English for B2 Students/Unit 4

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If I had €1,000,000, I would live in Spain[edit | edit source]

Aim of this lesson: Recognize and use the different conditionals in English and revise means of transport.

Speaking Questions[edit | edit source]

Talk about these questions with a partner. Try to expand your answers and give reasons rather than short answers.

  • Where did you go on your last holiday? How did you travel? Whom did you go with?
  • What is your perfect holiday destination?
  • Do you prefer beach holidays, city breaks, resorts or adventure holidays?
  • Do you pack a lot of things or just the basics like clothes and money?
  • What are the 5 most important tourist places in your country?

Grammar Focus - 1st, 2nd and 3rd conditionals[edit | edit source]

Conditional sentences are used to talk about possible situations and the result of those situations.

The Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt

English for B2 students Grammar • Unit 4
Future Forms Flag of the United Kingdom (3-5).svg

Conditional Form Usage Example
1st conditional if + present simple, will + infinitive used to talk about possible situations If it's sunny tomorrow, I'll go to the seaside.
2nd conditional if + past simple, would + infinitive used to talk about hypothetical situations If I became rich, I would buy an expensive villa in France.
3rd conditional if + past perfect, would + have + past participle used to talk about hypothetical situations in the past If I hadn't gone to Egypt, I wouldn't have seen the pyramids
  • Conditionals are usually expressed with the if clause first and the future clause second but the order isn't important. Both of these sentences are equally correct: If it rains, I will stay home and I will stay home if it rains. Note that we don't use a comma if the if clause is used second.
  • Never use a future tense twice in a conditional sentence (like is often done in other languages). This is not correct: If it will rain, I will stay home
  • Conditionals are frequently contracted and this can make understanding difficult for non-native speakers. We often contract will as I'll, you'll, etc.. We often contract would as I'd, you'd, etc..

Vocabulary - Travel & Transport[edit | edit source]

Look at the table below. Do you know the correct definitions for these types of transport? Click on the text for the correct answers.

English for B2 students Vocabulary • Unit 4
Travel - Rearrange the Definitions Flag of the United Kingdom (3-5).svg
Transport Definition
airplane boat which travels slowly and is like a small city with swimming pools and shops.
coach a large motor vehicle with beds, cooking and shower facilities.
ferry vehicle which flies.
cruise ship a bus which travels from city to city.
caravan boat which takes passengers and cars from one port to another port.


English for B2 students Vocabulary • Unit 4
Jobs - Correct Answers Flag of the United Kingdom (3-5).svg
Job Definition
airplane vehicle which flies.
coach a bus which travels from city to city.
ferry boat which takes passengers and cars from one port to another port.
cruise ship boat which travels slowly and is like a small city with swimming pools and shops.
caravan a large motor vehicle with beds, cooking and shower facilities.

Speaking with conditional sentences[edit | edit source]

Work with a partner, if you can, and ask/answer these questions. If you're on your own you should think about these questions and write your answers instead.

  • How long would it have taken you to get here if you had walked?
  • How will you get to work if it rains tomorrow?
  • If you were going to take a vacation, where would you go?
  • If you could drive any car you wanted, what would it be?
  • If you had gone to London on holiday last year, what would you have done?

Exercises[edit | edit source]

Try these questions to see if you can use 1st, 2nd and 3rd conditionals correctly. The answers can be found here.

Complete the following sentences using the correct conditional form:

  1. If I were very rich, I _______________ in 5 star hotels (stay).
  2. If I _______________ (go out) on Saturday, I will drink red wine.
  3. If I hadn't woken up this morning, I _______________ about conditionals (not learn).
  4. If I could choose any wife, I _______________ Shakira (choose).
  5. I _______________ (buy) a new DVD if I get paid this week.

Grammar Reference[edit | edit source]

For further information about conditional sentences see Tenses and Forms.

AimsUnit 1Unit 2Unit 3Unit 4Unit 5Unit 6Test 1

Unit 7Unit 8Unit 9Unit 10Unit 11Unit 12Test 2