Design of Jigs & Fixtures/Types of Jig and Fixtures

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Jigs and fixtures are production tools used to produce duplicate manufactured parts with consistent quality. While the two terms are often used interchangeably in manufacturing facilities, there are differences which determine whether an item is a jig or a fixture.

Jigs is known as equipment which hold and position the work,locate or guide the cutting relative to the work piece.

Fixtures is a work holding device that position the work, but doesn't guide or locate the cutting tool.

Jigs and fixtures used in production line have one or more characteristics as listed below:

Locating Element
The workpieces position are accurately position with respect to tool guiding or setting elements in fixtures.
Clamping Elements
The workpieces are held securely in located position during operations.

Type of jigs[edit | edit source]

  1. Closed Jig
  2. Plate Jig
  3. Sandwich Jig
  4. Angle plate jig
  5. Box Jig
  6. Channel Jig
  7. Trunnion Jig
  8. Pump Jig
  9. Indexing Jig
  10. Template jig
  11. Multisection Jig
  12. spacial jig
  13. Drill Jig

Type of fixtures[edit | edit source]

  1. Plate Fixture
  2. Vise Jaw Fixture
  3. Indexing Fixture
  4. Multistation Fixture
  5. Duplex Fixture
  6. Profiling Fixture