# Actually Applicable Application Problems and Brainteasers/Wheelchair Ramp Standards 2

## Overview

[edit | edit source]As mentioned in the original Wheelchair Ramp Standards problem listing, measuring the rise and run of real world ramps can be difficult. This is an example of a way around that issue, by using a protractor and the trigonometric tangent function. I'm not saying it's the best way, and it's definitely not the only way, but it's something I've come up with.

This diagram illustrates the geometric relationships involved.

## General Method

[edit | edit source]### Part 1: Building the tool

[edit | edit source]#### Materials

[edit | edit source]- Bubble level
- Protractor with arm that swings around (used on paper for lining something up with the angle's edge)
- Something to attach them with (for example: rubber bands, glue, string, epoxy, etc.)

#### Recommended procedure

[edit | edit source]- Make sure the protractor's arm is straight up. It must be very straight or the tool will not measure accurately.
- You may want to use a plumbline (a string with some kind of weight on the end) to check this.

- Put the bubble level across the arm's end, laying down.
- Adjust it until it is perfectly level (which should be perfectly perpendicular to the protractor's arm).
- Attach it in place.
- Make sure it will stay attached without shifting or you will have to re-do building the tool to calibrate it every time you use it.

### Part 2: Measuring ramps

[edit | edit source]- Put the protractor's back down against the ramp.
- Swing the protractor's arm until the bubble level shows that it is level.
- Read the protractor's angle by looking at where the swingable arm meets the curve.
- Take the complement of the protractor's angle (that is, subtract the protractor's angle from 90°). This is the ramp's angle.
- Take the
*tangent*of the ramp's angle (that is, find the ratio of opposite to hypotenuse which corresponds to the ramp's angle).- One way to calculate tangent is to divide sine by cosine.

- As you can see form the diagram above, the opposite side of the triangle is the rise and the adjacent side of the triangle is the run, so the tangent ratio is the slope of the ramp. You can compare it with the standard, , to determine whether the ramp meets the accessibility standard.

## Problems

[edit | edit source]Is a ramp with an angle of 1° accessible?

Is a ramp with an angle of 45° accessible?

Is a ramp with an angle of 10° accessible?

Is a ramp with an angle of 5° accessible?

### Work Backwards

[edit | edit source]You can cut out steps 4 through 6 by figuring up once and for all what range of angle readings from step 3 will give an accessible result.

### Make Your Own Problem

[edit | edit source]Use this tool and method to determine whether ramps and other sloped surfaces in your community meet the accessibility standard.