For any scalar $k$ a function is homogenous if $f(tx_1,tx_2,\dots,tx_n)=t^kf(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)$ A homothetic function is a monotonic transformation of a homogeneous function, if there is a monotonic transformation $g(z)$ and a homogenous function $h(x)$ such that f can be expressed as $g(h)$
• A function is monotone where $\forall \;x,y \in \mathbb{R}^{n} \; x \geq y \rightarrow f(x) \geq f(y)$
\begin{align} Q &= x^{\frac{1}{2}}y^{\frac{1}{2}}+ x^2y^2\\ &\mbox{Q is not homogenous, but represent Q as}\\ &g(f(x,y)), \; f(x,y) = xy \\ g(z) &= z^{\frac{1}{2}}+ z^2\\ g(z) &= (xy)^{\frac{1}{2}} + (xy)^2\\ &\mbox{Calculate MRS,}\\ \frac{\frac{\partial Q}{\partial x}}{\frac{\partial Q}{\partial y}} &= \frac{\frac{\partial Q}{\partial z} \frac{\partial f}{\partial x}}{\frac{\partial Q}{\partial z} \frac{\partial f}{\partial y}} = \frac{ \frac{\partial f}{\partial x}}{ \frac{\partial f}{\partial y}}\\ &\mbox{the MRS is a function of the underlying homogenous function} \end{align}