Afaan Oromo/Chapter 01

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Chapter 1: Numbers
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Shopping Conversation[edit]

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About this sound Play all
Maamila: Makorooniin jiraa? About this sound play
Abba suuqi: Jira. Kan akkamii barbaadda? About this sound play
Maamila: Gosa isa guddaa. Kiiloo walakkaa kenni. About this sound play
Abba suuqi: Tole. Waan biraa? About this sound play
Maamila: Kibiriitiin jira? About this sound play
Abba suuqi: Eeyee, meeqa barbaadda? About this sound play
Maamila: Gatiin isaa meeqaa? About this sound play
Abba suuqi: Darzana tokko qarshii shan. About this sound play
Maamila: Mi'aa dha. Hin hir'atu? About this sound play
Abba suuqi: Tole, qarshii afur danda'ama. About this sound play
Maamila: Dimshaasha meeqa? About this sound play
Abba suuqi: Afur fi torba saantima shantama qarshii kudha tokko saantima shantama dha. About this sound play
Maamila: Kunoo. Galatoomi. About this sound play
Abba suuqi: Atis galatoomi. About this sound play


[For translation see here]

The Numbers in Oromo[edit]

Numbers come after the noun they modify, so that “two mangoes” is “mangoo lama”, just as “five birr” is “qarshii shan” and 200 is dhibba lama. Ordinal numbers are formed by adding the suffix -ffaa or -affaa to the number. Fractions can be expressed by saying the numerator as a cardinal number and then the denominator as an ordinal number.


Numbers[edit]

0 — zeeroo, duwwaa 40 — afurtama
1 — tokko 50 — shantama
2 — lama 60 — jahaatama, ja'aatama
3 — sadii 70 — torbaatama
4 — afur 80 — saddeetama
5 — shan 90 — sagaltama
6 — jaha, ja'a 100 — dhibba (tokko)
7 — torba 101 — dhibba (tokko) fi tokko
8 — saddeet 102 — dhibba (tokko) fi lama
9 — sagal ...
10 — kudhan 200 — dhibba lama
11 — kudha tokko 201 — dhibba lama fi tokko
12 — kudha lama ...
... 1000 — kumma (tokoo)
20 — digdama 2000 — kumma lama
21 — digdami tokko 2043 — kumma lama fi afurtami sadii
22 — digdami lama 5327 — kumma shan dhibba sadii fi digdami torba
...
30 — soddoma
31 — soddomi tokko
...


Ordinals[edit]

1sttokkoffaa
2ndlamaffaa
3rdsadaffaa
4tharfaffaa, afraffa
5thshanaffaa
6thjahaffaa
7thtorbaffaa
8thsaddeetaffaa
9thsagalaffaa
10thkurnaffaa, kudhaffaa
11thkudha tokoffaa


Fractions[edit]

1/2 — walakkaa (tokko lamaffaa)
1/3 — siisoo, nuusii (tokko sadaffa)
1/4 — kurmaana, ruubi (tokko arfaffaa)
7/8 — torba saddeetaffaa


Combining Numbers[edit]

When the same number is repeated, it applies to all items. Thus, “lama lama” means “everything is two (birr)”. Two numbers said together indicate amount of birr for number of items, as in “lama sadii” for “two (birr) for three (items)”.



Chapter Vocabulary[edit]

maamila

customer

abba suuqi

shop keeper

___ jira?

“Do you have ___?” [lit. “Is ___ present?”]

meeqa

how much/many

Gatiin saa meeqaa?

“How much is its price?”

Barbaadda?

“Do you want?”

barbaaduu

to want

bituu

to buy

___ bituun barbaada

“I want to buy ___”

qarshii

Ethiopian birr

saantima

cent (100th of a birr)

deebii

change [lit. “response”]

Mi'aa dha

“It's expensive”

Rakasa dha

“It's cheap”

gudda

big

Kan akkami?

“What kind?”

kilo tokko

one kilo

Meeqa barbaadda?

“How many do you want?”

Meeqa si keenu?

“How many shall I give you?”

Waan biraa?

“What else?”

Hin hiratu?

“Is this your best price?”

___ naa keeni

“Give me ___”

kunoo

“Here you are”

fidi

take it

danda'ama

“It's possible”

tole

O.K.

eeyee

yes

lakkoofsa

number

darzana

dozen

dimshaasha

total

fi

and

tuqaa

(decimal) point

kibiriitii

matches

waan biraa

something else

galatoomi

thank you


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