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Emergency Medicine

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Open-Content Textbook of Emergency Medicine

Symptoms and presentations[edit | edit source]

General symptoms[edit | edit source]

Altered mental status, Anxiety, Apnea, Ataxia, Back pain, Bleeding, Coma, Confusion, Crying/Fussiness, Cyanosis, Decreased level of consciousness, Dehydration, Dizziness, Edema, Failure to thrive, Fatigue, Feeding problems, Fever, Hypotension, Jaundice, Joint pain/Swelling, Limp, Lymphadenopathy, Malaise, Multiple trauma, Needle stick, Pain, Paralysis, Paresthesia/Dysthesia,

Head and neck symptoms[edit | edit source]

Congestion, Diplopia, Dysphagia, Eye pain, Headache, Loss of hearing, Loss of vision, Rhinorrhea, Sore throat, Stridor, Tinnitus, Vertigo,

Chest symptoms[edit | edit source]

Chest pain, Cough, Dyspnea, Hemoptysis, Hiccough, Orthopnea, Palpitations, Shortness of breath, Tachycardia, Wheezing,

Abdominal symptoms[edit | edit source]

Abnormal vaginal bleeding, Anuria, Ascites, Belching / GERD, Colic, Constipation, Cramps, Diarrhea, Dysmenorrhea, Dysuria, Hematemesis, Hematochezia, Hematuria, Nausea/Vomiting, Pain, Pelvic pain, Peritonitis, Rectal bleeding, Rectal pain, Urinary incontinence, Urinary retention,

Topics[edit | edit source]

Abdominal and gastrointestinal disorders[edit | edit source]

Abdominal Wall, Esophagus, Gall Bladder and Biliary Tract, Large Bowel, Liver, Oropharynx, Pancreas, Peritoneum, Small Bowel, Stomach.

Cardiovascular disorders[edit | edit source]

Arterial, Cardiopulmonary Arrest, Congenital Abnormalities of the Cardiovascular System, Diseases of the Myocardium, Acquired, Diseases of the Pericardium, Disorders of Circulation, Disturbances of Cardiac Rhythm, Endocarditis, Hypertensive Emergencies, Tumors, Valvular Disorders, Venous,

Cutaneous disorders[edit | edit source]

Bacterial, Cancers of the Skin, Decubitus Ulcer, Dermatitis, Fungal, Infections, Maculopapular Lesions, Papular/Nodular Lesions, Parasitic, Vesicular/Bullous Lesions, Viral,

Disaster medicine[edit | edit source]

Emergency preparedness, Chemical warfare agents, Bioterrorism, Infectious Disease outbreak, Radiation emergencies, The Dirty Bomb, Explosives,

Endocrine, metabolic and nutritional disorders[edit | edit source]

Acid Base Disturbances, Adrenal Disease, Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances, Glucose Metabolism, Nutritional Disorders, Parathyroid Disease, Pituitary Disorders, Thyroid Disorders, Tumors of Endocrine Glands,

Environmental disorders[edit | edit source]

Bites and Envenomation, Dysbarism, Electrical Injury, High Altitude Illness, Snake Bite, Submersion Incidents, Temperature Related Illness,

Head, ear, eye, nose and throat disorders[edit | edit source]

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis, Ear, Eye, Nose, Oropharynx/Throat, Tumors,

Hematologic disorders[edit | edit source]

Blood Transfusion, Hemostatic Disorders, Lymphomas, Pancytopenia, Red Blood Cell Disorders, White Blood Cell Disorders,

Immune system disorders[edit | edit source]

Collagen Vascular Disease, HIV and Manifestations, Hypersensitivity, Kawasaki Syndrome, Sarcoidosis, Transplant Related Problems,

Infectious disorders[edit | edit source]

Bacterial, Biologic Weapons, Fungal Infections, Protozoan - Parasites, Tick-Borne, Viral, Sepsis,

Musculoskeletal disorders (non-traumatic)[edit | edit source]

Bony Abnormalities, Disorders of the Spine, Joint Abnormalities, Muscle Abnormalities, Myofascial Pain Syndromes, Overuse Syndromes, Soft Tissue Infections,

Nervous system disorders[edit | edit source]

Cranial Nerve Disorders, Demyelinating Disorders, Headache, Hydrocephalus, Infections/Inflammatory Disorders, Movement Disorders, Neuromuscular Disorders, Other Conditions of the Brain, Seizure Disorders, Spinal Cord Compression, Stroke, Transient Cerebral Ischemia, Tumors,

Obstetrics and gynecology[edit | edit source]

Complications of Delivery, Complications of Labor, Complications of Pregnancy, Female Genital Tract, High Risk Pregnancy, Normal Labor and Delivery, Normal Pregnancy, Postpartum Complications,

Renal and genitourinary disorders[edit | edit source]

Acute and Chronic Renal Failure, Complications of Renal Dialysis, Glomerular Disorders, Infection, Male Genital Tract, Nephritis, Structural Disorders, Tumors,

Thoracic-respiratory disorders[edit | edit source]

Acute Upper Airway Disorders, Disorders of Pleura, Mediastinum, and Chest Wall, Noncardiogenic Pulmonary Edema, Obstructive/Restrictive Lung Disease, Physical and Chemical Irritants/Insults, Pulmonary Embolism/Infarct, Pulmonary Infections, Tumors,

Toxicologic disorders[edit | edit source]

Acetaminophen, Amphetamines, Anesthetics, Antiarrhythmics, Anticholinergics/Cholinergics, Anticoagulants, Anticonvulsants, Antidepressants, Antihistamines and antiemetics, Antihypertensives, Antiparkinsonism drugs, Antipsychotics, Beta blockers, Bronchodilators, Calcium channel blockers, Carbon monoxide, Cardiovascular drugs, Caustic agents, Cocaine, Cyanides, hydrogen sulfide, Ethanol, Glycol, Hallucinogens, Heavy metals, Herbicides, insecticides, and, Hormones/Steroids, Household/Industrial chemicals, Hydrocarbons, Hypoglycemics/Insulin, Inhaled toxins,

Traumatic disorders[edit | edit source]

Abdominal trauma, Burns, Chemical Burns, Chest trauma, Cutaneous injuries, Facial fractures, Genitourinary trauma, Head trauma, Injuries of the spine, Lower extremity bony trauma, Multi-system Trauma, Neck trauma, Ophthalmologic trauma, Otologic trauma, Pediatric fractures, Pelvic fracture, Soft-tissue extremity injuries, Spinal cord and nervous system trauma, Trauma, Trauma in Pregnancy, Upper extremity bony trauma,

Tests[edit | edit source]

Imaging[edit | edit source]

CXR, Head CT, C-Spine XR, Abdo CT, KUB, Pelvic US, Cardiac US, Biliary US, FAST US,

Lab Investigations[edit | edit source]

ABG, Electrolytes, CBC, D-Dimer, Troponin,

Point of Care Testing[edit | edit source]


Treatment[edit | edit source]

Procedures[edit | edit source]

Endotracheal Intubation, Other Airway Procedures, Chest Tube, Thoracotomy, Cardioversion, Central Line Insertion, Laceration Repair, Incision and Drainage, Lumbar Puncture, Medicine

Resuscitation[edit | edit source]

Cardioversion, Blood and Fluids,

Other Treatment[edit | edit source]

Procedural Sedation,

Special populations[edit | edit source]

Pediatrics, Pediatric Airway Emergencies, Pediatric Rehydration, Geriatrics, Immunocompromised, Alcoholic Patient, Mentally Disabled Patient,

Practice and administration[edit | edit source]

Contract Principles, Financial Issues, Operations, Performance Improvement, Pre-Hospital Care, Professionalism, Systems-Based Management, Risk Management, Legal and Regulatory Issues,

Knowledge and communication[edit | edit source]

Biostatistics, EBM, Guidelines, Presentations and Lecturing, Research, Health Informatics

For Contributors[edit source]

  • Use one of these stencils as a model structure, whenever possible, to provide some uniformity in this textbook:
  • The ABEM/ACEP Model of the Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine guides creation of chapters and topics in this textbook, wherever possible.
  • If any references are medical articles with Unique Identifiers, they may link out to the PubMed Abstract.
  • For instance, a link to the PubMed article with Unique Identifier = 15635313 is created a PubMed Link - simply use the prefix 'PMID' and the PubMedId Number, for example:
  • Respiratory Rate Measurement PMID 15635313
  • The PubMed home page is here:
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