Flora of New York/Poaceae 1

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Cyperaceae 3
Flora of New York — Poaceae 1: Panicoideae
Poaceae 2
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


See Poales genus index

The Poales...

According to the New York Flora Atlas, the New York population of Poaceae (the true gasses) contains 111 genera and 381 taxa.

Contents

Subfamily Panicoideae[edit]

The Panicoideae A.Braun (1864) membership used here is based on:

Tribe Paniceae[edit]

The Paniceae R.Br. (1814)

Subtribe Anthephorinae[edit]

The Anthephorinae Benth. (1881).

Genus Digitaria[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Anthephorinae – genus Digitaria
DigitariaHaller (1768) Crabgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 (Schult.) Pilg.

1824. Panicum cognatum Schult.
1906. Leptoloma cognata (Schult.) Chase
    L. "cognatum"
1931. Digitaria cognata (Schult.) Pilg.
Fall witchgrass,
Fall crabgrass,
Mountain hairgrass,
Carolina crabgrass,
Carolina cottontop,
Diffuse crabgrass

Digitaire d'automne
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Digitaria cognata BB-1913.png
Digitaria cognata nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 (L.) Koeler
var. filiformis

1753. Panicum filiforme L.
1802. Digitaria filiformis (L.) Koeler
1877. Paspalum filiforme (L.) Flüggé
1877. Paspalum furcatum var. filiforme
1895. Syntherisma filiforme (L.) Nash
Slender crabgrass Native, CoC: 9,
Endangered

Annual,
Graminoid
Digitaria filiformis BB-1913.png
Digitaria filiformis var filiformis nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Scop.

1753. Panicum sanguinale L.
1771. Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.
1867. Syntherisma sanguinale (L.) Dulac
    S. "sanguinalis"
Northern crab grass,
Hairy crabgrass,
Large crabgrass,
Purple crabgrass

Digitaire sanguine,
Panic sanguin,
Digitaire commune,
Digitaire pourpre,
Panic pourpré,
Sanguinelle,
Sanguinette
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

WL: FACU

Annual,
Graminoid
Digitaria sanguinalis node1 (6971305348).jpg
Digitaria sanguinalis nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



CABI
Images, wsp
(Schreb.) Schreb. ex Muhl.

1804. Panicum ischaemum Schreb.
1805. Digitaria humifusa Pers.
1811. Panicum glabrum (Schrad.) Gaudin
1900. Syntherisma humifusum (Pers.) Rydb.
1817. D. ischaemum
(Schreb.) Schreb. ex Muhl.
Smooth crabgrass,
Smooth crab grass,
Small crabgrass,
Smooth finger grass,
Smooth summer grass

Digitaire astringente,
Digitaire couchée,
Digitaire glabre,
Digitaire ischème
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized

WL: FACU-UPL

Annual,
Graminoid
Digitaria ischaemum 5498264.jpg
Digitaria ischaemum nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



CABI
Images, wsp
 (Retz.) Koeler
var. ciliaris

1786. Panicum ciliare Retz.
1802. Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler
1806. Syntherisma ciliare (Retz.) Schrad.
1934. D. adscendens (Kunth) Henrard
Southern crabgrass,
Southern crab grass
Introduced from
 Asia,
Naturalized

WL: FAC-FACU

Annual,
Graminoid
Starr 050223-4357 Digitaria ciliaris.jpg
Digitaria ciliaris var ciliaris nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-N0
NEW-0
ARS ITIS

BNA

CABI
Images, wsp

Subtribe Dichantheliinae[edit]

Genus Dichanthelium[edit]

Dichanthelium (Hitchc. & Chase) Gould is a New-World grass genus. Before its publication in 1974, it was treated as a subgenus of Panicum. The sections and sequence used here are primarily from Freckmann & Lelong (2007).[1] About 28 distinct Dichanthelium taxa have been reported in New York State.

Dichanthelium sect. Macrocarpa[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Dichantheliumsect. Macrocarpa
Dichantheliumsect. Macrocarpa Rosette grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
(Schult.) Gould
ssp. ashei (T.G.Pearson ex Ashe)
Freckmann & Lelong

1898. Panicum ashei T.G.Pearson ex Ashe
1934. P. commutatum var. ashei
2002. D. commutatum ssp. ashei
 auct. P. commutatum Schult. (i)
Ashe's rosette grass,
Variable panicgrass,
Ashe's variable
  rosette-panicgrass
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

WL: FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium commutatum 1120320.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
NWG
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(Schult.) Gould
ssp. commutatum

1824. Panicum commutatum Schult.
1974. D. commutatum Gould
Variable rosette-grass,
Variable witchgrass,
Variable panicgrass,
Variable rosette-panicgrass
Native, CoC: 10,
Unranked

WL: FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium commutatum (as Panicum commutatum) HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
NWG



Images, wsp
 (L.) Harvill

1753. Panicum latifolium L.
1794. Milium latifolium (L.) Moench
1818. P. macrocarpon LeConte ex Torr.
1977. Dichanthelium latifolium (L.) Harvill
1978. D. latifolium (L.) Gould & C.A.Clark
Broadleaf rosette grass,
Broadleaved panicgrass,
Broad-leaved witchgrass

Panic à larges feuilles
Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Panicum latifolium.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 


LBJ

Images, wsp
(A. Gray) Freckmann

Slender rosette grass Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure
Dichanthelium xanthophysum (as Panicum xanthophysum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Vasey) Freckmann

Leiberg's rosette grass Native, CoC: 5,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium leibergii syn Panicum leibergii.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Poir.) Gould & C.A. Clark

Bosc's panicgrass

Panic de Bosc
Native, CoC: 9,
Unranked
Dichanthelium boscii NRCS-002.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Dichanthelium sect. Clandestina[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Dichantheliumsect. Clandestina
Dichantheliumsect. Clandestina Rosette grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(L.) Gould

    Panicum clandestinum
    
1974. D. clandestinum (L.) Gould
Deer-tongue rosette grass,
Deer-tongue witchgrass

Panic Clandestin
Native,
Secure
Deer tongue grass, md, upper marlboro 2014-06-04-11.46.05 ZS PMax (14197105387).jpg
Dichanthelium clandestinum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Lam.) Gould

Velvet rosette grass,
Broom panic grass,
Velvet panicum
Native,
Endangered

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium scoparium 1120326.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Elliott) Gould & C.A.Clark

    Panicum aculeatum
    Panicum scabriusculum Elliott
1979. Dichanthelium scabriusculum
(Elliott) Gould & C.A.Clark
Tall swamp panicgrass,
Woolly rosette grass
Excluded
Dichanthelium scabriusculum NRCS-1.jpg
Dichanthelium scabriusculum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Dichanthelium sect. Oligosantha[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Dichantheliumsect. Oligosantha
Dichantheliumsect. Oligosantha Rosette grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Schult.) Gould
ssp. scribnerianum
(Nash) Freckmann & Lelong

1895. Panicum scribnerianum Nash
1934. P. oligosanthes var. scribnerianum
1974. D. scribnerianum (Nash) Gould
1974. D. oligosanthes var. scribnerianum
1981. D. oligosanthes var. scribnerianum
2002. D. oligosanthes ssp. scribnerianum
Scribner's rosette grass,
Scribner's panic grass,
Scribner's witchgrass,
Few-flowered
  rosette-panicgrass

Panic de Scribner
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium oligosanthes (as Panicum scribnerianum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
(Schult.) Gould
ssp. oligosanthes

    P. oligosanthes var. oligosanthes
    P. oligosanthes ssp. oligosanthes
Heller's rosette grass,
Heller's witchgrass,
Few-flowered panicgrass,
Few-anther panicgrass

Panic à fleurs
  peu nombreuses
Native,
Excluded

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium oligosanthes (as Panicum oligosanthes) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-NN
NEW Can



LBJ

Images, wsp
Dichanthelium sect. Lanuginosa[edit]

Freckmann and Lelong (2003) treated most of the taxa in this section as subspecies of D. acuminatum and D. Ovale. Thomas (2015) revised the section, treating most of the taxa as full species.[1]

Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Dichantheliumsect. Lanuginosa
Dichantheliumsect. LanuginosaLong Ligule group Rosette grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Elliott) Gould

1816. Panicum lanuginosum Elliott
1824. P. dichotomum var. fasciculatum
1934. P. lanuginosum var. fasciculatum
1974. D. lanuginosum (Elliott) Gould
1981. D. acuminatum var. fasciculatum
1981. P. acuminatum var. fasciculatum
2002. D. acuminatum ssp. fasciculatum
Slender-stemmed
  rosette grass,
Hairy panicgrass,
Tapered rosette grass,
Western panicgrass

Panic laineux
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium acuminatum var fasciculatum (as Panicum lanuginosum Elliot) BB-1913.png
Dichanthelium acuminatum var fasciculatum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
NWGTrop.
NSE BNA


Images
(Scribn.) Kerguélen

1898. Panicum implicatum Scribn.
1899. P. occidentale Scribn.
1901. P. unciphyllum var. implicatum
1910. P. pacificum Hitchc. & Chase
1921. P. lindheimeri var. implicatum
1934. P. lanuginosum var. implicatum
1978. D. acuminatum var. implicatum
1979. D. implicatum (Scribn.) Kerguélen
1981. P. acuminatum var. implicatum
2002. D. acuminatum ssp. implicatum
Tangled rosette grass,
Matting rosette grass,
Matting panicgrass,
Matted panicgrass,
Mat panicgrass

Panic à touffe dense
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium acuminatum var fasciculatum (as Panicum implicatum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NEW Can


NSE BNA


Images
(Nash) Gould

1897. Panicum lindheimeri Nash
1934. P. lanuginosum var. lindheimeri
1974. Dichanthelium lindheimeri Gould
1977. D. lanuginosum var. lindheimeri
1978. D. acuminatum var. lindheimeri
1981. P. acuminatum var. lindheimeri
2002. D. acuminatum ssp. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's rosette grass,
Lindheimer's panicgrass

Panic de Lindheimer
Native, CoC: 8,
Unranked

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium acuminatum var lindheimeri (as Panicum lindheimeri) HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
NWGTrop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(Schult.) Freckmann

1824. Panicum spretum Schult.
1898. Panicum eatonii Nash
1981. D. spretum Freckmann
2002. D. acuminatum ssp. spretum
Spurned rosette grass,
Eaton's rosette grass,
Sand panicgrass
Native, CoC: 10,
Unranked

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium acuminatum var densiflorum (as Panicum spretum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(Scribn.) Freckmann

1898. Panicum wrightianum Scribn.
1978. D. acuminatum var. wrightianum
1978. D. acuminatum var. longiligulatum
1981. D. wrightianum (Scribn.) Freckmann
Wright's rosette grass,
Wright's witchgrass
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium acuminatum var longiligulatum (as Panicum leucothrix) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0



NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Dichanthelium(excluded)sect. LanuginosaLong Ligule group Rosette grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Nash) Freckmann
= Dichanthelium wrightianum

    
    
    
Coastal plain panicgrass Native,
Excluded
Dichanthelium acuminatum var longiligulatum NRCS-002.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Dichantheliumsect. LanuginosaShort Ligule group Rosette grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Scribn.) Freckmann

1897. Panicum columbianum Scribn.
1898. Panicum tsugetorum Nash
1978. D. columbianum Freckmann
1978. D. sabulorum var. thinium
1984. D. acuminatum var. columbianum
2002. D. acuminatum ssp. columbianum
District of Columbia
  rosette grass,
Columbia panicgrass,
Hemlock rosette grass

Panic du District
  de Columbia
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium portoricense NRCS-004.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
NWGTrop.
NSE BNA


Images
(Ashe) Freckmann

1898. Panicum commonsianum Ashe
1978. D. ovale var. addisonii
1978. D. commonsianum (Ashe) Freckmann
1984. P. ovale var. pseudopubescens
2002. D. ovale ssp. pseudopubescens
 auct. P. pseudopubescens Nash (i)
Commons' rosette grass,
Egg-leaved witchgrass
Native, CoC: 10,
Vulnerable

WL: FAC

Graminoid
Dichanthelium acuminatum var acuminatum (as Panicum commonsianum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3?






Images
(Nash) Freckmann

1896. Panicum villosissimum Nash
1978. D. villosissimum Freckmann
2002. D. ovale ssp. villosissimum
White-haired rosette grass,
White-hair witchgrass
Native, CoC: 10,
Vulnerable

WL: FAC
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3?



NSE BNA


Images
Dichanthelium sect. Dichanthelium[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Dichantheliumsect. Dichanthelium
Dichantheliumsect. Dichanthelium Rosette grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(L.) Gould
ssp. dichotomum

1753. Panicum dichotomum L.
1906. Panicum gravius Hitchc. & Chase
1974. D. dichotomum (L.) Gould
Cypress panicgrass,
Forked panicgrass
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium dichotomum var dichotomum (as Panicum annulum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
(Ashe) Mohlenbr.

1898. Panicum mattamuskeetense Ashe
1899. P. clutei Ashe
1937. P. mattamuskeetense var. clutei
1985. D. mattamuskeetense
(Ashe) Mohlenbr.
2002. D. dichotomum
ssp. mattamuskeetense
Mattamuskeet
  rosette grass,
Mattamuskeet
  panicgrass
Native, CoC: 10,
Unranked

Perennial,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
(Ashe) LeBlond

1898. Panicum annulum Ashe
2001. D. annulum (Ashe) LeBlond
Ringed rosette grass Native, CoC: 10,
Unranked

Perennial,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-


NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
Note: [1]
(Muhl. ex Elliott) Mohlenbr.

    Panicum nitidum var. ramulosum
    D. dichotomum ssp. microcarpon
    D. microcarpon Mohlenbr.
Small-fruited panicgrass Native, CoC: 7,
Unranked

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium dichotomum var ramulosum NRCS-001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
(Nash) Freckmann

1895. Panicum boreale Nash
1978. Dichanthelium boreale Freckmann
Northern witchgrass

Panic Boreal
Native, CoC: 5,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium boreale (as Panicum boreale) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS


IPN 

Images, wsp
Dichanthelium sect. Sphaerocarpa[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Dichantheliumsect. Sphaerocarpa
Dichantheliumsect. Sphaerocarpa Rosette grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Elliot) Gould

Round-fruited panic grass Native,
Secure
Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon inflorescence.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
(Schult.) Mohlenbr.

1817. Panicum microcarpon Muhl.
1817. Panicum polyanthes Schult.
1894. P. microcarpon var. isophyllum
1978. D. sphaerocarpon var. isophyllum
1991. P. sphaerocarpon var. isophyllum
Roundseed panicgrass Native,
Unranked
Dichanthelium polyanthes NRCS-001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U


NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
Dichanthelium sect. Linearifolia[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Dichantheliumsect. Linearifolia
Dichantheliumsect. Linearifolia Rosette grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Scribn.) Gould

1898. Panicum linearifolium Scribn.
1898. P. werneri Scribn.
1921. P. linearifolium var. werneri
1928. P. strictum var. linearifolium
1974. D. linearifolium (Scribn.) Gould
Linear-leaved rosette grass,
Slim-leaved witchgrass,
Slimleaf panicgrass,
Slim-leaf rosette grass,
Linear-leaved
  rosette-panicgrass,
Low white-haired panicgrass

Panic à feuilles linéaires
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

WL: UPL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium linearifolium.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
(Muhl.) Gould

1817. Panicum depauperatum Muhl.
1974. D. depauperatum (Muhl.) Gould
Starved witchgrass,
Starved panicgrass
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Dichanthelium depauperatum NRCS-002.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subtribe Boivinellinae[edit]

The Boivinellinae Stapf (1917).

Genus Echinochloa[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Boivinellinae – genus Echinochloa
Echinochloa Cockspur grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
var. microstachya

Rough barnyard grass Native,
Secure
Setting the Table Lacreek National Wildlife Refuge (16080155901).jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
var. muricata

Rough barnyard grass Native,
Secure
Echinochloa muricata NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp

Walter's barnyard grass,
Coast cockspur grass,
Coast barnyard grass
Native,
Secure
Echinochloa walteri NRCS-006.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
(L.) P.Beauv.

Barnyardgrass Introduced
Echinochloa crus-galli 2006.08.27 15.00.29-p8270054.jpg
Nymap.svg

USDA-XW






Images, wsp

Billion dollar grass Introduced
Echinochloa frumentacea (Japanhirse) HC-1950.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Genus Oplismenus[edit]

Wavyleaf basketgrass, a southeastern native, has not been reported to have naturalized north of Maryland, but it is listed in the New York non-native plant invasiveness assessment, which ranks it as highly invasive.

Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Oplismenus
Oplismenus Basketgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) P.Beauv.

1759. Panicum hirtellum L.
1791. Panicum setarium Lam.
1810. Oplismenus africanus P.Beauv.
1812. Oplismenus hirtellus (L.) P.Beauv.
Wavyleaf basketgrass,
Bristle basketgrass
Introduced from
 southeast US,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 70%[1],
Not likely in NY
Starr 020925-0137 Oplismenus hirtellus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-M0

ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentOplismenus hirtellus: High (70). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Subtribe Melinidinae[edit]

The Melinidinae Pilg. (1940).

Genus Eriochloa[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Melinidinae
Eriochloa Cup grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (J. Presl) Kunth
var. acuminata

1830. Piptatherum acuminatum J. Presl
1833. Eriochloa acuminata (J.Presl) Kunth
1840. Helopus acuminatus (J.Presl) Steud.
1933. E. gracilis (E.Fourn.) Hitchc.
1950. E. lemmonii var. gracilis
Southwestern cup grass,
Tapertip cupgrass
Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent

WL: FACW-FAC

Annual,
Graminoid
Eriochloa acuminata acum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subtribe Panicinae[edit]

The Panicinae Fr. (1835).

Genus Panicum[edit]
Panicum sect. Panicum[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Panicumsect. Panicum
Panicumsect. Panicum Panic grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.
ssp. capillare

1753. Panicum capillare L.
1895. P. capillare var. occidentale
1900. P. barbipulvinatum Nash
Common witch grass,
Old witch panic-grass

Panic capillaire
Native, CoC: 0,
Secure

WL: FAC-FACU

Annual,
Graminoid
Panicum capillare HC-1935.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Bernh. ex Trin.
ssp. philadelphicum

1826. P. philadelphicum
Bernh. ex Trin.
    
    
Philadelphia witch grass,
Philadelphia witchgrass,
Philadelphia panic grass,
Wood witchgrass

Panic de Philadelphie
Native, CoC: 5,
Secure

Annual,
Graminoid
Panicum philadelphicum NRCS-002.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
Bernh. ex Trin.
ssp. gattingeri
(Nash) Freckmann & Lelong

1903. Panicum gattingeri Nash
2002. P. philadelphicum ssp. gattingeri
1887. P. capillare var. campestre
Gattinger's witch grass,
Gattinger panic grass
Native, CoC: 5,
Secure

WL: FAC

Annual,
Graminoid
Panicum philadelphicum (as Panicum gattingeri) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Fernald

1919. Panicum tuckermanii Fernald
1939. P. philadelphicum
var. tuckermanii
Tuckerman's witch grass,
Tuckerman's panicgrass
Native, CoC: 5,
Unranked

WL: FAC

Annual,
Graminoid
Panicum philadelphicum (as Panicum tuckermanii) HC-1935.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N
NEW 





Images, wsp

Wiry panicgrass,
Stiff witchgrass
Native,
Rare

Annual,
Graminoid
Panicum flexile BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
ssp. miliaceum

Proso millet,
Hog millet
Introduced
Panicum millaceum Estepona 09 2015 (2).jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Panicum sect. Dichotomiflora[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Panicumsect. Dichotomiflora
Panicumsect. Dichotomiflora Panic grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 Michx.
var. dichotomiflorum

1803. Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx.
1936. P. dichotomiflorum var. geniculatum
    
Smooth panicgrass,
Fall panicgrass,
Fall panicum,
Western witchgrass

Panic d'automne,
Panic à fleurs dichotomes,
Panic d'automne dressé
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

WL: FACW

Annual,
Graminoid
Panicum dichotomiflorum NRCS-002.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. puritanorum Svenson

1920. P. dichotomiflorum var. puritanorum
2002. P. dichotomiflorum ssp. puritanorum
Shoreline panic grass,
Spreading panic-grass,
Puritan panicgrass,
Fall panicum

Panic des Puritains
Native, CoC: 10,
Unranked

WL: FACW

Annual,
Graminoid
Panicum dichotomiflorum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Panicum sect. Virgata[edit]

The New York population of section Virgata consists primarily of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) along with some dune panicgrass (Panicum amarum) near the Atlantic coast.

Switchgrass is a warm-season native of eastern and central North America. It is available in many different agricultural, horticultural, and conservation cultivars, not all of which are appropriate for New York State conditions. An example of an appropriate cultivar for conservation purposes in New York is 'Shelter' switchgrass, which is a northeastern ecotype from West Virginia, released in 1978 from the USDA's Big Flats site.[1]

Before European settlement, northeastern switchgrass was restricted to a narrow coastal band. Recent studies have found that adjacent inland switchgrass populations contain a significant majority of individuals from outside the Northeast.[2]

The range of dune panicgrass or bitter panicgrass lies mostly on the Atlantic coast from southern New England to Mexico. It is primarily used for erosion control on coastal dunes. Both the New York native var. amarum and the more southern var. amrulum are planted for erosion control in New York.

Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Panicumsect. Virgata
Panicumsect. Virgata Panic grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.

1753. Panicum virgatum L.
1866. Panicum virgatum var. cubense
1871. Panicum virgatum var. obtusum
1922. Panicum virgatum var. spissum
Switchgrass,
Switch grass,
Switch panicgrass,
Old switch panic grass,
Wand panicgrass

Panic raide,
Panic dressé,
Panic érigé,
Panic vierge
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Panicum virgatum ligule.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Elliott
var. amarum

1816. Panicum amarum Elliott
    
    
Dune panicgrass,
Bitter panicgrass,
Smaller seabeach grass
Native, CoC: 8,
Vulnerable

WL: FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Panicum amarum NRCS-1 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Elliott
var. amarulum

1910. Panicum amarulum Hitchc. & Chase
1975. Panicum amarum var. amarulum
2002. Panicum amarum ssp. amarulum
Tall dune panic grass,
Coastal panicgrass,
Taller seabeach grass
Introduced,
N. America native

Perennial,
Graminoid
Panicum amarum var amarulum NRCS-001 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Kellochloa[edit]

Kellochloa Lizarazu, M.V.Nicola & Scataglini was published in 2015, replacing Panicum sect. Verrucosa Hitchc. & Chase ex C.C.Hsu.

Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Panicinae – genus Kellochloa
Kellochloa Panic grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
(Muhl.) Lizarazu, Nicola & Scataglini

1817. Panicum verrucosum Muhl.
2015. Kellochloa verrucosa
(Muhl.) Lizarazu, Nicola & Scataglini
Warty panicgrass Native, CoC: 10,
Secure

WL: FACW

Annual,
Graminoid
Panicum verrucosum NRCS-002 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Subtribe Cenchrinae[edit]

The Cenchrinae Dumort (1829).

Genus Cenchrus[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Cenchrinae – genus Cenchrus
Cenchrus Sand bur N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 (Hack.) Fernald

1788. Cenchrus carolinianus Walter
1903. C. echinatus fo. longispina Hack.
1915. Nastus carolinianus (Walter) Lunell
1943. Cenchrus longispinus Fernald
1949. Cenchrus pauciflorus
var. longispinus Jansen & Wacht.
Long-spine sandbur,
Mat sandbur
Native,
Secure
Sand spur, close up.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Cenchrus tribuloides L.
1824. C. echinatus var. tribuloides Torr.
1877. C. tribuloides var. macrocephalus Döll
1899. C. macrocephalus (Döll) Scribn.
Dune sandbur,
Sanddune sandbur,
Long-spine sandbur
Native,
Threatened
Cenchrus tribuloides L. - sanddune sandbur (3770229779).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

American fountaingrass Introduced,
Questionalble[1]
Grain millet, early grain fill, Tifton, 7-3-02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X






Images, wsp
 Roxb.

    Cenchrus barbatus Schumach.
    Cenchrus catharticus Delile
Indian sandburr Introduced,
Impersistent
Cenchrus biflorus MS6631.jpg
Cenchrus biflorus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

Pennisetum ciliare
Buffelgrass,
Buffel-grass
Introduced,
Impersistent
Starr 010309-0526 Cenchrus ciliaris.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 Thunb.

1753. Panicum alopecuroides L.
1810. Pennisetum compressum R.Br.
1824. Pennisetum alopecuroides Spreng.
1830. Cenchrus alopecuroides J.Presl*
1826. Penicillaria alopecuroides Sweet
2010. Cenchrus compressus Morrone
Foxtail fountain grass,
Chinese fountaingrass,
Chinese millet grass
Introduced
Pennisetum alopecuroides (Lampenpoetsersgras) 01.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. New York Flora Atlas: New York specimens of "Cenchrus americanus" are probably Setaria pumila.
Genus Setaria[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paniceae – subtr. Cenchrinae – genus Setaria
SetariaP.Beauv. (1812) Bristle grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 (Poir.) Kerguélen

1798. Panicum geniculatum Poir.
1987. Setaria parviflora (Poir.) Kerguélen
 auct. Setaria geniculatanon (Wild.) P.Beauv.
Knotroot foxtail,
Bristly foxtail
Native, CoC: 8,
Vulnerable

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Starr 090121-1010 Setaria parviflora cropped.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Herrm.

    
    
    
Giant foxtail,
Japanese bristlegrass
Introduced,
Widespread weed

WL: FACU-UPL

Annual,
Graminoid
Setaria faberi 001 4x3.jpg
Setaria faberi NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Foxtail millet,
Italian foxtail
Introduced,
Naturalized

WL: FACU,
Graminoid
Japanese Foxtail millet 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn






Images, wsp
(Poir.) Roem. & Schult. (1825)
ssp. pumila

Yellow bristlegrass Introduced,
Graminoid
Setaria pumila (6292593816).jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp

Bristly bristle grass Introduced,
Graminoid
Starr 080605-6524 Setaria verticillata.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
 Dumort.

1827. Setaria verticilliformis Dunart.
Barbed bristlegrass Introduced,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
var. viridis

Green bristle grass Introduced,
Graminoid
CB Menorca Setaria? 3.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp

Tribe Paspaleae[edit]

The Paspaleae J.Presl (1830)

Subtribe Paspalinae[edit]

The Paspalinae Griseb. (1846)

Genus Paspalum[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paspaleae – subtr. Paspalinae – genus Paspalum
Paspalum Crown grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Michx.
var. muhlenbergii

    P. pubescens Muhl. ex Willd.
    P. muhlenbergii Nash
    P. ciliatifolium var. muhlenbergii
    P. pubescens var. muhlenbergii
Thin paspalum Native,
Secure
Starr 080602-5379 Paspalum setaceum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN[1]

ITIS




Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. setaceum

    P. debile Michx.
    P. dissectum Walter
    P. dolichopus Trin. ex Steud.
    P. dubium DC.
Slender beadgrass Native,
Threatened
Starr 080604-5943a Paspalum setaceum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN[1]

ITIS




Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. psammophilum

    P. psammophilum Nash ex Hitchc.
    P. prostratum Nash
Lens grass Native,
Endangered
Paspalum setaceum var. psammophilum (as P. psammophilum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN[1]

ITIS




Images, wsp
 Michx.

Field paspalum Native,
Endangered
Paspalum laeve NRCS-1.jpg
Paspalum laeve NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Paspalum (excluded taxa) Crown grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Michx.
var. stramineum

    P. separatum Shinners
    P. bushii Nash
    P. stramineum Nash
Thin paspalum Native,
No recent reports
Paspalum setaceum var. stramineum (as P. bushii) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-NN[1]

ITIS




Images, wsp
Michx.
var. ciliatifolium (Michx.) Vasey

    
1892. P. setaceum var. ciliatifolium
    
N. America native,
Excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Genus Amphicarpum[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paspaleae – subtr. Paspalinae – genus Amphicarpum
Amphicarpum Maidencane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Pursh) Nash (1894)

1813. Milium amphicarpon Pursh
1829. Amphicarpum purshii Kunth
1894. A. amphicarpon (Pursh) Nash
Annual peanut grass,
Blue maidencane,
Pursh's blue maidencane
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Amphicarpum amphicarpon BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp

Subtribe Arthropogoninae[edit]

Genus Coleataenia[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Paspaleae – subtr. Arthropogoninae – genus Coleataenia
Coleataenia Panic grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (Nash) LeBlond

1814. Panicum elongatum Pursh
1901. Panicum stipitatum Nash
1984. Panicum rigidulum var. elongatum
2010. Sorengia longifolia ssp. elongata
2010. C. longifolia ssp. elongata
2011. Coleataenia stipitata LeBlond
Redtop panicum,
Red-topped panicgrass
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Coleataenia stipitata (as Panicum stipitatum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0


NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
 (Michx.) Soreng
ssp. anceps

1803. Panicum anceps Michx.
1809. Panicum rostratum Muhl. ex Willd.
1810. Agrostis nutans Poir.
2010. Sorengia anceps ssp. anceps superfl.
2010. Coleataenia anceps ssp. anceps
Beaked panic grass,
Panic grass
Native,
Likely extirpated
Panicum anceps.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
 (Torr.) Soreng
ssp. longifolia

1889. Panicum anceps var. pubescens
1934. P. longifolium var. pubescens
1984. P. rigidulum var. pubescens
2002. P. rigidulum ssp. pubescens
2010. Sorengia longifolia ssp. longifolia
2010. Coleataenia longifolia ssp. longifolia
Longleaf panicgrass,
Redtop panicum,
Red-topped panicgrass
Native,
Unranked
Coleataenia longifolia ssp longifolia (as Panicum longifolium) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
(Bosc ex Nees) LeBlond
ssp. rigidula

1829. Panicum rigidulum Bosc ex Nees
2010. Sorengia longifolia
ssp. rigidula Zuloaga & Morrone
2010. C. longifolia ssp. rigidula Soreng
2011. C. rigidula (Bosc ex Nees) LeBlond
[1]
Red-topped panic grass,
Redtop panicgrass
Native, CoC: 7,
Unranked
Coleataenia rigidula NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. LeBlond (2011) in Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5(2): 448 treats the former Panicum rigidulum as Coleataenia rigidula. The other sources used here have not accepted that placement.

Tribe Andropogoneae[edit]

The Andropogoneae (sorghum tribe) contains the widely-cultivated non-native cereal crops, corn and sorghum. It also contains the native bluestems, Indiangrass, and gama grass, as well as a few alien invasive grasses, such as Chinese silvergrass (eulalia) and Japanese stiltgrass.

Subtribe Andropogoninae[edit]

Genus Andropogon[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Andropogoninae – genus Andropogon
Andropogon Bluestem N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3

    
    
    
Big bluestem Native,
Secure
Andropogon gerardii (3904160434).jpg
Andropogon gerardii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
var. virginicus

    
    
    
Broomsedge bluestem Native,
Likely secure
Andropogon virginicus ears.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
var. glomeratus

    
    
    
Bushy bluestem Native,
Threatened
Bushy-Bluestem (5625748096).png
Andropogon glomeratus var glomeratus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2?
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Genus Schizachyrium[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Andropogoninae – genus Schizachyrium
Schizachyrium Little bluestem N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Michx.) Nash
var. scoparium

1803. Andropogon scoparius Michx.
1898. Andropogon neomexicanus Nash
1903. Schizachyrium scoparium Nash
Little bluestem,
Small bluestem,
Broom bluestem,
Broom beardgrass

Barbon à balais,
Schizachyrium à balais
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure
Andropogon scoparium (4056255680).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
 (Nash) E.P.Bicknell

1901. Andropogon littoralis Nash
1906. A. scoparius var. littoralis
1908. S. littorale (Nash) E.P.Bicknell
1935. A. scoparius var. ducis
1967. S. scoparium var. littorale
1996. S. scoparium ssp. littorale
Dune bluestem,
Shore bluestem,
Shore little bluestem,
Seaside bluestem

Barbon des rivages
Native, CoC: 8,
Vulnerable
Schizachyrium scoparium var littorale BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Genus Arthraxon[edit]

Small carpetgrass is a widespread invasive grass in the southeastern U.S., but in New York State, it has been found only in the vicinity of New York City.

Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Andropogoninae – genus Arthraxon
Arthraxon Carpetgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Thunb.) Makino
var. hispidus

1784. Phalaris hispida Thunb.
1812. Arthraxon ciliaris P.Beauv.
1889. A. ciliaris var. cryptatherus
1912. A. hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
1925. A. hispidus var. cryptatherus
1930. A. hispidus var. ciliaris
Small carpetgrass,
Small carpet grass,
Small carp grass,
Jointhead,
Jointhead grass,
Hairy-joint grass
Introduced from
 Asia,
 Australia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 76%[1],
Prohibited[2],
NE-4[3]

WL: FACW-FAC

Annual,
Graminoid
Arthraxon hispidus 05.JPG
Arthraxon hispidus var hispidus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 



BBG 
Images, wsp

Subtribe Coicinae[edit]

Genus Coix[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Coicinae
Coix Job's-tears N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

    
    
    
Job's-tears Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not Naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
Starr 020803-0083 Coix lachryma-jobi.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Subtribe Saccharinae[edit]

Members of the Saccharinae have some of the largest known biomass productivity levels and are relatively drought resistent.[1]

Genus Microstegium[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Saccharinae – genus Microstegium
Microstegium Browntop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Trin.) A.Camus

1834. Andropogon vimineus Trin.
1855. Pollinia imberbis Nees ex Steud.
1891. Eulalia viminea (Trin.) Kuntze
1891. Eulalia viminea var. imberbis
1891. Eulalia viminea var. variabilis
1921. M. vimineum (Trin.) A.Camus
1930. M. vimineum var. imberbe
1961. M. imberbe (Nees ex Steud.) Tzvelev
Japanese stiltgrass,
Japanese stilt-grass,
Nepalese browntop
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 85%[1],
CP-2[2] NE-1[3]

WL: FAC

Annual,
Graminoid
Microstegium vimineum 5483835.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentMicrostegium vimineum: Very highly invasive (85%).
  2. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Genus Miscanthus[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Saccharinae – genus Miscanthus
Miscanthus Silvergrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Andersson

1794. Saccharum japonicum Thunb.
1812. Erianthus japonicus P.Beauv.
1820. Ripidium japonicum Trin.
1832. Eulalia japonica Trin.
1855. Miscanthus japonicus Andersson
1856. Miscanthus sinensis Andersson
Chinese silvergrass,
Eulalia,
Eulalia grass,
Zebra grass,
Japanese pampas grass

Miscanthus de Chine
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 78%[1],
CP-5[2]

WL: FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Miscanthus sinensis ja02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
(Maxim.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch.

1859. Imperata sacchariflora Maxim.
1881. Miscanthus saccharifer Benth., inval.
1884. Miscanthus saccariflorus Hack.
Japanese silver grass,
Amur silver-grass,
Silver plume grass,
Silver banner grass

Miscanthus commun
Introduced from
 eastern Asia
Miscanthus sacchariflorus2.JPG
Miscanthus sacchariflorus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Genus Saccharum[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Saccharinae – genus Saccharum
Saccharum Sugar cane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Walter) Pers.

1805. Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Pers.
    Erianthus giganteus (Walter) P.Beauv.
    Erianthus giganteus
var. compactus (Walter) P.Beauv.
Sugarcane plumegrass Introduced,
US South native,
Excluded
Saccharum giganteum HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Genus Imperata[edit]

Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is unlikely to have naturalized in New York, but it has caused a major economic and environmental impact in the Southeast. It is included here because the New York non-native plant invasiveness assessment[1] shows that it's very likely to occur on Long Island based on the conditions there.

Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Saccharinae – genus Imperata
Imperata Cogongrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 (L.) P.Beauv.

1759. Lagurus cylindricus L.
1788. Saccharum koenigii Retz.
1812. Imperata cylindrica P.Beauv.
1812. Imperata koenigii P.Beauv.
Cogongrass,
Blady grass,
Cotton-wool grass,
Japanese blood grass

Impérate
Introduced from
 Asia,
Potentially invasive,
Not listed in NY,
NYIS: 79%[1]

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Chigaya -02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
  1. a b New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentImperata cylindrica: Highly invasive (79%). The New York Flora Atlas does not list Imperata cylindrica. NRCS and BONAP both show it no farther north than Virginia in the East, but it is shown in northern Oregon in the West.

Subtribe Sorghinae[edit]

Genus Sorghastrum[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Sorghinae – genus Sorghastrum
Sorghastrum Indian grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Nash

1753. Andropogon nutans L.
1803. Andropogon avenaceus Michx.
1848. Sorghum nutans (L.) A. Gray
1901. Sorghastrum avenaceum (Michx.) Nash
1903. Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash
Indiangrass,
Yellow Indiangrass
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Sorghastrum nutans EPA-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Genus Sorghum[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Sorghinae – genus Sorghum
Sorghumsect. Sorghum Sorghum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(L.) Pers.

1753. Holcus halepensis L.
1805. Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.
1916. Holcus sorghum var. exiguus
Johnsongrass,
Johnson grass,
Aleppo grass

Sorgho d'Alep,
Herbe d'Alep
Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
 Asia,
Naturalized

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Sorghum halepense (6134154267).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
(L.) Moench
ssp. bicolor

1753. Holcus sorghum L.
1771. Holcus bicolor L.
1794. Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
1805. Sorghum vulgare Pers.
Sorghum,
Broomcorn,
Broom-corn,
Grain sorghum,
Chicken corn,
Shattercane,
Wild cane
Introduced from
 Africa,
Impersistent

WL: UPL

Annual,
Graminoid
Poaceae sorghum bicolor pink kafir.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Genus Bothriochloa[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Sorghinae – genus Bothriochloa
Bothriochloa Beard grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Keng
var. songarica

 auct. Andropogon ischaemumnon L.
Broom-sedge,
Yellow bluestem
Introduced,
Impersistent
Bothriochloa ischaemum1.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Subtribe Tripsacinae[edit]

Genus Tripsacum[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Tripsacinae – genus Tripsacum
Tripsacum Gama grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) L.
var. dactyloides

1753. Coix dactyloides L.
1759. Tripsacum dactyloides (L.) L.
1883. T. dactyloides var. genuinum
1898. Dactylodes dactylodes (L.) Kuntze
1906. T. dactyloides ssp. dactyloides
Eastern gama grass,
Northern gama grass
Native, CoC: 5,
Threatened

WL: FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Tripsacum dactyloides HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0

ARS 
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
Genus Zea[edit]
Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Andropogoneae – subtr. Tripsacinae – genus Zea
Zea Corn N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 L.
ssp. mays

    
    
    
Corn,
Maize
Introduced
Starr 080914-9916 Zea mays.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Tribe Centotheceae[edit]

Genus Chasmanthium[edit]

Poales – fam. Poaceae – subfam. Panicoideae – tribe Centotheceae
Chasmanthium Wood oats N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) H.O.Yates

1753. Holcus laxus L.
1803. Uniola gracilis Michx.
1808. Uniola sessiliflora Poir.
1827. Chasmanthium gracile (Michx.) Link
1888. Uniola laxa (L.) Britton, Sterns & Pog.
1966. Chasmanthium laxum (L.) H.O.Yates
Slender woodoats,
Slender spikegrass
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Chasmanthium laxum NRCS-1.jpg
Chasmanthium laxum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
(Michx.) H.O.Yates

1803. Uniola latifolia Michx.
1966. Chasmanthium latifolium H.O.Yates
Indian woodoats,
Broadleaf chasmanthium,
Broadleaf uniola,
Creek oats,
Wild oats,
Northern sea oats
Introduced from
 PA-FL-TX-KS,
US South native,
Cultivated

Perennial,
Graminoid
Riveroats.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp