In Arabic the definite article is (ال)"al", which is the equivalent to "the" in English. It is added on to the front of the word.
- (البنت) al-bint The girl
- (العين) al-ayn The eye
- (الكتاب) al-kitab The book
The definite article is always written as (ال), however the "ل" is not always pronounced. This happens when the article precedes 14 of the 28 arabic letters. Known as (حروف شمسية)huruf shamsiyyah, or The Solar Letters.
The Solar Letters: ت, ث,د,ذ,ر,ز,س,ش,ص,ض,ط,ظ,ل,ن
With the other 14 letters the article is pronounced as written. They are known as (حروف قمرية )huruf qamariyyah or The Lunar Letters.
The Moon Letters: أ،ب،ج،ح،خ،ع،غ،ف،ق،ك،م،ه،و،ي