Basic Book Design/Widows And Orphans

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A widow is a short line (one or two words) ending a paragraph at the top of a page. Widows should be avoided.

An orphan is the first line of a paragraph ending a page.

Microsoft Word has automated widow/orphan control, in Format…Paragraph…Line and Page Breaks. I suggest not using it, for two reasons. First, Microsoft Word doesn't count the number of words in a widow. According to the Chicago Manual of Style (19.40), a ten-word line isn't a widow, and is acceptable.

Second, the Chicago Manual of Style doesn't say anything about orphans, so I presume these are acceptable. Orphans are always full lines (never one or two words).