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Lesson 6.1: Infants and Children
By the end of this lesson, the EMT-Basic should be able to:
- Identify the developmental considerations for the following age groups: infants, toddlers, pre-school, school age, and adolescent.
- Describe the differences in anatomy and physiology between infant, child, and adult patients.
- Differentiate the response of the ill or injured infant or child from that of an adult.
- Indicate various causes of respiratory emergencies.
- Differentiate between respiratory distress and respiratory failure.
- List the steps in the management of foreign body airway obstruction.
- Summarize the emergency medical care strategies for respiratory distress and respiratory failure.
- Identify the signs and symptoms of hypoperfusion in the infant and child patient.
- Describe the methods of determining end organ perfusion in the infant and child patient.
- State the usual cause of cardiac arrest in infants and children versus adults.
- List the common causes of seizures in infants and children.
- Describe the management of seizures in infant and child patients.
- Differentiate between the injury patterns in adults, infants, and children.
- Discuss the field management of the infant and child trauma patient.
- Summarize the indicators of possible child abuse and neglect.
- Describe medical/legal responsibilities in suspected child abuse.
- Recognize the need for EMT-Basic debriefing following difficult infant or child transport.
- Explain the rationale for having knowledge and skills appropriate for dealing with infant and child patients.
- Attend to the feelings of the family when dealing with an ill or injured infant or child patient.
- Understand the EMT-Basic's own emotional response to caring for ill or injured infants and children.
- Demonstrate the techniques of foreign body airway obstruction removal in the infant.
- Demonstrate the techniques of foreign body airway obstruction removal in the child.
- Demonstrate the assessment of the infant and child.
- Demonstrate bag-valve-mask artificial ventilation of the infant.
- Demonstrate bag-valve-mask artificial ventilation of the child.
- Demonstrate oxygen delivery for the infant and child.