# Circuit Theory/Thevenin-Norton

## Vth using Node

opening load, finding Vth using Node .. code
${\displaystyle V_{th}=6.4516}$

## In using Node

shorting load, finding In using Node .. code
${\displaystyle I_{N}=1.064773736}$

## Rth or Rn

${\displaystyle V_{th}/I_{N}={\frac {6.4516}{1.064773736}}=6.0591ohms}$

## Finding Rth using source injection and node

Here is the mupad/matlab code that generates the answer Rth = 6.0591 ohms.

## Comparing Node with Thevenin Equivalent

solving using Node .. code
solving using Thevenin equivalent

Solving the node equations yields:

${\displaystyle V_{a}=5.393}$
${\displaystyle V_{b}=1.1673}$
${\displaystyle V_{c}=1.107}$
${\displaystyle i_{12}=0.3571}$
${\displaystyle v_{12}=4.286}$

Using the Thevenin equivalent (and voltage divider) to compute voltage across the 12 ohm resistor:

${\displaystyle v_{12}=V_{s}*{\frac {12}{R{total}}}}$
${\displaystyle v_{12}=6.4516*{\frac {12}{6.0591+12}}=4.287}$

So they match ...

Thevenin voltage and resistance can not be computed from a node analysis of the entire circuit, but the node analysis of the entire circuit can be used to check if the thevenin equivalent produces the same numbers.