Exercise as it relates to Disease/Aerobic and resistance exercise improves physical fitness in older adults with rheumatoid arthritis

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This is a critique of the article: Effects of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in Older Adults With Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial Elvira Lange, Daniel Kucharski, Sara Svedlund, Karin Svensson, Gunhild Bertholds, Inger Gjertsson, and Kaisa Mannerkorpi[1]


What is the background to this research?[edit]

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), is an autoimmune disease that causes pain and swelling of the joints. It could lead to the destruction and deformation of the joint if not treated.[2]. Individuals affected with RA disease are commonly associated with limitation in range of motion, pain, fatigue and mental issues. These symptoms can obstruct the person's capabilities to perform their daily tasks which will implement on their quality of life[3][4].

Although some studies suggest that the onset of Rheumatoid Arthritis is detected in individuals aged between 35-64 years old[5][6][7], Another study suggested that individuals aged 75 and over had the highest percentage of individuals reporting with symptoms of RA, also slightly higher percentage in females as compared to males[8]. T he aim of this study was to identify the efficiency of prolonged resistance training (PRT) in countering or inhibiting muscle mass loss and the role of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) in inducing muscle hypertrophy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Where is the research from?[edit]

What kind of research was this?[edit]

What did the research involve?[edit]

What were the basic results?[edit]

What conclusions can we take from this research?[edit]

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Further information/resources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Lange, E., Kucharski, D., Svedlund, S., Svensson, K., Bertholds, G., Gjertsson, I., & Mannerkorpi, K. (2019). Effects of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in Older Adults With Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Arthritis care & research, 71(1), 61-70.
  2. Arthritis Australia, Rheumatoid Arthritis, https://arthritisaustralia.com.au/types-of-arthritis/rheumatoid-arthritis/, 2017
  3. AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare), Rheumatoid arthritis. https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-musculoskeletal-conditions/rheumatoid-arthritis, 2019
  4. Radner, H., Smolen, J. S., & Aletaha, D. (2010). Comorbidity affects all domains of physical function and quality of life in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology, 50(2), 381-388
  5. Tobón, Gabriel J., Pierre Youinou, and Alain Saraux. "The environment, geo-epidemiology, and autoimmune disease: Rheumatoid arthritis." Autoimmunity reviews 9.5 (2010): A288-A292
  6. AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare), A Picture of Rheumatoid Arthritis in Australia, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-musculoskeletal-conditions/rheumatoid-arthritis-australia/contents/table-of-contents, Mar 2009
  7. AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare), Rheumatoid arthritis. https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-musculoskeletal-conditions/rheumatoid-arthritis, 2019
  8. AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare), Rheumatoid arthritis. https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-musculoskeletal-conditions/rheumatoid-arthritis, 2019.