Solution to Ex. 1 and 2 of Lesson 5:
Exercise 1 : Fill in the blanks with the appropriate form corresponding to the words given in parentheses ( ) :
1.Ong apaa office u ku pooraa. (my) 'Your father goes to the office.
2.Nie eng aathu ku epo varuve ? (my house) 'When will you comel to my (our) house ?'
3.Idhu eng aam. (my house) 'This (is) my (our) house.
4. Idhu on pusthaham a ? (your book) 'Is this your (sg) book ?'
Exercise 2 : Translate into English :
1.Idh ei aathu ku eduthundu poo. 'Take this home'.
2.Eng apaa ku rendu thambihahl irukaa. 'My father has two younger brothers.'
3.Nie pahna kaaran. On kite nerreia pahnam iruku. 'You are a rich man, You have a lot of money'.
4.Meeszei meele irukara pusthaham aar oodu pusthaham ? 'Whose book is the one on the table ?'
Nie kadei ki pooytu, indha list le uhlla saaman ei ellaam vaangindu, naan vehli le pooradhu k uhlle, vaa.
Ipo poonaa, vaangindu varen. Aanaa, ena ku veerre veelei irukarradhu n aale, ipo poo maaten.
Pinne epo thaan poove ?
Saayandhram naan thirumbi vandhadhu k aprram pooren.
Szari. Aanaa, innei ki saayandhram e vaangindu vandhudu. Illei aanaa, nahlei ki szaapaadu kedeiaadhu. Adh ellaam szameial u ku veendia mukiam aanaa saamaangahl. Marraka mate e ?
Go to the shop, by the things in this list and come, before I go out.
If I go now, I will get them. But since I have some other work, I won't go now.
Then, when will you go ?
I will go after I return in the evening.
OK, but buy them this evening itself. Otherwise, there will be no food tomorrow. They are the important things for preparing our food.
You will not forget, will you ?
I won't forget.
The past participle form of a verb is used to connect a number of sentences into one, the last one being the only one having a finite form of the verb :
Nie pooytu, vaanfindu vaa 'Go, buy and come'
Corresponding to the adverbial clause of condition, Braahmik uses a conditional form of the verb, formed by adding the suffix -naa(l) to the past tense base of the verb:
Poonaa(l) (= poon + aa(l)) 'If you go',
Irukaradhu n aale 'Because (I) have, because there is'. pooradhu k uhlle 'Before (I) go' vandhadhu k aprram 'after (I) come'
These constructions are formed by placing the conjunction aale preceded by the dummy particle n or the preposition ku”” followed by the adverb uhlle or aprram after the participial noun.
The present and past participial nouns are formed by adding -dhu to the present and past 'participial adjectives'
- The verb forms maaten, maate, maataan, ... maatom, maatehl, ...maataadhu are negative forms in the future tenses, meaning 'I (you, he, etc.) won't (be able) to ,,,', used with the infinitive of a verb.
|! Thanju / Paalu||English|
|indha list le uhlla||that is/are in this lest|
|saaman||things, goods, baggage|
|pooradhu||going (present particip noun)|
|k uhlle||within, before|
|poonaa||if (I, you, he, we) go(s)|
|vaangindu vaa||buy, buy and bring|
|veere, veerre||different, some other|
|irukarradhu||being (present partic noun) n aale|
|poo maaten||I won't go.|
|pinne||then, well then; after|
|epo thaan||when indeed, when if at all|
|thirumbi vaa (var, vandhu, varuv)||to return, come back|
|apram, aprram||later, after|
|innei ki saayandhram||this evening|
|illei aanaa||of not, otherwise|
|kedeiaadhu||It is not, there is not, there will not be|
|szameial / chameial||cooking|
|veendia||necessary, required (adj)|
|mukiam aanaa||important, essential, chief, main|
|marraka maaten||I won't forget..|