Catalan/Verbs regulars

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

Catalan verbs can be tricky to conjugate. Many verbs are irregular, though similarities between three basic groups of verbs do exist and a few ground rules can be made. Verb use in Catalan is similar to French and Spanish but has a few notable exceptions:

  • Like Spanish, Catalan regularly uses two past tenses.
    • If the action was completed today, or the result of the action is still valid, Catalan uses the pretèrit indefinit
      • Aquest matí hem cantat—We sang this morning. Enguany he visitat les illes balears—This year I visited the Balearic Islands
    • If the action was completed before today, or the action clearly occurred only once, Catalan uses the pretèrit perfet
      • Ahir al matí vam cantar—We sang yesterday morning. L'any passat vaig visitar les illes balears—Last year I visited the Balearic Islands
  • A third past tense exists, similar to the passé simple in French, the pretèrit perfet simple. Like its French counterpart, it is only used in the more eloquent literary form of Catalan, and it is almost never used in spoken language.
      • El compositor nasqué/naixé l'any 1923—The composer was born in 1923.


Use of the small but comprehensive "Els verbs catalans conjugats" by J.B.Xuriguera—Edicions Claret is highly recommended. On the internet, Verbix [1] offers free verb conjugations. Note that the tenses are indicated in French. Dacco [2] also offer free conjugations of the more than 1,000 verbs contained in their dictionary - with tenses indicated in English.