Annotated Republic of China Laws/Central Regulation Standard Act
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|Central Regulation Standard Act
Republic of China (Taiwan) Law
|It regulates how national laws and regulations may be made.|
History[edit | edit source]
- Promulgated on August 31, 1970
- Amended on May 19, 2004
Content[edit | edit source]
Only Article 8 has been amended.
General Provision[edit | edit source]
- Article 1
- This Act shall be accorded while promulgation, enforcement, application, amendment and discard of a central regulation, provided that the Constitution stipulated otherwise.
- Article 2
- A statute may be named as act, penal act, special act or comprehensive act.
- Article 3
- An ordinance publicized by a government agency may be named as organic rule, norm rule, enforcement rule, directive rule, guidance rule, standard rule or canon rule according to its nature.
The Promulgation of the Regulation[edit | edit source]
- Article 4
- A statute shall be passed by the Legislative Yuan and enacted by the President.
- Article 5
- The following objects shall be stipulated by a statute:
- It is required to stipulate by a statute as the Constitution or a statute expressly stipulated.
- Stipulation concerns the rights or obligations of the people.
- Stipulation concerns the organization of a government agency at national level.
- Other objects with substantial importance shall be stipulated by a statute.
- Article 6
- The objects which shall be stipulated by a statute are not allowed to regulate under an ordinance.
- Article 7
- An ordinance issued by a government agency by its ex officio or delegated from statues shall be notified or publicized according to its nature and submit to the Legislative Yuan immediately.
- Article 8 (later amended)
- Article 9
- While the content of a regulation is more complicated or the articles of a regulation are more than usual, the regulation may be divided into the certain division, chapter, section, subsection and item subsequently.
- Article 10
- While the amendment of a regulation in which only a few articles are discarded, the sequence number of the discarded articles may be reserved and state discard there under with a Chinese quotation.
- While the amendment of a regulation in which only a few articles are augmented, the augmented articles may be codified after the proper article and shall be coded the sequence number of the preceding Article with “-1” or “-2” and so on.
- While division, chapter, section, subsection or item is discarded or augmented, the preceding two paragraphs shall be applied mutatis mutandis.
- Article 11
- A statute shall not be inconsistent with the Constitution. An ordinance shall not be inconsistent with the Constitution or a statute. An ordinance issue by an inferior government agency shall not be inconsistent with an ordinance issued by a superior government agency.
The Enforcement of the Regulation[edit | edit source]
- Article 12
- A regulation shall stipulate the date of enforcement or delegate the power to stipulate the date of enforcement by a government agency’s decree.
- Article 13
- While a regulation stipulated that the regulation shall be enforced from the date of enactment or publication, the regulation shall become effective since the third date of the enactment or publication date.
- Article 14
- The regulation shall become effective since the date of enforcement when there is a date of enforcement specified in the regulation or when there is a decree to designate the date of enforcement.
- Article 15
- The regulation shall only become effective in the specified region when the region of enforcement is specified in the regulation or the region of enforcement has been specified by a delegated agency’s decree.
The Application of the Regulation[edit | edit source]
- Article 16
- While a regulation stipulated otherwise for the same object from other regulations, the regulation shall govern, notwithstanding other regulations have been amended and the regulation remained as it was.
- Article 17
- Where the regulation stipulated one object to apply or shall apply mutatis mutandis for other regulation, such other regulation shall govern even such other regulation has been amended.
- Article 18
- Except the nature of the event requires to apply the regulation of the time which the conduct was made, the government agencies shall apply the new regulation to decide a case which the application was filed by one person, if the regulation as the basis of the approval have been amended before the decision has been made, provided that the pre-amended regulation stipulated better interest to the person and the new regulation do not abrogate or prohibit the application, the pre-amended regulation shall govern.
- Article 19
- The effect of a regulation may be temporarily suspended in part or in whole when the Country experiences force majeure.
- The procedure to suspend the effect or reinstate the effect of the regulation shall apply mutatis mutandis of the procedure of discard or promulgation prescribed in this Act.
The Amendment and Discard of the Regulation[edit | edit source]
- Article 20
- Where there is one of the following situations exists, a regulation shall be amended:
- The increase or decrease of the content of a regulation is required by the policy or the fact.
- The relevant regulations have been amended or discarded and a regulation is required to amend correspondently.
- The agency in charge of the regulation or executive agency have been discarded and merged into another government agency or altered.
- The same object has been stipulated in more than two regulations and there is no necessity to preserve two regulations.
- The procedure of the amendment of a regulation shall apply mutatis mutandis of the promulgation of a regulation prescribed in this Act.
- Article 21
- While there is one of the following situations exists, a regulation shall be discarded:
- The relevant regulation is no longer needed due to discard or merger of the government agencies.
- The object stipulated in the regulation has been accomplished or the circumstance has been changed substantially which rendered the regulation no longer needed to enforce continuously.
- There is no need to enforce a regulation alone due to the relevant regulation has been discarded or amended thus the basis which the regulation accorded has been discarded.
- The same object has been stipulated by a new regulation which has been enacted or publicized.
- Article 22
- The discard of a statute shall be passed by the Legislative Yuan and enacted by the President.
- The discard of an ordinance shall be vested in the original government agency which publicized the ordinance.
- The discard of statutes or ordinances according to the preceding two paragraphs may only enact or publicize the name and the date of enforcement, and cease to become effective since the third day of the enactment or publication date.
- Article 23
- The regulation shall be discarded when the period of enforcement specified in a regulation has been expired and the preceding article is not applicable, provided that the agency in charge of the regulation shall publicize the discard of the regulation.
- Article 24
- While there is a period of enforcement specified in a statute the agency in charge of the statute may submit it to Legislative Yuan for review one month before the expiration of the period if the agency deemed to extend the period is necessary. However, in case the period expired during adjournment of the Legislative Yuan, it shall be submitted to the Legislative Yuan for review one month before the adjournment.
- While there is a period of enforcement specified in an ordinance, the agency publicized the ordinance or in charge of the ordinance may extend the period by a decree one month before the expiration of the ordinance if the agency deemed to extend the period is necessary.
- Article 25
- While a government agency which publicized or in charge of an ordinance is discarded or merged into another government agency, the power to discard or extend the ordinance shall be vested either in the government agency which succeed the affairs or its superior government agency.
Supplementary Provision[edit | edit source]
- Article 26
- This Act shall become effective upon the enactment date.
Annotated by Wikibooks[edit | edit source]
- ↑ "Central Regulation Standard Act: Legislative History". Laws & Regulations Database of The Republic of China. Ministry of Justice (Taiwan). 2017-09-08. Retrieved 2017-09-20.
- ↑ "Central Regulation Standard Act: Article Content". Laws & Regulations Database of The Republic of China. Ministry of Justice (Taiwan). 2004-05-19. Retrieved 2017-09-20.
- ↑ See also Annotated Republic of China Case Law/Judicial Yuan Interpretation No. 161.