Basic Algebra/Introduction to Basic Algebra Ideas/Solving Equations Using Properties of Mathematics

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Vocabulary[edit]

Associative Property of Addition
Associative Property of Multiplication
Commutative Property of Addition
Addition Property of Equality
Subtraction Property of Equality

Lesson[edit]

It is very important to show math in the simplest way. For example, is the same as , but is better because it is easier to understand. The simplest answer is usually the best.

Associative Properties mean that you can do the problem in any order, and the answer will always be the same.

Commutative Properties mean that you can change the order of numbers around, and the answers will always be the same.

Equality Properties state that if two numbers on either side of the equation are equal, and the operation processed is the same, as well having the same variables in the operations, the result will be the same for both sides of the equation. Read the section devoted to the Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality for more information.

Associative Property of Addition[edit]

The associative property of addition shows us that when adding multiple values together, the outcome will always be the same. You can group numbers together in parenthesis, and it will still end up having the same outcome. For example, . The order remains the same, but the grouping has changed. The result, however, is consistent.

Associative Property of Multiplication[edit]

The associative properties work for both addition and multiplication. Think of grouping together. You end up with 9. What about ? If we change the grouping here, the result will be the same. Try to visualize why this is. When multiplying, you're often building objects in rows and columns.

For example, a 2 inch 4 inch block will be 2 inches across, and 4 downward. If you had a block 4 inches across and 2 inches downward, it would be the same size overall. When you put objects in parenthesis, remember to do those operations first. You may end up with certain "sides" of the operation or object being larger or smaller, but the total area will always have the same outcome.

Commutative Property of Addition[edit]

The commutative property of addition shows that no matter what order numbers are in when we add them, the result will always be the same. For example, , just how . Even though the order in which we added has shifted, the result doesn't change, and the statements on both sides of the equal sign remain true.

Addition Property of Equality[edit]

The addition property of equality states that if two variables or numbers are equal to each other on each side of the equation, and the operation they go through is alike, the resulting sum will be the same. If for example, both and y are 6, and you add to each of them, that is,

if then

or if then

Subtraction Property of Equality[edit]

The subtraction property of equality states that if two variables or numbers are equal to each other on each side of the equation, and the operation they go through is alike, the resulting difference will be the same. If for example, both and y are 6, and you subtract from each of them, that is,

if then

or if then

Example Problems[edit]

Find where .


Substituting 6 for y using the given y
By multiplying the denominator on either side simplifies it
Taking down the parentheses
Subtracting 6 on both side does not affect the property of the given formula but again simplifies it
To arrive at the answer


Again taking the hints as given,
Dealing with the parentheses
Taking down the parentheses is the most natural next move using PEMDAS
Adding
Adding 18 to either side
Taking down the parentheses
Divide the multiplier to either side to emerge the solution
And simplify to get the answer


Substitute
Parentheses
Multiply by the denominator (x) on either side
Divide the multiplier on either side
or
Simplify or divide fraction

Practice Games[edit]

Practice Problems[edit]

Answer should be correct to two decimals - round up or down accordingly until the answer is correct to two decimals

Find where

1

Answer:

2

Answer:

3

Answer:

4

Answer:

5

Answer:

6

Answer:

7

Answer:


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Solving Equations Using Properties of Mathematics
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