Along with phở gà, phở bò could easily be called Vietnam's national dish. Most often served in the early morning, it is available on any street corner, everywhere in Vietnam, all day, and is a staple of most Vietnamese restaurants outside of the country. The broth is the star of this meal and can vary from North to South and is in some cases a closely guarded family secret. Experimenting with the ingredients is a must as long as they are traditionally South-East Asian in origin.
- For broth
- 2 large white onions - chopped into quarters
- 1 tablespoon of vegetable or peanut oil
- 5 lbs of beef bones (choose ones with a bit of meat on them)
- 1 small knob of ginger - chopped
- 1 small cinnamon stick
- 2 cardamom pods - whole
- 4 cloves - whole
- 1 Star Anise
- 1 tablespoon whole black peppercorn
- For serving
- Phở noodles (broad rice noodle) - soaked in hot water until soft and drained
- Finely sliced white onion
- Finely sliced scallions
- Chopped coriander leaf
- Finely sliced beef sirloin (ask your butcher)
Note: Traditionally, the Vietnamese prefer fatty meat in their soup. Some other serving ingredients include beef tendon, beef shank, beef tripe and meatballs.
- Chili peppers - whole
- Bean sprouts
- Limes - cut into wedges
- Thai Basil
- Nước mắm
- Hot sauce
- Hoisin sauce
- Black pepper
- Fry onions in oil until lightly browned. Remove and drain. Rinse the beef bones, place in a stockpot, cover with cold water, and bring slowly to a boil. Reduce heat and simmer, uncovered, for 10-15 minutes. For a clear broth skim off foam.
- After this initial cooking, add cooked onions, ginger, cinnamon, cardamom, star anise, cloves, garlic and peppercorns. Bring to a boil again and gently simmer the stock, partially covered, for a minimum of 6 hours but up to 12 hours if you can, skimming regularly. If necessary, add more water to keep the bones covered.
- Strain stock to remove the vegetable and spices and discard them. Return the broth to the stove to keep it boiling hot.
In a large soup bowl, place a handful of cooled Phở noodles, top with thinly sliced raw beef, and ladle on generous amounts of steaming hot broth, which will cook the raw beef. Garnish with sliced onions, scallions and coriander, and serve immediately.
Place condiments on a large serving plate. It's not necessary to add any of the condiments to the soup, but adding a few basil leaves, a squeeze of lime, and some bean sprouts, is customary.
Many Vietnamese will also take small bites of very hot chili peppers while eating the soup to spice up the meal. Proceed with caution!
The fish sauce, hot sauce, and hoisin sauce, can either be added directly into the soup or placed in a small bowl for dipping the meat and noodles.