Czech/Basics

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Personal pronouns[edit]

In Czech there are ten personal pronouns. Czech uses two separate pronouns for English equivalent of you. Instead of that each 3rd person singular pronoun has its counterpart in plural (while English uses they in all those cases).

Let's see the table with primary forms (nominative) of Czech personal pronouns :

number person gender English Czech Pronunciation /IPA/
singular 1st mas., fem., neut. I [jaː]
singular 2nd mas., fem., neut. you ty [tɪ]
singular 3rd mas. he on [ɔn]
singular 3rd fem. she ona [ɔna]
singular 3rd neut. it ono [ɔnɔ]
plural 1st mas., fem., neut. we my [mɪ]
plural 2nd mas., fem., neut. you vy [vɪ]
plural 3rd mas. they oni [ɔɲɪ]
plural 3rd fem. they ony [ɔnɪ]
plural 3rd neut. they ona [ɔna]

For declination of Czech personal pronouns and for details about them see section Czech/Pronouns.

Important verbs[edit]

To be[edit]

To be is translated as být [biːt]. It is pronounced in the same way as English word beat.

English Czech Pronunciation /IPA/
singular 1st person I am já jsem [jaː sɛm]
2nd person you are ty jsi [tɪ sɪ]
3rd person he/she/it is on/ona/ono je [ɔn/ɔna/ɔnɔ jɛ]
plural 1st person we are my jsme [mɪ smɛ]
2nd person you are vy jste [vɪ stɛ]
3rd person they are oni/ony jsou [ɔɲɪ/ɔnɪ/ɔna soʊ̯]

To have[edit]

To have is translated as mít [miːt]. It is pronounced in the same way as English word meat.

English Czech Pronunciation /IPA/
singular 1st person I have já mám [jaː maːm]
2nd person you have ty máš [tɪ maːʃ]
3rd person he/she/it has on/ona/ono má [ɔn/ɔna/ɔnɔ maː]
plural 1st person we have my máme [mɪ maːmɛ]
2nd person you have vy máte [vɪ maːtɛ]
3rd person they have oni/ony mají [ɔɲɪ/ɔnɪ/ɔna majiː]