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Burmese Grammar Guide

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Burmese Grammar Guide
A comprehensive review of Burmese Grammar

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Table of Contents[edit]

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Intro[edit]

  1. SOV
  2. comparison with other major languages (English, Chinese/Japanese, SEA languages)
  3. importance of particles

verbs[edit]

  1. tenses
    1. present (-တယ်)
    2. past (-တယ်, -ခဲ့တယ်, -လိုက်, -လာ, -ထား)
    3. general future (-မယ်, -ခဲ့)
    4. intermediate future (-တော့မယ်)
    5. probable future event (-လိမ့်မည်)
  2. negative statement (မ-ဘူး)
  3. command (-ပါ, မ-နဲ့, -လိုက်, -တော့, -ဦး)
  4. progression (-နေ)
  5. completion (-ပြီ)
  6. pluralisation (-ကြ)
  7. change of state (-သွား)
  8. expressing modal verbs
    1. can (-ရ, -တတ်, -နိုင်)
    2. may/must (-ရ)

nouns[edit]

  1. numerical classifiers (such as ခု, ယောက်, ဦး)
  2. noun markers (အ-, -မှု, -ချက်, -ရေး, -စရာ, -ခြင်း, -နည်း)
  3. အ-[x]-အ-[y] forms
  4. understanding nominalisation and how it is used in Burmese
  5. plural markers (-များ, -တွေ)

pronouns[edit]

  1. demonstrative pronouns (ဒီ/ဒါ, ဤ, အဲဒီ/အဲဒါ, ဟို, ထို)
  2. personal pronouns
    1. formal
    2. informal
    3. pluralisation (-တို့)
  3. interrogatives
    1. what/which (ဘာ, ဘယ်ဟာ)
    2. when (ဘယ်တော့, ဘယ်အချိန်, ဘယ်တုန်းက)
    3. where (ဘယ်မှာ, ဘယ်နေရာ)
    4. why (ဘယ်ဖြစ်လို့, ဘာကြောင့်)
    5. How, Who (ဘယ်လို, ဘယ်သူ)

adjectives[edit]

  1. adjective markers (-သော, -သည့်, -မည့်, -တဲ့)
  2. reduplication
  3. adverbs
  4. adverb marker (-စွာ)
  5. adverbs forming through reduplication

postpositions[edit]

  1. of location (-မှာ, -ပေါ်, -အောက်, -ထဲ, -ပြင်)
  2. how to combine particles such as -မှာ, -ပေါ် and -ထဲ to mean things like 'about/on [this topic]'
  3. others (-ကို, -နဲ့, မ-ဘဲ[နဲ့], -အတွက်, -ပေမဲ့/-ပေမယ်)

conjunctions[edit]

  1. -ပြီး and all its variations
  2. -နှင့်, -လို့, -ဖို့, -အောင်

sentence-level syntax[edit]

  1. subject, object marker
  2. reported speech
  3. Emphasis Particles (-ပဲ, -လေ, -လေး, -တော့, ပေါ့)
  4. order of particles
  5. other final particles (such as -စေ, -မိ, -စို့)
    1. analysis of some complex sentences

Comparison Of Formal And Colloquial Speech[edit]

  1. Mapping Of Particles From Formal To Colloquial

Vocabulary[edit]