Elementary Spanish/Unit1-Tradition

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Goals

  • Introduce language used at holidays and gatherings
  • Begin Present Tense


Nouns

Noun Description:
Nouns in Spanish are classified in two sets of categories.
Feminine
Singular
La : The Una: A
Plural
Las The Unas A

Examples:
La amiga. ---> Las amigas.
Una casa. ---> Unas casas.

Masculine
Singular
El : The Un: A
Plural
Los The Unos A

Examples:
Un amigo. --> Unos amigos.
El hogar --> Los hogares

General Vocabulary
Español Inglés
comida food
familia family
amigo friend
cena dinner
casa house
apartamento apartment
hogar home
restaurante restaurant
fiesta party
Holiday Types
Español Inglés
Navidad Christmas
Kwanzaa Kwanzaa
Hanukkah Hanukkah
Día de los Muertos Day of the Dead
Solsticio de Invierno Winter Solstice
Diwali (Festival de las luces) Diwali (Festival of lights)
Pascua Easter
Año Nuevo New Years
Día de Independencia Independence Day

Verbs

Regular Verbs
Español Inglés
preparar to prepare
invitar to invite
cocinar to cook
viajar to travel
celebrar to celebrate
decorar to decorate
deber should
comer to eat
vivir to live
escribir to write
leer to read
Irregular Verbs
Español Inglés
ir to go
venir to come
tener to have
salir to go out / to leave
querer to want
ser to be (permanent)
estar to be (temporary)

Grammar Principles


Subject Pronouns: Definition
Subject pronouns are divided into singular and plural types. Singular pronouns, (I, you, he, and she) describe only one person, while plural subject pronouns, (we and they,) describe groups of people. In spanish, there are also ways of addressing 'you' and groups of people ('you all') in formal ways, using 'usted' for formal 'you,' and 'ustedes' for formal 'you all.'
Person Persona
Español Inglés
Yo I
You
Él He
Ella She
Nosotros We
Ellos They
Ellas They (females)

Regular Verbs: Present Tense

Description
In Spanish, verbs are conjugated depending on the subject pronoun associated with the action. Here, we will focus on present tense, regular verb conjugations.
Verbs in Spanish generally have 3 different ending types:
*Verbs that end in -AR
*Verbs that en in -ER
*Verbs that end in -IR
To use these verbs with subject pronouns, you generally replace the verb ending with the corresponding subject pronoun ending.

Click Here for the -Ar Verbs Table

-AR Verbs
Subject Pronoun Verb Ending Infinitive Verb Conjugated Verb Example - Spanish Example - Translation
Yo -o celebrar celebro Yo celebro a la fiesta. I celebrate at the party.
-as invitar invitas Tú invitas a tú amigo. You invite your friend.
Él -a preparar prepara Él prepara la comida. He prepares the food.
Ella -a cocinar cocina Ella cocina la cena. She cooks the dinner.
Nosotros -amos viajar viajamos Viajamos a Florida cada Navidad. We travel to Florida every Christmas.
Ellos / Ellas -an decorar decoran Ellos no decoran el árbol. They don't decorate the tree.


Click Here for the ER/IR Verbs Table

-ER / -IR Verbs
Subject Pronoun Verb Ending Infinitive Verb Conjugated Verb Example - Spanish Example - Translation
Yo -o comer como Yo como la cena. I eat the dinner.
-es escribir escribes Tú escribes una carta. You write a card.
Él -e leer lee Él lee la carta. He reads the card.
Ella -e vivir vive Ella vive en Nueva York. She lives in New York.
Nosotros -imos / -emos comer comemos Comemos juntos a la fiesta del Día de Independenia. We eat together at the Independence Day party.
Nosotros -imos / -emos vivir vivimos Nostoros vivimos en Mexico. We live in Mexico.
Ellos -en deber deben Ellos deben cocinar. They should cook.


https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Spanish/Lessons/%C2%BFC%C3%B3mo_te_llamas%3F