sylvestris A.Gray
Woodland bluegrass,
Forest bluegrass
Pâturin des forêts
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Poasubg. Arctopoasect. Arctopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Vasey

    Poa pseudopratensis
    Poa glaucifolia
1893. Poa arida Vasey
Plains bluegrass Introduced,
N. America native
Poa arida (7516788020).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X

ARS 




Images, wsp

Poa subg. Ochlopoa[edit]

Poa subg. Ochlopoa (Ascherson & Graebner) Hylander, Bot. Not. 1953: 354. 1953.

This subgenus is here treated as equivalent to the BAPO clade, comprising pervious subg. Poa sections: ( ( Bolbophorum + Alpinae ) ( Parodiochloa + Ochlopoa ) ).

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa — subg. Ochlopoa
Poasubg. Ochlopoasect. Micrantherae Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20

Annual bluegrass,
Speargrass
Introduced,
Naturalized

Annual,
Graminoid
Poa annua.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 (excluded taxa) Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 Scribn.

    
    
    
Chapman bluegrass,
Chapman's bluegrass
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

Annual,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Poasubg. Ochlopoasect. Arenariae Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.
ssp. vivipara (Koeler) Arcang.

Bulbous bluegrass Introduced,
Somewhat invasive,
NYIS: 49%[1]

Perennial,
Graminoid
Poa bulbosa, vegetative apomixis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 (excluded taxa) Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
L.
ssp. bulbosa

    Poa bulbosa L.
    
    
Bulbous bluegrass Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

Perennial,
Graminoid
Poa bulbosa sl3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Poa subg. Stenopoa[edit]

Poa subg. Stenopoa (Dumortier) Soreng & L. J. Gillespie, Aliso (in press). 2006.

Subg. Stenopoa is here considered to be equivalent to the SPOSTA clade, made up of members of sections:

( Secundae ( Pandemos ( Oreinos + Stenopoa + Tichopoa + Abbreviatae ) ) ).
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa — subg. Stenopoa
Poasubg. Stenopasect. Stenopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.

1759. Poa palustris L.
Fowl bluegrass,
Meadowgrass
N.Y. native,
Secure
Poa palustris (21086219693).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
ssp. glauca

Glaucous bluegrass N.Y. native,
Endangered
Poa glauca - Botanischer Garten München-Nymphenburg - DSC07858.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2






Images, wsp
 Rydb.

Inland bluegrass N.Y. native,
No recent reports,
Endangered
Poa interior (3817116023).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1






Images, wsp

Woods bluegrass Introduced
Poa nemoralis - Botanical Garden, University of Frankfurt - DSC02415.JPG
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Poasubg. Stenopasect. Oreinos Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Haenke
ssp. fernaldiana (Nannf.) Hyl.

1935. Poa fernaldiana Nannf.
1953. Poa laxa ssp. fernaldiana Hyl.
1964. Poa flexuosa ssp. fernaldiana
Á. Löve & D. Löve
Fernald's bluegrass N.Y. native,
Endangered
Poa laxa a1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Bog bluegrass N.Y. native,
Endangered
Poa paludigena HC-1950.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1






Images, wsp
Poasubg. Stenopasect. Pandemos Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.
ssp. trivialis

1753. Poa trivialis L.
1854. Poa attica Boiss. & Heldr.
Rough bluegrass,
Rough-sheathed bluegrass,
Rough-stalk bluegrass,
Rough-stalk meadow grass,
Scribner bluegrass
Introduced from
 Europe
Poa trivialis (14235941946).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Poasubg. Stenopasect. Tichopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.

1753. Poa compressa L.
    
    
Wiry bluegrass,
Canada bluegrass,
Flattened meadow grass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 69%[1],
CP-2[2]

FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Poa compressa.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Poasubg. Stenopa (excluded taxa) Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Haenke
ssp. laxa

    
    
    
Mt. Washington bluegrass N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Poa laxa a2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Haenke

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 gaucous bluegrass &
 Mt. Washington bluegrass
N.Y. native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Poa subg. Poa[edit]

The Poa subgenus is here considered to be composed of the HAMBADD clade (supersect. Homalopoa) and the PoM clade (supersect. Poa).

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa — subg. Poa
Poasect. Homalopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20

Poa brachyphylla
Early bluegrass N.Y. native,
No recent reports,
Endangered
Bluegrass (4526402057).jpg
Poa cuspidata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Vill.

Chaiz bluegrass,
Broadleaf bluegrass
Introduced
Poa chaixii - Berlin Botanical Garden - IMG 8535.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X






Images, wsp
Poasect. Poa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.
ssp. pratensis

1753. Poa pratensis L.
1800. Poa pratensis var. pratensis
1915. Paneion pratense (L.) Lunell
Kentucky bluegrass,
Smooth meadow grass (GBI)
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n.Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 68%[1]

Perennial,
Graminoid
Poa pratensis blatt.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. angustifolia (L.) Lej.

1753. Poa angustifolia L.
1800. P. pratensis var. angustifolia Sm.
1828. P. pratensis ssp. angustifolia Lej.
Narrow-leaved bluegrass Introduced
Poa pratensis (3883807553).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X


NWGTrop.



Images, wsp

Genus Cinna[edit]

According to Soreng et. al. (2014)[f 1] Cinna should be included in Poinae.

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Cinninae — Cinna
Cinna Wood reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

Stout woodreed,
Sweet woodreed,
Wood reedgrass
N.Y. native,
Secure
Cinna arundinacea.jpg
Cinna arundinacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


NWG



Images, wsp
(Trevis. ex Goepp.) Griseb.

Drooping woodreed,
Slender wood reedgrass
N.Y. native,
Secure
Cinna latifolia (6081578216).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Genus Apera[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Apera
Apera Silky bent N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) P.Beauv.

    Agrostis interrupta
    Apera interrupta P.Beauv.
Dense silky bentgrass,
Interrupted windgrass
Introduced
Apera interrupta (6261602457).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X






Images, wsp

Silky bentgrass,
Loose silkybent,
Common windgrass
Introduced
Apera spica-venti2.JPG
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp

Genus Ventenata[edit]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Ventenata
VentenataKöhlerer (excluded taxa) North Africa grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(Leers) Coss.

    
1855. Ventenata dubia (Leers) Coss.
    
North Africa grass Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Ventenata dubia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

ARS 




Images, wsp

References[edit]