Flora of New York/Poaceae 3

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Poaceae 2
Flora of New York — Poaceae 3
Poaceae 4
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Poales genus index

From A World-wide Phylogenetic Classification of Poaceae

Subfamily Pooideae[edit | edit source]

Subfam. Pooideae Benth. (1861) is a large group that contains the cool-season grasses. This includes barley, oats, rye, wheat, and others.

Tribe Brachyelytreae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Brachyelytreae Ohwi (1941) contains only the genus Brachyelytrum.[1]

Brachyelytrum[edit | edit source]

The ranges of the two North American shorthusk species overlap in New York, and they grow closely together in some parts of the state, but not in mixed populations, nor have they been known to hybridize.[1]

According to the New York Flora Atlas, both shorthusk species grow in mesic hardwood forests. Northern shorthusk (B. aristosum) is found in cooler, more northern sites, while southern shorthusk (B. erectum) usually grows in warmer, more southern sites, and sometimes in dry-mesic or calcareous sites.


Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Brachyelytreae[1]
Brachyelytrum Shorthusk N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Michx.) Trel.

1888. Brachyelytrum aristosum Trel.
1943. Brachyelytrum erectum
var. septentrionale Babel
1988. B. septentrionale G.C.Tucker
 auct. B. erectum var. glabratum
Northern short-husk,
Northern long-awned
  wood grass
Native,
Secure
Brachyelytrum aristosum c (16147935218).jpg
Brachyelytrum aristosum NY-dist-map.png
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(Schreb.) P.Beauv.

1802. Muhlenbergia erecta Schreb.
1812. Brachyelytrum erectum P.Beauv.
1892. B. aristosum var. glabratum Vasey
1964. B. erectum var. glabratum
T. Koyama & Kawano
Bearded short-husk,
Southern long-awned
  wood grass
Native,
Secure
Brachyelytrum erectum HC-1950.png
Brachyelytrum erectum NY-dist-map.png
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  1. Brachyelytreae Ohwi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 55: 361. 1941

Tribe Nardeae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Nardeae W.D.J. Koch. (1837) contains only the genus Nardus..[1]

Nardus[edit | edit source]

Nardus stricta
Nardus stricta (matgrass) is and Old-World grass that has been found in northern New York, New England, and eastern Canada. It is also present in Oregon and Idaho, where it is listed as a noxious weed.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Nardeae — Nardus
Nardus Mat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Nardus stricta L.
1941. N. glabriculmis Sakalo
1976. N. stricta var. glabriculmis
Matgrass,
Mat grass,
Moor matgrass,
Doormat grass,
Strict matgrass,
Nard grass,
Wirebent
Nard raide,
Nard,
Poil-de-bouc,
Poil-de-chien
Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate Asia,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized weed
Nardus stricta 01.JPG
Nardus stricta NY-dist-map.png
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Tribe Meliceae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Meliceae Link ex Endl. (1830) contains Glyceria, Lycochloa, Melica, Pleuropogon, Schizachne, and Triniochloa.[1]

Glyceria[edit | edit source]

Glyceria (manna grass) is treated here based on:

Glyceria sect. Hydropoa[edit | edit source]
Glyceria sect. Hydropoa (Dumort.) Dumort includes a total of about five species, of which only American manna grass in known to grow in New York State. The Eurasian G. maxima is assessed as highly invasive for the region, but there have as yet been no vouchered reports in New York. However, there is concern that some of the specimens of G. grandis might in fact be G. maxima.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Meliceae — Melicineae — Glyceria sect. Hydropoa
Glyceriasect. Hydropoa Manna grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 S.Watson
var. grandis

1890. Glyceria grandis S.Watson
1823. Poa aquatica var. americana
1892. Panicularia americana
(Torr.) MacMill.
1913. Panicularia grandis
(S. Watson) Nash
1921. G. grandis fo. grandis (i)
1934. G. grandis var. grandis (i)
1942. G. maxima ssp. grandis
1957. G. maxima var. grandis
1967. G. maxima var. americana
American manna grass,
Giant glyceria,
Giant manna grass
Native, C:4,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Glyceria grandis (6167893043).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
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Tropicos
LBJ

Images, wsp
Glyceriasect. Hydrochloa (excluded taxa) Manna grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Hartm.) Holb.

Tall glyceria,
English watergrass,
Reed mannagrass
Introduced from
 northern Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 80%[1],
No NY reports,
Excluded
Glyceria maxima Oulu, Finland 04.07.2013.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Glyceria sect. Glyceria[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Meliceae — Melicineae — Glyceria sect. Glyceria
Glyceriasect. Glyceria Manna grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Nash) Batchelder

    Panicularia borealis Nash
    G. borealis (Nash) Batchelder
    G. fluitans var. angustata
Northern manna grass,
Small floating manna grass
Native, C:7,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Glyceria borealis NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Hitchc. (1906)
var. septentrionalis

    Panicularia septentrionalis
Floating manna grass Native, C:7,
Secure
Glyceria septentrionalis (as Panicularia septentrionalis) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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 Torr.

    Panicularia acutiflora
Creeping mannagrass,
Sharp-glumed manna grass,
Sharp-flowered manna grass,
Sharp-scaled manna grass
Native, C:9,
Secure
Glyceria acutiflora BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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 (L.) R.Br.

    Festuca fluitans L.
    Panicularia fluitans
Water manna grass Introduced,
Naturalized
Glyceria.fluitans.2.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 Brébiss.

Small manna grass,
Waxy mannagrass
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Unk. naturalization
Glyceria.declinata2.-.lindsey.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Glyceriasect. Glyceria (excluded taxa) Manna grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Hitchc.
var. arkansana
(Fernald) Steyerm. & C. Kucera

    
    
    
Floating manna grass Native,
N.Y. excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-
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G. borealis × septentrionalis

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 northern manna grass &
 floating manna grass
Native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

Images, wsp
Chevall.

1827. Glyceria notata Chevall.
1839. G. fluitans var. plicata
1845. G. plicata (Fr.) Fr.
Plicate sweet grass Introduced from
 Eruasia,
 northern Africa,
N.Y. excluded
Glyceria notata1.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
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Glyceria sect. Striatae[edit | edit source]
Glyceria striata
fowl mannagrass

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Meliceae — Melicineae — Glyceria sect. Striatae
Glyceriasect. Striatae Manna grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Lam.) Hitchc.

1791. Poa striata Lam.
1797. Poa nervata Willd.
1830. Glyceria nervata (Willd.) Trin.
1891. Panicularia nervata (Willd.) Kuntze
1928. Glyceria striata (Lam.) Hitchc.
1929. Glyceria striata var. stricta
1933. Panicularia striata (Lam.) Hitchc.
1942. Glyceria striata ssp. stricta
Fowl manna grass,
Fowl mannagrass
Native, C:6,
Secure
Glyceria striata.jpg
Nymap.svg
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(Michx.) F.T.Hubbard (1912)

Slender manna grass,
Melic mannagrass
Native, C:7,
Secure
Glyceria melicaria BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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(Michx.) Trin.

    Panicularia canadensis
Canada manna grass Native, C:8,
Secure
Glyceria canadensis HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
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 (Muhl.) Trin.

1817. Poa obtusa Muhl.
1830. Glyceria obtusa (Muhl.) Trin.
1891. Panicularia obtusa
(Muhl.) Kuntze
Atlantic mannagrass,
Blunt manna grass
Native, C:10,
Vulnerable
Glyceria obtusa (as Panicularia obtusa) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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 (Scribn.) Scribn.

    G. canadensis var. laxa
    Glyceria × ottawensis
    Panicularia laxa Scribn.
Limp manna grass,
Northern manna grass
Native, C:10,
Endangered
Glyceria laxa (as Panicularia laxa) BB-1913-p.png
Nymap.svg
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Glyceriasect. Striatae (excluded taxa) Manna grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Glyceria melicaria ×
Glyceria striata

    Glyceria × gatineauensis
    
    
Hybrid of
 slender manna grass &
 fowl manna grass
Native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

Images, wsp

Glyceria canadensis ×
Glyceria striata

    Glyceria × ottawensis
    
    
Hybrid of
 slender manna grass &
 Canada manna grass
Native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

Images, wsp

Melica[edit | edit source]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Meliceae — Melicineae — Melica
Melica Melic grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Siberian melicgrass Introduced,
Impersistent,
Waif
Melica altissima - Berlin Botanical Garden - IMG 8544.JPG
Melica altissima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW

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Schizachne[edit | edit source]

Schizachne purpurascens
False melic (Schizachne purpurascens)
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Meliceae — Schizachne
Schizachne False melic N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Torr.) Swallen

1823. Trisetum purpurascens Torr.
1803. Avena striata Michx. illeg. hom.
1906. Melica striata Hitchc.
1908. Melica purpurascens (Torr.) Hitchc.
1913. Avena torreyi Nash
1928. S. purpurascens (Torr.) Swallen
1936. S. striata (Hitchc.) Hultén
False melic,
False melic grass,
Purple oat
Native,
Secure
Schizachne purpurascens flowers 001 (2x3).JPG
Nymap.svg
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Tribe Stipeae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Stipeae Dumort. (1824) contains Achnatherum, Aciachne, Amelichloa, Anatherostipa, Anemanthele, Austrostipa, Celtica, Eriocoma, Hesperostipa, Jarava, Lorenzochloa, Macrochloa, Nassella, Oloptum, Ortachne, Orthoraphium, Oryzopsis, Pappostipa, Patis, Piptochaetium, Piptatheropsis, Piptatherum, Psammochloa, Ptilagrostis, Stipa, Stipellula, Timouria, and Trikeraia.[1] Many of the New York grasses in the tribe Stipeae are referred to in general as rice grasses.

Oryzopsis[edit | edit source]

Oryzopsis asperifolia
The name Oryzopsis reflects a similarity to the genus Oryza (rice). Spreading whitegrass, roughleaf ricegrass, or white-grained mountain rice grass is common in shaded habitats of New York.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Stipeae — Stipinae — Oryzopsis
Oryzopsis Rice grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Michx.

Spreading white grass
Roughleaf ricegrass
White-grained mountain-ricegrass
Native,
Secure
Oryzopsis asperifolia InsectImages 5548444 (2x3).jpg
Oryzopsis asperifolia NY-dist-map.png
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Patis[edit | edit source]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Stipeae — Stipinae — Patis
Patis Rice grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Sm.) Romasch.,
P.M.Peterson & R.J.Soreng

1813. Milium racemosum Sm.
1817. Oryzopsis melanocarpa Muhl.
1829. Piptatherum racemosum (Sm.) Eaton
1906. Oryzopsis racemosa
(Sm.) Ricker ex Hitchc.
2011. Patis racemosa (Sm.) Romasch.,
P.M.Peterson & R.J.Soreng
Black-fruited rice grass,
Blackseed ricegrass,
Black-fruited mountain-ricegrass
Native,
Secure
Patis racemosa (as Oryzopsis racemosa) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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Piptatheropsis[edit | edit source]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Stipeae — Stipinae — Piptatheropsis
Piptatheropsis
Romasch., P.M.Peterson & Soreng
Rice grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Torr.) Romasch., P.M.Peterson &
R.J.Soreng

1821. Milium pungens Torr. ex Spreng.
1908. Oryzopsis pungens
(Torr. ex Spreng.) Hitchc.
2001. Piptatherum pungens
(Torr. ex Spreng.) Dorn
2011. Piptatheropsis pungens
(Torr. ex Spreng.) Romasch.,
P.M.Peterson & R.J.Soreng
Mountain ricegrass,
Short-awned mountain-rice grass
Native,
Likely secure
Piptatheropsis pungens (as Oryzopsis pungens) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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(Poir.) Romasch., P.M.Peterson &
R.J.Soreng

1806. Stipa canadensis Poir.
1835. Urachne canadensis (Poir.) Torr.
1843. Oryzopsis canadensis (Poir.) Torr.
1888. Oryzopsis juncea
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. illeg.
2001. Piptatherum canadense (Poir.) Dorn
2011. Piptatheropsis canadensis (Poir.)
Romasch., P.M.Peterson & R.J.Soreng
Canada ricegrass,
Canada mountain-ricegrass
Native,
Endangered
Piptatheropsis canadensis (as Stipa canadensis) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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Piptochaetium[edit | edit source]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Stipeae — Stipinae — Piptochaetium
Piptochaetium Spear grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Parodi (1944)

Stipa avenacea L
Black-seeded spear grass
Blackseed speargrass
Native,
Vulnerable
Piptochaetium avenaceum (as Stipa avenacea) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN

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Hesperostipa[edit | edit source]

Hesperostipa comata
Needle-and-thread grass is native to western North America and has not been found to naturalize in New York State. It was collected from Cobb's Hill Reservoir in Rochester 1914 but has not persisted there.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Stipeae — Stipinae — Hesperostipa
Hesperostipa Needle and thread N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth

1842. Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr.
1993. Hesperostipa comata
(Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth
Needle-and-thread
Needle-and-thread grass
Needlegrass
Speargrass
Introduced,
N. America native,
Likely extirpated
Stipa comata-5-12-04.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XZ
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
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Nassella[edit | edit source]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Stipeae — Stipinae — Nassella
Nassella Tussock grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Trin.) Barkworth

Stipa viridula Trin.
Green needlegrass Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Nassella viridula or stipa viridula.jpg
Nassella viridula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

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Tribe Diarrheneae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Diarrheneae C.S. Campb. (1985) contains Diarrhena and Neomolinia.[1]

Diarrhena[edit | edit source]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Diarrheneae[1]Diarrhena
Diarrhena Beak grain N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Gleason) Brandenburg (1991)

Diarrhena americana var. obovata
Western beakgrain
Beak grass
Obovate beakgrain
Native,
Endangered
Diarrhena americana HC-1950.jpg
Diarrhena obovata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

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  1. Diarrheneae Tateoka ex C.S. Campb., J. Arnold Arbor. 66: 188. 8 Apr 1985

Tribe Brachypodieae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Brachypodieae Harz (1880) consists of the single genus Brachypodium (syn. Trachynia),[1] which has no known species that are native to the western hemisphere.

Brachypodium[edit | edit source]

Brachypodium sylvaticum
slender false brome
Brachypodium, commonly known as false brome contains the invasive slender false brome (B. sylvaticum), which has a few dense populations in New York. Heath false brome (B. pinnatum) has not been reported in New York, but may be of concern because it has been reported in western Massachusetts.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Brachypodieae[1]Brachypodium
BrachypodiumP.Beauv. False brome N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Huds.) P.Beauv.
ssp. sylvaticum

1762. Festuca sylvatica Huds.
1776. Bromus sylvaticus Moench
1777. Triticum sylvaticum Pollich
1812. Bra. sylvaticum P.Beauv.
1827. Agropyron sylvaticum Chevall.
Slender false brome
Brachypode des bois,
Brachypode des forêts
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 87%[2],
Prohibited[3]
Brachypodium sylvaticum (subsp. sylvaticum) sl4.jpg
Brachypodium sylvaticum ssp sylvaticum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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ARS-GRIN
ITIS
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(L.) P.Beauv.

1753. Bromus pinnatus L.
1812. Bra. pinnatum P.Beauv.
Heath false brome,
Chalk false brome,
Japanese false bromegrass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
No NY reports
Brachypodium pinnatum sl10.jpg
Brachypodium pinnatum nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-X0
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ITIS
NSE
BONAP

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Tribe Bromeae[edit | edit source]

Bromus[edit | edit source]

The genus Bromus is here divided by sections according to the treatment by Leon E. Pavlick and Laurel K. Anderton.

Bromus sect. Bromus[edit | edit source]

Catalogue of New World Grasses

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Bromeae — Bromus sect. Bromus
Bromussect. Bromus Brome N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

    Forasaccus arvensis (L.) Bubani
    Serrafalcus arvensis (L.) Godr.
    B. erectus var. arvensis (L.) Huds.
    B. anatolicus Boiss. & Heldr.
Field brome Introduced

Annual,
Graminoid
Bromus arvensis.JPG
Bromus arvensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
ITIS

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Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

    B. brizaeformis (i)
{Rattlesnake brome,
Rattlesnake chess
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Impersistent

Annual,
Graminoid
Bromus briziformis HC-1950.png
Bromus briziformis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
ARS-GRIN

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 Schrad. 1806

    B. racemosus ssp. commutatus
    B. commutatus var. apricorum
    B. hordaceus var. commutatus
Hairy brome,
Hairy chess,
Meadow brome
Introduced,
Weed

Annual,
Graminoid
Detail of Bromus commutatus panicle (rotated).jpg
Nymap.svg
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NRCS-XX
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 L.
ssp. hordeaceus

    Bromus mollis L.
Soft brome,
Soft chess
Introduced

Annual,
Graminoid
Bromus.hordeaceus.-.lindsey.jpg
Bromus hordeaceus ssp hordeaceus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
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 L.
ssp. pseudothominei
(P.M.Sm.) H.Scholz

Lesser soft brome Introduced

Annual,
Graminoid
Bromus hordeaceus2.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
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 L.
ssp. thominei
(Hardouin) Braun-Blanq.

1833. Bromus thominei Hardouin
1907. B. hordeaceus var. thominei
1923. B. hordeaceus ssp. thominei
Sand soft brome
Brome des dunes,
Brome des
  Thomine-Desmazures
Introduced,
No specimens
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
NRCS-XX
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VASCAN

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Thunb. ex Murray 1784

    B. arvensis var. japonicus
    B. japonicus var. porrectus
    B. patulus Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
Japanese brome,
Japanese chess,
Japanese bromegrass,
Thunberg's brome
Introduced,
Weed
Bromus japonicus (5124291414).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
ITIS

Images, wsp

Mediterranean brome Introduced Flora Atlantica, sive, Historia plantarum quae in Atlante, agro Tunetano et Algeriensi crescunt (Plate 19) (7455940316).jpg
Bromus lanceolatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

Images, wsp

Slender soft brome Introduced
Bromus lepidus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X

Images, wsp
 L.

    B. arvensis var. racemosus
    B. hordeaceus var. racemosus
    B. squarrosus var. racemosus
Bald brome,
Smooth brome,
Spiked brome-grass
Introduced,
Naturalized

Annual,
Graminoid
Bromus.racemosus2.-.lindsey.jpg
Bromus racemosus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xn
NRCS-XX
ITIS

Images, wsp

Broom brome Introduced Bromus scoparius NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

Images, wsp

Rye brome Introduced Bromus secalinus0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
var. squarrosus

Corn brome Introduced Bromus squarrosus NRCS-1.jpg
Bromus squarrosus var squarrosus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

Images, wsp
Bromus sect. Bromopsis[edit | edit source]
Bromus sect. Bromopsis Dumort has also gone by the name Bromus sect. Pnigma Dumort.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Bromeae — Bromus sect. Bromopsis
Bromussect. Bromopsis Brome N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Fringed brome Native,
Secure
2017.06.19 14.39.59 DSC00219 - Flickr - andrey zharkikh.jpg
Bromus ciliatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp
(Shear) Hitchc.

Bromus altissimus Pursh
Canada brome,
Earlyleaf brome
Native,
Secure
Bromus latiglumis NRCS-1.png
Bromus latiglumis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp

Hairy wood brome grass,
Hairy woodland brome
Native,
Secure
Bromus pubescens.jpg
Bromus pubescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp

Arctic brome,
Kalm's brome,
Wild chess
Native,
Likely secure
Bromus kalmii EPA-2.jpg
Bromus kalmii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp

Satin brome,
Virginia brome
Native,
Very vulnerable
Bromus nottowayanus HC-1950d.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp

Meadow brome Introduced Bromopsis erecta flowers (1).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp

Smooth brome Introduced,
CP-W,[1] NE-M[2]
Bromus inermis (5143700263).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-MM
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Bromussect. Bromopsis (excluded taxa) Brome N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
Hairy brome Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Bromus ramosus IP0706072.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0
Go Botany

Images, wsp
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Category 2 Plants - moderately invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Bromus sect. Ceratochloa[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Bromeae — Bromus sect. Ceratochloa
Bromussect. Ceratochloa Brome N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
var. carinatus

California brome Introduced Bromuscarinatus.jpg
Bromus carinatus var carinatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-MM

Images, wsp
var. marginatus

Large mountain brome Introduced Bromus carinatus (B. marginatus) (6244111914).jpg
Bromus carinatus var marginatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X

Images, wsp
Bromussect. Ceratochloa (excluded taxa) Brome N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
var. catharticus

Rescuegrass Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Starr 080418-4233 Bromus catharticus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
Bromus sect. Genea[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Bromeae — Bromus sect. Genea
Bromussect. Genea Brome N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Cheatgrass,
Downy brome
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 50%[1]
20150608Bromus tectorum1.jpg
Bromus tectorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp

Poverty brome Introduced
Bromus sterilis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp

Red brome Introduced
Bromus rubens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp

Ripgut brome Introduced Bromus diandrus (6230587691).jpg
Bromus diandrus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentBromus tectorum: Moderately invasive (50). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Tribe Triticeae[edit | edit source]


Subtribe Hordeinae[edit | edit source]

Subribe Hordeinae Dumort. (1829) contains Agropyron, Anthosachne, Australopyrum, Connorochloa, Crithopsis, Douglasdewya, Elymus, Eremopyrum, Festucopsis, Henrardia, Heteranthelium, Hordelymus, Hordeum, Kengyilia, Leymus, Pascopyrum, Peridictyon, Psathyrostachys, Pseudoroegneria, Secale, Stenostachys, and Taeniatherum.[1] Genera in bold text have been found in New York.
Agropyron[edit | edit source]

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Agropyron
Agropyron Wheat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Gaertn.

    A. cristatiforme
    A. desertorum
    A. cristatum ssp. pectinatum
Crested wheatgrass Introduced Agropyron cristatum 1.jpg
Agropyron cristatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
Elymus[edit | edit source]
Elymus virginicus/hystrix complex[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Elymus
ElymusL. Wild rye N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. virginicus

1753. Elymus virginicus L.
1797. E. striatus Willd.
1898. E. hirsutiglumis Scribn.
1908. E. virginicus var. hirsutiglumis
1909. E. jejunus (Ramaley) Rydb.
1926. E. virginicus var. jejunus
1933. E. virginicus var. typicus (i)
Virginia wildrye,
Virginia wild rye,
Common eastern wildrye,
Terrell grass
Élyme de Virginie
Native, C:6,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus virginicus (21017431585).jpg
Elymus virginicus var virginicus nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ITIS
NWG
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 L.
var. halophilus
(E.P. Bicknell) Wiegand

1908. E. halophilus E.P.Bicknell
1918. E. virginicus var. halophilus
1932. Terrellia halophila
(E.P. Bicknell) Nevski
1933. E. virginicus fo. lasiolepis
Saltmarsh wildrye,
Terrell grass
Élyme halophile
Native, C:8,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus virginicus var halophilus NRCS-1.jpg
Elymus virginicus var halophilus nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 L.
var. intermedius
(Vasey ex S.Watson & J.M.Coult.) Bush

1890. E. canadensis var. intermedius
1926. E. virginicus var. intermedius
    
    
Hairy Virginia wild-rye,
Intermediate wildrye
Élyme intermédiaire
Native, C:6,
Unranked

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus virginicus (6181469182).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
Go Botany
VASCAN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 L.
var. jejunus (Ramaley) Bush

1909. Elymus jejunus (Ramaley) Rydb.
1926. E. virginicus var. jejunus Bush
    
Exserted Virginia wild-rye,
Western wildrye
Élyme maigre
Native, C:6,
Unranked

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus virginicus (6181470544).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 L.
var. hystrix

1753. Elymus hystrix L.
1794. Hystrix patula Moench
1819. Asperella echidnea Raf. (i)
1892. Hystrix hystrix (L.) Millsp. (i)
Eastern bottle-brush grass
Élyme
Native, C:6,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid,
Part shade
Common Bottlebrush Grass (1018667887).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. bigelovianus
(Fernald) Bowden

1922. Asperella hystrix var. bigeloviana
1929. Hystrix patula var. bigeloviana
1964. E. hystrix var. bigeloviana
1972. E. hystrix var. bigelovianus (i)
Bigelow’s bottlebrush grass
Eastern bottlebrush grass

Élyme étalé,
Hystrix étalé,
Gymnostique hérisson
Native, C:5,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Hystrix patula.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
Go Botany
NWG
Tropicos
LBJ

Images, wsp
 G.C.Tucker

Elymus hystrix ×
Elymus virginicus var. virginicus

    
    
    
Ebinger's wild-rye
Élyme
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
VASCAN
ITIS

Images, wsp
 (Vasey ex
L.H.Dewey) Scribn. & C.R.Ball

1894. E. canadensis var. glabriflorus
1896. E. virginicus var. glaucus
1901. E. glabriflorus (Vasey ex
L.H.Dewey) Scribn. & C.R.Ball
1918. E. australis var. glabriflorus
1926. E. virginicus var. glabriflorus
Hairy southeastern wildrye,
Southeastern wildrye
Élyme
Native, C:10,
Unranked

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus glabriflorus (as E. australis) HC-1900.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-N
USDA-N0
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
NWG
Tropicos

Images, wsp
R.Brooks & J.J.N.Campb.

2000. Elymus macgregorii
R.Brooks & J.J.N.Campb.
 auct. E. striatus (i)
 auct. E. virginicus (i)
 auct. E. glabriflorus (i)
Early wildrye,
MacGregor's wild rye,
Wheatgrass
Élyme de MacGregor
Native, C:6,
Endangered,
Note[1]

Perennial,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
  1. University of Michigan Herbarium: Elymus macgregorii is a "recently described species formerly included with E. virginicus".
Elymus canadensis complex[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Elymus
ElymusL. Wild rye N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. canadensis

1753. Elymus canadensis L. p.p.
1759. E. philadelphicus L. p.p.
1809. E. glaucifolius Willd.
1824. E. canadensis var. glaucifolius
    
    
Canada wildrye,
Great Plains wildrye,
Nodding wildrye
Èlyme du Canada
Native, C:6,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus canadensis NRCS-1.jpg
Elymus canadensis var canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 Wiegand

1895. E. salina M.E. Jones
1918. E. riparius Wiegand
1967. E. canadensis var. riparius
River wild-rye,
Riverbank wildrye,
Eastern riverbank wildrye
Élyme des rivages
Native, C:6,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus riparius NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 (Link) Gould
ssp. glaucus
(Pease & A.H.Moore) Cody

1910. Agropyron caninum fo. glaucum
1932. A. trachycaulum var. glaucum
1994. Elymus trachycaulus ssp. glaucus
Slender wheatgrass
Élyme
Native, C:8,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus trachycaulus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

Images, wsp
(Link) Gould ex Shinners
ssp. trachycaulus

1900. Agropyron novae-angliae Scribn.
1947. E. pauciflorus (Schwein.) Gould
non Lam. 1791
1954. E. trachycaulus
(Link) Gould ex Shinners p.p.
1977. E. novae-angliae (Scribn.) Tzvelev
Slender wheatgrass
Élyme
Native, C:8,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus trachycaulus (3821791717).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Willd.
var. villosus

1809. E. villosus Muhl. ex Willd.
1854. E. propinquus Fresen. ex Steud.
1954. E. canadensis var. villosus (i)
Downy wild-rye,
Hairy wildrye
Élyme
Native, C:6,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus villosus NPS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Willd.
var. arkansanus
(Scribn. & C.R.Ball) J.J.N.Campb.

1901. Elymus arkansanus
Scribn. & C.R. Ball
1906. E. striatus var. arkansanus
1995. E. villosus var. arkansanus
Arkansas wild-rye,
Hairy wildrye
Élyme
Native, C:10,
Unranked

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus villosus var arkansanus (as E. arkansanus) LS-1901.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
ITIS
NWG
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 Fernald

1933. Elymus wiegandii Fernald
1980. E. canadensis ssp. wiegandii
1964. E. canadensis var. wiegandii
Wiegand's wild rye,
Wiegand's wildrye,
Northern riverbank wild rye
Élyme de Wiegand
Native, C:6,
Likely secure

FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus canadensis (3738626381).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 (L.) Gould

    Agropyron repens
    Elytrigia repens
Quack grass,
Couch grass,
Quick grass,
Quitch
Élyme
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
NISIC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Kweek Elytrigia repens.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
Elymus excluded taxa[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Elymus
ElymusL. (excluded taxa) Wild rye N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Elymus riparius ×
Elymus villosus

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 river wild-rye &
 hairy wild-rye
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

Images, wsp
L.
var. robustus
(Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Mack. & Bush

1897. Elymus robustus Scribn. & J.G.Sm.
1902. E. canadensis var. robustus
1926. E. glaucifolius var. robustus
1927. E. philadelphicus var. robustus
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
2015.07.09 15.19.55 IMG 2966 - Flickr - andrey zharkikh.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
(Hornem.) Feilberg

1832. Triticum violaceum Hornem.
1880. Agropyron violaceum
(Hornem.) Lange
1984. E. violaceus (Hornem.) Feilberg
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
ITIS
Tropicos

Images, wsp
(L.) L.

1753. Triticum caninum L.
1755. E. caninus (L.) L.
1934. Roegneria canina (L.) Nevski
    
Bearded couch,
Bearded wheatgrass,
Fibrous wheatgrass
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Elymus caninus1.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
 Buckley
ssp. glaucus

1862. E. glaucus Buckley
1881. E. glaucus var. glaucus
1901. E. glaucus var. jepsonii
1947. E. glaucus ssp. jepsonii
1902. E. parishii Burtt Davy & Merr.
Blue wild-rye,
Common western wild-rye,
Smooth wild-rye
Élyme glauque
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded,
Note[1]

Perennial,
Graminoid
Elymus glaucus (3811873742).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
NSE
BONAP

Images, wsp
Piper

1840. E. virginicus var. submuticus
1903. E. curvatus Piper
    
Awnless wild-rye N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
  1. New York Flora Atlas: Elymus glaucus ssp. glaucus was collected as an introduced waif from Highland Park, Rochester in 1912. An assumed native population was discovered in the Shawangunks in Sullivan County in 2006.
Eremopyrum[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Hordeinae — Eremopyrum
Eremopyrum False wheatgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1827. Agropyron squarrosum Link
1851. Eremopyrum squarrosum
(Roth) Jaub. & Spach
1894. A. bonaepartis
(Spreng.) T. Durand & Schinz
1933. E. bonaepartis (Spreng.) Nevski
Taper-tipped wheatgrass
Tapertip false wheatgrass
Introduced from
 Asia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
Eremopyrum bonaepartis E00365918.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
BONAP

Images, wsp

Oriental false wheatgrass Introduced Eremopyrum orientale NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg


Images, wsp

Annual wheatgrass Introduced Eremopyrum triticeum (6180953949).jpg
Nymap.svg


Images, wsp
Hordeum[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Hordeinae — Hordeum
Hordeum Barley N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. jubatum

Critesion jubatum
Foxtail barley Introduced,
N. America native,
Naturalized
Hordeum jubatum (Gramineae) plant.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 Nutt.

Little barley Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Hordeum pusillum NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp

Common barley Introduced Hordeum vulgare ear, wintergerst aar (1).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. leporinum

Hare barley,
Leporinum barley
Introduced 20160810Hordeum murinum2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Huds.
ssp. gussoneanum (Parl.) Thell.

    Hordeum hystrix Roth
Mediterranean barley

Introduced,
Not naturalized
Hordeum marinum IMG 5841.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Hordeum (excluded taxa) Barley N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
ssp. brachyantherum

Meadow barley N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Hordeum brachyantherum (6134788492).jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Leymus[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Hordeinae — Leymus
LeymusHochst. Wild rye N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Hochst.

    
    
    
Wild rye Introduced,
Impersistent
Strandrug01.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
LeymusHochst. (excluded taxa) Wild rye N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
American dune grass N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Leymusmollis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
Pascopyrum[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Hordeinae — Pascopyrum
Pascopyrum Wheat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Barkworth & D.R.Dewey (1985)

Western wheatgrass Introduced,
N. America native,
Imperisistent
Pascopyrum smithii NRCS-2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
Secale[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Hordeinae — Secale
Secale Rye N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)

Cereal rye,
Seigle cultivé
Introduced Rogge aar Secale cereale (4×3).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
Taeniatherum[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Hordeinae — Taeniatherum
Taeniatherum Taeniatherum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Nevski
ssp. caput-medusae

T. asperum auct. non NevskiT. crinitum var. caput-medusae
Medusahead,
Rye-weed
Introduced,
Impersistent
Taeniatherum caput-medusae HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
Go Botany

Images, wsp

Subtribe Triticinae[edit | edit source]

Aegilops[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Triticinae — Aegilops
Aegilops Goat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Boiss.

    
    
    
Persian goatgrass Introduced,
Waif
Aegilops crassa NRCS-1.png
Aegilops crassa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
 Host

    A. cylindrica var. rubiginosa
 auct. A. tauschiinon Coss.
    Cylindropyrum cylindricum
    Triticum cylindricum
Jointed goatgrass,
Jointgrass
Introduced Aegilops cylindrica ARS-1.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

Images, wsp

Ovate goatgrass Introduced,
Impersistent
Aegilops geniculata Enfoque 2010-5-08 DehesaBoyaldePuertollano.jpg
Nymap.svg


Images, wsp
 Coss.

    
1850. Aegilops tauschii Coss.
    
Tausch's goatgrass,
Rough-spiked hardgrass
Introduced,
Impersistent
Aegilops tauschii ARS-2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

Images, wsp

Barbed goatgrass Introduced,
Impersistent
Aegilops triuncialis HC-1950-d.png
Nymap.svg


Images, wsp
Triticum[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Triticinae — Triticum
Triticum Wheat N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Cultivated wheat Introduced Blé tendre (GRAPELLI) AO-5-cliche Jean Weber (4) (24000541431).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-Xw
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Triticum (excluded taxa) Wheat N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)

T. dicoccum Schrank
Pouland wheat,
Rivet wheat
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Triticum turgidum (as T. dicoccum) HC-1922.png
Excluded nymap.svg


Images, wsp
Thinopyrum[edit | edit source]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Triticeae — Triticinae — Thinopyrum
Thinopyrum Wheat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Host) Barkworth & D.R.Dewey (1985)
ssp. barbulatum

Intermediate wheatgrass Introduced,
Impersistent
Dwarf and Wild Thinopyrum intermedium.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp