Arithmetic/Introduction to Arithmetic

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Whether you're a scientist or a shopper you need arithmetic. There are all sorts of situations where it is useful to be able to count, measure, and communicate quantities. Arithmetic is the study of numerical quantities. At least a basic understanding of arithmetic is fundamental in the study of algebra and all other mathematical studies. This book assumes that the reader already understands some mathematics but wishes to relearn it in a more formal manner.

Basic Operations[edit | edit source]

There are four basic operations one can perform on different numeric quantities (as well as other mathematical objects which you will encounter later). These are:

  • Addition ()
  • Subtraction ()
  • Multiplication ()
  • Division ()

There are further operations past these but they are more advanced than the scope of this book and are less likely to be used in day-to-day life.

Equals[edit | edit source]

It is also important to understand that the equals sign means that the things on both sides are of equal value, and that is not an operator.

When you see an sign, say to yourself Same value, different appearance.

How This Textbook Is Organized · Working with Integers

Arithmetic
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