Catalan/L'article

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Definite[edit]

Masculine Feminine
Singular el, l' la, l'
Plural els les

The elided form of the singular article, l', is used in the following cases:

  • Before words starting with a, e, o or silent h followed by one of those letters
    • e.g., l'article ('the article'), l'entitat ('the entity'), l'oncle ('the uncle'), l'hivern ('the winter')
  • Before foreign words beginning with s followed by a consonant (which receive an [ə] before the s in actual pronunciation)
    • e.g., l'Stradivarius (actually pronounced lestradivarius, as though it were written l'Estradivarius)
  • Before stressed i, u, or silent h followed by one of those letters (stressed syllables underlined in examples below)
    • e.g., l'Imma ('Imma', third-person reference), l'ús ('the use')
    • Before unstressed i, u, or silent h followed by one of those letters, the full form la is used rather than the elided form l'
      • la Immaculada ('Immaculada', third-person reference), la universitat ('the university')

Indefinite[edit]

Masculine Feminine
Singular un una
Plural uns unes