Elementary Spanish/Unit1 Grammar1

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  • Introduce language used at holidays and gatherings
  • Begin Present Tense
  • Advance production for simple present tense phrases.


For this unit, we will focus on the theme of holidays and celebrations.
To begin practicing, read the following three sentences, and try to identify their corresponding
English phrase. Try to find matching translations!

Warm Up Activity

Español Inglés
A La casa es pequeña. 1 The boy celebrates.
B Las amigas preparar la cena. 2The house is small.
C El niño celebra. 3The friends prepare the dinner.

Part 1: Articles and Nouns

In Part 1 we will discuss articles and nouns, as they relate to holidays and celebrations.
Before we move into more complicated grammar components, starting off with a general
understanding of how masculine and feminine structures work in Spanish will give a great basis.

Part 1: Nouns and Articles

Articles in Spanish are classified in two sets of categories.

These two sections, gender and number, determine how nouns are treated within a sentence.

Article Description Feminine: Number Spanish English Example
Singular La The La casa es roja.
Singular Una A Tengo una amiga.
Plural Las The Las niñas juegan.
Plural Unas * (slang for some) A (plural) * Some* Unas casas son rojas, otras son verdes.

Article Description Masculine: Number Spanish English Example
Singular El The El apartamento es grande.
Singular Un A Tengo un amigo.
Plural Los The Los niños hablan.
Plural Unos A *(slang for some) Unos apartamentos son grandes, otros pequeños.
These are nouns that are seen in the story
General Vocabulary
Español Inglés
la bicicleta the bike
el coche the car
la sangre the blood
la cascada the waterfall
el viento the wind
el golpe the blow / the hit
la lágrima the tears
el abrazo the hug
la mano the hand
la boca the mouth
la luz the light
un hechizo a spell
el mágico the magic
el pelo the hair
una cortada a cut