Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Recreation/Basic Water Safety

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Basic Water Safety
North American Division
See also Basic Water Safety - Advanced
Skill Level 1
Year of Introduction: 2011

Note: These requirements can be done in a backyard pool (2–3 feet deep) with adult supervision. They do not require a lifeguard or water safety instructor.

1. Enter and exit the water un-assisted.[edit | edit source]

The point is to teach how to get in and out of a pool without assistance and safely.

2. While holding your breath, fully submerge your face under water for five seconds.[edit | edit source]

Demonstrate water skill/task.

3. Alternately inhale through the mouth above the surface and blow bubbles through the mouth/nose, with face completely submerged, seven times rhythmically and continuously.[edit | edit source]

This would be a good opportunity to tell the story of Naaman as found in 2 Kings 5.

4. Open your eyes under water and retrieve submerged objects two times.[edit | edit source]

An excellent motivational object to use for this is a large coin such as a quarter or a silver dollar. This serves as motivation only if you agree to let the Pathfinder keep the coin once it is retrieved the second time.

5. Front float for five seconds.[edit | edit source]

Demonstrate water skill/task.

6. Front glide for two body lengths.[edit | edit source]

Demonstrate water skill/task.

7. Back float for fifteen seconds.[edit | edit source]

Demonstrate water skill/task.

8. Holding on to the side of the pool, kick with your feet for twenty seconds.[edit | edit source]

Demonstrate water skill/task.

9. Using arm and leg motion, swim five body lengths.[edit | edit source]

Demonstrate water skill/task.

10. Learn to put on a Life Jacket and float for thirty seconds.[edit | edit source]

Demonstrate water skill/task.

11. Demonstrate water safety by[edit | edit source]

a. How to call for help in case of an emergency.[edit | edit source]

How you call for help depends on who needs help, and where you are when help is required.

  • If you are calling for help for someone else and have access to a telephone, dial 911.
  • If you are calling for help for someone else and you are in the water too, yell "Help!" as loud as you can. If there is a lifeguard present, go to him or her as quickly as you can and tell them someone is in trouble.
  • If you yourself need help while in the water, call out for it and wave your arms.

b. Learn how to release a cramp.[edit | edit source]

The most frequent muscle to suffer a cramp from swimming is the calf muscle. To release a calf cramp while swimming, float on your back, stretch your legs out in front of yourself, and point your toes toward your head while pushing your heel out away from your head. This will stretch the calf muscle.

c. Demonstrate reaching assist.[edit | edit source]

Firmly brace yourself on a pool deck, pier or shoreline, and reach out to the person with any object that will extend your reach, such as a pole, oar, paddle, tree branch, shirt, belt or towel. If no equipment is available, you can perform a reaching assist by lying down and extending your arm or leg for the person to grab.

d. Learn at least ten safety rules when around water.[edit | edit source]

  1. Learn to swim before you go into the water. Sounds silly, but many people think it will come naturally, and it really doesn’t.
  2. Swim near a lifeguard so help is available if you need it.
  3. Never swim alone.
  4. Supervise children closely, even when lifeguards are present
  5. Don't rely on flotation devices, such as rafts, you may lose them in the water.
  6. Alcohol and swimming don't mix.
  7. Protect your head, neck, and spine by never jumping or diving into unfamiliar waters.
  8. As soon as you believe that you may be in trouble, call or wave for help.
  9. Follow regulations and lifeguard directions.
  10. Swim parallel to shore if you wish to swim long distances.

References[edit | edit source]