Estonian/Questions

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On this page we'll finally learn some useful phrases for exchange students, queries and the Indicative Future as a bonus.

Questions[edit]

Estonian English Notes
mis? what? Decl: mis? mille? mida?
kes? who? Decl: kes? kelle? keda?
kus? where?
millal? when?
miks?
milleks?
mille jaoks?
why?
for what?

Nouns[edit]

  • köök - köögi - kööki - kitchen
  • pood - poe - poodi - store/shop
  • tuba - toa - tuba - room (of a building)
  • vannituba - bathroom (not always with a toilet)
  • WC - room with a toilet (Water Closet)

Verbs[edit]

Verbs in Estonian have two kinds of Infinitives, ending with -ma and -da. The -ma Infinitive is used in dictionaries to list verbs. Here we'll show how to conjugate when given a -ma Infinitive. Some are straightforward while others take some additional vowels or change entirely.

English -ma Infinitive mina sina tema meie teie nemad
to come tulema tulen tuled tuleb tuleme tulete tulevad
to arrive saabuma saabun saabud saabub saabume saabute saabuvad
to buy ostma ostan ostad ostab ostame ostate ostavad
to go minema lähen lähed läheb läheme lähete lähevad
to leave lahkuma lahkun lahkud lahkub lahkume lahkute lahkuvad
to get saama saan saad saab saame saate saavad

Estonian Future[edit]

Estonian verbs have no Indicative Future. Instead, the Indicative Present shows the Future. Often the verb saama (to get) is used with the appropriate Nominal form of the verb (not Nominative case) to indicate the Future as well, which we won't be covering here yet.

Adverbs of time and Pronouns of space[edit]

Estonian English
täna today
homme tomorrow
varsti soon
hilja late
siin here
seal there

Phrases[edit]

Kus on Toomas?

Translation

Where is Toomas?

Millal Katrin tuleb?

Translation

When is Katrin coming?

Katrin tuleb varsti

Translation

Katrin will come soon
Katrin is coming soon

Kes täna tuleb?

Translation

Who is coming today?

Kus on köök?

Translation

Where is the kitchen?

Miks on Martin siin?

Translation

Why is Martin here?

Miks Martin siin on?

Translation

Why is Martin here?

Kus pood on?

Translation

Where is the shop?