Accountancy/Glossary

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Asset
Anything with probable future economic benefit that is obtained or controlled by a company and is the result of a past transaction.

Asset accountant items

Cr
The abbreviation for Credit.
COGS
The abbreviation for Cost of goods sold
Depreciation
The process of spreading the cost of acquiring a fixed asset over its useful economic life.
Double Entry
is the principle of accounting which requires that every transaction has two effects one of which is a debit and the other of which is a credit of the same amount.
Dr
The abbreviation for Debit.
FIFO (First IN First OUT)
The inventory system leave new inventory in stock until the old ones sold by legal terms.
Fixed Asset
An asset acquired by a business where there was no intention to make money from immediately reselling the asset. e.g A Van used by a plumbing firm.
Liability
Probable future sacrifice of economic benefits, or the entity owes somebody something.
Prepayment
A Prepayment is a type of asset arising from the fact that the business has alreasy been invoiced for the right to all or part of a service in a future period e.g. rent for next year, paid this year.
Stock
Stock is the set of those assets held by the business intended for resale in their current form or in a modified form. Stock includes raw materials, components, work in progress and finished goods.
UEL
The abbreviation for useful economic life.
Useful economic life (UEL)
The useful economic life of a fixed asset is the time period for which the asset is likely to be useful in generating profit for a company (or meeting the aims of a charity).
WIP
WIP is the abbreviation for Work in Progress
Work in Progress (WIP)
Work in progress is the set of assets held by a business which are part way through some process after which they can be resold. Once completed the articles will cease to be WIP and become finished goods.