Chemical Sciences: A Manual for CSIR-UGC National Eligibility Test for Lectureship and JRF/iTRAQ
iTRAQ (isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation) is a non-gel based technique used to identify and quantify proteins from different sources in one single experiment. It uses isotope coded covalent tags. iTRAQ is used in proteomics to study quantitative changes in the proteome.
The method is based on the covalent labeling of the N-terminus and sidechain amines of peptides from protein digestions with tags of varying mass. There are currently two mainly used reagents: 4-plex and 8-plex, which can be used to label all peptides from different samples/treatments. These samples are then pooled and usually fractionated by nano liquid chromatography and analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). A database search is then performed using the fragmentation data to identify the labeled peptides and hence the corresponding proteins. The fragmentation of the attached tag generates a low molecular mass reporter ion that can be used to relatively quantify the peptides and the proteins from which they originated, using software such as the freely available i-Tracker.
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