Algorithm Implementation/Mathematics/Pythagorean theorem

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The Pythagorean theorem: The sum of the areas of the two squares on the legs (a and b) equals the area of the square on the hypotenuse (c).

In mathematics, the Pythagorean theorem or Pythagoras' theorem is a relation in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of a right triangle (right-angled triangle). In terms of areas, it states:

In any right triangle, the area of the square whose side is the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the areas of the squares whose sides are the two legs (the two sides that meet at a right angle).

The theorem can be written as an equation relating the lengths of the sides a, b and c, often called the Pythagorean equation:[1]

where c represents the length of the hypotenuse, and a and b represent the lengths of the other two sides.

Note: for most languages, a built-in hypot function performs the same calculation. This is for education only.

Scheme[edit | edit source]

(define (hypotenuse a b) (sqrt (+ (expt a 2) (expt b 2))))

;; Equivalent, but does not check the number of arguments
(define (hypotenuse . xs) (sqrt (fold (lambda (x acc) (+ (expt x 2) acc)) 0 xs)))

Visual Basic[edit | edit source]

Function Hypotenuse(sideA as Double, sideB as Double) as Double
    Hypotenuse = sqr(sideA^2 + sideB^2)
End Function

Java[edit | edit source]

public static double hypotenuse(double sideA, double sideB) {
    double hypotenuse = Math.sqrt((sideA*sideA) + (sideB*sideB));
    return hypotenuse;

Python[edit | edit source]

def hypotenuse(a,b):
    return ( a**2 + b**2 )**.5

Haskell[edit | edit source]

pythag a b = sqrt $ a^2 + b^2

Javascript[edit | edit source]

const hypotenuse = (a,b) => Math.sqrt(a**2 + b**2)

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Judith D. Sally, Paul Sally (2007). "Chapter 3: Pythagorean triples". Roots to research: a vertical development of mathematical problems. American Mathematical Society Bookstore. p. 63. ISBN 0821844032.