Bahasa Indonesia/Affixation

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meN-, peN-[edit]

  • N -> m before (p), b, f
  • N -> n before (t), d, c, j, z
  • N -> ny before (s)
  • N -> ng before (k), g, h, x and all vowels
  • N -> ∅ before all remaining consonants: m, n, ny, ng, l, r, w, y
  • Consonants in parenthesis are lost after the nasal (p, t, k, s)
Bilabial Labio-
Dental
Alveolar Post-
Alveolar
Palatal Velar Glottal Labial-
Velar
Nasal       m       n       ɲ       ŋ
Stop (p)   b (t)   d (k)   g ʔ      
Affricate  
Fricative f  (s)  z ʃ       x       h      
Approximant      j       w
Lateral       l
Tap       r
Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-Mid e ə o
Open a
  • Initial p is retained in affix per- after affix meN-: meN + per + kecil -> memperkecil.
  • Prefix peN- is the same meN- except initial p in per- is lost after affix peN-: peN + per + satu -> pemersatu